Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia by gzn12524

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									        Introduction to
        Technical and
        Vocational Education
        in Malaysia
        (Secondary Technical Schools)

Technical Education Department
Ministry of Education Malaysia
              TECHNICAL EDUCATION
             DEPARTMENT 2004-present
                          ORGANISATION CHART
        DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF EDUCATION (Technical)



Technical & Vocational
Education Management
       Division



            Technical & Vocational   Staff Training and Development   Technical & Vocational
            Planning and Research                Division                  Curriculum
                   Division                                                  Division
OBJECTIVES of
SECONDARY TECHNICAL/VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS


    To provide general education.
    To provide a good foundation in technical and
     vocational education to enable students to
     further their studies.
    To provide the industrial and commercial
     sectors with manpower equipped with basic
     skills and knowledge.
    To provide a flexible and broad based
     curriculum to meet the immediate and future
     needs and changes in technology.
Technical and Vocational Training providers
beside Ministry of Education (for school
leavers)

   Industrial Training Institutes
   Agricultural Institutes
   National Youth Training Institutes
   MARA Skill Training Institutes
   Private training institutes
   Etc.
                       Maintaining Curriculum
                        Standard and Quality
                                          • Policy Decision
• Standards
                                          • Consultancy Recommendations
• Industry, Business
                                          • Proposal from Institutions
• Academics
• Visits
• Studies
                                                         Draft
Input &
                       Curriculum Development by                       Advisory
Feedback
                         Curriculum Committee            Input        Committee


                                  Final Draft


                                           Approval from
                                           Curriculum Central Committee
                                           Education Planning Committee

                                           Implementation
                 TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PATHWAYS

                                     World of Work                                           Years of
                                                                                             Schooling   Age
         Post Graduate                                                                            21      26
                                                                                                  20      25
                                                                                                  19      24
           Degree

University & Institution                                                                          18      24
of Higher                                                                                         17
Learning         University                                                                       16
                                                                                                          23
                 College                Diploma                                                           22
                                                                                                  15
                                                                     Vocational                   14      21
                                                                    Qualification                         20
 MHSC                                          Certificate


Form 6      Matriculation             Polytechnics &                Skills Training               13      19
              Colleges              Community Colleges                Institutes                  12     18




                 Malaysian Cert. of Education (MCE)                        MSC



                                                      Technical   Vocational        Skills
           Secondary Academic School          VS                                                  11     17
                                                             TECHNICAL SCHOOL                     10     16


                              Lower Secondary                            Age 13 - 15

                                    Primary                              Age 7 - 12
         Technical Stream (current curriculum structure)
Core Subject                                 Periods
1. Malay Language                                 6
2. English Language                               5
3. English for Science & Technology               3
4. Mathematics                                    5      Student have to choose one
5. Islamic Education/Moral                        4/3
6. History                                        3
7. Physical and Health Education                  2

