Combat Poverty Agency Annual Report 2004 by xuk33092


									policy statement

                   ANNUAL REPORT 2004
Annual Report 2004

Combat Poverty Agency
Bridgewater Centre
Conyngham Road
Dublin 8

Tel. 01 670 6746
Fax 01 670 6760

Brian Duncan (Chair), Pearse O’Hanrahan (Vice-Chair), Callista Bennis,
Maria Corrigan, Frank Curran, Anthony Gavin, Maria Gorman, Helen
Johnston, Tony Lane, Seamus McAleavey, Tony O’Callaghan,
Joan O’Flynn, Orlaigh Quinn, Alice Robertson, Margaret Sweeney,
Olive Sweetman.


Combat Poverty is a state advisory agency developing and promoting
evidence-based proposals and measures to combat poverty in Ireland.

Our strategic objectives for the period 2005-2007 are to promote:

> A fair distribution of income and jobs;

> Access to quality services;

> Local and regional responses to poverty.

These objectives are realised through the four general functions set out
in the Combat Poverty Agency Act, 1986: policy advice; project support
and innovation; research; public education.

Combat Poverty’s website provides an overview of
our activities and services.

A copy of Combat Poverty’s 2005-2007 Strategic Plan and publications
catalogue is available free of charge and on our website.

Combat Poverty Agency
Bridgewater Centre
Conyngham Road
Dublin 8

Tel. 353-1-670 6746
Fax 353-1-670 6760

The Annual Report will be made available, on request, in a range of
formats including audio tape, braille and computer disc.

The annual report is also available in the Irish language.

Photography by Derek Speirs.
CHAIRMAN'S FOREWORD                                     06

PART 1       Annual Overview                            09
PART 2       Work of the Combat Poverty Agency          21
APPENDIX 1   Board, Sub-Committees and Staff            53
APPENDIX 2   Projects funded by Combat Poverty          61
APPENDIX 3   EU Special Support Programme for Peace
             and Reconciliation: Grants approved 2004   65
APPENDIX 4   Some new publications                      71

ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2004                                  75

             Statement of Members’ Responsibilities     76
             Chairman’s Statement on the System of
             Internal Financial Control                 77
             Statement of Accounting Policies           79
             Income and Expenditure Account             80
             Balance Sheet                              81
             Notes to Financial Statements              82
FOREWORD                                                          Brian Duncan
                                                                  Chairman, Combat Poverty

I have pleasure in presenting the 18th Annual Report of Combat Poverty to the
Minister for Social and Family Affairs, Séamus Brennan TD.

In the report we have set out our achievements in 2004, which is the third year of
our three-year Strategic Plan – Combating Poverty in a Changing Ireland.

During the year, we significantly progressed our work on promoting social
inclusion within the local authorities, in conjunction with our partners, the Office
for Social Inclusion and the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local
Government. We produced a number of important publications on housing, food
poverty, household resources and health, and are now actively engaged in
promoting their recommendations. We also hosted a well-attended seminar on
poverty and conflict, which is particularly relevant to our role in implementing the
Peace Programme.

During 2004, we launched our seventh Strategic Plan, Working for a Poverty-Free
Ireland, covering the period 2005 to 2007. The Plan proposes a series of
strategic initiatives around three key objectives, which are critical in addressing
poverty and social exclusion:

>   Distribution of income and jobs;
>   Access to quality services; and
>   Local and regional responses to poverty.

In drawing up the plan, we consulted with a wide range of stakeholders and
objectively assessed the impact of our previous plan. I want to thank all those
consulted. Their contributions were very helpful and greatly appreciated, and are
reflected in the new Plan.

We welcome and encourage the recently growing debate on poverty levels. The
most recent survey published by the Central Statistics Office – EU Survey on
Income and Living Conditions – has generated some surprise about the higher rate
of poverty identified in the survey compared to the previous rate.

It is important to keep in mind that the criteria by which we measure poverty is
changing. The substantial economic growth experienced over the past decade has
significantly raised the level of income which we use to determine poverty levels.
This is as it should be. What might have been tolerable in the past should not be
acceptable today. We are now one of the most developed economies in the OECD
and this should be reflected in the standard of living we provide to all those living
in Ireland, as well as the quality of measures we take to tackle poverty issues.
These measures form the basis of our strategic plan. Unless we focus on
delivering on these, our economic tide will not lift all boats.

Within the broad need to address poverty across a number of sectors, a recurring
theme is the need to address childcare. However, not all options being proposed
will deliver the same benefits across the population as a whole. We strongly urge
that priority be given to the options that are of most benefit to those at risk of
poverty, and to those who are experiencing poverty.

We recognise that such policies may not always be universally popular and this is
a challenge for our legislators. The challenge has been analysed in detail for some
time and we now need to move on. The time has come to take action.

We continued to work with our partner, Area Development Management (ADM), to
implement the Peace II Programme in the border counties and on a cross-border
basis. To date €100m has been allocated to fund a wide range of economic,
social and cultural projects, all with the aim of supporting the peace process. We
are very pleased that the EU has extended the current programme for a further
two years, to the end of 2006.

I want to acknowledge the considerable contribution which has been made by
board members, the staff of Combat Poverty and the staff in our partnership with
ADM – their dedication, professionalism and commitment are exemplary.

During 2004 the term of office of Bernard Feeney and Marie O’Neill expired and I
want to acknowledge and thank them for their valuable contribution. During the
year we welcomed Orlaigh Quinn and Callista Bennis to the Board. Seamus
McAleavey and Helen Johnston were reappointed, as well as myself as

We have a key role in advising the Minister for Social and Family Affairs on
poverty-related issues. I am pleased that we have enjoyed excellent relations with
the two relevant ministers during 2004, firstly, Mary Coughlan TD, and then the
current minister, Séamus Brennan TD.

It is important for our work that we maintain good relationships with the
Department of Social and Family Affairs and the Office for Social Inclusion and I
am pleased that this continues to be the case. I would like, therefore, to thank
the Secretary General of the Department, John Hynes, his officials and, in
particular, the officials in the Office for Social Inclusion for their help and
support. We look forward to working with them on the implementation of our
Strategic Plan.

Brian Duncan
June 2005

                                                 Part One

Annual Overview
Ending Child Poverty – A Shared Responsibility
An Ireland where children                    without going into debt.ii The latest
                                             CSO data from 2003 indicate that
are respected as young                       children in Ireland are twice as likely
citizens with a valued                       to be poor as adults. Some 148,000
contribution to make and a                   children are found to be in
                                             ‘consistently poor’ homes. This
voice of their own; where all                represents 14.6 per cent of all
children are cherished and                   children (CSO, 2005).iii Many of these
supported by family and the                  children are in lone parent households,
                                             in families where the head of
wider society; where they                    household is ill or disabled or in larger
enjoy a fulfilling childhood                 families.
and realise their potential.i
                                             A second measure of child poverty is
                                             relative income poverty, which
A modern, 21st-century society such
                                             measures the proportion of children in
as Ireland should not tolerate child
                                             families falling below the poverty line
poverty. The consequences of children
                                             (€185.28 per week) but does not
growing up in poverty are poorer             include the deprivation index. This
health, slower physical and mental           measure is used across Europe. Using
development, lower levels of                 this measure 23.9 per cent of Ireland’s
educational achievement, leading to          children (242,000 children) are living
reduced occupational levels, decreased       in ‘relatively poor’ homes.iv
life opportunities and reduced life
expectancy. In this Overview Statement       So, even though Ireland has
we assess the state of child poverty in      experienced extraordinary levels of
Ireland and propose what we need to          economic growth we still have almost a
do as a society to end child poverty.        quarter of our children living in
                                             relatively poor homes, many of whom
Levels of child poverty in Ireland           are denied the basic essentials
                                             required for modern living. When we
There are two measures of child              think about it, this is perhaps not so
poverty in Ireland. The first is the Irish   surprising. The economic advances
government measure of consistent             have led to higher profits and also to
poverty, which is where an individual is     substantially increased employment
below the poverty line and experiences       levels. But, as overall income levels
an enforced lack of one or more items        and standards of living have risen,
on a basic deprivation index, such as a      some people have not been able to
lack of food, clothing, heating or not       benefit to the same extent and
being able to pay everyday expenses          therefore fall below what most people

would consider an acceptable standard        Commitments to address child
of living in society today. The              poverty
increased costs of living and
participation in society contribute to       Ireland has signed up to the UN
this. This is reflected in the comments      Convention on the Rights of the Child.
of children themselves in a study by         This includes survival rights,
Combat Poverty:v                             developmental rights, protection rights
                                             and participation rights. Under this
I feel kind of guilty when mammy             commitment Ireland is obliged to
and daddy leave themselves without           address child poverty. Ireland has a
anything and we get all the stuff;           National Children’s Strategy, a National
                                             Children’s Office and an Ombudsman
I think I get less. It makes me sort of      for Children. These initiatives contain a
jealous. I would like to get more than       commitment for children to be
I do;                                        provided with the financial supports
                                             necessary to eliminate child poverty.
With some people whether they’re
your friends or not depends on what          The Irish National Anti-Poverty
you wear. People don’t like friends          Strategy and National Action Plan
who don’t have brand name clothes;           against Poverty and Social Exclusion
                                             are committed to reducing consistent
The worst thing is being bullied and         child poverty (currently at 14.6 per
being frightened of being beaten up.         cent) to less than 2 per cent by 2007,
                                             or ending it completely, and to move to
When we compare ourselves with other         a situation of greater equality for all
European countries Ireland has one of        children in terms of access to
the highest rates of child poverty. The      appropriate education, health and
lowest rates of child poverty are found      housing.
in the Nordic countries, where the
level of child poverty is less than 10       Specific targets in this regard and
per cent (of 60 per cent median              progress on them to date are set out in
income). By comparison with child            the following table:vi
support systems in other countries
Ireland has a fairly adequate child
income support system, but our service
provision for children is relatively poor.

TARGETS                                  PROGRESS TO DATE

(b) Child Benefit and Child              (a) Complete.
    Dependent Allowances to be set
    at 33-35 per cent of the
    minimum adult social welfare
    payment rate by 2007.
(b) The final phase of the planned       (b) In progress, but unlikely to be
    multi-annual increases in Child          met before the end of 2005.
    Benefit rates to be completed in
    2004 and 2005.

Reduce the gap in low birth weight       An absence of baseline data has
rates between children from the          made it difficult to measure progress
lowest and highest socio-economic        on this target.
groups by 10 per cent from the
2001 level, by 2007.

Halve the proportion of pupils with      Unknown; baseline data being
serious literacy difficulties by 2006.   collected.

Reduce the number of young people        It is unlikely that the target will be
who leave the school system early,       met although programmes are being
so that the percentage of those who      put in place to support this
complete upper second level or           objective.
equivalent will reach 85 per cent by
2003 and 90 per cent by 2006.

Achieve the appropriate placement        The majority of Traveller children in
of all Travellers in primary school by   primary school are now in age
2003.                                    appropriate places.

Increase the transfer rate of            The transfer rate of Travellers to
Travellers to post-primary schools to    post-primary level in 2004 was 85
95 per cent by 2004.                     per cent.

An important aspect of the National         European comparisons
Action Plan against Poverty and Social
Exclusion, prepared for the EU, is its      In terms of tackling child poverty and
objective of ‘mobilising all relevant       working towards its elimination, it is
bodies’. This EU requirement promotes       instructive to examine countries which
the participation of people                 have been successful in substantially
experiencing poverty and exclusion in       reducing child poverty. For example,
the development, implementation and         Denmark has the lowest level of
evaluation of social inclusion policies     poverty, and child poverty, in the EU.
and measures, as well as mobilising         A number of reasons have been put
public authorities at national, regional    forward for this – a less unequal
and local levels to take social inclusion   income distribution than many other
into account in their policies and          EU countries, a high level of
service provision, in conjunction with      participation by women in the
promoting dialogue and partnership          workforce and available and affordable
between public and private bodies.          childcare. While this may be a model
The importance of children having a         to which Ireland might aspire there are
voice as active citizens, as well as in     a number of fundamental changes
the policies which affect them, is          which would have to be made to
recognised.                                 Ireland’s economic and social model of
                                            development to emulate Denmark.
The current Social Partnership
Agreement, Sustaining Progress,             An example which is closer to home is
contains 10 special initiatives, one of     Britain. Like Ireland, Britain has
which is Ending Child Poverty. The          traditionally had relatively high rates of
Ending Child Poverty initiative is being    child poverty. However, in 1999 the
closely aligned to other special            British Prime Minister, Tony Blair,
initiatives relating to Care, Educational   made the reduction of child poverty a
Disadvantage, Long-term                     political priority, and committed his
Unemployment and Vulnerable Groups          Government to halving child poverty
to ensure a focus on addressing child       over the next ten years and to
poverty. Discussions will take place in     eradicating it by 2020. Since then the
the autumn on a new national                level of child poverty has started to
agreement, and here it will be              decline.
important that the elimination of child
poverty is clearly on the agenda.

