United States Army Space &
Missile Defense Command
Vol. 9, Number 2
Army Emergency Relief
Campaign ends May 15
The Army Emergency Relief fund-
raising campaign runs through May 15.
Contributions to the nonprofit organiza-
tion are used to help active duty soldiers,
single or married, and their family mem-
bers; retirees; ARNG and USAR soldiers
on continuous active duty for more than
30 days and their family members; sur-
viving spouses and orphans of soldiers
who died while on active duty or after
they retired. AER helps with emergency
financial needs and gives undergradu-
ate-level education scholarships, based
primarily on financial need, to children
of soldiers. For every dollar contributed
to AER, 95 cents is used in direct sup-
port of those in need.
MDW Army Ten-Miler set
for Oct. 20 in Washington
Washington, D.C.—Americas larg-
est 10-mile race, the Army Ten-Miler,
opened its on-line registration March
1. Thousands of runners from around
the world are expected to participate in
the race which begins at 8 a.m., Sun-
day, Oct. 20, in Washington, D.C. To reg-
ister on-line visit the Website at
www.armytenmiler.com. On-line entry (Photo by NASA)
through Active.com is secure, conve-
nient and provides instant e-mail con-
firmation once your credit card is ap-
Army officer soars aboard Columbia
proved. Registration fees are $25 per in-
Following a one-day weather delay, NASAs Space Shuttle Columbia lifts off from the launch pad March
dividual runner. The deadline for on-
1 on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope. Army Lt. Col. (P) Nancy J. Currie, a NASA
line race entry is 5 p.m. EST, Sept. 20. astronaut, was aboard on her fourth space flight. She served as the flight engineer and the shuttle
Registration will close when the 18,000 robotic arm operator, capturing and releasing the telescope and moving astronauts and equipment
field is reached. Register early to se- during the five extra-vehicular space walks. Currie served with Mission Commander Scott Altman,
cure your entry. The Army Ten-Miler Pilot Duane Carey, Payload Commander John Grumsfeld, and mission specialists Richard Linnehan,
is produced by the U.S. Army Military James Newman, and Michael Massimino. (See Page 12 for the story.)
District of Washington.
CGs Corner .........................Page 2
SMDC leadership plans future
The future of space and missile defense Brigadier General (Ret.) John Johns facili-
Tech Center transforms .....Page 3 programs in the U.S. Army Space and Missile tated a discussion concerning the U.S. Con-
POW bracelet reunion .........Page 4 Defense Command was the focus of a com- stitution and the ethics federal employees and
mand offsite meeting for commanders, major military personnel should display in serving
Chief scientist arrives ........Page 5 subordinate element directors, and the chiefs the nation and its citizens.
ASPO in joint exercise .......Page 5 of various staff functions. Dr. Richard Fafara of the U.S. Army Com-
Spouses of these leaders were invited to munity and Family Support Center explained
Command offsite review ....Page 6 participate in a concurrent session that looked the results of the fourth survey of Army Fami-
ARSPACE hosts Tech into the welfare and well-being of the soldiers, lies and related the importance of the results
civilians, contractors, and family members of to Family Support Groups and soldier retention.
Board meetings ...................Page 8 the command. Lieutenant Colonel (Dr.) Craig D. Shriver
Elder reflects on past .........Page 9 In addition to the discussions held among spoke about the Armys commitment to not just
the leadership and the spouses group, several providing quality breast cancer treatment but
Long-Term Care Insurance guest speakers provided insights on a num- to also conducting needed research for better
early enrollment begins .....Page 9 ber of topics. treatment and a cure.
General Paul J. Kern, commanding gen- Major General (Ret.) Robert H. Scales Jr.,
Preventing tragedy............Page 10 eral of the U.S. Army Materiel Command, discussed the changing nature of warfare
Bowlers find fellowship ...Page 11 spoke about the challenges of finding the new and its effect upon and implications for the
scientists and engineers who will replace a transformation of the Army.
Rocketing into space .......Page 12 talented, skilled, experienced workforce that More information concerning the offsite
is nearing retirement. can be found on pages 6 and 7.
2 The Eagle March 2002
Commanding Generals Corner
Members of the command have filled the are timely. We never really know when our friends and co-workers are
past month with extraordinary efforts. Many facing stresses of which we are unaware. I ask each of you to acquaint
worked countless hours preparing the leadership yourselves with the warning signs of people who are overwhelmed.
for the command offsite. Nancy Currie soared SMDC leaders met in March to focus our ability to deal with
into space a fourth time on a mission to service change. The offsites Mission Focus conference and the senior
the Hubble Space Telescope. Others continued spouses Well-Being conference were outstanding. Senior leaders
the important work of supporting the warfighters have specific objectives which they are focusing on this year to assure
with space products and services and in providing we spend our resources wisely (time, money) as we support Operations
the Armys support of the Missile Defense ENDURING FREEDOM and NOBLE EAGLE.
Agency and the goal of defending warfighters, the You can expect your commanders and directors to begin to adjust the
Nation, and our allies from missile attack. Still Lieutenant General emphasis we place on various programs and activities. But the focus will not
Joseph M. Cosumano Jr.
others prepared the important briefings for the be entirely on the mission alone. We cannot hope to offer the Army and our
Major Command Reorganization Committee. Nation the best that is in us unless we address the needs of our people.
Many of us have read, Who Moved My Cheese. All of us are Therefore, we need to continually reinvigorate our Family Readiness
familiar with change. The very nature of the transformation Army Chief of Groups to service the needs of soldiers, civilians, family members, and
Staff Gen. Eric Shinseki is leading requires large-scale change. Secretary of contractors. If our numbers are insufficient to organize our own groups,
the Army Thomas White is engaged in efforts to improve the ability of the we should make efforts to use those of host installations.
Army to accomplish its mission of defending the Nation. He has quickly In summary, you have accomplished much, yet more needs to be
reorganized the Army secretariat and staff and has turned his attention to done. Space and Missile Defense Command and ARSPACE are
organizations. All this is occurring as TRADOC looks at how our organizations that represent the ability to go from concept to operations
warfighting organizations of the future can support the objective force. in record time. Warfighters in ENDURING FREEDOM are using many of
The events of the last six months could cause stress on our workforce, these capabilities now. You can be proud to be a member of an organi-
and we should strive to identify those who need help. This months man-on- zation making a difference, every day, 24/7.
the-street responses concerning suicide prevention and an article on page 10 Secure the High Ground!
What We Think
The Eagle asks:
What would you do if you thought someone was thinking about suicide?
If I knew someone was Much would depend If it were a soldier, I would
thinking about suicide, I upon how well I know talk to them and see what
would talk him or her the individual. How- the problem was. And, if it
through it. Get them to ever, in any case I was something that could
get the problem out. would most assuredly: be handled at our level, I
And I would not under would bring it to the first
any circumstances L-I-S-T-E-N to them. sergeant. But, if it was
leave that soldier alone. PRAY with and for above, I would see that
I would bring them to them. MINISTER to they get to the chaplain,
the first person in my their spiritual needs AER, or someone who
chain of command. and refocusing. could help. The main
Spec. Robert Orndoff Staff Sgt. Edward Ponzio
ARSPACE Ops Center
Bottom line is to help Eddie Johnson L-I-S-T-E-N to them. ARSPACE Comms Security thing is to help get that
the soldier out, or SMDTC T&E Directorate John 16:33 thought of suicide out of
Colorado Springs Colorado Springs
civilian for that matter. the soldiers mind.
I would take this very I believe that if a person I would offer any help
seriously... I would talk feels that suicide is the they would accept.
to this person about way out, then they Talk with them
suicide being a really dont know life. It confidentially about
permanent solution to brings the good and the what they are going
a temporary problem. bad to make each of us through and listen
Id (recognize) their the person that we are. empathically. Give
intent to hurt them- Committing suicide will them an opportunity to
selves, but remind affect everyone that that express their feelings.
them of the people person knows, because Then I would attempt to
whod be hurt by their they wont only be help this person seek
Mona D. Augustus Delores Anderson Barry L. Anderson
death. Id offer... Phoenix Services hurting themselves but DCSOPS assistance from a DCSOPS, Cmd Eval Div
assistance until this Huntsville also those who love Arlington family member or a Huntsville
person was under the them. If God cant fix pastor. Staying with
care of a professional, then Id offer moral it, then it cant be fixed, and He can fix any- them through this process shows genuine concern
support during their healing process. thingno matter how bad. Man-on-the-street, on your part. One thing Ive learned is to not give
take a look at that man in the mirror. your opinion or solution to their problem. Letting
this person work out their own solution to their
problem helps them start back to thinking on a
Editors note: Please keep responses to between 40 - 75 words.
logical basis. Professional help should be solicited!
