BIOENERGY IN CHILE by mpp15079

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									BIOENERGY IN CHILE


Germán Aroca A.
School of Biochemical Engineering
P. Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,
Facultad de Ingeniería, Escuela de Ingeniería Bioquímica
Av. Brasil 2147, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso, Chile.
Outline
    Bioenergy in Chile
       – Energy from Biomass
       – Biofuels
       – Biogas

    LAMNET International Workshop
     “Bioenergy for a sustainable development”
     Viña del Mar, November 8-9, 2004

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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                         22-06-2010
Energy sources in Chile
                Primary source




                 Secondary source




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV            22-06-2010
Bioenergy in Chile




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV   22-06-2010
Energy from Biomass
  13.000.0000. Ha native Forest
  20 % of the total energy could be
   obtained from sustainable
   management of native forest (Instituto
   Forestal)




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                    22-06-2010
     Rural electrification
      project financed by
      UNDP
     Biomass
      gasification
     40 KW
     Butachauques
      Island, X Region


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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV      22-06-2010
Energía Verde Green energy
                           Termoelectric Plant using sawdust
                           and bark from cellulose pulp plant
                           Constitucion, VII Region
                           8,7 MW, 50 ton/h



                           Termic plant, using sawdust and bark
                           San Francisco de Moztazal, VI Region
                           25 ton/h steam generation


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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                                   22-06-2010
Perspectives of Biofuels

     Bioethanol from lignocellulosic
      materials

     Biodiesel
        – Raps oil




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                22-06-2010
Biogas
     Biogas from Landfill

     Biogas from efluent treatment plants

     Biogas from marine biomass



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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                     22-06-2010
 Development of application of the
 anaerobic digestion technology in Chile
1993 : Int´l Course on Anaerobic Digestion in Chile organized by
       the School of Biochemical Engineering
1995 : First reactor UASB (4 m3) (CCU)
1996 : First anaerobic filter reactor (8m3)
1998 : First industrial size reactor UASB type (Dutch)
               (Chiletabacos)
1999 : Second industrial size reactor UASB type   (Mexican
       Technology)
2000 : First reactor EGSB
2001 : Anaerobic reactors for treating sludge from municipal
       waste water treatment plant and purines from a pig farm
2001 : First UASB reactor with Chilean technology
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  Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                                   22-06-2010
                            Anaerobic Granules



                           1995 : First anaerobic
                           reactor UASB type
                                  4 m3




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                       22-06-2010
                           2001 : First UASB reactor
                           with Chilean technology




                                           CAPEL




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                               22-06-2010
Biogas production as an energy
source

     In wine distillery industry it is possible
      to save up to 30 % of the energy cost
      using the biogas.

        – Desulfurization of biogas for its use in the
          furnaces without harmful effects and with
          low emissions of SOx

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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                                 22-06-2010
BIOGAS FROM MARINE BIOMASS
Alberto Vergara F., Bruno Honorato S., Nelson Alarcón
P.,

 Germán Aroca A.
1 Universidad Católica de Temuco, Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela de Ciencias Ambientales
Manuel Montt 56, Casilla 15-D, Temuco, Chile.

2 Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Facultad de Ingeniería, Escuela de Ingeniería Bioquímica
Av. Brasil 2147, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso, Chile.
Biogas from seaweed


9000 Km of sea coast




     Seaweeds: 87 chlorophytas
               103 pheophytas
               298 Rodophytas
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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV         22-06-2010
Chasca, Gelidium lingulatum

Chascón, Lessonia nigrescens

Huiro, Macrocystis integrifolia

Cochayuyo, Durvillea antartica
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  Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV        22-06-2010
Biogas production from seaweeds
Seaweed : mainly agar, carrageen, alginates

                           Low lignin content



                                     % p/p
                     Carbon          35,6
                     Nitrogen        2.96
                     Sulphur         3.52
                     Hydrogen        2.96
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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                        22-06-2010
Results
 Preliminary results shows a maximum yield
  of 300 (mL/g) under non optimal
  conditions.
 300 (m3/ton) (65 % methane) =>1760
  KWh /ton of seaweed
 This system could be used for bioenergy
  generation in small coastal communities



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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                 22-06-2010
Energy from Nopal




    Rodrigo A. Wayland Morales
         wayland@traderandino.com


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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV            22-06-2010
     8.300 Kg base
                                  1.000 Kg base seca (12% sólido)
        húmeda
                           200 Kg (2.450.000 Kcal / expresados como
                 .
                           GLP)
                 .         2.770 Kg de lombrices = 249 Kg Harina
                 .         2.770 kg Humus
                 .         2846,8 Kwh (g)
                           9490 Kwhe (eficiencia 30 % en motores
                 .
                           Comb.Interna)
                 .         7.304 l de agua recuperada
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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                                              22-06-2010
CDM Projects in Chile
     Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan

     Hydroelectric Plant Chacabuquito

     Agrosuper
        – Effluent treatment plant



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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                 22-06-2010
  INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP
“BIOENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE
        DEVELOPMENT”
      Viña del Mar - CHILE
      8-9 November 2004

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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV       22-06-2010
INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP “BIOENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT”
Viña del Mar - CHILE
8-9 November 2004

     Plenary presentations
       – Biomass, Biogas, Biodiesel, Bioethanol

     Working Groups
      – Liquid fuels
      – International cooperation
      – Biogas and waste treatment
      – Biomass for energy

     Technical presentations

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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                              22-06-2010
INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP “BIOENERGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT”
Viña del Mar - CHILE
8-9 November 2004




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Germán Aroca A. EIB-PUCV                              22-06-2010

								
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