The Friedman Family Assessment Model
1. The family name is Landry.
4. The type of form of the family would be a nuclear family, as well as a dual-earner family.
The husband, wife and children live in the same household; one child lives home going to
university, and the other two children are home every weekend and on any breaks they
Two-parent family where both parents earn money.
Dual-earner/ dual career, where mother works as a nurse and father works as a welder,
and both bring income into the home.
Cultural (Ethnic) Background
5.1. The stated ethnic background is Caucasian (white).
The family descends from a Scottish, French background.
5.2. The language spoken in the home is English, by all family members.
The three girls all have a grade 11 French level, and are able to speak some French.
5.3. The country of origin for the family is Canada.
The family was born in Canada, and they have all lived there all their lives.
5.7. The family’s dress includes:
Wearing casual clothing during leisure time, including jeans, t-shirts, sweaters, shoes or
On special occasions, such as a family party, visiting, going out for supper or to church,
the family wears casual dress including dress pants, a dress shirt or sweater, and shoes.
The family dresses appropriate for the weather, by wearing warm coats, hats, mittens and
scarves in the winter.
Family eats three full meals a day, including breakfast, dinner and supper.
Try to eat a nutritious, balanced diet by choosing food from each of the food groups.
At suppertime, all family members eat together.
Every Sunday, family has a family dinner with the whole family, including boyfriends of
the three girls, as well as the mother’s parents sometimes.
5.11. The family’s use of health care services/ practitioners:
Family members visit their family doctor when they are sick or when they feel something
is wrong with their body.
No family members engage in traditional folk health practices.
Mother goes to physiotherapy occasionally for her arm and back.
Father goes to physiotherapy occasionally for his back.
Family members visit the dentist once or twice a year for teeth cleanings.
6.1. The family’s religion is Catholic, and all members were baptized into the Catholic Church.
6.2. All family members believe in the Catholic faith
Some members practice their faith more, by attending church more often.
Father attends church occasionally when not away on the road for hockey.
Mother attends church when not working night shift.
Oldest girl attends church only on special occasions, including Christmas, New Years and
Other two youngest girls in the family attend church every Saturday night in their own
6.4. The religious practices the family engages in are:
Going to church in their own parish on Saturday nights when home, and on special
Daughter living home going to St.F.X teaches religion classes. This is her second year
teaching the grade two class, who will make their first communion in April.
6.5. Religious beliefs/values central to the family:
All family members believe in the Catholic faith, and in God.
Believe that should be married into the Catholic Church.
Believe that all members should practice their faith.
Social Class Status
7.2. Economic status:
Wage earners of the family are the mother who works as a full-time nurse, and the father
who works as a full-time welder.
Oldest daughter works at Mother Webb’s steakhouse on the weekends.
Daughter living home babysits for two children Monday to Friday after classes from 2:30
The major expenditures of the family include a mortgage payment, insurance, two car
payments and transportation costs to Trenton and home for the father everyday, phone,
cell phone, satellite and Internet bill, four-wheeler payment and food expenses.
Family considers its income adequate and is able to manage financially.
Developmental Stage and History of Family
9. The family’s present developmental stage:
Stage IV: Families launching young adults
o Characterized by first child leaving parental home and ends with “the empty nest”
when the last child has left home.
o The oldest daughter left the home three years ago for university, but still comes
home on weekends and special occasions.
o The second oldest daughter left the home in the fall to go to university, but still
comes home on the weekends and holidays.
o The oldest daughter is graduating this year, will be moving out of the home, and
has her marriage planned for the year of 2007.
o The parents are in close contact with their children (call them every night and see
them every weekend.)
10. How family is fulfilling developmental tasks:
The family is assisting the oldest child in her launching, as she is graduating this year and
is planning to buy land and a new home, and then getting married next year.
The family is ready to expand the family circle to include new members by marriage.
With the children leaving the home, parents have more time to devote to their own
relationship, and they’re planning a trip down south for their 25th wedding anniversary
Parents are still busy in their jobs, and still in close contact with the children that left the
home, as they call them every night and see them on the weekends.
Mother has a close relationship with her parents, as she phones them everyday, takes
them places, and visits them and invites them for dinners on some weekends.
Characteristics of the home
13.1. The dwelling type:
The family home is a single dwelling mini home with an extra addition that was built
onto the back by the father.
The family home is about 12 years old.