The Eagle ... is an authorized unofficial newspaper published for military and civilian members of the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command
published under the authority of AR 360-1. The editorial style applies the industry standard Associated Press Stylebook. Contents of The Eagle are not
necessarily official views of, or endorsed by, the U.S. Government, Department of Defense, Department of the Army, or U.S. Army Space and Missile
Defense Command (SMDC). This monthly newspaper uses offset reproduction and has a circulation of 3,300. Reader input is solicited and welcomed;
however, no payment will be made for such contributions. Please direct letters and comments to:
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command Publisher.............................Lt. Gen. Joseph M. Cosumano Jr. CG DIRECT
ATTN: Editor, The Eagle, P.O. Box 1500,
Chief, Public Affairs....................................William M. Congo
Want to communicate
Huntsville, AL 35807-3801
directly with the CG?
Editor........................................................Jonathan W. Pierce Call 866-243-4732
Phone (256)955-1641 (DSN 645-1641) FAX: 645-1214
e-mail: Eagle Editor@smdc.army.mil Assistant Editor..................................................Becky Proaps
March 2002 The Eagle 3
Whats Happening in SMDC
SMDC Technical Center changes
Organizes for the future
On Nov. 4, after some considerable delay, Program Objective Memorandum provides finding they are being challenged to per-
the Space and Missile Defense Technical only about 7 percent of the total funding, cus- form in areas not previously accessible.
Center officially realigned. The Technical tomers provide nearly 80 percent. Those cus- The directors will have broader responsi-
Center name did not change, but most of the tomers (the Missile Defense Agency, Pro- bility, which will result in more delegation
organizations within it did. And in addition, gram Executive Offices, the Office of the at the GS-14 level, providing opportunities
there were more than 200 personnel actions, Secretary of Defense, etc.) are also defense- for growth and better preparation for future
and a multitude of physical moves. There are funded organizations, and they are looking GS-15 positions.
yet a few actions to fine tune, but the direc- to get their moneys worth. The Technical In addition, the new structure enables
tor, Jess Granone, is excited about the Center works in a competitive world, and the Technical Center to be more flexible,
changes and the way the Technical Center the realignment puts them in a better line and to respond more rapidly to new pro-
is positioned for the future. to be more competitive. Granone believes grams and marketing opportunities. The
He acknowledges that change is difficult that the new structure will lead to better establishment of the Technical Center
for most people. Whenever you change any- communications, more team-building, and Management Council (TCMC) is a revolu-
thing in your life, the pattern of response to greater motivation, with the result propel- tionary way of doing business for the Army.
change is predictable. Initially, there is re- ling the Technical Center in new directions. The TCMC consists of senior-level associ-
sistance. As we took to change the organi- One of the major organizational changes ate directors and research scientists whose
zation of the Technical Center, there was was increasing the number of directorates jobs are to help plan and mentor new pro-
resistanceeven in myself. But I realized from five to nine, adding two Joint Centers, grams. As new opportunities arise, their
that if you keep the status quo, you eventu- and an operations staff. The idea is to pro- recommendations will allow the Technical
ally realize that you have become obsolete. mote a team concept, with fewer stovepipes. Center to respond rapidly to changes in the
I realized that we were not customer That concept was recently used in a dra- business environment, including adding
friendly, and in the competitive world we matic way. One thousand Space-based In- and removing structure as necessary.
work in, which is much like the commer- frared proposals were dropped on the Tech- Granone knows that each individual
cial business world, we had to come in line nical Centereach one needing a complete needs to know where he or she fits in an
with our customers. evaluation within three weeks. Twelve organizations vision. In order to accom-
At a previous command offsite, Dr. teams from across the new organization plish his vision, productive relationships
James Cruipi presented Who Moved My were able to complete the evaluations must be continually developed. As organi-
Cheese?, concepts of dealing with change within the suspense datethe most evalu- zations change, relationships are not de-
in work and life. When asked about his re- ations in the shortest amount of time ever. stroyed, and the result is that people are
sponse to the presentation, Granone re- Clearly, the efficiency of the new organiza- talking across the organization, rather
marked, After listening for a few hours, I tion has greatly improved. than only up and down. His vision is that
realized I am not interested in finding the The changes are also benefitting per- the SMDC Technical Center be ready to
cheese. What I want to do is make it! sonnel in terms of growth opportunities. Ad- embrace the futurewith people who are
The SMDC Technical Center is a fee- ditional GS-14 and GS-15 positions are be- excited about being the best.
for-service organization. Because the Army ing recruited, and clerical employees are
ARSPACE employee runs marathon for two
by Sharon L. Hartman Public Works, joined the Leukemia and much faster than his sister, so she asked
Colorado Springs Lymphoma Society Team in Training and Larry to run with her for two miles. He
will run in the Steamboat Springs Mara- agreed secretly hoping he could keep up.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.—A U.S. thon on June 2. A native of New York, Well, keep up he did, and he has kept
Army Space Command employee began hell have the honor of running for the running since.
a special mission this month. lives of two patientsZachary Graham His first and only road marathon to
He is running for two very special and Hannah Randall, both from Colorado date is the New York City marathon,
lives. Springswhom he had the opportunity which he ran in 1993. Since then,
Larry Rosenkranz, a mechanical en- to meet at a luncheon in February. Rosenkranz has run in many other trail
gineer in the Commands Directorate of I found it a real inspiration meeting and wilderness marathons including the
Zachary and Hannah, said Rosenkranz. Crow Pass Crossing marathon in Alaska.
I feel that I now have a personal con- Here he had to run through snowfields,
nection to the fundraising cause and and a quarter-mile-wide, thigh-deep, gla-
In Memorium completing this marathon. cier-fed river, all the while watching out
Although Rosenkranz has done vari- for tree roots, rocks and wild animals, in
Gerda M. Sherrill, who retired March ous charity walk-a-thons and runs be- addition to carrying a backpack full of
1 as a public affairs specialist with the fore, this will be his first charity mara- water and a change of clothing.
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense thon. Each member of the Leukemia & He also made his first go, last year,
Command, died March 8. She was 64. Lymphoma Society Team in Training is in the Pikes Peak marathon, which he
A native of Germany, Mrs. Sherrill asked to raise $1,400 in order to partici- said was probably the toughest race Ive
was a resident of Madison County, Ala.
pate in the marathon. ever done because of the incline, the el-
She was preceded in death by her hus-
Rosenkranz has raised almost $1,200 evation gain, the altitude and low oxy-
band, Billy J. Sherrill.
thus far, and is still going. I sent letters gen.
Survivors include three sons, Peter
out to all my family, friends and co-work- Rosenkranz will have an additional
K. Sherrill of Woburn, Mass., MAJ
ers and have just gotten real good sup- challenge when he runs the Steamboat
Michael J. Sherrill, of Forces Command
port so far. I am basically using the Springs marathona time of 3 hours and
of Smyrna, Ga., and Rickey J. Sherrill
of Toney, Ala.; a brother, Reinhard
guideline of $1,400, but of course, once 15 minutes would qualify him to com-
Scherer of Germany, and three grand- I reach that minimum, I will still keep pete in the Boston Marathon.
children. going. Rosenkranz has worked for the fed-
Mrs. Sherrill served nearly 15 years His talent for running began at the eral government since graduating from
with the U.S. Army Space and Missile age of 24. Rosenkranz was living in New college in 1987. He has been associated
Defense Command. Jersey near the beach when his sister with the Department of Veteran Affairs in
Memorials may be made to Hospice and brother-in-law, who are both run- New York, the Indian Health Services in
Family Care, 2225 Drake Ave., Hunts- ners, came to visit him for a weekend. Montana, and with Elmendorf Air Force
ville, Ala., 35805. They wanted to go for a run along the Base, Alaska.
Boardwalk, but his brother-in-law runs
4 The Eagle March 2002
POW story brings friends together
Bracelet wearer finds POW next door at Kwajalein
by KW Hillis Edgar Will shares a pho-
Kwajalein Atoll tograph and some
memories with Sabrina
A theory popularized by the 1993 film Six Mumma. Will is a former
Degrees of Separation says everyone in the Vietnam Prisoner of War.