The British strategy involves:            flexible at the point of delivery,
                                          nuanced to individual and community
• Work for those who can and support      diversity.
  for those who cannot;
• Supporting parents;                     Actions to reduce child poverty
• Delivering high quality services
  with targeted support for those with    As outlined above there are a range of
  additional needs; and                   commitments in Irish policy
• Harnessing the power of the             documents to work towards the
  voluntary, faith and community          elimination of child poverty in Ireland.
  sectors.                                Nevertheless, levels of child poverty in
                                          Ireland are unacceptably high.
Some elements of the British Child        In its recently published Ending Child
Poverty strategy include Child and        Poverty Policy Statement Combat
Working Tax Credits, introduced in        Poverty has put forward a number of
2003, and the Sure Start initiative set   recommendations towards reducing
up in 1998/9, which has a service         child poverty in Ireland. These are
provision focus. Sure Start seeks to      based on an international analysis
increase child care provision, improve    which shows that while Ireland
the health and education of young         provides a relatively generous income
children and support parents. Through     support package for families with
Sure Start, all 3 and 4 year olds are     children, it spends comparatively less
entitled to free part-time education.     on assisting families with children to
Key learning from the project is that     meet the costs of childcare, education,
the service should be provided for        healthcare and housing.
everyone, but not necessarily the same
service – the service needs to be         The recommendations include:

  Element of Child Support                Combat Poverty
  Package                                 Recommendation

  Child Benefit                           > Raise Child Benefit to meet the
                                            Government target of €149.90
                                            per month for first and second
                                            child and to €185.40 per month
                                            for third and subsequent children
                                            and index-link in successive years

Element of Child Support            Combat Poverty
Package                             Recommendation

Child Dependent Allowances (CDAs)   > Increase CDAs
and Family Income Supplement        > Restructure FIS to improve take up
(FIS)                               > Review CDA to FIS transition
                                      and/or consider Child Benefit
                                      Supplement option

Childcare                           > Improve the subvention of the
                                      Equal Opportunities Childcare
                                    > Directly subsidise childcare using
                                      a gradual withdrawal mechanism
                                      to target low-income and
                                      vulnerable groups

Education                           > Increase provision of early
                                      education initiatives. Include
                                      morning pre-school provision for
                                      all poor children aged four years,
                                      supplemented by all-day care,
                                      where appropriate
                                    > Improve resources at primary level
                                    > Provide trained child assistants in
                                      all infant classes, with
                                      prioritisation in disadvantaged

Healthcare                          > Increase the income thresholds
                                      for eligibility for a medical card,
                                      and introduce a gradual
                                      withdrawal mechanism
                                    > Fund more community-level
                                      interventions (e.g. Targeted
                                      primary care initiatives),
                                      especially preventative measures
                                      (e.g. Vaccination programmes)

  Element of Child Support                  Combat Poverty
  Package                                   Recommendation

  Housing                                   > Restructure housing benefit to
                                              take account of family size
                                            > Improve the supply of social
                                            > Enforce the Residential Tenancies
                                              Act, 2004 to increase the
                                              attractiveness of the private
                                              rental sector through regulatory
                                              measures to improve tenants’

  Housing                                   > Provide additional funds for
                                              family services projects, with a
                                              focus on vulnerable groups

These recommendations need to be           positive vision of a society free of child
implemented in an urgent, committed        poverty. This will require tempering the
and coherent way and made a national       current market-oriented model of
priority.                                  society with a stronger developmental
                                           welfare state, as articulated by the
A shared responsibility                    National Economic and Social
Ending child poverty in Ireland
requires a national strategy. This         This approach advocates a greater
means that all sectors of Irish society    emphasis on services supported by
would support and contribute to            adequate income supports and
policies and actions that will eliminate   innovative measures to support a
child poverty.                             modern society. Services need to be
                                           delivered in an integrated way, with a
Political leadership                       focus on the child and family at
To be serious about ending child           national, regional and local levels.
poverty requires that it is a clear        Thus, such an approach requires
political priority articulated by key      political leadership at national and
politicians, who would espouse a           local levels, along with adequate
                                           resource allocations.

Institutional leadership                    State agencies such as Combat
The State and public authorities also       Poverty, along with organisations such
have a key leadership role in the area      as the National Children’s Office and
of social expenditure generally, through    the Family Support Agency, have
income support, family services,            specific leadership roles to play in
childcare, education especially early       supporting the end of child poverty.
education, health, housing and
recreation. This role has two               At local level, the local authorities have
dimensions: a leadership role through       responsibility for the provision of
direct provision; and an indirect role      adequate housing facilities,
through the encouragement of                playgrounds and libraries. Through the
measures to end child poverty. The          County/City Development Boards a
State and public authorities can            focus can be maintained on addressing
directly tackle child poverty through       child poverty at local level. The local
their policies and programmes – the         authority initiatives can be
elimination of child poverty needs to       complemented by local area-based
be central to these and co-ordinated        initiatives through the area-partnerships
across the public sector.                   and by community groups.

The implementation of policy is an          A specific example in this regard is the
ongoing challenge requiring greater         work of the EU-funded Peace
‘joined up’ thinking. The use of            Programme in the Border Region. The
approaches such as the mainstreaming        Peace Programme funds projects which
of social inclusion, including the          support the development of children and
participation of people living in poverty   young people in various ways, for
and their representatives, and the use      example through community-based
of tools such as poverty proofing and       education projects, in both school and
impact assessment, will assist in           out of school settings; through the
putting poverty elimination at the heart    medium of arts; and through training in
of the policy-making and                    drama and video production. These
implementation process.                     initiatives allow young people to acquire
                                            skills and confidence for their own
The State and public authorities can        development and for future employment.
also require and/or encourage the social
partners to reflect a priority on ending    Trade unions
child poverty, e.g. through employment      The social partners also have a key role
legislation and practice, and through       to play. The trade union movement has
service standards and practice.             traditionally been supportive of
                                            initiatives to reduce child poverty,
                                            particularly among the working

population. This has involved support      impact on the standard of living of
for tax reforms, improved provision of     low-income families. The setting of
childcare, tackling educational            minimum service standards would be
disadvantage, parental leave and more      useful in this regard.
flexible working arrangements to
accommodate a better work-life             In addition, employers can support
balance, as well as negotiations to        corporate social responsibility by
tackle low pay. In ending child poverty    setting out their commitments and
such initiatives need to gain national     promoting best practice to their key
attention and priority. The trade unions   stakeholders. This includes
have a key contribution to make in         commitments to their employees, as
putting the ending of child poverty at     well as commitments in relation to
the centre of national policy concerns,    community initiatives and the wider
particularly through the social            environment.
partnership process.
                                           Civil society
Business                                   The community and voluntary sector
The business sector can promote            clearly have a key role to play. Many
measures to abolish child poverty in a     community and voluntary groups
number of ways. The employment of          represent either the needs of children
women contributes significantly to         and/or of people at risk of poverty.
reductions in child poverty. However,      They have an important role in raising
this requires the adoption of family-      issues in relation to child poverty and
friendly work policies, including          also in promoting and influencing
childcare and flexible working             measures to address it. In particular
arrangements for parents. Issues to be     they can support the voice of children,
addressed include pay levels and job       the rights of children and promote
security – these are important in          innovative local actions. They should
addressing poverty among low-income        be supported to do so.
families and subsequently in tackling
child poverty.                             There are a range of other civil society
                                           organisations who can all contribute to
The provision of essential services can    the ending of child poverty in Ireland.
have a significant impact on low-          The church and faith-based
income families and children. Such         organisations have historically had a
services include basic services (food,     range of roles in this area and should
electricity, fuel) and infrastructure      continue to provide a leadership role
services (financial services, telephone,   with regard to poverty reduction.
transport). Issues of availability, cost   Opinion formers, such as academia and
and access can have a significant          the media, can assist in making this a

national issue and provide and promote      Conclusion
the evidence-base on which to take
forward appropriate policy initiatives.     Child poverty is unacceptable in a
These influencers are also important in     modern society. This Overview
terms of measuring progress.                Statement sets out the extent of child
                                            poverty in Ireland, what can be done
The family, schools and the local           when the elimination of child poverty
community are key partners in tackling      is a national priority and
child poverty. They all have a role to      recommendations on how to reduce
play in supporting children, and seeing     child poverty in Ireland. The thrust of
child poverty as unacceptable. So-          the Overview is that we need to make
called ‘joined up’ policies are critical,   the elimination of child poverty a
particularly to support families in         national priority and that the relevant
vulnerable situations.                      institutions in our society need to do
                                            all they can to work towards this end.
General public
Finally, a national strategy to end child   The forthcoming social partnership
poverty needs to be promoted so that        agreement provides a context for
there is an understanding of the scale      making the elimination of child poverty
and nature of the problem and what          a key national issue and a shared
needs to be done in order to gain           responsibility.
support and empathy from the general
public. In this context it is critically
important that we hear from children
themselves about what they believe
needs to be done.

    “Childmodern society.
     in a
           poverty is unacceptable


i     Vision of the National Children’s Strategy (2000) Stationery Office: Dublin.
ii    The most recent data available are for 2003 (Central Statistics Office (2005) EU Survey on Income and Living Conditions
      (EU-SILC). The poverty line (60 per cent of median equivalised disposable income) was €185.28 per week (€9,668 per
      annum). The basic deprivation index consists of:
      •   No substantial meal on at least one day in the last two weeks;
      •   Without heating at some stage in the past year;
      •   Experienced debt problems arising from ordinary living expenses;
      •   Unable to afford two pairs of strong shoes;
      •   Unable to afford a roast once a week;
      •   Unable to afford a meal with meat, chicken or fish every second day;
      •   Unable to afford new (not second hand) clothes;
      •   Unable to afford a warm waterproof coat.

iii   Central Statistics Office (2005) EU Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC).
iv    Ibid.
v     Daly, M. and Leonard, M. (2002) Against All Odds: Family Life on a Low Income in Ireland. Combat Poverty
      Agency/Institute of Public Administration: Dublin.
vi    Office for Social Inclusion (2003) National Action Plan against Poverty and Social Exclusion 2003-2005: Ireland. Office
      for Social Inclusion, and Office for Social Inclusion (2005) NAP/Inclusion June 2005 Report to EU (draft).
vii National Economic and Social Council (2005) The Developmental Welfare State. National Economic and Social
    Development Office: Dublin.

                                    Part Two

Work of the Combat Poverty Agency
Work of the Combat                       • To propose innovative policies
                                           aimed at a more equal distribution
                                           of income, resources and
Poverty Agency                             employment.