Electives Subject

8.    Eng Drawing / P Accounting / Biology        4 *
9.    Additional Mathematics                      4     Electives Selection
10.   Physics                                     4
11.   Chemistry                                   4     1. Mechanical Eng Studies
12.   Electives Selection                         4     2. Civil Eng Studies
                                                        3. Electrical & Electronics Eng
                                                           Studies
                                                        4. Agrotechnology Studies
                                                        5. Agricultural Science
        EteMS ETTecS 2006
                                                        6. Entrepreneur Studies
        English for the teaching of                     7. Apparel Studies
        Mathematics, Science                            8. Food Management
        and Technical Subjects
            Vocational Stream (current curriculum structure)
                                 Building Construction                       Catering
                                 Construction Technology                     Catering Technology
                                 Woodworks and Brickwork                     Food Preparation & Services
                                 Geometrical & Construction Drawing          Commerce
                                 Electrical                                  Fashion Design & Dressmaking
Structure                        Electrical Technology                       Fashion Design & Dressmaking Technology
Academic                 55%     Electrical Installation and Control         Fashion Designing & Dressmaking
  Core                           Geometrical & Electrical Drawing            Commerce
Vocational               45%     Electronics                                 Beauty Culture
                                 Electronics Technology                      Beauty Technology
  Technology & Skill
                                 Radio & Television Servicing                Cosmetology & Hairdressing
                                 Geometrical & Electronics Drawing           Commerce
                                 Machine Shop Practice                       Child Care
                                 Machine Shop Technology                     Child Care Studies
Content                          Machining & Filing Practice                 Child Care & Guidance
Subjects               Periods   Geometrical & Machine Drawing               Commerce
Core Academics                   Welding & Metal Fabrication                 Bakery & Confectionery
                                 Metal Fabrication & Welding Technology      Bakery & Confectionery
1. Malay Language        6       Welding                                     Bread & Pattisserie
2. English Language      5       Geometrical & Metal Fabrication Drawing     Commerce
3. Mathematics           5       Automotive                                  Ornamental Horticulture & Landscape
4. Islamic/Moral Edu     4/3     Automotive Technology                       Crop Production
5. History               3       Vehicle Services and Repairs                Dairy Production
6. Science               5       Geometrical & Automotive Drawing            Ornamental Horticulture & Landscape
                                 Refrigeration & Air Conditioning            Farm Machinery
7. PHE                   2       Refrigeration & Air Conditioning            Crop Production
Vocational Electives             Technology                                  Dairy Production
8. Technology           4        Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Practice   Farm Machinery
9. Workshop             13       Geometrical & Air Conditioning Drawing      Farm Management
10. Drawings            4        Business Management                         Crop Production
                                 Business Computing                          Dairy Production
                                 Principle of Account                        Farm Management
                                 Commerce
Making technical and vocational
      education ‘works’



 Traditional   Career Focus
               Based on Standards
 Curriculum
               Modularization/
               Competency Based Education
               Articulation
       NEW VOCATIONAL
     CURRICULUM CONCEPT
Content
 •   Integration of technology, practical and drawing (75% skill)
 •   Accommodate Polytechnics & Community Colleges subjects/modules
 •   Articulation to Polytechnics & Community Colleges
 •   Entrepreneurship modules (across curriculum)
 •   Introduction of Applied Science

Approach (Pedagogy)
• Modular
• Competency Based Learning
Assessment
 • School Based Assessment
 • Competency Assessment
 • Modular Certification
     Vocational Curriculum Content
            (new vocational)
Accommodate and Articulate




                                             Community
                                             College
                        Vocational           Modules
                         Subjects
Polytechnic
Modules                 A        B
         Geometrical                 Entrepreneur
         Drawing
Vocational Curriculum Structure 2006/7
 Core Subjects              Periods
                                          Academics           55%
 1. Malay Language             6
                                          Vocational          45%
 2. English Language           5
 3. Mathematics                5
 4. Islamic / Moral Education 4/3
 5. History                   3
 6. Science/Applied Science 5
 7. PHE                       2

                                            • Polytechnics (20)
 Vocational Elective Subjects
 8. Vocational A              10             • Community Colleges
 9. Vocational B              10                       (34)

                                                  Articulation
           Modular
                                      M
  Competency Assessment
                                      C
   Modular Certification
                                      E                   World
                                                          Of Work
                                                                        CATERING
                                                                        A. Western & Eastern Food Preparation
                                                                        B. Food and Beverages Preparation
   Vocational Stream Courses/                                           FASION
   Subjects 2006/7                                                      A. Dress Making
                                                                        B. Dress Pola