Mumma and her family
world is connected to everyone else through
developed a bond for Will
a path of no more than six people. when her father pur-
Only three people and one wall in the chased a POW/MIA
Coral BQ separate two people connected by a bracelet in memory of
30-year-old stainless steel bracelet. Will. Years later, Mumma
While living in Littleton, Colo., in 1970 and Will were surprised
or 1971, Robert Mumma purchased a stain- to find they are next door
less steel bracelet from the National League neighbors at Kwajalein.
of Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Fami-
lies for just a few dollars, said his daughter
We had sent away for them, said
Sabrina Mumma, who now works on
Kwajalein. Everybody in the family got one.
The one that my father had was Mr. Will.
Former Vietnam POW Edgar Will also
works on Kwaj. Until he walked into the Fi-
nance building in February and Mumma Approximately 30 days later when she camp where he was held, Will said. Thanks
asked him about the POW bracelet, he didnt hadnt heard from me
she sent word to to that visit, eight men, including Will, were
know he had an unusual connection to his the commander, I know there is a war go- released on Feb. 18.
next-door neighbor at the Coral BQ. ing on, but why havent I heard from my son? We were blindfolded and we didnt know
Mumma and Will met at the Kwajalein Will said. we were getting released, Will said. We
Café Pacific to talk about the bracelet and Once the new commander found out were put in the back of a truck and driven
his experiences. about the helicopter mission, he sent a be- around a bit
I dont know where we went.
The bracelets were used to remember lated letter to Wills mother informing her They took the blindfold off and it was early
POWs and MIAs. The money raised was used that her son was missing in action. Two morning.
to draw the publics attention to the missing months later, the U.S. Army sent another The POWs were still shackled and told to
men through bumper stickers, buttons, bro- letter, which classified him as a POW, Will keep on moving or youll die by their cap-
chures and ads, according to the Origin of the added. tors, he said.
POW-MIA Bracelets at the www.miafacts.org Where he was kept and how he was We went across a little pontoon bridge
Website. treated got better over the course of his long and we were met by a military entourage of
Once a person put on the bracelet, the captivity, but the meager rations never Americans, Will said. His long incarceration
idea was to wear it until the person named changed. at an end, Will was flown to Saigon for a medi-
on the bracelet was released from captivity, I was able to go on a very strict diet when cal evaluation and then to Japan for a week,
Mumma said. I was in Vietnam, Will said with a sense of before heading to San Diego for a reunion
By the time Robert Mumma started wear- humor. Over the course of almost five years, with his mother and father.
ing the bracelet, Will had already spent more the five-foot, five-inch medic went from 140 Soon after Will was released, a notice
than two years as a POW. pounds to 96½ pounds when he was released appeared in the papers and her father took
His ordeal began on March 11, 1968, in in 1974. off the bracelet, Mumma said.
the middle of the night. Will, a field medic, Our diet consisted of a cup of rice a day. Meanwhile, after a period of rest and re-
found himself flying out of his home base of On Friday, they put fish water on it, Will said. cuperation, Will reenlisted in the Army, this
Pleiku, located in the central highlands of During his captivity, he was moved to time as an engine mechanic.
Vietnam, on a medical evacuation mission. different locations under different enemy I had seen enough as a medic already,
We were on call at a minutes notice and commanders. said Will, who retired from the Army in 1984
we were only given the coordinates to go to, after 20 years.
Will said. Originally at USAKA for a three-year
The helicopter came under attack from tour beginning in 1992, Will returned
ground fire just as it was getting ready to I know that name, I know Dec.3, 2000, working at Roi-Namur. Later,
land. he put in to transfer to Kwajalein. It was
The co-pilot was killed on the controls;
that name from some- the transfer that alerted Mumma to the
the pilot was not able to control the [heli- where. long-time connection.
copter] and we crashed, Will said. When Sabrina Mumma, When I was working in Human Re-
we hit the ground, [the pilot] went one way about next door neighbor, sources, I saw his paperwork coming through
and I went the other. I heard small arms Edgar Will and I kept thinking, I know that name, I
fire for what seemed like an eternity. When know that name from somewhere,
I heard the last of it, I started to try to find Mumma said. It wasnt until he made the
out where I was. Someone said, Hold it We moved around a bit; we werent kept move from Roi to down here, that it clicked
right there. in one location for a long period of time, Will because I had heard at that point that [he]
An enemy soldier shoved a rifle in his said. I can only say some [camps] were bet- had been a POW.
face, he said. ter than others, some of the people were bet- My father has since passed away, but
For the next four years, 11 months, two ter than others. We were kept in our own I did contact my stepmother to see if she
weeks and one day, Will was a POW. little areas. They didnt want us to commu- still had [the bracelet], Mumma added, ex-
Due to a change in command of his unit, nicate with each other. plaining that she had planned to give it to
Wills mother was not notified that he was But communicate they did, mostly with Will if her stepmother found it. Unfortu-
MIA. sign language, he said. They warned each nately, the bracelet has not been located.
other about particular guards or just asked Since they are next-door neighbors,
each other how they were. Mumma and Will had talked to each other
There were beatings and some very sa- for more than a year, but the matter of the
distic camp commanders along the way. bracelet was not brought up until Febru-
One commander would greet each POW ary.
by putting a gun under the prisoners chin, Until [the Hourglass newspaper staff]
sometimes pulling the trigger, sometimes mentioned it, I had no idea about the brace-
not, Will said. let, and when I saw [Mumma] at Finance
You never knew if it was your day to die, that was really a trip, Will said.
he said flatly.
In 1974, the American Red Cross, ac- This article was originally printed in our
companied by other dignitaries, visited the sister publication, The Kwajalein Hourglass.
March 2002 The Eagle 5
Command hails new chief scientist
The commands new chief scientist is about coming into this job is, when I look
calling for increased communications into the breadth of what the SMDC mis-
among all the varied elements and divi- sion is, it really covers everything from
sions of the command. cradle to grave. We have new concepts,
Since his arrival at the U.S. Army new technologies and we are helping to
Space and Mission Defense Command prove out some of these concepts and
headquarters in January, Dr. Hank technologies. Dubin pointed to the work
Dubin has been getting acquainted with of the Battle Lab and technologies com-
the command and began touring com- ing out of the Technical Center, and the
mand elements in early February. operational concepts coming out of the
Among the visits he has made has been Force Development and Integration Cen-
the Technology Board meeting in Colo- ter and Army Space Command.
rado Springs. An article about the Tech I hope to be able to contribute to im-
Board meeting appears on Page 8. proving the integrative process, from
Prior to his assignment, Dubin was cradle to grave, to meet the Armys and
serving in two capacities. In 1999 he be- the nations capabilities. We can improve
came the director, Assessment and Evalu- on unity of purpose. Its the principle that
Dr. Hank Dubin
ation for the Office of the Assistant Sec- Two heads are better than one.
retary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, He noted there are a lot of bright degree in physics, a master of arts in the
and Technology). In 2001, he also became people in this command, and added that history and philosophy of science, and a
the acting deputy Assistant Secretary of the more collaboration the members of the doctorate in chemical physics. During
the Army for Chemical Demilitarization. command can achieve, the more SMDCs his career he has served as a research
Dubin says his early impression of the products will benefit. Dubin believes that physicist with the Armys Ballistic Re-
command is more intuitive than based when the command pulls all of its ele- search Laboratories, and as a physicist
on a lot of facts. ments together, it will result in discus- with the Army Materiel Systems Analy-
I see lots of very interesting work, the sion and the bouncing of ideas off of sis Activity (AMSAA) testing and evalu-
technologies are very exciting, and the people who look at issues from different ating target acquisition systems.
mission of the command is very impor- perspectives. Projects will be strength- Among other positions, he has been
tant to the Army and to the nation. My ened because the ideas will have been the technical study director for the Armys
early sensing is we probably want to work tested and critiqued and additional ideas corps-wide communications architecture
on unity of purpose, he said. will become a part of the project. study, as chief of the AMSAAs Artillery
We have lots of elements, doing lots Id like to see continual dialogue and Analysis Branch.
of interesting work, but the biggest chal- interaction that stimulates new ideas Dr. Dubin was awarded the Meritori-
lenge for the command is integration. and new concepts, he said. ous Presidential Rank award in 1992.