                                         The Annual Report documents the
This section of the Report documents     final year in a three-year work
actions undertaken in 2004, under the    programme. Good progress has been
objectives of the Combat Poverty         made under most of the objectives,
Agency Strategic Plan 2002-2004.         with a number of activities and
Measures taken to develop Combat         projects coming to a conclusion.
Poverty and enhance the quality of its   Three significant accomplishments in
work such as compliance with statutory   2004 were:
and regulatory requirements and
management are also detailed.            • Acknowledgement of the role of
                                           local authorities in promoting social
Combat Poverty’s objectives for 2002-      inclusion through a number of
2004 were:                                 specific policies and actions on
                                           social inclusion;
• To achieve a more comprehensive
  understanding of poverty and social    • Promotion of evidence-based policy
  exclusion, in particular child           advice on health, housing, food
  poverty, so as to inform and             poverty and household resources;
  influence debate and policy;
                                         • The commissioning and steering of
• To support the effective                 a study into the relationships
  implementation of the National           between poverty and conflict and
  Anti-Poverty Strategy at national,       its public launch by Dan Smith of
  local and European levels;               International Alert in December in
• To assess and promote effective
  public services and area-based
  programmes which tackle poverty
  and promote peace building;

• To strengthen the capacity of the
  community development sector in
  tackling poverty;

OBJECTIVE 1                                 • Housing, Poverty and Wealth in
                                              Ireland – by researchers from the
                                              ESRI. This study considered
Combat Poverty Agency will achieve a
                                              housing from macro and
more comprehensive understanding of
                                              comparative perspectives, focusing
poverty and social exclusion, in
                                              on housing tenure and on issues of
particular child poverty, so as to inform
                                              housing poverty and wealth. The
and influence debate and policy.
                                              study highlighted that private rental
                                              sector tenants demonstrate the
Poverty research and data
                                              highest risk of poverty by tenure.
collection                                    The launch of the publication was
                                              accompanied by a seminar
Gathering and updating data on                discussion, with associated media
poverty is a critical part of Combat          coverage.
Poverty’s work. Through a proactive
research programme, Combat Poverty          • Food Poverty and Policy – by
identifies gaps in data, investigates         researchers from NUI Galway and
emerging social and economic issues           UCD. This was a study carried out
relevant to poverty and gathers               in conjunction with Crosscare and
information to evaluate and enhance           the Society of St Vincent de Paul.
the effectiveness of public policy.           The study reviewed evidence about
                                              the food and nutrition intake of low-
Combat Poverty published a number of          income households, highlighting
research studies in 2004. These               various structural barriers which
included the following:                       restrict access to an adequate and
                                              nutritious diet. Drawing on
• Sharing Household Resources:                international experience, the study
  learning from non-monetary                  identified a co-ordinated strategy
  indicators – by researchers from the        for ensuring an adequate and
  ESRI and UCD. This study                    nutritious diet in low-income
  examined the allocation of                  households. The report was
  resources within households, the            launched in conjunction with the
  extent of poverty amongst women             annual conference of the European
  and children, and the use of non-           Network of Food Banks. It was well
  monetary indicators in developing           covered by media commentators
  our understanding of poverty and            and there was substantial ongoing
  social exclusion. The findings of the       media interest. The research
  study were presented at the annual          publication was followed by a
  conference of the Irish Social Policy       roundtable discussion of key
  Association.                                stakeholders to coincide with World

   Food Day in October 2004. The           undertaken by academics in the
   research featured in Combat             University of Ulster and Queen’s
   Poverty’s conference on poverty,        University Belfast. It was published in
   nutrition and health in November        2005.
   2004. Combat Poverty and its
   partners in the research also           Third-level research on poverty
   presented the findings to the Joint     Combat Poverty promotes and
   Oireachtas Committee on                 encourages third-level research into
   Agriculture and Food.                   poverty and related policy issues
                                           through the Poverty Research
The findings of a Combat Poverty           Initiative. The initiative combines four
commissioned study on the links            funding strands:
between poverty and conflict was
debated at a policy seminar in Dundalk     • PhD Fellowship awards for doctoral
in December, with keynote speaker            research;
Dan Smith of International Alert. The      • Academic research awards;
research sets out for the first time, in   • Visiting Research Fellowship in the
an Irish context, the relationships          Policy Institute, Trinity College; and
between poverty and conflict. It           • Research placements at post-
reviews international literature and         graduate and post-doctoral levels.
applies the findings to the Irish
situation. Important lessons emerge        In 2004, a PhD fellowship was
about how to address poverty and           awarded to Chris McInerney to
conflict issues in future anti-poverty     undertake a doctoral thesis entitled
policies and reconstruction                Evolving local governance and social
programmes. The research was               partnership – enhancing social

inclusion? in the University of             Research Initiative 2002-2004 was
Limerick. A previous PhD fellowship         published with the autumn issue of
holder, Vanessa Gash was awarded her        Action on Poverty Today. A new
doctorate from the University of Oxford     publication format for studies funded
for her thesis on Flexible labour           by Combat Poverty, principally under
markets. Vanessa subsequently took up       the Poverty Research Initiative, was
a post-doctoral research placement in       developed. Known as Research
Combat Poverty to produce a report on       Working Papers, three papers were
Atypical Work in Ireland and Denmark.       published in 2004 on an adequacy
Anne Coakley also joined Combat             standard for children, the financial
Poverty on a post-doctoral placement        cost of healthy eating and a consumer
to undertake research on Pathways           price index for low-income households.
from Welfare to Work for Mothers in         The papers, together with the results of
Welfare-Dependent Households.               the Poverty Research Initiative 2004,
                                            were launched by Dr Garret FitzGerald,
A study by Jonathan Healy, former           Chancellor of the National University of
recipient of a Combat Poverty Visiting      Ireland, in November 2004.
Research Fellowship at the Policy
Institute, Trinity College, entitled Fuel   Combat Poverty continued its popular
Poverty and Policy: a national and          lunchtime research seminar series. The
cross-country analysis, was published       seminars provide an informal forum to
in 2004 as a Policy Institute ‘blue         present and debate poverty research,
paper’ on studies in public policy.         both Combat Poverty funded studies
                                            and other independent research. An
Combat Poverty provided post-graduate       average of between 20 and 30 people
research placements to Barbara Healy,       attended each of the 12 seminars in
NUI Galway, and Rod Hick, UCD for           2004.
three-month periods.
                                            Combat Poverty continued to
Four academic research awards were          participate in the National Disability
funded in 2004. These awards, totalling     Authority research committee.
€90,000, were for studies on social
exclusion policies, pension reform,         Investigating people’s experience of
credit provision to low-income groups       poverty
and the leisure and recreational needs      The Against All Odds report,
of children and young people in             recounting the experience of people in
disadvantaged areas. The research is        poverty, was made more accessible
being carried out by academics in NUI       with the production of illustrated
Galway, Trinity College, University         Poverty Briefings on three themes:
College Cork and University of Limerick.    Growing Up in Poverty; Living with
A special supplement on the Poverty         Poverty and Poor Health and Living in

Deprived Communities. These Briefings     Combat Poverty initiated a study on
include facts on child poverty, health    the dynamics of child poverty with the
inequalities and community                ESRI in 2004. The research examines
deprivation, reinforced by people’s own   movements in and out of child poverty.
experience, and recommendations for       The findings are due to be reported in
change. They were widely distributed,     2005.
and responded to an expressed need
for more publications with wider          During 2004, Combat Poverty
appeal.                                   continued to contribute to the
                                          preparatory work for a national
Understanding child poverty and           longitudinal study of children’s well-
policy solutions                          being, which is led by the National
                                          Children’s Office. The study will be
In 2004, Combat Poverty continued its     commissioned in 2005.
efforts to increase awareness of child
poverty through the publication and       Combat Poverty continued to have an
dissemination of a Poverty Briefing       exchange of views with the End Child
entitled Growing-up in Poverty, as well   Poverty Coalition on current policy
as fact sheets on child poverty.          issues, meeting on two occasions
                                          throughout the year.
A study was published, through the
Research Working Papers Series, on        Combat Poverty had the opportunity to
Exploring an Adequacy Standard for        build good relations with the
Children. The study examined              Ombudsman for Children, Ms. Emily
methodologies for estimating the cost     Logan, through her involvement in a
of child rearing, which could be          number of its activities.
adopted in Ireland.
                                          Advising on anti-poverty policy
Combat Poverty initiated work on a
Policy Statement with proposals to end    As part of its ongoing brief to consult
child poverty, based on an analysis of    and advise on policy and strategic
international trends. The Policy          priorities in relation to poverty and
Statement Ending Child Poverty was        social exclusion, Combat Poverty
launched by the Minister for Social       maintained regular contact with the
and Family Affairs, Séamus Brennan        Minister for Social and Family Affairs
TD, in 2005.                              and Departmental officials. Exchanges
                                          took place in relation to our pre-budget
                                          submission, food poverty policy issues,
                                          schools programme and local
                                          government work. In December, an

initial meeting took place with Mr             Authorities on incorporating a social
Séamus Brennan TD, following his               inclusion dimension into Regional
appointment as Minister for Social and         Planning Guidelines;
Family Affairs. Briefings also took        •   Submission on the Health Bill
place with special advisors to the             2004;
Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern TD, the            •   Submission to the Consumer
Tánaiste, Mary Harney TD, and senior           Strategy Group;
officials in other departments including   •   Submission to the Minister for
the Departments of Finance, the                Social and Family Affairs on policy
Taoiseach, Education and Science,              priorities for Budget 2005;
Health and Children, Environment,          •   Submission to the National Task
Heritage and Local Government and              Force on Obesity;
Enterprise, Trade and Employment.          •   Submission to the OECD on its
                                               review of higher education;
Combat Poverty organised a round-          •   Submission on the Equality Bill
table discussion with assistant                2004;
secretary generals and other senior        •   Submission to the Office of the
officials of a number of key                   First Minister and Deputy First
departments to have an exchange of             Minister, Northern Ireland: Towards
views on current social expenditure            an Anti-Poverty Strategy –
trends. The discussion was informed            Consultation Document; and
by inputs from Dr Virpi Timonen,           •   Submission to the House of
Trinity College, and Mr John P. Martin,        Commons Northern Ireland Affairs
OECD, who highlighted the importance           Committee: Ways of Dealing with
of social expenditure in reducing              Northern Ireland’s Past.
                                           Combat Poverty met with the
Combat Poverty continued to analyse        Oireachtas Committee on Social and
and make policy submissions on many        Family Affairs on two occasions in
aspects of public policy, most notably     2004. In January we presented an
Budget 2005. The most significant          analysis of Budget 2004 and its
policy submissions made in 2004 were       redistributive impact, and also
as follows:                                highlighted our concern in relation to
                                           Ireland’s low level of social expenditure
• Submission to the Department of          compared to other EU countries. In
  the Environment, Heritage and            October our submission on Budget
  Local Government on incorporating        2005 was presented to the Joint
  a social inclusion dimension within      Oireachtas Committee, outlining
  local authority corporate plans;         priorities for poverty policy and new
• Submissions to all Regional              poverty data.

Combat Poverty, along with our              voluntary organisations to exchange
partners in the Peace Programme, Area       information on social policy initiatives.
Development Management Ltd, Co-
operation Ireland and the Community         Contributing to government advisory
Foundation for Northern Ireland, met        bodies and task forces
with the Oireachtas Committee on            Throughout 2004 Combat Poverty
European Affairs and presented an           continued to participate in a range of
overview of our work through the Peace      government advisory bodies and task
Programme and the need to continue          forces, monitoring the implementation
this work at grassroots level in the        of programmes and providing a poverty
future.                                     input to policy discussions and
                                            planning. The most notable of these
Combat Poverty continued to provide         concerned the National Anti-Poverty
briefings and information to political      Strategy and the National Development
parties and social partners on poverty      Plan. The bodies with which it worked
and policy issues.                          in 2004 included the following:

Combat Poverty also responded to            • The Social Inclusion Consultative
requests for information from external        Committee of the National Anti-
groups. As part of this, the Director         Poverty Strategy, convened by the
and staff met a number of delegations         Department of Social and Family
and made a number of presentations            Affairs;
on a range of issues. These included        • The Technical Advisory Group of the
meeting a Brazilian delegation and            NAPS Data and Research Strategy,
Australian policy-makers.                     convened by the Department of
Presentations included neighbourhood          Social and Family Affairs;
renewal, women’s poverty and health.        • The Inter-Departmental Committee
                                              for the International UN Year of the
Poverty and social partnership                Family in 2004, convened by the
Combat Poverty continued to liaise            Department of Social and Family
with social partners, providing briefings     Affairs;
and information on issues pertinent to      • The National Advisory Committee of
Sustaining Progress, particularly in          the Money Advice and Budgeting
relation to the Ten Special Initiatives,      Service of the Department of Social
with a special focus on the End Child         and Family Affairs;
Poverty Initiative.                         • Under the National Development
                                              Plan, the Monitoring Committees of
Combat Poverty also participated in the       the Operational Programmes of the
Social Policy Network which brings            Border, Midland and Western region
together statutory and community and          and the Southern and Eastern

    region. From autumn 2004,               Department of Health and Children;
    Combat Poverty was also               • The Community Development
    represented on the Monitoring           Support Programme Advisory
    Committees for the Operational          Committee under the aegis of the
    Programmes Employment and               Department of Community, Rural
    Human Resources and the                 and Gaeltacht Affairs;
    Economic and Social Infrastructure;   • The NAPS Health Working Group of
•   The Equal Opportunities and Social      the Department of Health and
    Inclusion Co-ordination Committee       Children; and
    of the National Development Plan,     • The Education Equality Initiative
    convened by the Department of           Working Group of the Department of
    Justice, Equality and Law Reform;       Education and Science.
•   The Equality Proofing Group,
    chaired by the Department of          Promoting an understanding of
    Justice, Equality and Law Reform;     poverty
•   The Monitoring Committee of
    URBAN, convened by Dublin City        Fostering an understanding of poverty
    Council;                              through public education is one of the
•   The Monitoring Committee of the       four main strands of Combat Poverty’s
    Peace Programme convened by the       work. Publications, conferences and
    Special EU Programmes Body;           seminars, education programmes,
•   The Primary Care Steering Group of    electronic information services, media
    the Department of Health and          promotion, library service, website,
    Children;                             policy liaison and work with schools
•   The Consultative Forum on Family      target key audiences, including
    Support Services convened by the      government departments, elected

representatives, social partners,         featured the personal comments of
statutory and voluntary bodies and the    people living in poverty, taken from the
general public.                           study Against All Odds.

