Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation at Poznan by bio18652

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									                 Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate
                    Change Adaptation at Poznan
                            Reid Basher, ISDR Secretariat

                  1. Poznan and the UNFCCC processes –
                     especially the Ad-hoc Working Group on
                     Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA).
                  2. Formulating concepts, guidance and
                     messages for adaptation and DRR policy.
                  3. Key outcomes of Poznan for the ISDR
www.unisdr.org




                     system.


                                           Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                    UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                             www.unisdr.org

                 COP 14, Poznan, 1-12 December 2008
                     Major event - 8000 participants, 2 weeks.
                     Multiple layers operating in parallel.
                      ● NGO events and advocacy.                       ● Exhibit booths (incl ISDR).
                      ● Side events, e.g. ISDR; IASC; UNDP partners; UN System heads.
                      Usually technical focus, with format of panel + discussion.
                      ● Bilateral meetings (among Parties and non-Parties).
                      ● Ministerial statements.                        ● Press events.
                      ● Party-mandated workshops (in plenary).
                      ● UNFCCC Subsidiary Bodies.                      ● Contact groups, informals.

                     ISDR team - Margareta Wahlstrom, Reid Basher, Glenn
www.unisdr.org




                      Dolcemascolo, Julio Garcia (ISDR Panama), Silvia Llosa



                                                    Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                             UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                        www.unisdr.org

                 UNFCCC subsidiary bodies and processes
                                        Scientific and
                                        technological
                   Implementation          aspects                            Ad hoc group

                       SBI                  SBSTA                              AWG-LCA

                     1/CP.10             Nairobi work                            Bali Action
                     NAPAs               programme                                 Plan



                                    Capacity-building
www.unisdr.org




                                    Note: the AWG-LCA is a formal body of all Parties

                                               Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                        UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                          www.unisdr.org

                 Ad-hoc Working Group on Long-term
                 Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA)

                 Bali Action Plan (decision 1/CP.13)
                  The process to achieve the “Copenhagen agreed outcome”
                   at COP-15 in December 2009.
                  Four elements: mitigation, adaptation, technology, finance,
                   plus establishment of the AWG-LCA process.
                  Para 1(c) on adaptation identifies: Resilience, disaster risk
                   reduction, risk management, risk transfer and insurance.
                  Parties requested specific technical papers and workshops.
www.unisdr.org




                                                 Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                          UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                          www.unisdr.org

                 Risk issues at Poznan
                   AWG-LCA
                    Workshop on risk related issues; technical report(s)
                    Advance the deliberations on adaptation

                   SBI (Article 4.8, 5/CP.7, 1/CP.10)
                    Roundtable to assess the status of the implementation of
                     adaptation action and identify gaps and needs

                   SBSTA (Nairobi Work Programme)
                    Focal point forum: Review of progress; move to SBI?
www.unisdr.org




                                                 Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                          UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                          www.unisdr.org

                 Processes for formulating guidance on
                 adaptation and DRR policy
                    Continuing UNISDR submissions, interventions, support to
                     UNFCCC secretariat, Nairobi Work Programme
                    UN initiatives: SG Policy Committee policy; 8 July UNGA
                     event hosted by GA President; 29 September 2008
                     Ministerial event hosted by SG; UN-CEB initiatives for
                     coordinated information and support.
                    ISDR invited to give presentation at AWG-LCA workshop
                     on risk issues at Poznan.
                    UNISDR convened ISDR partners to prepare system-wide
www.unisdr.org




                     submission to AWG-LCA; plus later joint IASC-ISDR
                     submission.


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                                          UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                               www.unisdr.org

                 Current recommendations
                 1. First priorities?
                    (i) National adaptation planning; sector plans including DRR.
                    (ii) National risk assessments, focused on the vulnerable.
                    (iii) Strengthened institutions, including to link climate change and
                    risk reduction agendas.
                 1. Measures?
                    (i) Risk-related zoning and building codes.
                    (ii) Protection of environmental buffers.
                    (iii) Management of floods and droughts.
                    (iv) Protection of critical facilities e.g. hospitals.
www.unisdr.org




                    (v) Early warning and response systems.
                    (vi) Public education and awareness raising.