One of the reasons I feel comfortable Dubin holds a bachelor of science
Army Space Program Office participation in
Millennium Challenge 02 to showcase jointness
Displaying the ability of the Army to the Joint Force Air Component commander. System (TES) and the Air Force DCGS, a
share targets found through its sensors with The Special Operations Command, Joint means for the hand-off of sensor control
the targeting data of the Navy and Air Force Forces Command, 20 th Special Forces Group among Services,
will be a major outcome of the Millennium (Airborne), and the 11 th Armored Cavalry Joint Ground Target Tracking which al-
Challenge 02 exercise in July and August of Regiment will play Opposing Forces. lows (again via the Army and Navy TES and
2002, according to Army Lt. Col. Jim The major warfighter challenges being the Air Force DCGS) the hand-off of the track-
Chapman, of the Army Space Program Office. looked at in Millennium Challenge 02, ac- ing of critical targets among Services and
Millennium Challenge 02 is a U.S. Joint cording to Chapman, include setting opera- sensors, and
Forces Command (USJFCOM) large-scale tional conditions for Rapid Decisive Opera- TES Enhanced Joint Targeting which
Joint Field Exercise/Experiment. Congress tions, developing a Common Relevant Opera- provides a method for the Army and Navy to
directed USJFCOM, the Services and the U.S. tional Picture (CROP), establishing Joint pass both targets and targeting data directly
Army Special Operations Command Command and Control functions and Joint between themselves using their respective
(USASOC) to demonstrate rapid, decisive op- Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnais- TES/Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
erations in Millennium Challenge 02. sance capabilities, gaining access [to the
System and Navy TES/AFATDS inter-con-
Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, area of operations] and continuing operations
directed the Services to participate with el- without relying on fixed bases adjacent to the
ements of their future force concepts, (e.g., battle space, and conducting simultaneous
Another three initiatives, unique to the
Navys Forward by the Sea vision, Armys and joint missions throughout the area of
Medium Weight Brigades, the Air Forces Ex- operations based on shared understanding Army, include:
peditionary Aerospace Force, and the Ma- coming from CROP.
rine Corps Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare The Army Space Program Office partici- National Imagery Client Server which
concept), Chapman said. The exercise/ex- pation in Millennium Challenge 02 will be provides the capability to Army Forces and
periment is the final phase of USJFCOMs through six projected exercise initiatives. the Early Entry Command Post to receive na-
effort to assess how the U.S. military can Three of the initiatives are joint continua- tional imagery via a reach back capability
conduct rapid, decisive operations in 2007. tions of experiments conducted in 2001 be- between the TES and Distributed TES (DTES),
Using both live and virtual elements, Mil- tween the Army and Navy as part of Fleet Integrated Command, Control, Commu-
lennium Challenge 02 will evaluate vari- Battle Experiment-India. In Millennium nications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveil-
ous elements of the Rapid Decisive Opera- Challenge 02, the Air Force will be added to lance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) for the
tions concept, he said. the mix, and for the first time, the three Ser- ARFOR/EECP which provides the basis for a
Major Service units slated for live play vices will attempt to automatically pass sen- C2 interface to the IBCT and reach back to the
include the Armys XVIII Airborne Corps as sor control, target tracking, and both target- Joint Task Force via a small highly mobile foot-
Joint Task Force (JTF); the 82nd Airborne ing data and targets among themselves. This print using the DTES, the TES and the Trojan
Division as Army Forces (ARFOR); and the will basically be the initial attempt to de- Spirit systems, and
Interim Brigade Combat Team (IBCT) as velop/refine tactics, techniques, and proce- Signal Analysis Comparison which will
Early Entry Command Post (EECP). dures for the Distributed Common Ground compare the capability of some of the newer
The 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force will System (DCGS) concept. National systems with some of the older sys-
participate as the Joint Force Land Compo- tems.
nent commander. The Navy, on board the USS The three Joint initiatives include:
Coronado, will serve as the Joint Force Mari- For more information about Millennium
time Component commander and JTF For- Joint ISR Integration which provides, Challenge 02 please contact Chapman at
ward, while the 12th Air Force will serve as via the Army and Navy Tactical Exploitation firstname.lastname@example.org.
6 The Eagle March 2002
Command leadership considers fo
Members of the command leadership messages from a public affairs perspective, processes, products, and metrics that would
met offsite March 4-7 for a Mission Focus making sure we are all on the right sheet at the least convince us that we are com-
Conference. Held near Cumberland, Md., of music, he said. municating.
the conference focused on Space, Inte- According to Dorsey, the commander Often, I have seen offsites come up
grated Missile Defense, and Computer Net- also asked the directors to pull out all their with great plans and intent for the future.
work Operations for 2002 and beyond. memoranda of agreements and under- I will tell you that what we have done in
The leadership redefined each mission standing. He asked them to consider the the last two and a half days means abso-
area, set priorities and measures of suc- commands participation with integrated lutely nothing if it is not executed vigor-
cess, and tried to establish major subordi- product teams, general officer steering ously, and in a way to support our mis-
nate element and staff roles and committees, as well as other systemic re- sions, said Cosumano.
responsibilites. lationships and to reenergize our associa- He urged the participants to execute
Participants are expected to brief their tions and interactions in them. their programs vigorously and assured
fellow employees on the results of the con- In his closing remarks, Cosumano said, them that something will happen. Soldiers,
ference and to begin implementing the pri- Soldiers really are the centerpiece of our he said, will be supportive and mission will
orities and strategies vigorously. formation. He asked the participants to re- be accomplished.
Lieutenant General Joseph M. member the soldiers who had died serving
Cosumano Jr., commanding general of the the Nation while they met
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Com- in conference. Referring
mand, noted that all priorities are not to the spouses confer-
equal. He said that while each mission area ence, Cosumano said,
may have presented five priorities, some that well-being issues
things have priorities over others. The fifth are maybe not more im-
priority on one chart may be a higher pri- portant than in the past,
ority than the first priority on another [mis- but they do face new dy-
sion area] chart. namics. He urged the
Colonel Rick Dorsey, the deputy chief commanders and direc-
of staff for Operations, said the participants tors to use the guidelines
discussed the mission areas and tried to the spouses had devel-
answer the questions of the mission state- oped for well-being is-
ments in terms of who, what, when, where sues.
and whyand then tried to determine One of the things
whether the command was on track with that was underlying our
priorities. discussions at this
Dorsey said the participants also tried offsite, said Cosumano,
to identify measurements of success. You was the need to improve
cant do a lot of things overnight, he said. communications. Orga-
You have to appoint a date, or something nizations fail because
you can put on the wall, as a measure- they lack proper commu-
ment of how well you are doing, he said. nications, up and down,
The participants also determined what left and right.
key events were scheduled for the coming To do this, he said, (Ph
year. We talked about the themes and the leadership created (Above) Gen. Paul Kern, commanding general, U.S. Army Materiel Command, talks with Lt. Col. Pa
and his wife, Diana, during the SMDC conference. Forrester is the commander of the Army Astr
ment, a part of Army Space Command. Mrs. Forrester participated in the Spouses Conference on W
acted as their spokesperson.
(Photo by Dottie White)
(Above) Dr. John Johns leads a discussion on Ethics and the U.S. Constitution with
members of the Mission Focus Conference during the SMDC offsite meetings in
(Right) Maryland Park Ranger Jeffrey Ruark shares
an interesting detail concerning this Red-tail Hawk
during an evening recreational activity for members
of the offsite. Ruark works at the Rocky Gap State
Park Aviary. Among the animals he displayed during
an educational and interesting presentation were a
Box Turtle, a Hog-Nosed Snake, a Great Horned Owl,
and a Screech Owl.