Combat Poverty informed all               Combat Poverty’s fact sheets were
candidates for the European               updated and are available on
Parliament elections of the European They are
Social Agenda and the National Action     entitled What is Poverty?, Measuring
Plans Against Poverty and Social          Poverty, Child Poverty in Ireland and
Exclusion, stressing the importance of    Lone-Parent Families and Poverty. A
making poverty a priority on the EU       further title, Homelessness and
agenda.                                   Poverty, was added to the series.

Combat Poverty opened up contact          A series of leaflets written by and for
with all local authority councillors      second-level school students was
following their election in June 2004.    produced. The titles are: What is
Information on poverty and Combat         Poverty?, Responses to Poverty, People
Poverty’s work with local authorities,    and Poverty, and Why are People Poor?
through the local government anti-
poverty programme, was distributed to     A policy discussion paper, Poverty is
them.                                     Bad for Your Health, was published
                                          and promoted.
Using the Stratagem database, Combat
Poverty tracked its liaison with, and     A funding initiative to commemorate
information dissemination to, members     the International Day for the
of the Oireachtas throughout the year.    Eradication of Poverty on 17 October
                                          was developed and four grants were
Information on poverty                    awarded for activities in and around
Four issues of Combat Poverty’s journal   the day.
Action on Poverty Today were
published.                                Post-primary education and
                                          curricular development
Several media events took place in
2004, to promote key policy               Combat Poverty concluded its fruitful
submissions. These included:              collaboration with the City of Dublin
• Annual Report 2003                      Vocational Education Committee
• Submission on the 2005 Budget           Curriculum Development Unit (CDVEC
   (Pre-Budget Submission).               CDU) on the project Poverty, the
                                          Classroom and the Curriculum, in
The 2004 Combat Poverty Calendar          second-level schools. Eight second-

level schools and eleven anti-poverty     • Briefing meetings took place with
community development groups were           the Departments of Education and
involved in school-community                Science, Community, Rural and
partnerships in poverty awareness           Gaeltacht Affairs, and the Office for
education. Key developments in 2004         Social Inclusion at the Department
included the following:                     of Social and Family Affairs and the
                                            National Council for Curriculum and
• Publication of a second edition of        Assessment (NCCA), with a view to
  School-Community Partnership              mainstreaming school-community
  News;                                     partnerships as an approach to
• Teacher-training on social analysis       poverty awareness in the classroom;
  and understanding poverty;              • Guidelines for teachers on how to
• Completion of the third of a series       develop school-community
  of three formative evaluation reports     partnerships were prepared and
  on the project. In this report            disseminated; and
  students provided feedback on the       • An information website on equality,
  project. Many students expressed          poverty and children’s rights,
  the view that participation in the, for students and
  project will have a lasting impact        teachers of Civic, Social and
  on their lives. The project also          Political Education (CSPE)
  enhanced teachers’ understanding          continues to be maintained and
  of community development and              updated. The website is a
  socio-economic deprivation in their       collaborative exercise by Combat
  areas. For community workers, a           Poverty, the Children’s Rights
  sense of solidarity was developed         Alliance, the Equality Authority and
  with teachers in their partnerships;      the Society of St Vincent de Paul.
• A final seminar, ‘Opening Doors:
  The School and Community in             The Combat Poverty Award for the
  Poverty Awareness Education’, took      Young Social Innovator of the Year was
  place to conclude the project, to       awarded for the second time in 2004,
  recognise the achievements of the       as part of ongoing efforts to encourage
  students, teachers and communities      awareness of poverty and social issues
  involved, and to acknowledge a very     among second-level pupils. The award
  valuable collaboration between          is made to Transition Year students for
  Combat Poverty and the Curriculum       a project related to poverty and
  Development Unit of the City of         exclusion. The award was won by St
  Dublin VEC. The Ombudsman for           Louis High School, Rathmines, Dublin,
  Children, Emily Logan, opened the       for their project on the links between
  event;                                  poverty and disability.

OBJECTIVE 2                                 Mainstreaming Social Inclusion
                                            As part of the EU-funded Social
                                            Exclusion Transnational Exchange
Combat Poverty Agency will support
                                            Programme, Combat Poverty published
the effective implementation of anti-
                                            a research report, Mainstreaming
poverty strategies at national, local and
                                            Social Inclusion, as part of Phase 1 of
European levels.
                                            this funding programme. This report
                                            explores different understandings and
Advancing the National Anti-
                                            practices for the concept
Poverty Strategy (NAPS)                     ‘mainstreaming social inclusion’ in
                                            different jurisdictions. The project
Combat Poverty support to the               partners are from France, Portugal and
implementation of the NAPS includes         Northern Ireland, as well as the
work on poverty proofing, rolling out       European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN)
NAPS to local authorities and health        and, in Ireland, the Department of
services, learning lessons from other       Social and Family Affairs and the
countries on mainstreaming anti-            National Economic and Social Forum.
poverty policy, promoting and
supporting the involvement of excluded      Combat Poverty was also successful
people in NAPS, and seeking to inform       under Phase II of the Programme in
Ireland’s National Action Plan against      securing funding for a further two years
Poverty and Social Exclusion, as            to continue to develop the work on
required of all EU member states.           Mainstreaming Social Inclusion.
These initiatives are described in detail   Additional partners in the work are the
throughout this Annual Report.              Czech Republic and Norway. In 2004
                                            three strands of the work were
Irish National Action Plan against          developed: policy development,
Poverty and Social Exclusion                participation and the development of an
(NAPs/incl)                                 evaluation framework. Meetings were
Combat Poverty participated in a            held in a number of the partner
number of initiatives to promote and        countries. The work is continuing in
discuss Ireland’s National Action Plan      2005, culminating in a European
against Poverty and Social Exclusion.       seminar, a book on mainstreaming and
These included conferences organised        the production of a manual on CD Rom.
by the Irish Presidency of the EU on
migrants and on the family. The             Participation in NAPS
Director made an input at a Norwegian       Combat Poverty provided both funding
seminar on National Action Plans            and development support to 10
against Poverty and Social Exclusion.       projects to involve people living in
                                            poverty in the development or

implementation of the NAPS, in             Guide for Developing a Local Anti-
recognition that people living in          Poverty Strategy. Combat Poverty also
poverty face particular barriers to        participated in a group convened by the
influencing policy and often have little   Department of Justice, Equality and
opportunity to participate. The            Law Reform on Equality Proofing and
outcomes of this work informed the         contributed to an Equality Authority led
Social Inclusion Forum, convened by        research project on piloting an
the National Economic and Social           integrated proofing approach.
Forum, in January 2005.
                                           Supporting local anti-poverty
Poverty proofing                           strategies
Poverty proofing is a mechanism for
assessing the poverty impact of            Combat Poverty continued to work to
national and local policies and            extend the NAPS to local and regional
programmes and for ensuring that such      level. There are a number of strands to
measures do not adversely affect the       this activity. These include:
circumstances of people living in          • Supporting the development of
poverty. It is a critical tool for the         local anti-poverty strategies;
successful implementation of the           • Supporting social inclusion units;
NAPS.                                      • Developing the Local Government
                                               Anti-Poverty Learning Network; and
Combat Poverty produced material on        • Supporting community participation
poverty proofing for inclusion in A            in local government.

Combat Poverty worked closely with its    Social Inclusion Units
partners, the Department of the           Combat Poverty was asked to support
Environment, Heritage and Local           the Social Inclusion Units in local
Government (DoEHLG) and the Office        authorities when they were established
for Social Inclusion (OSI), on these      in 2001. This support continued in
initiatives. Combat Poverty also sought   2004, and Combat Poverty worked
to mainstream these elements and          closely with the Department of the
subsequently a Local Authorities and      Environment, Heritage and Local
Social Inclusion Steering Group was       Government and with unit staff to
formed to oversee the mainstreaming.      facilitate the units in identifying their
The Steering Group is chaired by the      priorities. Combat Poverty also
DoEHLG, and involves Combat Poverty,      contributed to an evaluation of the
OSI, the Institute of Public              units commissioned by the Department
Administration and the Local              of the Environment, Heritage and Local
Government Management Services            Government and undertaken by
Board. Agreement has been reached         Fitzpatrick Associates, and was
amongst these agencies that 2005 will     represented on a steering group which
be a transition year in which learning    oversaw this work. An initiative to
from this work will be embedded into      profile the work of the units was
the mainstream and that co-ordination     commissioned and was published
of the Local Government Anti-Poverty      in 2005.
Learning Network will pass to the
Institute of Public Administration from   Anti-Poverty Learning Network
2006.                                     The Local Government Anti-Poverty
                                          Learning Network (Learning Network)
Local anti-poverty strategies             was established by Combat Poverty to
In 2004, Combat Poverty continued to      provide a framework within which local
support three local authorities to        authorities could develop and share
develop local anti-poverty strategies.    their anti-poverty work and extend their
The three local authorities were          own expertise and knowledge of policy
Donegal, Westmeath and Cork City.         and practice. Providing supports,
The outcomes from this work were          information and training to this
presented at a national conference,       Network is a critical part of Combat
Making A Difference, in October. A        Poverty’s strategy for extending anti-
Guide to Local Anti-Poverty Strategies    poverty action to local level.
was prepared and is available to local
authorities in 2005.                      A number of consultants were engaged
                                          to provide specific supports to local
                                          authorities in the areas of

communications, training and               newsletter, were produced.
community development.
                                           Local Authorities and Social Inclusion
The Local Government Advisory              (LASI) Project
Committee and Steering Committee           Combat Poverty, on behalf of the Irish
met several times in 2004. These           Local Government Anti-Poverty
bodies were set up by Combat Poverty       Learning Network, also participated in
with representation from a range of        an EU-funded project, led by the UK
bodies including government                Local Government Network, through
departments, state agencies and            Warwick University Local Government
community organisations to guide the       Centre, on ‘Local Authorities and Social
implementation of the programme of         Inclusion’ (LASI). This project aims to
work with local authorities.               strengthen anti-poverty practice in local
                                           government, and includes partners from
The Learning Network met in March          Sweden, Spain and Lithuania. The
and July and hosted a national             main focus of the LASI project in 2004
conference in October. These meetings      was to identify and develop indicators
included discussions on anti-poverty       and processes for use in a programme
strategies and the role of local           of Peer Reviews to be undertaken
authorities, work with ethnic minorities   between local authorities in the partner
and partnership work with local            countries in 2005.
                                           Community participation in local
Fitzpatrick Associates completed an        government
evaluation of the Learning Network and     Combat Poverty continued to provide
recommended the continuation of the        training and support to local authority
work as an essential element to            staff on involving excluded groups in
support the NAPS at local level. A         local government, including support to
number of reports were produced            Community and Enterprise
including a report on local poverty        Development Officers.
indicators, poverty profiling and
poverty proofing. These reports have       Economic and social rights
contributed to the Guide for the
development of a Local Anti-Poverty        Combat Poverty fosters public debate
Strategy, along with other papers          on the effectiveness of a rights-based
developed as part of the work with         approach to anti-poverty work and to
local authorities. Several editions of     strengthening economic, social and
Learning Brief, the network newsletter,    cultural rights within the NAPS.
and Network Exchange, the electronic

During 2004, on a north-south basis,          the Practice of Rights project with
Combat Poverty continued to                   community-based groups from north
collaborate with a number of human            Belfast and north Dublin. This project
rights groups in exploring the                is working to support local people in
application of a rights-based approach        disadvantaged areas to use economic,
to local anti-poverty activity. Its partner   social and cultural rights as tools to
organisations included the Irish              create change in their communities in
Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL), the       favour of people experiencing poverty,
Belfast-based Committee on the                disadvantage and inequality. Combat
Administration of Justice (CAJ), the          Poverty supported an evaluation of this
Community Foundation for Northern             work on behalf of the partner groups in
Ireland (CFNI) and the Irish Congress         2004. Work commenced on developing
of Trade Unions (ICTU). A national            a significant funding proposal for the
conference was held in March to               continuation of this work over a three-
promote this approach and a report            year period.
was subsequently published and
launched at the end of 2004.                  Combat Poverty has also had
                                              discussions with the Human Rights
A key initiative was the further              Commission to share ideas on common
development of the Participation and          priorities.

