T H E E X T E N S I O N Q U A R T E R L Y In Common PEOPLE Tradition and revelation: 2 SUMMER 2004 PLACES Salamanders and bulldozers: 3 THINGS Caterpillars and fast food: 4 VOLUME 2 · NO. 4 As we focus on aspects of UMass Extension programs that are critical to our constituents, to our communi- Cultivating a Taste for Brazil ties and to the research capacity of There’s a taste of Brazil in Massachusetts . . . ing to meet their nutritional needs and to UMass Amherst, we sometimes for- in Boston, Whately and Dracut, where you get that our work brings a good boost the profitability of the state’s farms. will find crops like jiló, maxixe, couve and deal of pleasure to our faculty, staff, quiabo . . . in Framingham and Hyannis, where Professor Frank Mangan of UMass partners and participants. Put simply, Gol Supermarkets offer new opportunities many of our initiatives are a lot of fun. for the distribution of Brazilian crops . . . Extension’s Vegetable Team and the and in restaurants like the Midwest Grille in UMass Amherst Department of Plant, Perhaps we shouldn’t admit it, but Cambridge where those crops go into increas- Insect and Soil Sciences had spent years this issue of In Common has been ingly popular Brazilian dishes. fun. It started with immersing our- researching the cultivation and marketing selves in the sights, sounds, smells Bringing it all together are 250,000 of a variety of “ethnic vegetables” when and tastes of Massachusetts’ very Massachusetts Brasileiros — along with the he had a chance to import some jiló (gee- vibrant Brazilian culture. In part because of our well-established UMass Extension team, which is attempt- LO) seeds in 2001. He had heard about Portuguese-speaking communities, CONTINUED ON PAGE 5 the state has seen a steady influx of new residents from South America’s largest country. Frank Mangan and his team are exploring a whole new market in homegrown Brazilian crops, and in doing so, are allowing us to relish and embrace the culture. We also got to spend a day with Carol Childress and Bob Levite wan- dering through one of the state’s most beautiful natural enclaves, just as others will now be able to enjoy it in perpetuity — despite rapid development — thanks to the Opacum Land Trust. Then, of course, there was a rousing community cele- bration with the Kokoski clan; and we don’t think we have ever seen anyone over the age of eight take more joy in discovering new cater- pillars than Bob Childs. We hope you enjoy this issue as much as we have. Silvia Moreira and Maria Da Mota P E O P L E : T R A D I T I O N A N D R E V E L AT I O N People A New Look, A New View Angelica Paredes calls it “The Look.” It may be the flash of an eye or the flicker of a face muscle. But when she gets “The Look” from a teen in trouble, Angelica believes she is making progress. And it makes her day. As an Extension Educator in the Communities, Families and Youth pro- gram, Angelica runs small-group work- shops in North Adams for people 12 to 17 years of age who are under supervi- sion of the juvenile justice system. Left: John and Elaine Kokoski, with daughters Jessica Dizek and Jennifer Zina Right: Angelica Paredes Groups meet weekly, focusing on issues ranging from world hunger to anger management. After completing ten ses- The Kokoski Tradition collaborator through the USDA’s Envi- ronmental Quality Incentives Program. sions on character building, the older teens return for a job readiness workshop At Mapleline Farm you can’t really separate the with the goal of finding a summer job. individual from the family, the family from the “They take care of the land and of the For some, this is a first experience in farm, the farm from an extended community, or cows,” USDA’s Curran added, praising the community from a long, successful tradition. exploring different viewpoints. the Kokoski’s state-of-the-art nutrient On June 19, the Kokoski family celebrat- management system that mixes manure “They’ve never been given the chance to ed the 100th anniversary of Mapleline with milk processing wastewater to re- contemplate,” says Angelica. Farm with the inauguration of an on- duce both waste discharge and the use of During the workshop, the young people farm milk processing facility. Hundreds chemical fertilizers. become more confident and verbal. They of well-wishers attended the event and Doug Gillespie, another old friend, said also learn — sometimes with difficulty — toured the post card-perfect spread on the Kokoskis are about to protect 55 to gain respect for the opinions of others. Comins Road in North Hadley. acres of prime land under an Agricultural Angelica takes a firm stand. “I put my The people were notable. State Senator Preservation Restriction (APR). cards on the table and I don’t change. Stan Rosenberg and Representative John Heading