March 2002 The Eagle 7
ocus of programs and activities
(Left) Soldiers, and some
civilians, stretch out after
morning with an SMDC Fun
Run through parts of Rocky
Gap State Park near
(Photo by Jonathan Pierce)
Senior spouses discuss Well-Being programs
Finding ways to improve the well-being of (AFTB). However, when spouses are exposed not be associated with breast cancer. He also
the people who work at Space and Missile De- to both AFTB and Family Readiness Groups noted that research is beginning to show that
fense Command (SMDC) was the focus of the (FRG), the perception of unit support for fami- breast cancer can be related to high levels of
senior spouses at the 2002 SMDC offsite. lies jumps from 24 to 52 percent. estrogen. Thats good, he said, because exer-
Three areas dominated the well-being dis- The implication for unit leaders, said cise reduces estrogen levels and in doing so
cussions: a review of the fourth survey of Army Fafara, is they can increase spouse satisfac- reduces the risk of breast cancer.
families, breast cancer awareness, and guide- tion (and thus soldier retention) by adhering The doctor said there have been two ma-
lines for the establishment of Family Support to their training schedule and not keeping jor advances in breast cancer. The first ad-
Groups throughout the command. soldiers longer than needed for inconsequen- vance is that with awareness and early de-
Dr. Richard Fafara of the U.S. Army Com- tial taskings. Leaders can also increase tection two-thirds of women with breast can-
munity and Family Support Center explained spouse satisfaction by demonstrating and cer can now be saved. The second is that
the results of the fourth survey of Army Fami- sharing their knowledge of family programs research has developed a better understand-
lies conducted from April to July 2001. (AFTB and FRGs) and encouraging spouse par- ing of breast structure and how ducts and
The survey bore out the adage that you en- ticipation in them. tissue are connected to the lymph nodes
list soldiers but retain families. Trends indi- under the arm. As a result, he said, doctors
Breast Cancer Awareness
cate that spouses are experiencing stresses can now take out just one or two lymph nodes
that may make them less supportive of con- The director of the Armys Clinical Breast directly connected to cancerous cells instead
tinuing military careers, said Fafara. Care Project (CBCP) spoke about advances in of all the lymph nodes.
In comparison with the survey of 1995, the breast cancer research and breast cancer Breast Self Exams (BSE) and Clincial
2001 survey shows that more than 63 percent treatment for people entitled to Army medical Breast Exams (CBE) are important in detect-
of spouses now say they cannot tell at the start treatment. ing breast cancer, said Shriver.
hoto by Dottie White) of the day what time their military spouse will Lieutenant Colonel (Dr.) Craig D. Shriver BSEs are important to find what mammog-
return home: an increase of nearly 8 percent. leads the Armys portion of a military-civil- raphy may miss. Women who perform BSEs
More than 36 percent of spouses had to cancel ian team effort to research and fight breast are better able to find abnormalities in their
Well-Being and important family plans because of soldier cancer. breasts than anyone performing CBE. Some
schedules, up by 9 percent. Breast cancer awareness is a true readi- women will find abnormal growths that
Spouses also believe they arent receiving ness issue, he said. Fifteen to 20 percent of mammograms and CBEs miss. They should
as much respect. Perceived respect the Army the Army are women, and 80 percent of the not give in to diagnoses that say all is well
shows for soldiers and for soldiers spouses men are married. Its a readiness issue for when they believe something is wrong based
have both dropped 3 percent, and the percep- somebody who is deployed and the wife comes on regular BSEs. It is every womans right to
tion that the unit is concerned for soldiers down with breast cancer, and the Army has to ask for second opinions or ultrasounds.
families has dropped 5 percent. Spouse satis- bring the servicemember back for the health Mammograms are not perfect, but nearly two-
faction with the idea of making the Army a of the spouse. Thats why the military is in- thirds of breast cancer diagnoses are found
career, and spouse satisfaction with Army life, volved in it. through mammography when cancerous
both dropped 8.2 points to 57.3 percent and 48.9 Shriver discussed the anatomy of the growths are 2 cm or less, before BSEs or CBEs
respectively. breast and what happens to cause pain or to can feel them, he said.
Spouses like the services provided to mili- produce cells that may become cancerous. He
Family Support Groups
tary families but more than 60 percent have noted that 17 percent of women develop debili-
never heard of Army Family Team Building tating pain in the breast, but such pain may The spouses spent the majority of their
time developing recommendations and guide-
lines for supporting Well-Being issues and
establishing Family Readiness Groups.
Care was given to avoid making the groups
recommendations too demanding in terms of
structure because elements of the command
are located in such dispersed locations. The
spouses recognized some SMDC units have
just two spouses, making the best course of
action the use of the FRG sponsored by the
The spouses provided guidelines com-
manders could use to offer the benefits of Well-
Being programs to the members of their units.
They recommended that Well-Being initiatives
could be best achieved as an integral part of
an FRG. They also noted that FRGs and Well-
Being programs could provide opportunities for
all SMDC members, active duty and reserve
component soldiers, civilians, contractors, and
spouses to better understand Army support pro-
grams, and have better opportunities to vol-
unteer and support the unit family.
While FRGs function under the authority
of the unit commander, he or she may appoint
(Photo by Jonathan Pierce) a volunteer to serve as the FRG leader. Senior
(Above) Bob Connell, deputy chief of staff Information Management (front) listens to confernce presentations spouses may serve as advisors and mentors
along with other Space and Missile Defense Command leaders. for all members of the FRG.
to by Jonathan Pierce)
8 The Eagle March 2002
ARSPACE hosts Space discussions
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.—A com- as down-in-the-weeds discussions for action In some areas, I was really surprised
bined group of 30 leaders in Space activi- officers such as officer, enlisted, and civil- at how far weve come with applying some
ties for the U.S. Army Space and Missile De- ian members of the ARSPACE team. of the technologies we talked about six or
fense Command (SMDC) met here Feb. 12- Facilitating this event were Jim seven years ago. I can remember in 1996,
14 for discussions on technology initiatives Kulbacki, program manager of SY Technol- we took a crude demo of blue force track-
important to the Space community within ogy, and Bill Hoyman, Colorado Springs man- ing to D.C. and showed it to the vice Chief
the U.S. Army. ager of Operations for Decisive Analytics. of Staff of the Army by displaying the move-
Leaders from SMDC and its Technical The technology symposium was an ex- ment of a rental car around the capital
Center, Battle Lab, Force Development In- cellent forum for SMDC MSEs to share infor- real-time. He saw the battlefield implica-
tegration Center, Army Space Program Of- mation and update each other on their ac- tions right away. Now the MMC (Mission
fice, and the Army Space Command tivities, said Kulbacki. Management Center) is doing a great job
(ARSPACE), attended the quarterly SMDC The agenda covered subject areas that in applying that technology effectively for
Technology Board meeting, chaired by Dr. affected and/or involved most of the com- the benefit of guys in the field.
Hank Dubin, the SMDC chief scientist. mand from technology to requirements de- On the other hand, I can see that we
Action officers attended a concurrent Space termination. All agreed that this was a tre- still face some of the same old challenges
Technology Symposium. mendous venue to achieve a common in getting the value-added of Space into the
I am very pleased to see technologists, baseline/understanding of subjects, report hands of theater warfighters in a usable
primarily from Huntsville, meeting with the on current status and should be conducted and timely manner. We need to continue
Space operators, experimenters, trainers, and on a regular basis. to work this.
requirements developers located mainly from Hoyman emphasized the value-added to Participants came away with a much
here in Colorado Springs, said Brig. Gen. Ri- soldiers. better understanding for current Space
chard V. Geraci, deputy commanding general Anytime you can get the technology activities in the Army, according to John
for Operations, SMDC and ARSPACE. guys together with the operators for a mean- Marrs, director, Technical Support Office,
Geraci spoke during the opening session ingful exchange, the warfighter comes out ARSPACE.
of the SMDC Technology Board Meeting and as the winner, he said. We have great tech- We were delighted to host both the
the SMDC Space Technology Symposium nologists in SMDC and we have great sol- Space Technology Board and Space Tech-
separate events that began together on the diers in the field putting Space to work for nology Symposium, he said.
first day. warfighting commanders. The challenge is This was also an excellent opportunity
After a year-and-a-half as part of to break down the cultural and geographi- to continue the integration of Space knowl-
SMDC, I am still amazed at the breadth of cal barriers between the two. This kind of edge across SMDC. We had participants
what we do and how important that is to technology symposium goes a long way in here, from across the Command, who work
our Warfighters and our national security, accomplishing that synergy. It really helps a wide variety of space activities on a daily
said Geraci. No other Army command has to focus technology toward warfighter needs basis. We appreciate the opportunity to up-
the ability to complete every step of the and it gives the operator a better idea of date this important audience on current
force development process like we do. what is technically possible. activities within ARSPACE, said Marrs.
SMDC can develop a complete DTLOMS
package for the Space systems our
Warfighters need. Ours is a unique situa-
tion in the Army and a similar approach is
being adopted by the Air Force.
Geraci challenged the group.