13.10. Safety hazards:
Home has locks on the windows and the doors to prevent unwanted entry.
Family regularly locks the door upon leaving the home and at night before they go to bed.
Home is well insulated, and is well ventilated with air exchangers.
There are two smoke detectors present in the home that are checked regularly to see if
they are working properly.
There are no fire extinguishers present in the home.
Heat home by electricity and a propane fireplace that has regular maintenance.
Carbon monoxide detector present in the home.
First aid kit present in bathroom cupboard.
Medication and pillboxes are stored out of reach.
Cleaning products are stored out of reach.
Driveway and walkways are in good condition and permit safe walking.
There are three outside lights beside walkways for entering and leaving the home.
The steps and walkways are regularly shoveled free of snow and ice in the winter by the
Family regularly locks the car doors when parked and at night.
13.12. Satisfactions/dissatisfaction with living arrangements:
Family is very satisfied with their living arrangements.
The two daughters away from home love coming home on the weekends to spend time
together with the family in the home.
Daughter that lives home is very happy there, as it is a quiet place to study and to do
work, and spend time with her parents.
The home is considered adequate for its needs.
Everyone shares in the housekeeping roles so that the house is clean and tidy and
Everyone has his or her own bedroom, so that there is no stressful crowding.
The noise level is adjusted appropriate for situations.
Home is situated in a great community where a large part of the mother’s family lives,
including her two brothers and their families and a nephew and his family within walking
distance, and her parents living 5 minutes away.
Characteristics of the Neighborhood and Larger Community
14.1. Physical characteristics of the neighborhood:
Live in a neighborhood that is clean, quiet and full of friendly people.
Live on a dirt road with about 15 houses on it that does not have a lot of traffic.
There is nice landscaping in the neighborhood, lawns are kept green and mowed in the
summers, and the homes are all fairly new, and quite big.
Mother’s two brothers and their families live in very close walking distance on the same
road, and mother’s nephew and his family just moved into a house in very close walking
In the larger community, there is a parish church, elementary and high school, a gas
station, a convenience store, a take-out pizza restaurant, and one small shopping store
within a 5 to 6 minute drive from the family home.
Live in a rural community and neighborhood.
The roads are in good condition. The main paved road just had all the pave taken off and
was redone, and the dirt road is regularly graded and has calcium put on to prevent dust.
The sanitation of the area is clean. There are organized cleans by 4-H groups during the
year to collect garbage from the ditches and garbage and recyclables are collected every
There are no problems with traffic congestion.
In the neighborhood, there are a few farms, woods areas where trees are cut, blueberry
fields and fishing areas, as well as a Warf where people are employed. There is also a
school, stores, and a gas station.
There are no problems with air, noise, or water pollution.
Family’s geographic Mobility
15.1. The family has lived in Antigonish county all of their lives.
They lived in the neighborhood they live in now, Afton, for 15 years.
Family’s Associations and Transactions with Community
16.6. The family’s view of the community:
The family perceives the neighborhood as safe. There is very rarely any crime committed
in the area.
It is a place rich in a sense of common ancestry as both parent’s mothers and fathers, as
well as their parents grew up in Antigonish county, and most of the mother’s side of the
family were born and grew up right in the area where the family now resides.
All three children went to school right in their own community, which was replaced in
their high school years by a brand new school with a lot to offer its students.
The family knows almost everyone in the community and all people living in their
All three girls participated in the 4-H group in the community for 5 years and have played
on numerous sports teams in the area.
17.7. Factors that influence the family’s communication patterns:
The context/situation- the context or situation in which the interaction takes place
influences family communication. It can depend on where a family is at, and who is
present. The family usually communicates openly after supper while sitting around the
table, or while watching television together at night.
The life cycle stage- since two of the girls are away from home at university,
communicating with them is done through the use of cell phones and email, as well as in
person on the weekends when they travel home.
The family’s culture- the family follows the traditional communication patterns of their
ancestors, by speaking clearly, using eye contact, and expressing their feelings and
Gender differences- there are difference in interactions with the mother and father.
Mother is more open and easier to talk to, whereas the father usually just gives his
opinion, right to the point, with very little discussion.
18.1. The decision making in the family:
The power is more equally divided in the family when it comes to making decisions.