OBJECTIVE 3                             applications were received. €180,000
                                        was allocated to 13 projects (see
                                        Appendix 2 for grant listing). Funding
Combat Poverty Agency will assess and
                                        of €45,000 was provided by the
promote effective public services and
                                        Department of Health and Children for
area-based programmes that tackle
                                        three additional projects, two of which
poverty and promote peace-building.
                                        were particularly relevant to the
                                        Primary Care Strategy. As part of the
Addressing health inequality            funding process, a funding brochure
                                        was prepared and distributed and
Combat Poverty recognises that socio-   information sessions were held for
economic factors, including poverty,    potential applicants. Combat Poverty
are key in determining health status.   met with all funded groups during the
Combat Poverty supports community       year and provided advice and support
development approaches to addressing    to the funded groups.
poverty and health inequalities.
The programme Building Healthy          Combat Poverty facilitated a number of
Communities was the main instrument     networking meetings for funded groups
for Combat Poverty’s work on health     to exchange information and identify
disadvantage. The programme operates    key themes emerging from their work.
through four strands:                   A promotional leaflet, containing a
                                        summary of funded work and contact
•   Innovation;                         details for funded groups, was
•   Networking;                         published.
•   Research and evaluation; and
•   Policy.                             A national conference on Nutrition,
                                        Poverty and Health was held in
An Advisory Group for the programme     Portlaoise in November 2004, which
continued its work in 2004 and          drew from research supported by
assisted in defining priorities and     Combat Poverty.
assessing funding applications.
                                        Research and evaluation
Innovation                              An evaluation of the Building Healthy
A further round of funding was made     Communities programme was
available to support community          completed during 2004 and training
development approaches to health        on self-evaluation was provided to
inequalities and the participation of   funded groups.
communities in health policy and
practice. One hundred and ten

Two papers were commissioned on           Children. It attended sub-groups on
issues arising from the funded work:      community involvement and quality.
Community Participation in Health         Combat Poverty also participated in the
Policy and Practice; and The Health       NAPS Health Working Group,
Needs of Vulnerable Groups.               reconvened by the Department of
                                          Health and Children.
A short paper was prepared, drawing
from a literature and policy review, of   Following on from a consultation with
the links between Poverty, Community      health professionals on developing an
Development and Health, which had         awareness initiative with health
been undertaken by the National           professionals Combat Poverty joined
University of Ireland, Galway.            the Department of Health and
                                          Children, the Institute of Public
A brochure Poverty and Health was         Health, the Health Boards Executive,
produced and published as part of         the Office for Social Inclusion, the
Combat Poverty’s Poverty Briefing         Mid-Western Health Board and the
Series.                                   South Western Area Health Board in a
                                          collaborative project under the
A booklet Poverty is Bad for your         auspices of the National Anti-Poverty
Health, by Dr Ruth Barrington, was        Strategy (NAPS) Health Services
published as a Policy Discussion          Project Planning Team.
                                          In 2004 an information brochure on
Funding was provided, through the         the National Anti-Poverty Strategy and
Institute of Public Health, to support    Health was finalised. Three base-line
research which will be undertaken by      studies on NAPS and Health were
the NAPS Health Working Group. This       completed: (i) the strategic
will include a review of the Report of    implementation of NAPS by health
the Working Group on the National         boards; (ii) the scoping of anti-poverty
Anti-Poverty Strategy and Health,         activity in health boards in the context
which was produced in 2001.               of NAPS targets; and (iii) a survey of
                                          awareness of anti-poverty activity
Policy                                    amongst health board staff.
Combat Poverty had regular liaison
with the Department of Health and         Social spending and income
Children in the context of the Building   distribution
Healthy Communities programme. It
continued its membership of the           The proportion of national income
Primary Care Steering Group, convened     devoted to the provision of basic
by the Department of Health and

services such as housing, health,          In the course of 2004 a total
education and childcare has a              allocation of €98m was committed to
significant impact on the level of         Peace Projects (See Appendix 3 for
poverty and inequality in society.         grants listings).

An ‘Epilogue’ to Irish Social              Combat Poverty staff participated in a
Expenditure in a Comparative               joint policy forum with ADM/CPA in
International Context (2003) was           June and in shared training sessions.
commissioned in 2004. The ‘Epilogue’       Policy discussions throughout 2004
builds on the previous report, providing   centred on two strategic questions:
additional information and analysis
based on the most recent data, and         • How to link the lessons gained
making policy recommendations. Its           through the workings of the Peace
preliminary findings were presented for      Programmes with Combat Poverty’s
discussion with senior civil servants.       policy development activity; and
                                           • The relationships between poverty
Implementing Peace II                        and conflict and how they influence
Programme                                    each other.

The Combat Poverty Agency (CPA),           Shared training sessions consisted of
with its partner organisation, Area        four full days over a four week period
Development Management Ltd (ADM),          in peace-building and reconciliation.
jointly administers ten measures of        The training was delivered in
Peace ll in the southern border region,    Monaghan by international expert
dedicated to Economic Renewal and          Brandon Hamber from South Africa.
Social Integration, Inclusion and
Reconciliation, from an ADM/CPA            Combat Poverty continued to explore
office in Monaghan. In addition, it        ways of building the lessons of the
manages two cross-border measures          Peace Programmes into national and
through a cross-border consortium in       local policy. The ‘Practice to Policy’
collaboration with ADM, the                work continued with joint seminars and
Community Foundation for Northern          a quarterly review meeting.
Ireland and Co-operation Ireland.
These measures are targeted at cross-      Combat Poverty, through ADM/CPA, is
border Social Inclusion and                implementing the INTERREG IIIA
Reconciliation and cross-border            Measure 3.1 with its Northern Ireland
Education, Training and Human              lead partner Co-operation Ireland. Full
Resources.                                 commitment of €9.5m was achieved in
                                           2004, with the funding allocated to

community groups seeking to address       • The Legacy of the Troubles
social exclusion in the Border region       Queen’s University Belfast/
on a cross-border basis.                    University College Cork

A number of research projects received    This is a study of the effects of violent
funding under the PEACE II                experience on societal well-being and
Programme and began work in 2004.         psychological health, based on 3,000
                                          interviews of individuals in Northern
These included the following:             Ireland and the Border Counties.

• Border Protestant Perspectives          • The Emerald Curtain: the social
  Locus Management                          impact of the Irish Border
                                            Triskele Community Training &
A quantitative survey of the views of       Development
more than 400 Protestant households
across the southern border counties, to   An action research project which
identify the extent of social exclusion   identifies the specific social, cultural
of minority Protestant communities        and economic impact of the border on
and explore and address the issues        the infrastructure and sustainability of
arising in Protestant communities that    communities (both geographic and
have contributed to a weak community      issue-based) in the southern border
infrastructure.                           counties.

• Peace Building Through                    and describe the impacts of
  Policy Project                            displacement on displaced people and
  Women Educating for                       their families; (iii) to identify and
  Transformation                            describe the impacts of displacement
                                            on communities of origin and ‘host’
This research includes an audit of the      communities; and (iv) to assess the
participation of women in community,        specific needs of displaced people and
voluntary and public sector structures      their families.
and a needs analysis of the women’s
community and voluntary sector to           • Good Practice in Community-Based
inform the development of a training          Peacebuilding
programme on gender mainstreaming             Helen Maher and Yuvi Basanth
for women activists.
                                            This research focuses on a selection of
• Planning for the future                   21 projects representative of the
  Border Minority Group                     comprehensive range of projects
                                            funded under the Peace programmes.
The main aims of this project are:          It aims to identify the legacy of the
(i) the identification of areas of social   conflict and the opportunities for
exclusion and weak community                peace in terms of the political, social,
infrastructure within the minority          economic and cultural conditions.
Protestant community; (ii) the
formulation of a programme to address       Area-based approaches to tackle
these issues; and (iii) the preparation     poverty
of a strategic plan.
                                            A Combat Poverty commissioned study,
In addition, in 2004 ADM/CPA                undertaken by the ESRI, on the spatial
commissioned two major research             distribution of poverty and deprivation
studies, the findings of which will be      was completed, and was launched in
published in 2005. These are:               2005. The study provides information
                                            for the planning and assessment of
• All Over the Place: people                area-based programmes for tackling
  displaced to and from the Southern        poverty.
  Border Counties
  Ralaheen Ltd, Strategem, Expac
                                            Social inclusion and the National
The research has four main strands:         Development Plan (NDP)
(i) to identify and describe the
displaced population; (ii) to identify      Combat Poverty continued its efforts to
                                            strengthen the emphasis on social

inclusion in the National Development       on how the relevant Programme
Plan (NDP). Social inclusion is one of      Complements might be amended to
the four objectives of the NDP. Work        reflect the agreed changes. This
was ongoing in seeking to embed             required Combat Poverty to work with
indicators of social inclusion in the two   the departments and agencies
regional operational programmes.            responsible for designated measures in
                                            the Employment and Human Resource
Following the mid-term review of the        Development, and the Economic and
National Development Plan, which            Social Infrastructure, Operational
highlighted weaknesses in the               Programmes, for the first time.
application of the horizontal principles    In acknowledgement of the scale of
(including social inclusion), the CSF       work involved, the Department of
Evaluation Unit undertook a review and      Finance made €50,000 (€25,000 in
made proposals for changes in how the       both 2004 and 2005) available to
principles were applied. These              Combat Poverty, through the Office for
proposals, which assigned the most          Social Inclusion. This funding allowed
relevant horizontal principles              Combat Poverty to extend its contract
(maximum two) to each measure, were         for technical support to Measure
agreed by the Operational Programme         Managers and to commission a guide
Monitoring Committees.                      to social inclusion in the NDP.

Combat Poverty, in collaboration with       Progress reports were made to the
the Office for Social Inclusion, was        Operational Programmes Monitoring
asked to review progress on each of         Committees and to the Equal
the measures that were selected for         Opportunities and Social Inclusion Co-
the social inclusion horizontal             ordinating Committee.
principle. This involved meeting with
departments and agencies responsible        Letters were written to the European
for the designated measures, agreeing       Commission with regard to
how the social inclusion focus might        strengthening social inclusion in the
be strengthened, and making proposals       next round of EU Structural Funding.

OBJECTIVE 4                              Combat Poverty worked in partnership
                                         with the Community Work Education
                                         and Training Network (Northern
Combat Poverty Agency will work to
                                         Ireland) to examine the potential for
strengthen the capacity of the
                                         developing all-Ireland links on
community development sector in
                                         education and training for anti-poverty
tackling poverty.
                                         focused community work. Research
                                         was finalised and presented to a
Supporting community
                                         roundtable to consider how best to
development to tackle poverty            take the work forward. Significant
                                         interest was expressed in further
Combat Poverty views the community       developing dialogue on the issues
and voluntary sector as a strategic      raised and a further event is planned.
sector to tackle poverty and to
empower people and communities           Combat Poverty continued to produce
affected by poverty. Combat Poverty      resource materials to meet the needs
continued to liaise with the             of community development and anti-
Department of Community, Rural and       poverty groups. An education material
Gaeltacht Affairs and began work to      entitled Influencing Policy: Training
develop a handbook on the application    Pack was completed and published.
of the principles in the White Paper
Supporting Voluntary Activity, in        In 2004 the following titles were
collaboration with the Department and    commissioned:
the Implementation and Advisory
Group for the White Paper. Combat        • Community Development and
Poverty also participated in the           Health;
Advisory Group for the Community         • An education pack on
Development Support Programme.             understanding poverty;
                                         • A new edition of an existing title,
In 2004, Combat Poverty provided           Developing Facilitation Skills: A
general support and advice to the          Handbook for Group Facilitators; and
community sector.                        • A new publication, Facilitation with
                                           Groups Experiencing Poverty.
With Area Development Management
Ltd and Comhairle, Combat Poverty        Combat Poverty tendered for a research
continued work in 2004 to develop a      study on the role of community
joint database, detailing publications   development in tackling poverty.
and resource materials available         However, no tender was awarded and
nationally from them to the community    this work will now be advanced in 2005.
and voluntary sector.