I want you to think about how we in
SMDC can better leverage our core compe-
tencies in order to make technology and
developmental processes with this com-
mand more effective. With the support of
Space by the current administration, we
have an historic opportunity to make a real
difference in future land warfare utilizing
Space. We must continue to press this is-
sue hard and educate our leadership about
The SMDC Technology Boardformed by
the Army Performance Improvement Crite-
ria processis intended as a means of re-
viewing at a senior level how SMDC ad-
dresses technology issues.
It normally meets at the SMDC facility
in Huntsville, Ala., but this sessionthe
9thwas designed to give the technology-
oriented members and their representatives (U.S. Army photo by DJ Montoya)
more familiarity with the operations and per- Sergeant Dennis Shay (back center) from the Theater Missile Warning Company, 1 St Space Battalion,
sonnel of ARSPACE, Battle Lab, and FDIC briefs Rodney Robertson and Pamela Knight (sitting), and (standing left to right) Dr. Hank Dubin, Jess
and their warfighting concerns. After all, Granone, and Tomás Pagan, members of the SMDC Technology Board Meeting and SMDC Space Tech-
Colorado Springs is the operational center nology Symposium, on the capabilities of the Joint Tactical Ground Station, during a tour of ARSPACE
of gravity for Space for all of the Department facilities in February.
This was a lively and relevant dialog,
said Dubin, after completing the two-day
Our goal was to look at ways to integrate
our functions so that we have a common
purpose. We were focusing on how we can Awards Martin Jose TC-MT-D SA
McGary John TC-MT-TM OTSCA
contribute to helping the Command meet its Last Name First Name SMDC Office Type Award
Morrell David TC-MT-SM SA
goal of providing capabilities to the Chapman Michael TC-MT-TM SA Murphy Mark TC-MT-YM SA
warfighter. Chiyyarath Ulpala TC-TD-WM OTSCA Sherode Jimmie LG-S PA
Jess Granone, director SMDC Technical Engle Douglas TC-MT-YC PA Taylor Tommy TC-MT-KM SA
Center, echoed this. Falco Patricia TC-MT-KM SA Vonspakovsky Alexis TC-MT-TM OTSCA
It was one of the better ones weve had, Fleming Jonathan TC-MT-SM PA Williams Roger TC-MT-NM SA
said Granone. We accomplished everything Kilpatrick Mark TC-MT-NM SA Witczak Sharon TC-MT-NM SA
King Frances TC-MT-EM QSI Yergert Randolph TC-MT-Y PA
we set out to do and more. We laid some
Kunz Robert AC-K-ZR PA Zamora Betty TC-TD-SM SA
groundwork for the future. Larson Karen TC-MT-YM SA
Dubin and Granone co-chaired the Tech- Little Robert AR-OS-O PA Promotions (New grade/effective date shown)
nology Board. Lohmann Kurt AR-OL-N PA Neff Elizabeth AR-OS-O 15 1/27
The SMDC Space Technology Sympo- Manley Bryon TC-MT-K PA Winchester Michael SP-A 13 1/27
sium, on the other hand, was designed more
March 2002 The Eagle 9
Marshallese elder presents memories of islands
by KW Hillis In 1938, the Japanese military came to is not too far away, so we
Kwajalein Atoll Roi-Namur, where his family was living, and could feel the impact of
everything changed. the bombs.
Marshallese elder Ato Langkio presented They came with their warships to Roi- From the bombing,
an album of personal memories from before Namur and told the Marshallese people on Roi- he said that the
and after World War II to more than 50 resi- Namur
they were going to move them, Marshallese learned,
dents recently at Kwajalein. Langkio said. There was no notice in advance. War is a bad thing.
Ato has an historical perspective of how Because this was happening, very sud- Some bombs were
things came to be, said Dr. Eric Lindborg, denly, we were shocked and afraid
mostly dropped on Namu and a
director of exhibits of the Marshallese Cul- we were afraid, Langkio said. Despite their woman was hit and
tural Center. fear, the islanders thought they would be died, he said. American
A compact man with permanent smile taken care of based on their experiences with soldiers landed on Namu
lines etched in his face, Langkio was born on the Japanese administration. They took us Ato Langkio and they started shoot-
Roi-Namur in 1932, and his family owned the to some islands over there, he said, pointing ing not at people
land where Kwajalein Hospital now stands. to Kwajalein Atolls leeward islands. people just froze and didnt know what to do.
When I was a child, we used to live on We thought that when they moved us
Then a soldier came off of the amphibi-
Kwajalein Island, Langkio said. Our way of that they would provide us with what we ous vehicle and came up to Langkio, who was
life was based on what we found around our needed, he said. They didnt do that, so we shocked when the American soldier talked
environment, especially food supplies. We got just lived off the land. to him in Marshallese and said, Peace be
our food from things we found on land as well The Japanese then built a large airfield with you.
as in the sea. on Roi-Namur. Within the next 12 months, The Americans then came ashore and
Breadfruit, coconuts, pandanus, fish and the Japanese started construction on brought a pile of food larger than this build-
giant clams were among the short list of foods Kwajalein Island, and in 1941 Langkio moved ing
of K-rations, he said. From that mo-
available and used by his people, Langkio said. to Kwajalein to go to school. In addition to ment we knew the Americans were kind and
During this time, the Japanese were learning mathematics, the Japanese lan- good and helped people.
buying copra from the Marshallese. The ex- guage and agriculture, he was taught about If [the U.S.] didnt come, the Japanese
change added other foods to the island diet Japanese culture, how to make fishing nets would have killed all the Marshallese, he
including rice, soy sauce and sardines. and build canoes and houses. added.
The production of copra from coconuts If the children didnt know their lessons
America moves in
was important because it was the only thing or do their homework, they were slapped.
that gave us money, he said, explaining that When I was in school [they] provided food Near the end of 1944, Langkio returned
the Japanese bought copra from other is- and clothing, he said. They were trying to to Kwajalein. Life with the Americans was
lands, from Jaluit to Kwajalein. encourage us to obey Japanese elders to good, he said, describing how the Marshallese
obey what [they] tell us to do. were brought in from all over the islands to
The Japanese in the Marshalls
Eventually, the Japanese civil govern- help rebuild Kwajalein alongside U.S.
After describing everyday life, Langkio ment offices, along with the Marshallese servicemembers.
described the two distinct Japanese periods school children, were sent to Namu Atoll, just After the war, the Naval administration
in the Marshall Islands when the Japanese south of Kwajalein. Langkio went without his moved the Marshallese to Ebeye. About the
civil government arrived, which he learned parents, he said. same time, Majuro was set up as the civil
about from his grandfather and others, and government center.
then when the Japanese military arrived. Finally, commenting on how things are
When Japanese administration was here, Japanese war ships arrived to keep the today for the Marshallese and the Marshall
it was a good time, Langkio said, pointing Americans from coming into the Marshall Islands, Langkio said, What can I say; ev-
out that the Japanese provided health care Islands, Langkio said. American war planes erything is fine.
and economic development to the islands. started to come in and drop bombs on
I think maybe it was good because we Kwajalein Atoll. On Feb. 1, 1944, D-Day on An expanded version of this article first
have similar type of culture they have iroij Kwajalein began. appeared in our sister publication, The
and we have iroij, he said. Life was easier, They bombed so heavily the ground Kwajalein Hourglass.
prices not high
it was good. shookwe could feel it, Langkio said. Namu
Federal Long Term Care Insurance coming
The U.S. Office of Personnel Management ing the early enrollment period. Premiums Adult children (at least 18 years old, in-
(OPM) is sponsoring a high-quality long term have not yet been announced but should be cluding adopted children and stepchildren)
care (LTC) insurance program for members available on the OPM LTC Website during the of living employees and annuitants.
of the federal family. OPM contracted with early enrollment period. Parents, parents-in-law, and steppar-
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company and ents of living employees (but not of annu-
John Hancock Life Insurance Company, who itants)
have come together to provide LTC Partners OPM estimates that the federal family The law gives OPM authority to issue
insurance. could approach or exceed 20 million people. regulations to cover other relatives, (for ex-
Long-term care is not intended to replace The large Federal population of eligible par- ample, grandparents, brothers and sisters,
health insurance or disability insurance. ticipants is important because it results in foster children, etc.). OPM can add these
Long-term care is intended to provide per- rates that will be as much as 15 to 20 per- groups at any time. However, given the size
sonal care, home health care, adult day care, cent lower than private LTC insurance. of the program already, and the education
and nursing home care of participants who As specified in the law, individuals eli- and communication challenges, there is no
become unable to care for themselves due gible to apply for this insurance coverage in- reason to increase the risk of a successful
to age and health. According to OPM officials clude: program launch. OPM will re-visit the issue
health insurance is not designed to provide Employees - Federal employees (includ- of additional groups of qualified relatives once
long-term care. ing employees of the U.S. Postal Service and the program is up and running successfully
OPM officials note that room and board Tennessee Valley Authority, but not employ- for the core groups identified in statute.