it all are John and Elaine I’m a constant in their lives,” she says. Scibak were there. So was Doug Gillespie, Kokoski, but family heritage is every- Before joining UMass Extension six state agriculture commissioner, and Cecil where. With the exception of the founder, years ago, she worked with young Curran, of the USDA Natural Resources John’s great-grandfather Stanley, grand- people in residential treatment pro- Conservation Service, along with UMass parents, aunts and uncles still dot Comins grams and as an advocate for families Extension folks. So, too, were hundreds Road. Son Paul runs the home delivery receiving public assistance. Although of neighbors and customers of the business, and, most fortunately for she is not new to this troubled world, Mapleline Farm’s home delivery service. UMass Amherst, daughter Jessica Dizek she admits “the heaviness” sometimes Most notable, however, was the fact that is working as an Extension develop- gets her down. they all came as friends. ment associate. Then she sees “The Look,” and it all “They treat their customers as friends,” “I just look around, and there is my fam- makes sense. “My heart goes out to said Cecil who is a customer, friend and ily,” noted Jessica, “I love it.” I them. I see hope,” she says. I I N C O M M O N T H E U M A S S E X T E N S I O N Q U A R T E R LY [ 2 ] S U M M E R 2 0 0 4 PLACES: SALAMANDERS AND BULLDOZERS Conservation and Development on the Margin Places Bob Levite and Carol Childress The bulldozer that rumbled onto Carol UMass Extension’s Natural Resources and Extension’s Bob Levite, an attorney, was Childress’s Sturbridge property in 1998 created Environmental Conservation (NREC) integral to the process that included more a path that threatened to lead straight to the program, who helped bring it all together. than a half-dozen public, private and destruction of hundreds of acres of undevel- oped old-growth forest and wetland habitat. educational entities, including the Depart- The star of the show, however, was ment of Conservation and Recreation, the Thanks to an unlikely but highly effective Ambystoma opacum — the Marbled Sala- Natural Heritage and Endangered Species partnership of talents and interests, how- mander. When Carol tripped over a rock Program, and the Sturbridge Planning ever, the path led instead to the protection along the path left by the errant bulldozer, Board and Conservation Commission. of 266 acres of that habitat — dubbed she discovered one of only 38 breeding Opacum Woods — and to the creation of sites in the state for the threatened species. “It was Bob’s mediation that brought it the new Opacum Land Trust, which now all together,” said Carol. “In the beginning,” Carol Childress re- promises to protect even more land in called recently, “we knew nothing about The project highlighted important les- a dozen towns along the frontier of dev- salamanders, land trusts or vernal pools. sons. The town asked Bob Levite to elopment that stretches out along the And the town planning board and con- organize a series of five public forums on Massachuetts Turnpike. It lies at the heart servation commission didn’t really under- planning, smart growth, and biodiversity. of the Quinebaug and Shetucket River stand a lot of what we were trying to do.” The series included a presentation by Valley National Heritage Corridor, which UMass Extension NREC director Scott Carol Childress teamed up with West- straddles Massachusetts and Connecticut. Jackson, and drew on the resources of borough developer Bob Moss who took Wandering along ancient woodland trails, Extension’s partners in Green Valley advantage of delays in the golf course along ponds studded with beaver lodges, Institute, including University of and offered to buy the entire parcel. a visitor is only barely aware of the near- Connecticut Cooperative Extension. Moss won subdivision approval for 70 by turnpike, or the luxury homes that half-acre lots at one end of the 300-acre “This really has mushroomed, and is a loom now and then through the trees. It parcel — an area that Carol Childress great example of developing what should is even harder to imagine that this nearly says is “least intrusive in terms of endan- be developed, and conserving what became a golf course. gered species and archeological features.” should be conserved,” notes Bob Levite. Here’s what made the difference: Carol Bob Moss donated the rest of the land to “It’s one of the largest blocks of protect- Childress’s anger at being invaded, her the newly-formed Opacum Land Trust — ed undeveloped land in Central love of the land, and her determination to and Opacum Woods was born. Massachusetts. And it all started with save it; developer Bob Moss, who was will- Carol tripping over a rock.” The effort earned Bob Moss and Carol ing to buy