Land Use Regulations Supporting Access Management

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					Land Use Regulations Supporting Access
Management




       Avoid



                                   Preferred

Combining Roadway Engineering With Land Use &
Development Regulations
                                                Ohio DOT
             Presentation Outline

 The following will be provided during this
  presentation:

 1) Access Management - Purpose and Process
 2) Regulatory Options
 3) Design Options



                                               Ohio DOT
What is Access Management and Why Do
        We Want To Consider It?

A process that provides necessary land access,
while simultaneously preserving the safety,
capacity, and speed of traffic on the
surrounding road system




                                            Ohio DOT
Access Management

Purpose:

Establish regulatory and design options at the
local level through conventional applications of
well established planning and engineering
techniques.

Process:

Combine roadway engineering with land use and
development regulations to offer unique
solutions.


                                                   Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options and Challenges
Functional Hierarchy

Zoning

Corridor Overlay Zones

Subdivision & Site Plan Review

Minor Subdivision & Lot Splits

Flag Lots

Regulations Regarding Corner Clearance

                                         Ohio DOT
Design Options and Challenges
Medians

Driveway Spacing

Locations & Design

Joint & Cross Access

Retrofitting

Nonconforming Access

Transit, Bicycle & Pedestrian Access

Frontage & Backage Roads
                                       Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options


Functional Hierarchy




                       Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options

Functional Hierarchy
Zoning

               Zoning regulations achieve safe and
               efficient roadway access by determining
               where and how development occurs

               Requirements affecting minimum lot size,
               minimum lot frontage and building
               setback help achieve desired levels of
               access and safety



                                                          Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options

Functional Hierarchy     Subdivision
                         & access at
Zoning                   time of
                         adoption.
Corridor Overlay Zones

                         Potential

                         access after
                         adoption.

                         Potential

                         access
                         without
                         overlay
                         standards.


                                     Ohio DOT
U.S. 224 - Findlay, Ohio - Tiffin Avenue Development




                                               Ohio DOT
  Regulatory Options

Functional Hierarchy
Zoning
Corridor Overlay Zones
Subdivision & Site Plan Review

                        Subdivision regulations assure proper
                        access & street layout in relation to
                        existing or planned roads.

                        Review allows local officials to foresee
                        access related problems before they
                        occur.

                                                            Ohio DOT
Access Related Information for
Site Plan Review
• Driveways and intersection location
• Distances between driveways, intersections, median openings,
  traffic signals, and other transportation features
• Number and direction of lanes
• Striping and signing plans for both road and driveway
• All proposed transportation features (auxiliary lanes, signals,
  median treatments, etc.)
• Appropriate traffic studies, including trip generation data
• Parking and internal circulation plans
• Detailed plat map
• Detailed description of requested variance, reason, proof of
  necessity, and related information
• A cross-section of the main road

                                                              Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options

Functional Hierarchy
Zoning
Corridor Overlay Zones
Subdivision & Site Plan Review
Minor Subdivisions & Lot Splits
                            Regulates minor subdivisions and
                            lot splits typically exempt from
                            review.

                            Prevents the creation of
                            nonconforming lots compromising
                            safe and efficient access.
                                                          Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options
Functional Hierarchy
Zoning
Corridor Overlay Zones
Subdivision & Site Plan
   Review
Minor Subdivisions & Lot
   Splits
Flag Lots




                           Ohio DOT
Regulatory Options

Functional Hierarchy
Zoning
Corridor Overlay Zones
Subdivision & Site Plan
   Review
Minor Subdivisions & Lot
   Splits
Flag Lots
Corner Clearance



                           Ohio DOT
Design Options
Medians

                 Median            Median




                              6 Conflicts




                          Median




                              2 Conflicts


                                            Ohio DOT
Design Options

Medians
Driveway Spacing, Location
  & Design




                             Ohio DOT
Design Options

Medians
Driveway Spacing,
Location & Design
Joint & Cross Access




                       Ohio DOT
Design Options

Medians
Driveway Spacing, Location &
  Design
Joint & Cross Access
Retrofitting Nonconforming     Address problems
  Access                       associated with
                               developed properties.

                               Minimize negative
                               impacts of existing
                               development.


                                                       Ohio DOT
Design Options
Medians
Driveway Spacing, Location &
   Design
Joint & Cross Access
Retrofitting Nonconforming
   Access
Transit, Bicycle, & Pedestrian
   Access




                                 Ohio DOT
Design Options

Medians
Driveway Spacing, Location &
   Design
Joint & Cross Access
Retrofitting Nonconforming
   Access
Transit, Bicycle, & Pedestrian
   Access
Reverse Frontage




                                 Ohio DOT
Design Options

Medians
Driveway Spacing, Location &
   Design
Joint & Cross Access
Retrofitting Nonconforming Access       Eliminate driveway
Transit, Bicycle, & Pedestrian Access   connections along high
Reverse Frontage                        speed arterials.
Frontage Roads
                                        Problems with frontage
                                        roads can be alleviated with
                                        proper design and
                                        placement.


                                                            Ohio DOT
Unique Solutions to Common Problems


 Combine roadway engineering with land use and
   development regulations

 The right combination of elements can achieve a safe and
   efficient highway network




                                                            Ohio DOT
Thank You

For Additional Information Contact:

Statewide Access Management Coordinator
Dick Sommer
Office of Roadway Engineering Services
Phone 614.644.1205 FAX 614.644.4861

Access Management Website:

http://www.dot.state.oh.us/roadwayengineering/access_ma
   nagement/index.asp


                                                    Ohio DOT