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                                               UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                            www.unisdr.org




                 3. Challenges?
                   - Building on existing capacities and institutions, including the Hyogo
                   Framework for Action and the ISDR System.
                   - National policy integration and cross-sector cooperation.
                   - Integrating DRR and CCA into development.
                   - Capacity development for resilience especially at community and
                   municipality levels; ensuring funds reach local levels.
                   - Solving the funding issues – size of funds; mechanisms to deal
                   with the “additionality” principle of climate change effects;
                   demonstrating economic value; balancing ex ante versus ex post
                   intervention; tracking, monitoring and evaluation.
www.unisdr.org




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                                            UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                           www.unisdr.org

                 Two new initiatives at Poznan
                    Cooperation between IASC and ISDR at COP-14
                          - Aim to raise humanitarian issues in climate change.
                          - IFRC, OCHA, UNISDR, UNHCR, WFP.
                          - Joint press conference, side event, and bilaterals with
                            USA, Mexico, Europeans, G77/SIDS.
                          - ISDR presentation to AWG-LCA was jointly done with IASC.
                          - Need to now develop substantive guidance via ISDR system.
                    UNISDR hosts DRR experts at Poznan
                          - Aim to bridge gap between DRR and CC policymaking,
                            and to strengthen national capacities.
                          - Argentina, Cook Islands, Mexico, Philippines, Sudan.
www.unisdr.org




                          - Part of, and welcomed by, national delegations.
                          - Successful – we hope to repeat this at future meetings.

                                                  Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                           UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                          www.unisdr.org

                 Key outcomes and highlights
                    No new steps on adaptation negotiations.
                    But strong recognition of disaster risk reduction and Hyogo
                     Framework at AWG-LCA Workshop (e.g. Bangladesh,
                     AOSIS, China, EU, Peru, Philippines, USA)
                    Some Parties call for “common framework” between DRR
                     and adaptation – this is critical opportunity for ISDR System.
                    Funding mechanisms under intense consideration – another
                     critical opportunity for ISDR System alignment.
                    Strong interest in insurance – UNISDR must respond to this.
                    Calls for guidance for risk reduction action – methods, tools,
                     economic information, etc, for scaling-up national efforts
www.unisdr.org




                                                 Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                          UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                           www.unisdr.org

                             Lessons for the Secretariat
                    Strengthen our support of national actors, to bridge the CC and
                     DRR gap and build capacities.
                    Intensify relationship with UNFCCC secretariat and processes, to
                     support and guide them on risk issues.
                    Strengthen the multi-partner ISDR thematic partnership on CC and
                     DRR, for policy directions and tool development.
                    Stimulate new or stronger ISDR System thematic partnerships to
                     provide guidance for key sectors.
                    Initiate dialogue with key Parties on the idea of a “common
                     framework” between DRR and adaptation.
                    Stimulate dialogue and policy development to harmonise funding
                     mechanisms for DRR and CC adaptation.
www.unisdr.org




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                                           UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008
                                                                                           www.unisdr.org

                                    Concluding points
                    Climate change is an accelerant of risk and DRR.
                    Critical point; stage is set for significant growth of effort to
                     reduce vulnerability and risks.
                    Core instruments are in place – UNFCCC mechanisms,
                     Hyogo Framework for Action.
                    Substantial basis of technical guidance available.
                    National and regional strategies and capacities are growing
                     but are often still embryonic, with DRR and CC de-linked.
                    Scaling-up the effort to reduce risks and prepare for climate
                     change remains a central challenge.
www.unisdr.org




                    Funding mechanisms need substantial development.
                    Urgent and important role for UNISDR and ISDR System,
                     including demonstrating integration of DRR and CCA .
                                                  Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change at COP-14, Poznan
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                                           UNISDR presentation to ISDR Support Group meeting, 12 December, 2008

								
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