Framework Writing and Thinking Skills by vkv19969


									Writing Framework with Thinking Skills
Using trigger words in your writing will help focus your thinking.

   Category                     Recall                         Analysis                        Comparison                      Inference                    Evaluation
Description          Remembering or                  Understanding relationships        Explaining how things are      Students reason from          Expressing and defending
                     recognizing key facts,          between the whole and its          similar and how they are       generalizations to specific   an opinion. Evaluation
                     definitions, concepts, etc.;    component parts and between        different. Comparisons may     instances and are asked to    tasks require students to
                     repeating verbatim or           cause and effect; sorting and      be either simple or complex.   recognize or explain the      judge quality, credibility,
                     paraphrasing information        categorizing; understanding                                       evidence. Students are        worth or practicality using
                     that has already been           how things work and how the                                       given the evidence or         established criteria and
                     provided to the student         parts of something fit together;                                  details and are required to   explain how the criteria are
                                                     getting information from                                          come up with the              met or not met.
                                                     charts, graphs, diagrams, and                                     generalization.

Sample Trigger           define                        analyze                           compare                       hypothesize                  judge
Words                    list                          break down                        contrast                      synthesize                   evaluate
                         label                         relationship                      distinguish                   use evidence                 best solution
                         name                          how it works                      alike                         apply a rule                 justify
                         identify                      how it's used                     different                     generalize                   defend
                         repeat                        give an example                                                  create                       critique
                         who                                                                                             what if                      defend
                         what                                                                                            infer
                         when                                                                                            predict
                                                                                                                          conclude
                                                                                                                          apply
                                                                                                                          solve

Sample               List the countries in Central   How does a solar panel work?       Compare the topography of      Based on your research,       Should the death penalty be
Questions            America.                                                           the eastern part of the U.S.   what can you conclude         abolished? Why?
                                                                                        with that of the west.         about the role of lobbyists
and Tasks                                                                                                              in shaping legislation?

Adapted from Quellmalz Framework of Thinking Skills, updated from Bloom’s Taxonomy

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