into that determination; the Childress the 2004 Environmental Award For more information, check talents of a committed board of directors sponsored by the Massachusetts Audubon <www.opacumlt.org> and for the new land trust; and Bob Levite of Society and Worcester Business Journal. <thelastgreenvalley.org/gvi>. I I N C O M M O N T H E U M A S S E X T E N S I O N Q U A R T E R LY [ 3 ] S U M M E R 2 0 0 4 T H I N G S : C AT E R P I L L A R S A N D FA S T F O O D Weighty Research Adolescents and fast food. They go together — increasingly, with obesity. It’s odd, then, how little we know about what influences teen food spending, and how to help them choose wisely, says Professor Jean Anliker, of UMass Extension’s Nutrition Education Program. That may change with a four-year study, Tween POWER: Preventing Obesity through Wise Expenditures of Things g Resources, being conducted by Jean and Professor Elena Carbone of the UMass Amherst Department of Nutrition under an $800,000 USDA grant. Fifteen percent of children and teens are obese today, double the rate in 1980. Teens spend about $27 billion a year, much of that on Budding Nuisance trols them here food and beverages, and Call it The Year of the Caterpillar. naturally.” the food industry spends $33 billion a That’s what Deborah Swanson and Bob Dormant oil year on advertising and Childs of Extension’s Landscape, Nursery sprays are effec- promotions. and Urban Forestry Team are calling it. tive, but only They’ve been unfolding a detective story before the newly “There has been a lot that began a decade ago with an outbreak hatched inch- of finger-pointing at of what seemed to be fall cankerworms in worms make their fast food without southeastern Massachusetts, where Deborah way into a maple much data to back it heads Plymouth County Extension. tree’s bud, where up,” notes Jean they begin a well- Anliker. “Nobody has studied what “Populations have a way of blowing up for teens are buying, or what goes through protected feast. Don’t look for them a couple years, and then crashing. I told their minds when they make choices. now, though. Having hatched on April Deborah they’d go away,” recalls Bob. We must know these things to stop the 18, the caterpillars have gorged them- In fact, they weren’t cankerworms, and selves and fallen safely into the soil, from obesity epidemic.” they didn’t go away. Instead they re- which they will emerge as moths next “Tweens” in the study — 11 to 14 turned with a vengeance, and spread, fall. And that’s just the beginning. years old — will “think out loud” leaving the May foliage looking more into tape recorders as they make food “Along with seeing many familiar cater- like December’s. It wasn’t until recently choices. Professor Shirley Mietlicki of pillar species in high numbers this year, that the pair, working with UMass Extension’s Communities, Families and there are also a phenomenal number of Amherst forest ecologist Joe Elkinton Youth Program will help link the study caterpillars in new places this year,” says and George Boettner of the UMass with teen participants, and Professor Bob Childs. He adds that it’s likely there’s Amherst Department of Plant, Soil and Sheila Mammen will collaborate on more than one cause, though wet springs Insect Sciences, identified the culprit as consumer issues. In a second phase, the may be part of the problem. The solu- European Winter Moth. team will develop and test an innovative tion? For now, says Bob, try to avoid “It was the first time this critter has chemical sprays. Biological controls like program to improve “tween” buying been seen east of the Mississippi,” says Bacillus thuringiennsis (BT) should con- practices. Researchers in Connecticut Bob. “The problem is that nothing con- trol many species. I and Maryland are also participating. I I N C O M M O N T H E U M A S S E X T E N S I O N Q U A R T E R LY [ 4 ] S U M M E R 2 0 0 4 C O V E R S T O R Y: A T A S T E F O R B R A Z I L CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 bread). A visit turns into a rapid-fire the small, slightly bitter exchange of recipes, eggplant from his Portu- nutritional tidbits, guese teacher. Since then, geography and lan- he has visited Brazil, guage. Maria Da Mota learned more Portuguese, tells Frank that Gol honed his taste for things has already sold all of Brazilian, and sparked a the jiló seedlings pro- new interest in Brazilian duced by Allandale at crops around the state. its farm stores. She is looking forward to the Frank recruited Maria Brazilian vegetable that Moreira of Lancaster, a Allandale will begin native of the Azores and a picking in early August. veteran of UMass Exten- sion’s effort to help Lao- “We’ve been getting tian Hmong farmers grow jiló from Florida. But and market Southeast it’s already yellow and Asian