in a nursing home can cost as much as ees of the District of Columbia Government) More information is available at the OPM
$50,000 a year without including the cost of and members of the uniformed services. LTC Website found at the end of this article.
drugs and incidental supplies. Moreover, the Annuitants - Federal annuitants, survi- In addition, the OPM site links to several
cost of these services may double in coming vors of federal employees receiving a survi- other sites including the LTC Partners
years. In addition, OPM officials note the LTC vor annuity, survivors of federal annuitants Website and a number of private association
is not just for the retired population. More receiving a survivor annuity, individuals re- Websites.
than 40 percent of the people receiving LTC ceiving compensation from the Department
are under age 65. of Labor, members or former members of the SOURCE:
The early enrollment period for the new uniformed services entitled to retired or re- The U.S. Army Medical Command pro-
long term care insurance program will run tainer pay, and retired military reservists at vided much of this article which was devel-
from March 25 through May 15 and an open the time they qualify for an annuity. oped from information obtained from the U.S.
season from July 1 through December 31, Current Spouses of employees and an- Office of Personnel Management Web page
2002. The Eagle staff has determined that not nuitants (including survivors receiving a sur- at http://opm.gov/insure/ltc/index.htm
all marketing materials will be available dur- vivor annuity from the uniformed services).
10 The Eagle March 2002
Only you can prevent ..............Suicide
by Becky Proaps you feel like you are all alone and you are dif-
Huntsville, Ala. ferent that the suicides go up, Presley ex- Facts and Fables about Suicide
More than 30,000 people in the United Spring, the season of new life is when most FABLE: People who talk about
States die by suicide each year. Armywide, suicides occur. There is a misconception that
committing suicide do not do so.
between 80 to 85 people a year commit sui- most suicides occur around the holidays. How-
cide. It is this countrys eighth leading cause ever statistics show that the time between
FACT: Of 10 persons who kill them-
of death. And it is estimated that for every April and June are the months to be the most selves, eight have given definite
suicide, at least six other peoples family mem- alert about potential suicides. warning of the suicidal intentions.
bers, friends, and co-workers, are affected, and The Spring May and June is the big-
left to cope with the terrible loss. That means gest time for suicides, said Chaplain Presley. FABLE: Suicide happens without
it is up to every person to take responsibility In the wintertime everyone is depressed, but warning.
for preventing suicide. once the flowers come out, FACT: The suicidal person gives
Its your job, says and people are outside, en- many clues and warnings regarding
Chaplain Barry Presley, joying the beautiful his or her suicidal intentions.
of the Bicentennial weather, those individu-
Chapel on Redstone Ar- The only thing als who are still sitting
FABLE: Suicidal people are fully
senal. The one person inside, in a dark mood,
who can do the most to
that will save a look at themselves as be- intent on dying.
prevent suicide is you. human life is a ing different and therefore FACT: Most suicidal people are
Its not just the other human relationship justified in taking this undecided about living or dying and
guys job, its not just the drastic action. they gamble with death, leaving it to
professionals job, its According to Chaplain others to save them. Almost no one
everybodys job. Presley, the hardest part commits suicide without letting others
The Army has in all of this is getting know how he or she is feeling.
taken a very active role in suicide prevention. people to respond. Rather than hide their
The Army has a requirement that on an an- heads in the sand and hope that if they dont
FABLE: Once a person is suicidal,
nual basis every green suitor (and civilian) at- say anything it will go away, they need to do
tend a suicide prevention training class. something. But if people dont intervene, the
he or she is suicidal forever.
Its an issue in the Army; its a personal odds are very good that the person will go FACT: Individuals who wish to kill
issue; its also a go-to-war issue, Presley said. ahead and commit suicide, Presley said. If themselves are suicidal for only
If you commit suicide, you cant do your job. you intervene and let them know youre con- limited periods of time. Without
That is the bottom line. Several years ago I cerned, you share both their frustration and professional help, however, these
was teaching a class at Fort Polk, La., and a their difficulty, but you can also share with persons are severely at risk to try
soldier raised his hand and he said, so youre them some possible solutions or successful again.
telling me that the Army has said that suicide ideas on how they can overcome this situa-
is not an option. And Chaplain Presley said, tion and this can give them a reason for con- FABLE: Improvement following
thats exactly what Im telling you. From the tinuing on.
suicidal crisis means that the
military perspective, suicide is not an option, Suicide can be prevented. While some sui-
because a dead man never did his job. If you cides occur without any outward warning, most
suicidal risk is over.
are going to be combat efficient and combat do not. The most effective way to prevent sui- FACT: Most suicides occur within
ready, then youve got to be alive, so it becomes cide among loved ones is to learn how to rec- three months following the beginning
everybodys job to take care of everybody else. ognize the signs of someone at risk, take those of apparent improvement, when the
To be theological about it, yes, you are your signs seriously and know how to respond to individual has energy to put his or her
brothers keeper. And if each one of us pays them. The key to suicide prevention is being morbid thoughts and feelings into
attention to the people around us and offers alert to the warning signs and reaching out to effect.
some help, then the suicides go down. Its when the suicidal person.
FABLE: Suicide strikes more often
among the rich or, conversely, it
How to identify suicide warning signs occurs almost exclusively among the
Primary Signs Buying a gun poor.
Feelings of: Obsession with death FACT: Suicide is a disease affecting
Hopelessness A sudden lift in spirits the rich and the poor. Suicide is
Helplessness Planning ones own funeral represented proportionately among all
Worthlessness Things to Remember levels of society. It should be noted
Warning Signs Take threats seriously that suicide rates are high among
Answer those cries for help
Confusion professionals, especially psychia-
Financial problems Confront the problem
Tell the person you care trists, lawyers, and dentists, but also
Loss of social status or job
Get professional help are high among unskilled laborers and
A family history of suicide
Previous suicide attempts Dont, Dont, Dont the unemployed.
Feelings of failure Leave the person alone
Talking about death Assume the person is not the type FABLE: Suicide runs in the family.
Lack of roots or social relationships Keep it secret FACT: Suicide does not run in fami-
Overemphasizing a lack of suicidal thoughts Act shocked
Withdrawal from others and outside activities
lies; it is an individual pattern.
Argue or try to reason with them
Recent break-up of a significant relationship Analyze
Death of a loved one Shock or challenge the person FABLE: All suicidal victims are men-
Drug or alcohol abuse tally ill.
Extreme sadness Where to turn for help
Seek referral help from: FACT: Studies of hundreds of sui-
Lack of energy
Significant weight change (loss or gain) Military chaplains cides indicate that although the
Extreme irritability Local clergy suicidal person is extremely unhappy,
Emotional flatness or emptiness
Employee Assistant Program counselors
he or she is not necessarily mentally
Traumatic situation unbalanced.
Family support groups
Examples of Verbal Warnings
Im going to kill myself. Seek professional help from:
Id be better off dead. Crisis or suicide prevention centers
I just cant go on any longer. Physicians
You wont be seeing me around anymore. State & local mental health associations
Mental heath professionals
Im getting out. Human
Organizing business and personal matters
Information for this article provided by Marshall
Giving away possessions Reiss, Employee Assistance Program, Redstone is the most effective
Composing a suicide note Arsenal and the U.S. Army Office of the Chief of
weapon against suicide.
March 2002 The Eagle 11
ARSPACE soldiers join bowling scramble
by Sharon L. Hartman Major Bowling Scramble was held on I had a r eal l y gr eat ti me, sai d
Colorado Springs, Colo. Feb. 28 at Fort Carsons Thunder Alley Wagner. Too bad everyone else were
Bowling Center. pros at this except for me.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. –A team The event was open to Fort Carson and Army Space Command soldiers and
of Army Space Command soldiers added ARSPACE military and civilian person- civilians also walked away with a little
to the thunder at Fort Carson in late Feb- nel. Army Space Command put together something more.
ruary. six, 3-person teams which joined 18 oth- Brotherhood.