Combat Poverty continued its               people living in poverty in the
membership of a number of                  development of anti-poverty and social
committees as follows:                     inclusion policies. The 2004 work
                                           programme consisted of four strands:
• The Advisory Committee of the            policy and poverty seminars; resources
  Ireland Funds;                           for influencing policy; support for
• The Advisory Committee of the            policy networking in the northeast
  National Women’s Council EQUAL           region; and financial support for
  initiative, ‘In from the Margins’;       projects working to enhance
  and                                      participation in the National Anti-
• The Board of the Combined                Poverty Strategy.
  European Bureau for Social
  Development (CEBSD), an EU               Two poverty and policy seminars were
  Network that promotes community          held in 2004, one on Child Poverty in
  development.                             Tullamore, and one on Access to
                                           Services in the Border Counties in
Supporting anti-poverty groups to          Monaghan. The seminars were
influence policy                           designed to support community and
                                           voluntary organisations who are seeking
Following the re-allocation of functions   to influence anti-poverty policy both
between government departments in          locally and nationally.
2002, overall responsibility for the
Working Against Poverty Grants             Combat Poverty launched a new
Scheme and the National Anti-Poverty       training resource – Influencing Policy:
Networks Programme was moved from          Training Pack – which provides tools
the Department of Social and Family        for planning strategies to influence the
Affairs to the Department of               policy-making process. This resource is
Community, Rural and Gaeltacht             primarily of use to those who have a
Affairs, with effect from 1 January        capacity-building, training or policy
2004. Since then, joint meetings have      development role with the community
taken place twice yearly with the          and voluntary sector. Three seminars
National Anti-Poverty Networks. In         took place, in Portlaoise, Dublin and
2004 meetings were held in Galway          Monaghan, to promote the use of the
and Dublin.                                pack by community and voluntary
                                           groups, on the themes of NAPS, health
Practice to Policy                         and peace-building.

                                           Work in the North East region
Practice to policy work involves
                                           supported the development and co-
strengthening the participation of
                                           ordination of regional policy networking

for groups in the region. Two events      groups working in the border counties.
were organised to inform and support      Combat Poverty provided both funding
this work: A consultative roundtable on   and development support to 10
strengthening Practice to Policy work     projects to involve people living in
in the border region; and ‘Influencing    poverty in the development or
Change in the Border Counties’ – a        implementation of the NAPS.
networking seminar for anti-poverty

OBJECTIVE 5                                supplement of the spring issue of
                                           Action on Poverty Today.
Combat Poverty Agency will propose
                                           Combat Poverty’s submission on
innovative policies aimed at a more
                                           Budget 2005 was presented to the
equal distribution of income, resources
                                           Minister and Department of Social and
and employment.
                                           Family Affairs and was widely
                                           disseminated. The Submission focused
Tax and Social Welfare Reform
                                           on welfare payments and supports,
                                           child income support, low-wage
Informing and influencing policies and
                                           working families and early childhood
measures that affect people
                                           education and care.
experiencing poverty is one of Combat
Poverty’s primary functions. In this
                                           In conjunction with the Economic and
regard, it monitors and assesses the
                                           Social Research Institute, Combat
impact of the tax and social welfare
                                           Poverty utilises the SWITCH tax/benefit
systems from a poverty perspective
                                           model. This simulates the effect of tax
and, where appropriate, recommends
                                           and welfare measures on households
revised or alternative measures. To
                                           and is an important tool in helping
guide this work, research or analytical
                                           Combat Poverty analyse the effects of
studies are undertaken.
                                           budgetary measures.
The Budget is a key mechanism for the
                                           The incidence of poverty among those
redistribution of national income.
                                           in employment has increased in recent
Combat Poverty seeks to influence the
                                           years. To investigate this phenomenon,
overall thrust and the balance of
                                           Combat Poverty is undertaking a
priorities within the Budget in order to
                                           qualitative study of low-paid working
ensure it works effectively for the
                                           households. This work was ongoing in
elimination of poverty and the
promotion of social inclusion. Its
Budget submission and post-Budget
                                           The tax system plays an important role
analysis are two of Combat Poverty’s
                                           in redistributing resources in society.
most important statements on poverty
                                           Combat Poverty commissioned a study
policy during each year.
                                           on indirect taxation and its distributive
                                           impact in 2004. The report of the
The post-Budget analysis reports on
                                           research will be published in 2005.
the effect of budgetary measures on
households. The analysis of Budget
2004 was published in a special

Strengthening organisational                out in its Strategic Plan for that
capacity                                    period. These formed the basis for the
                                            year’s work programme. Following the
Combat Poverty continued its policy of      transfer of the National Anti-Poverty
harnessing its organisational resources     Networks Programme and the Working
– financial, human, material and            Against Poverty Grants scheme to the
technological – in a way that supports      Department of Community, Rural and
its remit to secure the greatest            Gaeltacht Affairs at the end of 2003,
advances in the elimination of poverty      some administration of this work
and social exclusion and best serve its     continued in 2004.
clients’ needs.
                                            A mid-term evaluation of the Strategic
Combat Poverty recognises the value of      Plan 2002-2004, led by consultants
its staff, their expertise and their        Eustace Patterson Ltd, and supported
commitment as essential resources in        by a Board-staff steering group, was
carrying out its work. It seeks to          completed in parallel with the start of
support staff and to create work            work by the Board and staff on a new
structures, based on openness,              Strategic Plan for 2005-2007.
consultation and partnership that allow
staff to use their skills to help achieve   A Board Sub-Committee supported the
organisational objectives.                  development and completion of the
                                            2005-2007 Strategic Plan, which was
Combat Poverty, as part of its              finalised by end 2004.
commitment to working to the highest
standard of effectiveness and               Partnership working
efficiency, continued to monitor the        Work continued during 2004 on
allocation of people resources and the      Combat Poverty’s Modernisation Action
ongoing need for sectional co-operation     Plan, required under the Sustaining
on key work areas.                          Progress national partnership
                                            agreement. Progress was monitored by
Combat Poverty piloted the Project          the Partnership Committee of Combat
Team approach, through the                  Poverty and reported to the Secretary
establishment of a Health Project           General of the Department of Social
Team, to progress the work on poverty       and Family Affairs.
and health.
                                            The Partnership Committee met four
Strategic Plan                              times in 2004. It also discussed the
Combat Poverty’s key objectives and         review of recruitment and selection
goals for the period 2002-2004 are set      policy, flexible working and varied
                                            attendance, customer service, and the

code of conduct for Board and staff.        areas for the final year of the Strategic
The Committee was briefed by the            Plan 2002-2004 was undertaken.
Director on matters relating to the         Estimates for the 2005 work
proposed relocation of Combat Poverty       programme were submitted to the
under the Government’s                      Department of Social and Family
decentralisation programme.                 Affairs.

Customer Service Action Plan                Financial records were maintained in
Combat Poverty strives to achieve best      respect of all staff and consultants
practice in administrative, operational     during the year and statutory tax
and human resources procedures, in          records were supplied as part of
order to provide the best quality of        ongoing financial and employment
services to its clients and the best        procedures.
working supports to its staff.
                                            The financial records included all
Following consultation through the          transactions carried out for that section
partnership process, the Customer           of the Peace II Programme for which
Service Action Plan was updated and         Combat Poverty is liable as part of the
formally adopted following a staff          joint management agreement with
briefing. The Plan encompasses the          ADM/CPA.
twelve quality customer service
principles approved by Government for       The Audit Committee met with
the public sector.                          ADM/CPA management in September
                                            and November as part of its monitoring
Work started at the end of 2004 on          of that work.
devising a Customer Charter for
Combat Poverty. The Charter is due to       A staff briefing was held on pensions
be finalised in 2005.                       policy and entitlements.

Financial management                        Governance
The 2003 financial statements were          High standards of compliance in
prepared and then submitted, along          relation to all financial records and
with the Annual Report for 2003, to the     procedures for tax gathering, tax
Minister for Social and Family Affairs in   clearance and payments were achieved
June. The Financial Statements were         and maintained. Tendering and
later audited by the Office of the          contracts complied with statutory
Comptroller and Auditor General.            requirements and with obligations
                                            under national partnership agreements.
In monitoring and reviewing                 Combat Poverty ensured that the
expenditure, a review of key funding        financial systems and records of

ADM/CPA in administering the Peace II     Decentralisation
Programme were also fully compliant.      Following the announcement in
                                          December 2003 that the Combat
Combat Poverty continued to               Poverty Agency was to be relocated to
implement the Provisions of the Code      Monaghan, Combat Poverty established
of Practice for the Governance of State   a Board Sub-Committee to assess the
Bodies.                                   implications of the proposed move. An
                                          assessment, including consultation
A Code of Conduct for Members and         with staff, of the impact on the
Staff, under the terms of the Ethics in   organisation and its staff was
Public Office Act, was agreed by the      undertaken.
Board and the Partnership Committee,
and put in place.                         Human resources policy
                                          During 2004, the Director and
A Risk Management Workshop was            Members of the Board Sub-Committee
attended by members of the Audit          on Decentralisation briefed staff on a
Committee and the Management Team         number of occasions on developments
in May.                                   relating to the proposal to relocate
                                          Combat Poverty under the
A detailed review of internal financial   decentralisation programme announced
controls was carried out in December      by the Government in December 2003.
by PricewaterhouseCoopers.
                                          Discussions continued during the year
                                          with the Department of Social and

Family Affairs regarding the terms and      Performance management and
conditions that would apply to              development
contracts of indefinite duration being      An evaluation of Combat Poverty’s
offered to staff in permanent core          Performance Management and
posts.                                      Development Process (PMD) was
                                            carried out in late 2004. Training was
Development and training                    provided for a number of staff in
Under Combat Poverty’s Development          relation to performance planning and
and Training plan for staff, the average    feedback.
number of days spent on training per
individual staff member was 6 days in       The Performance Plan for the Director
2004, similar to 2003. Total                was approved by the Board and the
expenditure on development and              Department of Finance.
training in 2004 was maintained at 4
per cent of payroll. Among the cross-       Recruitment
sectional training initiatives undertaken   A number of temporary appointments
were people skills, team building and       were made during the year: Fidelma
project management.                         Joyce to the post of Head of
                                            Information and Public Education
Flexible working and varied attendance      (work-share), Elaine Byrne as Policy
Following the external review of flexible   Liaison Officer (part-time) and Siobhán
working arrangements and work-life          Commins as Financial Administrator.
balance policies in late 2003, a Work
Share and Varied Attendance Scheme          Information technology (IT)
was agreed through the Partnership          An IT development implementation
Committee and put in place in July.         plan was put in place, based on the
Later in the year, a commissioned study     review of information technology needs
reported on criteria for assessment of      and capacity, completed in 2003. A
applications for varied attendance          new server and upgraded hardware and
under the new scheme.                       software were installed. Updating of
                                            records and archive management
A pilot home working project, involving     procedures continued. The
one staff member, commenced during          implementation plan continued into
the year and was reviewed in December.      2005.

Health and safety                           Combat Poverty continued to comply
Combat Poverty continued to fulfil          with the requirements of the Freedom
obligations under health and safety at      of Information Act and carried out a
work legislation.                           review of its procedures and
                                            responsibilities for data protection.

An e-payments plan was prepared in      The Minister reappointed Brian
relation to the phased elimination of   Duncan, Helen Johnston and Seamus
cheque payments. This plan will be      McAleavey when their initial period of
implemented in 2005.                    membership concluded.

Combat Poverty Board                    The Board met, along with staff, in
The Minister for Social and Family      Mullingar in June as part of its
Affairs appointed Callista Bennis and   preparation of a new Strategic Plan
Orlaigh Quinn (Office for Social        and held its September meeting at
Inclusion) to the Board of Combat       ADM/CPA’s offices in Monaghan.
Poverty in 2004.

“ We are now one of the
  most developed
     economies in the OECD
     and this should be
     reflected in the
     standard of living we
     provide to all those
     living in Ireland, as
     well as the quality of
     measures we take to
     tackle poverty issues.

