"The Benefits of Value-Added Analysis for Teachers"
BENEFITS The Benefits of Value-Added Analysis for Teachers Value-added analysis is a statistical method used to measure the influence of a district and school on the academic progress rates of individual students and groups of students from year to year. PVAAS data is a point of departure for a deeper analysis of other district and classroom assessments of student growth. Teachers can use this annual data as a part of school, grade and subject-area planning, as well as individual student-level planning. Assessing Current Practice Teachers are working to ensure the success of all students. Decisions made at the district, building, grade and student levels are critical to students’ ultimate success. PVAAS reporting will provide district administrators with progress/growth data in reading and math for grades 4-8 at the school, PSSA performance and student levels, as well as by subgroup. PVAAS reporting will also yield projections on student performance on the PSSA. A projection is the probability of a student scoring at the advanced, proficient or basic performance level on a future PSSA. This type of proactive data is beneficial for student-level planning, as well as planning at the grade and subject-area levels. With value-added information, teachers are able to: • Monitor the progress of all students, from low-achieving to high-achieving, ensuring growth opportunities for all students; • Analyze the influence of specific programs and initiatives on students’ progress; • Identify areas of strength and improvement in grade levels and specific subject areas; • Identify areas of potential concern in order to facilitate improvement in student performance; • Ensure that all students (high and low-achieving) and all subgroups of students are making appropriate levels of progress; • Identify groups of students who are at risk for not meeting school, district and state academic expectations; • Identify groups of students who are in need of intervention services, remedial or advanced supports at the school, grade and student levels; • View student learning differently by using progress data with achievement data from PDE tools such as PSSA Data Interactive and 4Sight Benchmark Assessments; and • Access value-added data via a secure Web-based reporting system. Planning and Goal Setting In combination with classroom assessments and observations and teachers’ professional knowledge and experiences, value-added analysis can be a powerful tool to influence student achievement. Value- P E N N S YLVAN I A added analysis helps teachers assess and leverage strengths and hone in on and identify areas for Value-Added improvement at the school, grade, subject and student levels. Assessment System By using value-added information in planning and goal setting, teachers are able to: • Integrate value-added data as a part of the annual school-planning process; • Integrate value-added data as a part of monthly teacher team meetings; • Integrate value-added data as a part of student-level planning; • Use value-added projection data to give feedback to principals on school-level resources for 333 Market Street student supports and instructional opportunities, such as tutoring; Harrisburg, PA 17126 (717) 783-6788 www.pde.state.pa.us more > July 2005 BENEFITS The Benefits of Value-Added Analysis for Teachers • Align/focus grade-level and subject-area resources that receive the greatest influence on student achievement; • Work with grade-level and subject-area teams to reflect upon current practices in curriculum, assessment and instruction; and • Focus professional development efforts on the unique and individual needs of grade-level and subject-area teams. Continuous Improvement With increasing accountability requirements at the building, grade and subject-area levels, the demand for reliable and accurate information on student performance and progress has never been greater. Value-added analysis offers an important metric of student progress and the influence of schools on students’ academic growth. With value-added information, teachers are able to: • View a more comprehensive picture of their schools’ influence by having measures of progress/growth (value-added analysis) and achievement measures; • Look at trends among disaggregate groups and develop strategies that address specific weaknesses; • Consider the influence of resources and services on student progress; and • Help parents understand the unique needs and successes of their student and the school. What Pennsylvania Teachers Are Saying “I work the data, it doesn’t work me.” Dawna Vanderpool, Middle School Teacher, DuBois Area School District “Value-added is an informative tool for schools seeking to target specific areas of curriculum and instruction for improvement. It places the emphasis on what matters most to all teachers, the academic growth of students of all ability levels.” Michelle Thomson, Elementary Teacher, Warwick School District “PVAAS can be a positive experience for teachers. It allows us to determine the actual progress of individual students.” Debbie Condon, Elementary Teacher, Boyertown Area School District P E N N S YLVAN I A Want to Learn More? Value-Added For additional information on PVAAS and value-added professional development opportunities and Assessment System resources, visit the Pennsylvania Department of Education’s Web site at www.pde.state.pa.us, email at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (717) 560-4611. 333 Market Street Harrisburg, PA 17126 (717) 783-6788 www.pde.state.pa.us July 2005