England Becomes A Limited Monarchy - PowerPoint by hmx17456

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									   England Becomes A Limited
 In this lesson, students will be able to define
the following terms:

               Magna Carta
          Constitutional Monarchy
          The Bill of Rights of 1689
                 John Locke
                      E. Napp
            Unlike the
           monarchs of
           and Russia,
           were never
          able to secure
          absolute rule.
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          The Magna Carta
• In 1215, English nobles forced the king to
  sign the Magna Carta.

• The Magna Carta was a document that
  limited the power of England’s monarchs.

• This document guaranteed that
  Englishmen could not be fined or
  imprisoned except according to the laws of
  the land.
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   English nobles forced the King to
sign the Magna Carta. This document
       limited the king’s power.
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• Parliament was established as a
  legislative body.

• It claimed the right to approve taxes.

• By establishing a Parliament with the right
  to approve taxes, the power of England’s
  monarchs was limited.
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England’s Parliament is a legislative
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    A Constitutional Monarchy
• England became a constitutional

• A constitutional monarchy is a system of
  government where power is shared
  between the king and Parliament.

• The monarch does not have absolute
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  A constitutional
    monarchy is
    a system of
   government in
  which subjects
 enjoy basic rights
and political power
is shared between
     a king and
   a Parliament.
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During the Puritan Revolution (1642-1660)
  and the Glorious Revolution (1688),
Parliament established its supremacy over
                 the king.
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     The Bill of Rights of 1689
• The Bill of Rights of 1689 confirmed that
  English monarchs could not collect new
  taxes or raise an army without
  Parliament’s consent.

• The Bill of Rights of 1689 limited the king’s

• England was a constitutional monarchy.
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          John Locke
             was an
           writer and

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              John Locke
• John Locke believed that governments
  obtained their power from the people they

• He did not believe in divine right theory.
  He did not believe that a king’s power
  came from God.

• He believed that government must protect
  a people’s right to life, liberty, and
  property.            E. Napp
 John Locke believed that it is the
  responsibility of government to
protect the life, liberty, and property
           of its subjects.
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     Questions for Reflection:
• How did the Magna Carta limit the power
  of England’s monarchs?
• How does a constitutional monarchy differ
  from absolute monarchy?
• What powers were given Parliament by
  the Bill of Rights of 1689?
• Who was John Locke and what did he
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