Justice for the Poor Indonesia From Re by gzn12524


									   Justice for the Poor
From Research to Operations

        Presentation DC
          6 June 2007
In this presentation we will:
1.   Provide background on Indonesian
     context and state of the justice sector
2.   Describe the origin and development of
     Justice for the Poor Indonesia from
     research to operations
3.   Lay out our strategy for scaling up
     research and pilots to deliver national
     level impacts
             Indonesian Context
   Transition from autocracy to democracy
   Large-scale decentralization
   Unleashes social conflict in 7 provinces
       Over 1 million IDPs at its peak
       Economic growth -4% in conflict areas
   Foreign Investment Low
   Failure of justice a core element of the
    problem: World Bank CAS 2004-2008
             Justice in Indonesia
   Classic weaknesses of justice in the
    developing world
       Under-resourced
       Technically weak
       Rife with corruption and political interference
       Low public trust
       Minimal relevance to the public at large
       Challenges of legal pluralism
       GOI says, “Desperate but not hopeless”
                Justice for the Poor
   Phase One: Exploratory
       Find out what is going on at the community
       Identify success factors where the poor utilize
        the justice sector to assert their rights
       Determines that socio-political factors were
        crucial rather than legal technical
            Legal literacy, public mobilization, scrutiny of state
    From Research to Operations
   Phase Two: Experimental
       Replicate the success factors into operational
       Two pilots operating in 4 provinces
          Women’s Legal Empowerment
          Revitalization of Legal Aid

       Third pilot soon to commence in 2 provinces
            Village Judicial Autonomy
    The Justice for the Poor Model
   Focus on community level
       Public legal education
       Build mediation skills
       Provide avenues for complaint
   Economic rights are the core
       Land
       Anti-corruption
       Family law – marriage, divorce, inheritance
       Labour rights – wage discrimination
       Gender perspective
   Links justice and poverty – consistent with popular
    conceptions of “justice”
      Justice for the Poor Model
                    Provincial Implementing Agency:
Province                     Legal Aid NGO


District                   Community Lawyer


Sub-district            Community Legal Aid Post

                    Paralegal/            Paralegal/
Village             Mediators             Mediators
    Example: Revitalization of Legal
       Aid in Indonesia Program
   Objective: Enhance capacity of existing village institutions to
    deliver legal aid and mediation services for the poor
   Activities:
   2005-2009; 3 provinces
   Established 98 community based legal aid/mediation posts
   190 village paralegals & 160 village mediators formed
   548 cases received from December 2005-December 2006
   Community legal education & resolution of community
      land, natural resources, labour, domestic violence,
   Linking poor communities with external support: NGOs,
    media, reformers in government
   Generating Demand for Reform: support community
    organization and advocacy to demand responsive executive
    and judiciary
Legal Aid Posts Delivering Services
      at the Grassroots Level
        Types of Legal Services Provided
                    by Posko
         Legal                    Advocac
       Represe                     y 40%

                  ion 32%
                Scaling Up
   After three years, generated research and
    analytical work, pilots in 500 villages
   So what? 69,500 villages remain
    untouched. Links to government and
    institutional change?
   Role of the Bank: convert the “boutique
    operations” to national level impacts
    Phase 3: Consolidation & Scaling Up
   Three main streams for achieving scale up and
    maximizing impact
   1. Policy
       National Access to Justice Strategy
       Work on Regional Regulations
   2. Operations
       Insert the Justice for the Poor Model through poverty
        programs: addressing the justice elements of the
        development process
       Main mechanism for implementing the strategy
       Leveraging government funds for legal empowerment
   3. NGO Strengthening
       Crucial role as intermediary/implementing organizations
   Enhancing quality of the pilots – delivering
    success to justify the scale up
   M&E: generate evidence of impact against
       Income
       Violent conflict
       State-society relations

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