military interoperability

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					                        5th Congress on European Defence
                                23rd – 24th October 2006 in Berlin

                                            Panel II




      Interoperability of command, control and information systems
                      - design and realisation status -

                    Jochen Dietrich, Head of Berlin Representation Office
                           Elektroniksystem- und Logistik-GmbH




Interoperability

Definition

      Interoperability is when different systems, technologies or
      Interoperability is when different systems, technologies or
      organisations have the ability to work together. As a rule,
      organisations have the ability to work together. As a rule,
      compliance with common standards is required for doing
      compliance with common standards is required for doing
      this.
      this.


Consequences when there is no interoperability
      Interoperability can have important consequences in particular
      Interoperability can have important consequences in particular
      in business, since monopoly positions can be achieved or
      in business, since monopoly positions can be achieved or
      extended through patents, trade secrets or errors in
      extended through patents, trade secrets or errors in
      coordination. Because of this, it can be advantageous for
      coordination. Because of this, it can be advantageous for
      governments to support and promote interoperability.
      governments to support and promote interoperability.


                                                                            Source: Wikipedia, 2006
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                                                                                                      •1
Relevant Interoperability Standards


Current civil standards
   Web services, XML, ...
   TCP/IP, CORBA, ...
                                                    CWA 15537 April 2006

Current standards for military applications
  GIS standards such as APP-6(A), representation of military objects
  Message exchange: ADatP-3
  Data model: C2IEDM
  BL2 MIP DEM information exchange
  ...




                                                                          3




MIP Multilateral Interoperability Programme

1998    1999       2000       2001   2002   2003   2004    2005    2006




QIP
               Observers


               Full members




                                                    Results to NATO

                                                                          4




                                                                              •2
CWID, ACT, NRF




                                                              5




CWID 2006

                NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION
        COALITION WARRIOR INTEROPERABILITY DEMONSTRATION

  NATO testbed for testing the interoperability of command,
  control and information systems
  Support for implementing NRF 9 and NRF 10
  Execution in Lillehammer/NO
  Active participation of 15 nations/public authorities
  and 5 observer nations
  4 weeks duration (2 weeks set-up, testing, training;
  2 weeks execution: trials, demos)
  Scenario play (trials) and technical tests (demos)




                                                              6




                                                                  •3
NATO Response Force (NRF)


                          1 GE/NL Corps
                          1 GE/NL Corps


                                    High Readiness Force (Land)
                                     High Readiness Force (Land)
                                    headquarters
                                     headquarters
                                    November 2004: NRF -- NATO
                                     November 2004: NRF NATO
                                    Response Force headquarters
                                     Response Force headquarters
                                    NRF 4 successful
                                     NRF 4 successful
                                    January 2005 -- June 2005
                                     January 2005 June 2005
                                    -- Iron Sword manoeuvre --
                                        Iron Sword manoeuvre
                                    Planned for NRF 10
                                     Planned for NRF 10
HEROS during command post work
                                    January 2008 – June 2008
                                     January 2008 – June 2008
   (Source: 1 GE/NL Corps)



                                                                   7




   HEROS
   LCC NRF 10


                            CAMULUS
                            CAMULUS

                                  Command, control and information
                                  Command, control and information
                                  system for supporting combined
                                  system for supporting combined
                                  and joint operations
                                  and joint operations
                                  using current standards:
                                  using current standards:
                                    APP-6(A)
                                     APP-6(A)
                                    MIP MEM, BL2 DEM
                                     MIP MEM, BL2 DEM
                                    C2IEDM
                                     C2IEDM
                                    ADatP-3
                                     ADatP-3
                                    XML
                                     XML




                                                                   8




                                                                       •4
Deployment of Troops




                                                                       9




Results


   Very valuable tests/results regarding NRF 9 and NRF 10.
   Information exchange between the command, control and information
   systems could be realised via MIP and ADatP-3

Limitations:

   Many systems have only one MIP or ADatP-3 interface implemented
   In some cases different implementations of the respective systems
    - Different scope implemented
    - Different versions (MIP, ADatP-3)
    - Different depths of integration
    - Different interpretations of the specifications


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                                                                            •5
Conclusions




     To secure national and international interoperability

   - Consistent application of international
     military and open commercial standards
     for information processing and transfer is
     indispensable

   - Open GIS standards for the provision of
     information concerning map data as well
     as meteorological and oceanographic
     data is urgently recommended




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Conclusions


      MIP is the future standard for the exchange of military information

      Consistent implementation of the BL2 MIP interface in respective
      command, control and information systems and command, control
      and weapon deployment systems is required

      Additional BL2 MIP solution for narrow band networks
      is required. This is currently being implemented

      Further tests/demos must also be executed nationally
       - Current scenarios must be taken into account
       - Simulation and test environments must be linked

      In the future implementation of standards at all levels :
       - Implementation of features to include AirForce- and Navy-systems
       - Application of standards for system architectures
       - Harmonisation of operational requirements/processes
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                                                                                 •6

				
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