In decisions regarding whether or not someone in the family should be allowed to do
something they want to do that may be a little unsafe, for example, driving to Halifax
when the roads are very bad, the mother usually has the last say, and makes the decision
based on safety issues.
In decisions regarding finances, like the purchase of a new car or a new four-wheeler, the
father usually has the last say, and makes the decision based on what he thinks is best,
and based on the financial situation.
In decisions regarding the whole family, all people in the family agree on something
together. The family discusses the problem or issue together and use problem solving to
come up with a solution that everyone will benefit from.
Formal Role Structure
19.1. Roles of the family members:
In this two-parent nuclear family, there are three different positions, consisting of father-
husband; wife-mother; and daughter-sister.
The husband-father is expected to be a wage earner or provider, a groundskeeper of the
outside (yard work, shoveling, and garage work), to be involved with the children, and to
help out with some housekeeping chores in the home, like the dishes and laundry.
The wife-mother is expected to be a wage earner or provider, to take leadership roles in
home management and housekeeping chores, and to be a kin keeper of the family by
maintaining communication and relationships and facilitating contact with her paternal
family and any relatives.
The two daughter-sisters roles that live away from home are to keep a close relationship
with the home family by calling home every now and then, and to help out with
housekeeping chores on the weekends.
The daughter-sister that is living home has a role to take part in housekeeping by doing
the dishes and cleaning her room, as well as helping to make supper for parents when at
work, and to keep up with the workload from school.
19.2. These roles are acceptable and consistent with family member’s expectations.
No role strain or role conflict usually exists, as all family members pursue their roles as
If someone does not fulfill their role, then role conflict may exist until that person
completes what they were supposed to do, and then things are right back to normal.
19.3. All family members feel that they perform there respected roles competently.
Each member of the family feels that they are capable and able to perform their respected
roles, and they take full responsibility to get them done.
19.4. There is much flexibility in roles when needed.
If someone needs help in performing their task, everyone else is always there to help
them out. The family always works together.
When members leave home, their roles are fulfilled by someone else in the family who is
still at the home.
The family works as a team in getting things done.
20.8. Some of the values of the family are:
Strong bonds with family members Humor and sociability
Education Participating in community events
Being connected to the family and Open in expression of feelings and
Being committed to religion Closeness towards each other
Taking responsibility for actions Manage time effectively
These values affect the health status of the family because they determine how the family
will cope with health and stressors.
When an issue concerning health arises, the family member talks with someone in the
family, usually the mother, and a decision regarding what should be done is made.
The mother may make an appointment for this person and then it is their responsibility to
go visit the doctor.
Encouraging positive social relationships in the family is related to better health
outcomes and less stress within the family.
21.1. The family members provide mutual nurturance to one another by showing love, warmth,
and acceptance towards each other.
Providing support for one another and always being there when needed.
Family members respond adequately to one another by giving and receiving love and
Forming meaningful relationships with one another by showing their affection.
The closeness and trusting inside the family is shared outside the family as well, so that
each member establishes a close relationship with others.
The children feel loved and respected by the parents and spend time with them often.
22.1. Child-rearing practices:
In behavior control, the three children in the family were never spanked or deprived, and
were rarely ever grounded. When they did something wrong they were talked to by one
of the parents so that they knew that they were in trouble, and wouldn’t do this again.
When they did something good, they were not rewarded with gifts or money, but were
told by their parents how happy they were for them.
In giving and receiving of love, the family was very close, but never really told each
other they loved them by words, but rather expressed their feelings by showing respect
for, and caring about each other.
To train for age appropriate behavior, children were taught by their mother or father what
was acceptable behavior, and they learned from their parents as both teachers, and role
Health Care Function
23.1. Family’s health beliefs and Values:
The family feels that health is very important, and that everyone should promote health
and prevent illnesses and diseases.
There is a consistency between family health values and their health actions, as they
know what they should be doing to keep healthy, and so they do these things.
The health promotion activities all the family engages in regularly are going for walks,
eating balanced diets, getting the right amount of sleep, having yearly check-ups and
visiting the doctor when sick.
The family’s health goals are to continue to pursue these health promotion activities so
that all members of the family live long, healthy and happy lives.
23.2 Family’s definition of health-illness:
All members of the family define health as living a happy life where a person is active,
eats nutritiously, takes care of themselves and is happy with who they are. A healthy
person is healthy not only if they are not sick or do not have a disease, but they are to be
physically, mentally and socially well.
