Value added methods
Shared by: mhk16044
Value added methods Method How it works Strengths Weaknesses (other How useful is for than ignoring gender) Islington? Divides pupils at KS1, KS2 and KS3 into groups according to APS and then shows what % of each Subject specific. Much QCA Numbers become very group achieving particular levels or grades in more finely calibrated Makes GCSE VA for pupils method 1- small when attempting subjects at KS2, KS3 and GCSE. Also looks at than, say, KS3 strategy with EAL look very good. progress charts breakdown by ethnicity. progress from KS2 & KS3 APS to no of A*-C approach. grades and GCSE APS. QCA Plots individual pupils on a scattergraph. The x Makes quick visual Some technical method 2- pupil axis shows prior attainment (in the form of APS) evaluation of difficulties with Helps to bring urgency ay average and the y axis current attainment in the form of test achievement in relation translating into borough school level. compared with all marks. Lines on the graph show national median, to national VA possible. wide VA. England median lower and upper quartiles. Compares pupils’ APS at KS1 with their APS at KS2 (and KS2-3 and KS3-GCSE) by calculating A complex methodology Looks simple. Can also KS2-3 discriminates in DfES VA league difference from national median for similar prior with several stages. Not differentiate by gender, favour of areas with very table method attainment, giving an overall figure which is better subject specific. Are all ethnicity etc. high KS2 attainment. than national performance of more than 100 and GCSEs of equal value? worse if below. Range within levels at The unofficial Very simple to grasp. KS2 can be vast (e.g, Helps to bring urgency at Calculates proportion of level 3s and 4s achieving KS3 Strategy Highlights threshold level 4 is 49-68 marks), school level where we are a level 5 and compares to national average. KS2-3 failures. so progress will be long way from floor targets. different. Doesn’t take account of Allocates each school to a group on the basis of Finely calibrated to pupils not in UK for prior Ofsted prior APS at KS1, 2 & 3. Then compares KS2, 3 and compare progress on attainment Not very fair. attainment GCSE APS within the allocated group, leading to a the basis of prior measurement. Assumes grade (A* is excellent and E* very poor) attainment. no regional variation in attendance issues. In 2002 30% of pupils in FSM is proxy for poverty Allocates each school to a group on the basis of 21-35% band schools in Takes some account of and not always accurate. Ofsted free percentage of pupils with FSM. Then compares county authorities got 5 A*- socio-economic High FSM bands too school meals attainment within FSM bands leading to a grade C grades. The comparative circumstance. wide (top two are 50%+ (A* is excellent and E* very poor) figure in Inner London was and 35-50%). 47%.