                                  Appendix 1

Board, Sub-Committees and Staff
Appendix 1
Board, Sub-Committees and Staff
Board attendance in 2004

There were eight meetings of the Board in 2004. Two new members were
appointed to the Board during the year: Orlaigh Quinn who replaced Marie O’Neill
as the representative of the Department of Social and Family Affairs; and Callista
Bennis. Four members completed their three-year terms during 2004 and of
these, three were re-appointed to the Board by the Minister, Mary Coughlan, TD.

Participation on various Board Sub-Committees and related activity is outlined

Number of meetings attended (number eligible to attend in brackets)

                                                         Board             Sub-Committees
Brian Duncan, Chairperson         1
                                                         7 (8)             26 (31)
Pearse O’Hanrahan, Vice Chairperson                      6 (8)             25 (42)
Callista Bennis2                                         2 (3)              0 (0)
Maria Corrigan                                           5 (8)              0 (0)
Frank Curran                                             4 (8)              1 (1)
Bernard Feeney3                                          0 (1)              0 (0)
Anthony Gavin                                            8 (8)             19 (19)
Maria Gorman                                             8 (8)              2 (4)
Helen Johnston4                                          8 (8)             34 (42)
Tony Lane                                                8 (8)             16 (16)
Seamus McAleavey5                                        4 (8)              0 (0)
Tony O’Callaghan                                         7 (8)              2 (4)
Joan O’Flynn                                             7 (8)             10 (12)
Marie O’Neill6                                           3 (4)              6 (6)
Orlaigh Quinn7                                           4 (4)              4 (6)
Alice Robertson                                          7 (8)              5 (6)
Margaret Sweeney                                         8 (8)              2 (4)
Olive Sweetman                                           6 (8)              2 (2)

         1   Re-appointed as Chairperson in March 2004       6   Succeeded as Departmental representative in
         2   Appointed June 2004                                 June 2004
         3   Completed term March 2004                       7   Appointed as Departmental representative in
         4   Re-appointed June 2004                              June 2004

54       5   Re-appointed July 2004
Fees and Expenses
Fees payable to Board Members are set by the Minister for Social and Family
Affairs and are currently €7,618.43 for the Chairperson and €5,078.95 for
individual Members.

Expenses are paid in accordance with Civil Service Regulations on Travel and

Board Sub-Committees and Advisory Committees
In addition to attending Board Meetings, members were also active on sub-
committees and advisory committees. Two new Board Sub-Committees were
established during the year. The Board was represented on such committees as


Personnel and Finance Committee
Brian Duncan (Chair), Pearse O’Hanrahan, Helen Johnston, Joan O’Flynn, Anthony
Gavin, Marie O’Neill*

Audit Committee
Pearse O’Hanrahan (Chair), Maria Gorman, Anthony Gavin

Decentralisation Committee+
Anthony Gavin (Chair), Helen Johnston, Tony O’Callaghan, Pearse O’Hanrahan,
Margaret Sweeney, Joan O’Flynn

Strategic Plan Evaluation Committee
Anthony Gavin (Chair), Helen Johnston

2005-2007 Strategic Plan Committee+
Tony Lane (Chair), Helen Johnston, Alice Robertson


Local Government Anti-Poverty Learning Network Advisory Committee
Pearse O’Hanrahan (Chair), Helen Johnston, Alice Robertson, Maria Gorman,
Marie O’Neill*

* term ended during year

+ new committee
Building Healthy Communities Advisory Committee
Brian Duncan (Chair), Seamus McAleavey, Frank Curran, Helen Johnston

Poverty Research Initiative
Olive Sweetman


Joint Management Committee Membership (as at 31 December 2004)
Brian Duncan        (Joint Chairperson), Combat Poverty Agency
Terry Larkin        (Joint Chairperson), Area Development Management
Helen Johnston      Director, Combat Poverty Agency
Tony Crooks         Chief Executive Officer, Area Development Management
Pearse O’Hanrahan   Board Member, Combat Poverty Agency
Tony Lane           Board Member, Combat Poverty Agency
Liz Sullivan        Staff Member, Combat Poverty Agency
Jack Keyes          County Manager, Cavan
Adge King           Director of Community and Enterprise, Monaghan
Breege Lenihan      County Monaghan Community Network
Michael McCauley    Border Midlands and Western Regional Authority
Maire O’Leary       Community Workers Co-operative
Mary Ryan           Westbic, Galway
Bob Wilson          Dundalk Employment Partnership

Cross-Border Management Committee Membership (as at 31 December 2004)
Brian Duncan        (Joint Chairperson), Board, Combat Poverty Agency
Tony Crooks         (Joint Chairperson), CEO Area Development Management
Helen Johnston      Combat Poverty Agency, Director
Pearse O’Hanrahan   Combat Poverty Agency, Board Member
Maire O’Leary       Area Development Management representative
Bob Wilson          Area Development Management representative
Tony Kennedy        Co-operation Ireland, CEO
Bryan Johnston      Co-operation Ireland, Board Member
Avila Kilmurray     Community Foundation for Northern Ireland
Eamon Deane         Community Foundation for Northern Ireland

ADM/CPA Selection Panel Priority 1 and 2 (as at 31 December 2004)
Tony Crooks         (Chairperson) Chief Executive Officer, Area Development
Liz Sullivan        Staff Member, Combat Poverty Agency
Larry Kelly         FÁS, Sligo

Adge King                  Director of Community and Enterprise, Monaghan
Paddy McGinn               ADM/CPA Joint Manager
Paddy Logue                ADM/CPA Joint Manager
Department of Education and Science Inspectorate Secretariat (Vacant)

Cross-Border Selection Panel (as at 31 December 2004)
Helen Johnston              (Chairperson) Combat Poverty Agency, Director
Paddy Logue                 ADM/CPA Joint Manager
Paddy McGinn                ADM/CPA Joint Manager
Felicity McCartney          Community Foundation for Northern Ireland (CFNI)
Chrissie Cahill             Community Foundation for Northern Ireland (CFNI)
Tony Kennedy                Co-operation Ireland
Des Fegan                   Co-operation Ireland
Irene Monahan               Dundalk Institute
Bob Wilson                  Dundalk Employment Partnership
Christine Tiernan           Department of Education & Science

STAFF (as at 31 December 2004)

Director                    Helen Johnston

Organisational Management   and Development (OMD)
Seán Mistéil                 Head of Organisational Management & Development
Eileen Scanlon1              Human Resources Manager
Maria O’Neill1               Finance Manager
Ann Riordan2                 Executive Officer
Cora Murray                  Clerical Officer
Teresa Ward                  Clerical Officer – Receptionist
Siobhán Commins3             Financial Administrator

Liz Sullivan                Head of Projects
Joan O’Flynn                Programme Manager (work-share)
Julie Smyth                 Programme Manager (work-share)
Elaine Houlihan             Projects Officer
Barbara Walshe              Projects Officer
Vacant                      Projects Officer
Ann Moore                   Executive Officer
Paula Fitzpatrick           Clerical Officer
Janice Ransom1              EU Project Co-ordinator (LASI – Phase 2) &
                            EU Specialist Support (MSI – Phase 2)

Research and Policy
Jim Walsh                             Head of Research and Policy
Jonathan Healy                        Policy & Research Analyst
Vanessa Coffey                        Research Officer
Caroline Corr                         Research Officer
Kevin O’Kelly                         EU Research Co-ordinator (MSI – Phase 2)
Izabela Litewska                      EU Research Administrator (MSI – Phase 2)
Joanne Mulholland4                    Administrator

Information and Public Education
Vacant                Head of Information and Public Education
Fidelma Joyce         Acting Head of Information and Public Education
                      (half-time)/Policy Liaison Officer (half-time)
Margaret O’Gorman     Communications Officer
Jean Cassidy          Library & Information Officer
Elaine Byrne          Acting Policy Liaison Officer (half-time)/
                      Information and Public Education Executive (half-time)
Patricia Farnan       Information and Public Education Executive (half-time)
Valerie Byrne2
                      Communications Assistant
Annmarie Wallace 2
                      Grants Assistant

1   Part-time posts
2   Work-share posts
3   Covering vacant clerical officer post
4   Covering long-term sick absence

EU Peace & Reconciliation (Monaghan)

Paddy Logue                           Joint Manager of EU Programme

ADM/CPA STAFF LIST (as at 31 May 2005)

Programme Managers
Paddy Logue        Joint Manager, Combat Poverty Agency
Paddy McGinn       Joint Manager, Area Development Management
                   Administration and Finance
Ailish Quinn       Office Manager
Áine Coffey        Receptionist/Secretary
Anna Carragher     Clerical Officer
Ursula Sheridan    Clerical Officer (Donegal office)
Christine Lehmann  Clerical Officer – Database/IT (pt)

Mary Kelly             Finance Manager
Amanda Treanor         Finance Co-ordinator
Diane Bell             Finance Officer – Selection
Margaret Flood         Finance Officer – Monitoring
Mandy Creighan         Financial Clerical Officer
Sinéad Hegarty         Financial Clerical Officer
Celine Kelly           Financial Clerical Officer
Connor McCarron        Financial Clerical Officer
Mary Robinson          Financial Clerical Officer
Padraic Smyth          Financial Clerical Officer
Vacant                 Financial Clerical Officer

Development & Research
Donald McDonald      Development Co-ordinator – Priority 1/ Monaghan
Colette Nulty        Development Co-ordinator – Priority 5/ Cavan
Paul Skinnader       Development Co-ordinator – Priority 2/ Donegal
Bernard Bolger       Development Officer – Louth
Liam McKeever        Development Officer – Sligo
Donnacha McSorley    Development Officer – Leitrim
Pauline Perry        Development Officer – Cross-border
Anne Molloy          Development Officer – Inishowen
Ruth Taillon         Research Co-ordinator
Patrice Crawley      Research Assistant

Under Section 14 of the Combat Poverty Agency Act, 1986, a Non-Contributory
Superannuation Scheme and a Contributory Spouse’s and Children’s Scheme have
been approved by the Minister for Social, Community and Family Affairs for staff
in the Agency. A number of staff, employed on a secondment basis from other
organisations, have retained their membership of these organisations’
superannuation schemes.

Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 1989
Combat Poverty, including the ADM/CPA Peace and Reconciliation Programme
office, continues to implement appropriate measures to protect the safety and
health of all employees and visitors within its offices.

“ Ending child poverty
  in Ireland requires a
     national strategy. This
     means that all sectors
     of Irish society would
     support and contribute
     to policies and actions
     that will eliminate

     child poverty.

                     Appendix 2

Projects funded by
Combat Poverty
Appendix 2
Projects funded by Combat Poverty

Loughboy Area Resource Centre Kilkenny               €5,000.00
Comhar Chumann Chonamara Thiarteo (Co-op) Teo        €5,000.00
Asylum Seekers Group                                 €5,000.00
Global Action Plan Ballymun                          €5,000.00
Cork City Partnership                                €5,000.00
Portlaoise Community Action Project                  €5,000.00

Building Healthy Communities Funding
Blue Drum Arts Specialist Support Agency            €15,000.00
COPE                                                 €5,802.00
Corduff CDP                                         €15,000.00
Galway Refugee Support Group                        €15,000.00
Pavee Point (Health Network)                        €15,000.00
Irish Deaf Society                                  €15,000.00
Letterkenny Women’s Centre                           €7,100.00
Lifford/Clonleigh Resource Centre*                  €15,000.00
Mayfield Community Arts Centre                      €11,000.00
Merchants Quay Ireland                              €14,938.00
MFG Comhair Dhuibhne*                               €15,000.00
North Inner City Drugs Task Force                    €6,500.00
Pavee Point Travellers Centre                       €15,000.00
Schizophrenia Ireland                               €15,000.00
Tallaght Intercultural Action*                      €15,000.00
Voice of Older People                                €6,400.00
West Offaly Partnership                             €15,000.00
Women Out and About                                  €8,160.00

* Funded by the Department of Health and Children

Practice to Policy Programme
Children’s Rights Alliance                                        €15,000.00
Community Workers Co-Operative                                    €11,000.00
Wicklow Community Platform                                        €14,300.00
Pavee Point                                                       €12,000.00
Donegal Travellers Project                                        €10,950.00
Cáirde                                                            €12,000.00
ATD Fourth World                                                  €10,000.00
Immigration Council of Ireland                                    €15,000.00
One-Parent Exchange Network                                       €17,516.00
Migrant Rights Centre                                             €12,000.00