                                                                        BEAUTIFICATION
                                                                        A. Make up
                                  MACHINE SHOP PRACTICE
                                                                        B. Hair Dressing
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION             A. Computer Machining
A. Building Materials             B. Engineeringl Workshop Practice     CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICES
B. Construction Technology                                              A. Child Development Studies
                                  WELDING                               B. Child Services
                                  A. Arc Welding
ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS          B. Gas Welding                        BAKERI
A. Principle of E & E                                                   A. Yeast and Bread
B. Application of E & E           AUTOMOTIVE                            B. Patisserie
                                  A. Vehicle Automotive
 ORNAMENTAL HORT &                B. Electrical & Diesel Automotive     TOURISM
    LANDSCAPE                                                           A. Recreational & Tourism
 A. Agricultural Machinery        REFRIGERATION AND AIR                 B. Basic Tourism Skill
 B. Ornamental Hort & Landscape   CONDITIONING
                                  A. Refrigeration
 CROP TECHNOLOGY                  B. Air Conditioning                   COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
 A. Agricultural Machinery                                              A. Fundamentals of Programming
 B. Crop Production                                                     B. Programming and Development Tools
                                  OFFICE TECHNOLOGY
                                  MANAGEMENT                            CREATIVE MULTIMEDIA
 CROP AGROINDUSTRY                A. Computer Application in Business   A. Animation and Editorial Design
 A. Agric. Product Processing     B. Business Office Technology         B. Creative Multimedia Editorial
 B. Crop Production
                                  BUSINESS MANAGEMENT                   COMPUTER SUPPORT & NETWORKING
 LIVESTOCK AGROINDUSTRY           A. Computer Application in Business   A. Computer Support System
 A. Agric. Product Processing     B. Business Accounting                B. Networking Support System
 B. Livestock Production
Building Construction Workshop
Woodworking Workshop
Plumbing Workshop
Machining Workshop
Science Laboratory
Computer Laboratory
   Education System Reforms
• Reducing the number of subjects in public
  examinations and increasing SBA
• From Term System to Semester System
• Reducing content-based and increasing
  skill-based
• Innovating T & L approach by fully utilising
  project management approach
EVALUATION STUDY
TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
     CURRICULUM MANAGEMENT
   Relationship and output benefit between Stage 1
(TSSs learners) and Stage 2 (TSSs learners in Sem. 1 at
                     polytechnics
                      source: Further study by TVCD October/November 2004


                                                      Curriculum


                                                                                                          Further
                TSS                   Input            Process                 Output
                                                                                                           Devt.

                    COMPARISON OF MCE GRADE AVERAGE                       COMPARISON OF CGPA (Polytechnic)

             5.60                                                  3.35

             5.50                                                  3.30
 MCE SCORE




                                                            CGPA


             5.40                                                  3.25

             5.30                                                  3.20

             5.20                                                  3.15

             5.10                                                  3.10
                                                                          K1            K2           K3
             5.00
                                                                                      COHORT
                    K1          K2           K3
                              COHORT                                           TSS   OTHERS    POPULATION

                      TSS    OTHERS    POPULATION
           Research Findings
• The product of technical secondary schools
  (TSSs) perform much better in Semester 1 at
  polytechnics, compared to the product of
  secondary schools even though the take-off
  values (TOV) of TSSs is marginally lower
• From studies conducted by employers, there
  exists an expectation gap among employers
  toward the performance of TSSs product at the
  workplace
  a) the product of TSSs are competent and skillful,
     technically and academically
  b) However, employers evaluate highly personal
     attributes and soft / employability skills
Vocational Stream
REFORMS
•   Implementation of competency-based education
•   Integration of hands-on and heads-on
•   Articulation to institution of higher learning
•   Entrepreneurial element across VSSs courses
Technical stream
REFORMS
• Reviewing the technical subject curriculum
  – School-based Assessment (SBA)
  – Employability skills
     Technical Curriculum Toward
      SBA & Employability Skills
     FUTURE CURRICULUM


Key Competencies
                               TOPICS
1. Collecting, analysing &
      organising information   1.
                                                   Centralised
2. Communicating ideas and     2.
     information                                   Assessment
                               3.
3. Planning and organising                           60-70%
      activities
                               contextualized
4.Working with others and
    in teams
5. Using mathematical ideas
      and techniques
6. Solving problems
                               WORKSHOP PRACTICE
                                                   School-based
7. Using technology
                               PROJECTS
                                                    Assessment
                               PRESENTATION          30-40%
* Other competencies
                               OTHERS
i.e SCANS
                      Terima kasih
                       Thank you
Technical and Vocational Curriculum Division
Technical Education Department
Ministry of Education Malaysia
Level 5, Block E-14, Parcel E,
Federal Government Administration Centre
62604 Putrajaya, Malaysia

								
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