vegetables, and her costs $6.50 per pound,” Dave DeWitt and Victor Lopez-Matute of Allendale Farm sister-in-law, Silvia Moreira of Lowell, inspect jiló with Silvia Moreira. says Maria Da Mota. “Our customers who hails from Brazil. Residents from want it green, and they want it fresh.” Brazil, the Azores, the Cape Verde Islands Harvest Farm in Whately is hoping and Portugal have made Portuguese the “It’s the way to save the farm. to forge a similar agreement with a second language of Massachusetts, notes This is the year of jiló.” New Jersey supermarket chain. Silvia Moreira. With a distributor like Gol, the jiló “Many stay for several years, and return Even more important, John Lee found grown at Allandale, Harvest Farm, to Brazil, but they can’t make enough to that jiló sold well at several times the or Brox Farm in Dracut, may well feed their families. So they come back to 50-cents per pound wholesale price of find its way into a popular Brazilian the U.S.,” says Silvia, who is the “eyes eggplant. This year, Allandale is raising restaurant like the Midwest Grille and ears of the project.” over 3,000 jiló plants, which will produce near Inman Square in Cambridge. over 1500 pounds of this type of egg- There, surrounded by the sounds of “Silvia and Maria are key to this project,” plant a week. Lee hopes to get as much samba and bossa nova, you will find says Frank Mangan. “Silvia knows the as $4.50 a pound. jiló and sautéed couve in an extensive Brazilian community, and what it wants. Farmers have to be able to get crops to “Success means doing something that buffet — which also includes feijoada, people who want them, and without other people haven’t figured out yet,” a rich meat and bean stew, which is a community support, this won’t work.” says John Lee. “It’s the way to save the Brazilian favorite. farm. This is the year of jiló. It’s our first “It’s really exciting to be able to iden- At the 130-acre Allandale Farm, the big wholesale crop.” tify an opportunity and get Massachu- only working farm in Boston, manager John Lee agreed three years ago to grow João Araujo and Maria Da Mota are cru- setts farmers in at the beginning,” some of the jiló seedlings that Frank had cial to that success. The couple own four says Frank Mangan. started at the UMass Amherst Research Brazilian markets, including Gol Super- Frank and his team see the success of Station in South Deerfield. He quickly market in Framingham. Their Rainbow this jiló growing season to be critical discovered that jiló grew well and was Trading Company is a wholesale distribu- to the future of the Brazilian crop mar- easy to pick. tor for 150 other markets and restaurants. ket in the state. Already, however, they Frank Mangan introduced João to John are looking ahead. Frank wants to ex- “Jiló does well in dry soil, and we think Lee and helped initiate a promising agree- plore the local potential for preserving it will be great in rotation,” says John ment to distribute Allandale’s jiló crop. and packaging jiló, and he is hoping Lee, who also grows couve (CO-vey, a variety of collard), maxixe (ma-SHE-shee, Brazilian culture envelops Gol Super- to win federal and state support to a cucumber), quiabo (kee-A-bo, okra) market, from the mural of Ipanima Beach explore new trade opportunities and three varieties of Brazilian squash. to the fresh-baked pão de queijo (cheese between Massachusetts and Brazil. I I N C O M M O N T H E U M A S S E X T E N S I O N Q U A R T E R LY [ 5 ] S U M M E R 2 0 0 4 Programs: • Extension Agriculture and Landscape • Extension Communities, Families and Youth • Extension Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation • Extension Nutrition Education • Massachusetts 4-H UMass Extension administrative office: Draper Hall University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003-9244 413.545.4800 / fax: 413.545.6555 UMass Extension web site: http://www.umassextension.org Photography: Nancy Palmieri Bob Childs (Budding Nuisance) Wesley Blixt (The Kokoski Tradition) Publisher: Joe Shoenfeld Editor: Wesley Blixt Writers: Wesley Blixt and Jan Whittaker Design & Production Director: Susan Handlen Designer: Tekla McInerney inside In Common Layout: Marah Loft Copy Editor: Elizabeth Adams Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. UMass Extension provides educational programs, materials There’s a taste of Brazil in Massachusetts . . . in and employment without regard to race, color, religion, creed, sex, age, national origin, and mental or physical Boston, Whately and Dracut, where you will find handicap. crops like jiló, maxixe, couve and quilabo... Amherst, MA 01003-9244 University of Massachusetts 40 Campus Center Way Draper Hall Andrew Associates UMass Extension PAID U.S. Postage Non-Profit Org.
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