England Becomes A Limited Monarchy - PowerPoint by hmx17456

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									   England Becomes A Limited
           Monarchy
 In this lesson, students will be able to define
the following terms:

               Magna Carta
          Constitutional Monarchy
          The Bill of Rights of 1689
                 John Locke
                      E. Napp
            Unlike the
           monarchs of
             France
           and Russia,
            England’s
            monarchs
           were never
          able to secure
          absolute rule.
E. Napp
          The Magna Carta
• In 1215, English nobles forced the king to
  sign the Magna Carta.

• The Magna Carta was a document that
  limited the power of England’s monarchs.

• This document guaranteed that
  Englishmen could not be fined or
  imprisoned except according to the laws of
  the land.
                    E. Napp
   English nobles forced the King to
sign the Magna Carta. This document
       limited the king’s power.
                E. Napp
               Parliament
• Parliament was established as a
  legislative body.

• It claimed the right to approve taxes.

• By establishing a Parliament with the right
  to approve taxes, the power of England’s
  monarchs was limited.
                     E. Napp
England’s Parliament is a legislative
               body.
                E. Napp
    A Constitutional Monarchy
• England became a constitutional
  monarchy.

• A constitutional monarchy is a system of
  government where power is shared
  between the king and Parliament.

• The monarch does not have absolute
  power.
                    E. Napp
  A constitutional
    monarchy is
    a system of
   government in
  which subjects
 enjoy basic rights
and political power
is shared between
     a king and
   a Parliament.
E. Napp
During the Puritan Revolution (1642-1660)
  and the Glorious Revolution (1688),
Parliament established its supremacy over
                 the king.
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     The Bill of Rights of 1689
• The Bill of Rights of 1689 confirmed that
  English monarchs could not collect new
  taxes or raise an army without
  Parliament’s consent.

• The Bill of Rights of 1689 limited the king’s
  power.

• England was a constitutional monarchy.
                     E. Napp
          John Locke
             was an
           influential
             British
           writer and
          philosopher.



E. Napp
              John Locke
• John Locke believed that governments
  obtained their power from the people they
  governed.

• He did not believe in divine right theory.
  He did not believe that a king’s power
  came from God.

• He believed that government must protect
  a people’s right to life, liberty, and
  property.            E. Napp
 John Locke believed that it is the
  responsibility of government to
protect the life, liberty, and property
           of its subjects.
                   E. Napp
     Questions for Reflection:
• How did the Magna Carta limit the power
  of England’s monarchs?
• How does a constitutional monarchy differ
  from absolute monarchy?
• What powers were given Parliament by
  the Bill of Rights of 1689?
• Who was John Locke and what did he
  believe?
                    E. Napp

								
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