At the invitation of Fort Carsons ers for the competition. With the command being off post,
Command Sgt. Major, George Ponder, 18 While the Command didnt exactly take there can sometimes be a feeling of sepa-
ARSPACE personnel went to Fort Carson top honors, neither did they walk away ration from the Army. There are several
to participate in a bowling tournament empty-handed. The team comprised of the Air Force bases in Colorado Springs, but
and found a sense of belonging. The 7th Commands Headquarters and Headquar- Fort Carson is the only Army installation.
Infantry Division Command Sergeant ters Company: 1st Sgt. Tammy Coon, Train- The bowling event allowed the command
ing NCO Spec. William Reehm, members to gain some unity with fellow
and G3 Operations Sgt. 1 st Army soldiers and civilians.
Class Dennis Beebe took sec- The bowling was fun, good [for the]
ond runner up for lowest team esprit de corp, morale of the unit, said
series and received T-shirts for Staff Sgt. Edward Ponzio.
their effort. We usually do not do a lot over there
Spec. Rebecca Wagner of with Fort Carson, so we should try to do
the 193rd Space Support Bat- this more often. Maybe we could even in-
talion took lowest individual vite Carson to a bowling tournament at
game and received a ser- Peterson Air Force Base once we move
geants major coin and a cof- into our new building there, Ponzio sug-
fee mug. gested.
Photo by Sgt. Dennis Beebe Photo by Sharon L. Hartman
1 Space Battalion Command Sgt. Maj. Oliver Forbes shows his
Specialist William Reehm, Army Space Command Training NCO, Headquarters/Headquarters
form during the 7th Infantry Division Command Sergeant Major Bowl- Company 1st Sgt. Tammy Coon, and Sgt. 1st Class Dennis Beebe, G3 Operations, receive an
ing Scramble, Feb. 28 at Thunder Alley Bowling Center on Fort Carson. award for finishing in the bottom three during the 7th Infantry Division Command Sergeant
Major Bowling Scramble, Feb. 28 at Thunder Alley Bowling Center on Fort Carson.
Soldier Astronaut I dont want to put any pressure on Altman who have experience operating the
(Continued from Page 12) Nancy, but shes one of the best arm op- shuttles arm.
erators Ive ever known, said Rick I feel like Ive got a lot of support
operator because, essentially, every single Linnehan, mission specialist for EV-2 on there. And I always tell them that even
day except launch and landing, were us- this flight. though I may have done this before, their
ing the arm on this flight, she said. Currie is aware of the pressure in- help is just invaluable.
The arm makes a tremendous work volved in this key aspect of the mission. As to how Currie became involved with
platform. They can put a tool stanchion be- Im not going to kid anybody: theres the Space Program she said, I think its
hind them on the arm to hang all their an awful lot of pressure. You train day-in, kind of interesting, especially for a woman
tools. Finally, when we release Hubble, [it] day-out to perform this job. We kind of say, my age, because when we were kids grow-
will be the arm [that] maneuvers it in po- Okay, today is game day, and this is for ing up, women werent military pilots.
sition, releases it, and then well back real. We try to treat every day in training Women werent astronauts. I think a
away slowly with the shuttle. like that. lot of my male counterparts say, Oh, from
Her crewmates also spoke about But Currie knew she had tremendous the time I was, you know, four years old, I
Curries talents as the robotic arm opera- backup inside the cockpit with her wanted to be an astronaut. It really wasnt
tor during the pre-flight interview. crewmembers Newman, Massimino and a concrete goal of mine until much later
in my life. But Id say from a very early
age, I knew I wanted to fly. I mean, I just
Got something on your mind? dreamed about flying probably from the
time I could walk.
Currie is one of six mission specialist
Call 866-CG DIRECT astronauts from Army Space Commands
Astronaut Detachment located at NASAs
Johnson Space Center in Houston. This
Problems, suggestions, recognitions detachment supports NASAs Space
(866) 243-4732 Shuttle and International Space Station
12 The Eagle March 2002
Army officer makes fourth shuttle flight
Army Astronaut Quarterbacks for
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. – Nancy
Currie always dreamed of flying. From
childhood dreams, to becoming an Army
master aviator with more than 3,900 hours
flying rotary and fixed wing aircraft, Lt. Col.
(P) Currie couldnt keep her feet on the
ground. When the Space Shuttle Columbia
landed March 12, Currie completed her
fourth mission as a NASA astronaut log-
ging 999 hours (41.5 days) in space.
Currie served dual-roles aboard Colum-
bia (STS-109) as the flight engineer and the
controller of the shuttles robotic arm.
A member of the Army Space
Commands Astronaut Detachment, Currie
was one of five mission specialists, out of
a crew of seven, aboard STS-109 during the
historic 10-day 22-hour 10-minute mission.
Columbias crew also included Scott D.
Altman, commander, Duane G. Carey, pi-
lot, and mission specialists John M.
(Photo provided by NASA)
Grunsfeld, Richard M. Linnehan, James H.
Newman, and Michael J. Massimino. When 19th century astronomer Sir John Herschel spied a swirling cloud of gas with a hole punched through
Columbias mission was to service the it, he dubbed it the Keyhole Nebula. Now the Hubble telescope has taken a peek at this region, and the
resulting image reveals previously unseen details of the Keyholes mysterious, complex structure. The Key-
Hubble Space Telescope and upgrade its ca-
hole is part of a larger region called the Carina Nebula (NGC 3372), about 8,000 light-years from Earth. Among
pabilities. The crew replaced the Faint Ob- the upgrades the Space Shuttle Columbia crew made to the telescope is the Advanced Camera for Surveys
ject Camera with the Advanced Camera for (ACS). The ACS will have 10 times more discovery power than the camera it replaces. In other words, ACS can
Surveys, replaced a gyroscope to help move produce 10 times as many results in the same amount of time.
the telescope from target to target, and in-
stalled two new powerful solar arrays and a Space Telescope. on this crew, so, my seating height is quite
new controller to distribute that power She defined her role on the flight. I will a bit lower than theirs. There are actu-
throughout the observatory. be seated just aft, and right between the ally some things that I can see in the cock-
We are proud of Lt. Col. Nancy Curries commander, who sits in the left seat, and pit that they cant see, just because of my
key role in this important NASA space- the pilot, who sits in the right seat. seating height. I can look up and verify
shuttle flight. Participating in her fourth Some people refer to [the position] as talk backs, verify switch positions, and ac-
space-shuttle mission, she has contrib- quarterback. Its my job, as a flight engi- tually direct their hand to certain
uted much to our Nations Space-explora- neer, to recognize any malfunctions, to di- switches.
tion program and to our continuing effort agnose them, to send this off in an appro- Curries role as the shuttles robotic
to normalize Space for the Army, said Lt. priate corrective action, and also keep arm operator was critical to setting up the
Gen. Joseph M. Cosumano Jr., command- track of where we are on kind of the nomi- success of the mission. After the shuttle
ing general of U.S. Army Space and Mis- nal or normal steps. rendezvoused with the Hubble, Currie cap-
sile Defense Command and U.S. Army Im kind of quarterbacking to make tured the telescope using the robotic arm.
Space Command. sure that everybodys in the right proce- She then used the robotic arm during five
In Curries flight engineer role, she dure, on the right page, adjusting or help- space walks (EVAs) to help move equip-
played quarterback. ing with any switch throws as necessary. ment and astronauts. In her pre-flight in-
During a pre-flight press conference at Currie said there are certain control terview Currie spoke about using the arm.
the Johnson Space Center in Houston, switches, particularly when everyone is I cant think of another mission that
Currie said she was providing a quarter- suited, that the astronauts in the front just will be a better one to be on as the arm
back attitude with a magic touch for the cant reach.
complex repair and servicing of the Hubble Im flying with some very large guys See Soldier Astronaut Page 11
Following her fourth Shuttle mission, Lt. Col. Nancy Currie has
logged 999 hours in Space, in addition to her 3,900 hours flying
rotary and fixed wing aircraft as a master Army aviator.
(Photo provided by NASA)
Army Lt. Col. Nancy J. Currie, a NASA astronaut, awaits
the start of training in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (Photo provided by NASA)
suited in a training version of the shuttle launch gar- Astronaut Nancy J. Currie, mission specialist, makes a notation in a log book on space shuttle Endeavours
ment. flight deck as astronaut Jerry L. Ross, mission specialist, eyes a control display. The two were joined by a
Russian cosmonaut and three NASA astronauts during the December 1998 setting up of the initial module
links for the International Space Station. Currie is a member of the ARSPACE Astronaut Detachment to NASA.