The family defines illness as becoming sick or developing a disease. A person who
becomes ill has something wrong with the physically, mentally or socially.
The family is able to observe and report symptoms and changes in their health that may
signify an illness or disease.
For health information and advice, family members can talk to the mother who is a nurse,
to their family doctors, and they can read about diseases or illness signs and symptoms on
Health information and advice is transmitted to family members primarily through the
nurse mother, but also by other doctors and nurses whom they may talk to.
Family Stress, Coping, and Adaptation
24.1. At this point in time, there are really no stressors that are experienced by the family. The
family will soon experience two stressors this coming May, when the oldest daughter graduates
from DAL, and moves out of the family home. The two stressors are:
Young adult member left home- This may leave the two daughters that are still home
feeling sad and it may place pressure on the parents in trying to help the daughter become
happily situated, and to adjust to this new move.
A member was married- After the oldest daughter has moved out and into her own home,
she will be getting married in 2007, which will place a lot of stress on the parents and
will expand the family circle to include new members.
24.2. There are no long term stressors in the family now, but if short term stressors occur, then
the family is able to handle the stressors and strains of daily family life.
To address the stressors, the family talks about the problem with each other and tries to
eliminate or treat the cause of the stress, rather than to push it aside.
The family has to assess and determine how strong the stressors are, and then find
supportive strengths to balance these.
The family makes sure that a person does not keep these feelings inside and that they
don’t take their stress buildup out on the other members.
They discuss the problems with a member of the family and work towards helping this
24.4. When stressors in the family come up, the family has a number of different ways that they
can react to these stressors.
The way that they deal with the stress depends on what the problem or situation is.
If the stressor isn’t a major one, the family may just accept the situation, and move on
with their lives.
The family does not keep their feelings inside or if stressed out, it is not acceptable for
this member to take their feelings out on others.
Some of the coping strategies the family uses are family group reliance, where the
members become more reliant on their own resources, like their family routines. In times
of stress, the family remains close to one another and establishes their normal family
routines. When my grandmother died for example a few years ago, the family would
spend a lot of time together and visit the extended family, and they would perform their
normal routines so that they stay focused, and keep going on with their lives trying to not
think about what happened so much.
The family may try to normalize things as much as they possibly can.
The family also copes with stress by greater sharing together. The family shares their
feelings and thoughts whenever they are under stress. They never keep their feelings
inside. They engage in family activities together.
The family is able to adapt to changes that may take place in their environment.
All family members use these same strategies when a stressor may arise.
24.8. The family is managing or functioning great at this time. There are no major stressors
going on in the home at this time.
If a short term stressor comes up in the family, they use their coping strategies to deal
with it, and they support and help one another.
The impact of stressors on family functioning are that when the stressors first arise, like
when my grandmother died for example, the family was sad at first and a little stressed
out, but they used their coping strategies to get through the hard time and managed well.
It is very important for the family to stay close to one another and always to be there for
The 6 strengths /support systems used by this family:
1. Flexibility in family functions and roles
The family is very flexible in the functions and roles that each member completes.
The roles are acceptable and consistent with the family member’s expectations and
very seldom does role strain or conflict exist. If one person cannot perform their role
for whatever reason, then another member of the family will help them out, so that
everyone is happy.
2. Meaningful and clear communication
The family is very close to one another and as a result, communication is very
important. All members talk to one another on a daily basis, whether it be over the
phone, or face-to-face. On the weekends, family members usually communicate
openly after supper while sitting around the table, discussing important things that
may have happened in the people’s lives.
3. Support, security and encouragement
The family is very close to each other and very supportive of one another. The family
feels a sense of security when they are together; they feel safe and protected from any
harm. All members are encouraged to live happy and healthy lives.
4. Growth with and through children
As all members of the family grow older, everyone becomes more mature together.
Everyone learns from everyone else. The parents grow up with the children, teaching
them new things, but they also learn new things from their children. It is a continual
give-and-take learning experience, as the children grow older.
5. Responsible community relationships
Every person in the family interacts with people in the community in a respectful
way. Not only do they interact with the people, but they also interact with what the
community has to offer, like the church, community groups, and schools.
6. Family unity and loyalty and intrafamily relationships
The family members are all loyal to one another and the family acts as one close unit,
helping each other out, and supporting one another. All family members cooperate
with one another and get along great.