Public Awareness Funding for UN Day for Eradication of Poverty
European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN) Ireland                       €3,500.00
Community Platform (administered by the Community Workers
Co-Operative)                                                      €3,700.00
Children’s Rights Alliance                                         €1,000.00
Vincentian Partnership for Social Justice                          €5,000.00

Miscellaneous Funding
Dublin Inner City Partnership                                      €5,000.00
Institute of Public Health (on behalf of NAPS Working Group)      €36,000.00
The Graduate: Ireland’s Essential Student Guide                    €3,000.00
Social Innovators Award                                            €3,000.00
Northside Community Law Centre                                     €5,000.00
Crosscare                                                          €4,000.00


Academic Research Awards (paid in 2004)

Awarded 2004
Centre for Co-operative Studies, University College Dublin         €8,080.00
Department of Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway   €24,000.00
The Children’s Research Centre, Trinity College Dublin            €24,000.00
Department of Politics and Public Administration, University
of Limerick                                                       €20,598.00

Awarded 2003
Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, Department of
Geography, Trinity College Dublin                                €30,000.00

Awarded 2002
Department of Sociology, University College Dublin                €5,900.00
Centre for Health Promotion Studies, University College Galway    €1,476.00

PhD Fellowships (paid in 2004)

Awarded 2004
Evolving Local Governance and Social Partnership                   €13,000.00
– Enhancing Social Inclusion?                                    + € 3,117.00
Chris McInerney, Department of Politics and Public Administration,        fees
University of Limerick

Awarded 2003
Tackling Unemployment and Youth Marginalisation:                  €13,000.00
How Do Work Experiences in Second Level Shape Youth              + €4,592.57
Transactions in a Comparative Aspect?                      fees + maintenance
Delma Byrne, Centre for Educational Sociology,
Department of Education and Society, University of Edinburgh

Awarded 2002
Calibration of Adequacy – A Case Study of the Political           €13,000.00
Economy of Social Welfare Adequacy in Ireland                    + €3,289.00
Mary Murphy, School of Communications, Dublin City University            fees

Awarded 2001
A Sociological Analysis of the Process of Reception,             €13,000.00
Resettlement and Integration of Refugees and Asylum Seekers
in Ireland
Niamh Humphries, Department of Sociology,
University College Dublin

                                      Appendix 3

EU Special Support Programme for Peace
and Reconciliation: Grants approved 2004
Appendix 3
EU Special Support Programme for
Peace and Reconciliation: Grants
approved 2004
The Combat Poverty Agency and Area Development Management (ADM) Ltd have
joint responsibility for 12 measures under the EU Peace II Programme.

In 2004 the following grants were paid: Measure 1.5 Positive Actions for Women;
Measure 2.1 Reconciliation for Sustainable Peace; Measure 2.4c Pathways to
Inclusion, Integration and Reconciliation of Victims; Measure 2.6 Promoting
Active Citizenship; Measure 2.7 Developing Weak Community Infrastructure;
Measure 5.3 Developing Cross-Border Reconciliation and Understanding.

For details of projects under other measures, please refer to ADM’s Annual Report
and the annual report of ADM/CPA.

Measure 1.5 – Positive Actions for Women
Workers Educational Association                                   €288,027.21
North Leitrim Women’s Centre                                       €27,589.98
FÁS                                                               €130,677.19
Letterkenny Women’s Centre                                        €135,215.45
Sligo Leader Partnership Company                                   €80,342.44
Louth County Enterprise Board                                     €110,582.48
Donegal County Enterprise Board                                    €66,712.39
Cavan County Childcare Committee Ltd                               €48,477.37
Co. Monaghan Partnership                                           €28,595.85
Sligo Co. Enterprise Board Ltd                                     €34,376.28

Measure 2.1 – Reconciliation for Sustainable Peace
CDVEC Curriculum Development Unit                                 €253,754.87
Co. Monaghan Community Network Limited                            €142,864.98
Drogheda Community Forum                                           €91,895.10
Foinn Chonallacha Teo                                             €131,463.44
Sligo County Council/Sligo Connections                             €93,901.96

National University of Ireland, Galway                   €123,112.78
Manorcunningham Community Development Association         €62,846.88
North Leitrim Glens Development Co. Ltd                   €92,522.04
Raphoe Economic Development Group Ltd                     €91,113.91
Quare Hawks Theatre Company                               €11,940.29
Monaghan Town Council                                     €40,739.15
The Border Minority Group                                 €16,982.28

Measure 2.4c – Pathways to Inclusion, Integration and Reconciliation
of Victims
Clones Community Forum Ltd                               €170,628.03
Clones Development Society Ltd                            €82,942.17
Radio Pobal Inis Eoghain                                 €105,349.62
Donegal Travellers Project                               €150,142.63
Abhaile Arís                                             €171,432.58
Expac Ltd                                                €156,012.95
Fáilte Abhaile                                           €165,181.68
Fáilte Cluain Eois                                       €194,882.81
Comharcumann Finn Thiar Teo                                €3,000.00
Iar Cimi Liatroma Teoranta                               €134,499.38
Cavan Family Resource Centre Ltd                         €131,546.38
GROW                                                      €57,481.84
Tirhugh Resource Centre                                  €123,668.75
LOCUS Management                                          €38,802.95
Community Workers Co-operative                            €18,871.01
Triskele Community Training & Development                 €67,087.45
Inch Island Community Assoc                               €64,728.42
Kilnaleck & District Community Co-op Society Ltd          €46,132.90
Tús Nua Sligeach                                         €119,269.94

Measure 2.6 – Promoting Active Citizenship
Derry & Raphoe Action                                      €7,846.16
Letterkenny Community Development Project                  €7,577.22
Donegal South Forum Ltd                                    €7,336.52
Sligo County Council                                       €7,769.23
Monaghan County Council                                   €34,819.48
Donegal County Council                                    €46,324.09
Co. Leitrim Community Forum                               €22,154.44
Donegal Local Development Company                          €3,300.00

Pobal Eascarrach Teoranta                                  €4,500.00
Inishowen Partnership Company                              €4,500.00
Monaghan Community Forum                                   €3,885.00
Second Chance Education Project for Women                  €4,271.70
Castleblayney Community Enterprise Ltd                     €4,500.00
Louth Youth Federation                                     €4,500.00
HITEC Carrickmacross                                       €3,150.00
Kilnaleck & District Community Co-op                       €3,712.50

Measure 2.7 – Developing Weak Community Infrastructure
Cavan Monaghan Rural Development                        €16,944.71
Community Workers Co-op                                €106,270.33
Dunfanaghy Resource Association                        €107,111.74
Killeshandra Community Council Ltd                      €86,120.95
Cathedral Hall Management Committee                     €36,366.31
Castleblayney Arts & Community Development Co. Ltd     €438,981.36
ADoPT                                                  €129,657.57
Bunnoe Community Development Association Ltd            €26,751.76
Barnesmore Community Development Association Ltd        €26,624.06
Glenfarne Community Development Trust Ltd               €70,467.19
Culdaff Community Association Ltd                      €107,734.42
Moville Community Complex Dev. Co. Ltd                 €105,494.38
Rockcorry Development Association                       €56,879.33
Drumsna Development Association Ltd                     €68,038.58
Quigley’s Point Community Centre Ltd                    €81,266.00

Measure 5.3 – Developing Cross-Border Reconciliation and
80:20 Educating & Acting for a Better World             €-2,433.97*
Glencree Centre for Reconciliation                     €181,492.10
Inter-Classic                                           €43,712.83
Kiltyclogher Cashel Development Co. Ltd                 €76,909.83
Rural Mental Health                                     €93,327.14
Shankill Community Association                          €78,907.20
The Shanty Education & Training Centre                  €66,481.76
Women Educating for Transformation (WEFT)              €107,677.06
Ballincollig Senior Citizens                           €168,420.69
Boomerang Theatre Company                               €23,343.10
Glencree Centre for Reconciliation                      €63,425.57
The Irish Peace Institute                                €8,147.14

Riverstown Enterprise Development                    €109,067.12
Monaghan Neighbourhood Youth (Foróige)                €51,353.94
Town of Monaghan Co-op                                €23,477.85
Horizon Ireland Ltd                                  €216,727.39
Co-operation Ireland                                  €50,554.13
South Belfast Cultural Society                        €93,184.07
Co-operation Ireland                                 €143,411.23
Springfield Inter-Community Development Project      €117,183.92
Downpatrick/Listowel Linkage Group                    €27,624.58
Newbuildings Community & Environmental Association    €16,845.79
Derry and Raphoe Action                              €171,899.32
Children’s Holiday Scheme (NI) Limited – NICHS       €106,787.69
Tyrone Donegal Partnership                            €94,586.86
Irish School of Ecumenics                             €62,796.45
Enniskillen Community Development Project             €89,840.60
Community Visual Images                              €130,856.61
Drake Music Project Northern Ireland (NI)             €83,126.88
NIACAB                                                €86,383.85
Teach na Fáilte/ Cross Border Project                €101,053.45
Mediation Resource Centre                             €93,296.28
Coiste na n-Iarchimi                                 €235,739.65
The Pushkin Prizes Trust                              €36,135.96
Sandy Row Community Development Agency                €74,186.81
Dunfield Football Ltd                                 €97,201.64
Farset/Inishowen & Border Counties Initiative        €300,770.74
Border Arts                                          €104,302.93
Churches Peace Education Programme                    €95,167.29
Co. Museum Dundalk/ Newry & Mourne Museums            €45,719.89
Cumann Gaelach Chnoc na Ros Doire                    €135,162.73
Ballymacarrett Arts and Cultural Society              €71,814.80
County Sligo VEC & Western Education Library Board   €144,605.72
Fjordlands                                            €46,828.14
Cross-Border Orchestra                               €115,076.56
Gallery of Photography                                €14,675.16
Iontaobhas Ruraí                                      €37,969.32
Future Youth Games                                    €40,054.29
Ballinahinch and Drogheda Cross-Border Arts           €30,977.66
Scoutlink                                             €81,531.87
Ligoniel Improvement Association                      €78,174.88
Strabane Lifford Development Commission              €107,999.23

* Refund

“ To be seriouspoverty
  ending child

     requires that it is a
     clear political priority
     articulated by key
     politicians, who would
     espouse a positive
     vision of a society free
     of child poverty.
                        Appendix 4

Some new publications
Appendix 4
Some new publications (as at 31 May
2005 Research Report. Poverty & Conflict in Ireland: An International
     Perspective by Paddy Hillard, Bill Rolston and Mike Tomlinson1
2005 Policy Forum. Irish Social Expenditure in a Comparative International
     Context: Epilogue by Virpi Timonen1
2005 Strategic Plan. Working for a Poverty-Free Ireland
2005 Programme. Social Inclusion Units in Local Authorities (Going Forward –
     The Lessons Learned) by Kathy Walsh
2005 Programme. Making A Difference (An Anti-Poverty Training Handbook for
     Local Authorities)
2005 Programme. Local Anti-Poverty Strategy Guide
2005 Programme. Access to Public Libraries for Marginalised Groups by
     Fitzpatrick Associates
2005 Resource. Left Outside? by Maureen Bassett and Neil Haran
2004 Resource. Developing Facilitation Skills by Patricia Prendiville
2004 Booklet. Health Services and the National Anti-Poverty Strategy
2004 Discussion Paper. Poverty is Bad for your Health by Ruth Barrington
2004 Research Report. Food Poverty and Policy by Sharon Friel and Catherine
2004 Research Report. Sharing Household Resources (Learning from Non-
     Monetary Indicators) by Sara Cantillon, Brenda Gannon and Brian Nolan1
2004 Research Report. Housing, Poverty and Wealth in Ireland by Tony Fahey,
     Brian Nolan and Bertrand Maître, ESRI1
2004 Research Report. EU Trans-National Exchange Project on: Mainstreaming
     Social Inclusion
2004 Fact Sheet. What is Poverty?
2004 Fact Sheet. Homelessness and Poverty
2004 Fact Sheet. Measuring Poverty
2004 Fact Sheet. Child Poverty in Ireland
2004 Fact Sheet. Lone-Parent Families and Poverty
2004 Against All Odds Poverty Briefing. Growing up in Poverty
2004 Against All Odds Poverty Briefing. Living in Deprived Communities
2004 Against All Odds Poverty Briefing. Living with Poverty and Poor Health
2004 Poverty Briefing No.15. Poverty and Health
2004 Poverty Briefing No. 16. Poverty in Ireland – The Facts: 2001

2004 Student Leaflet. What is Poverty?
2004 Student Leaflet. Responses to Poverty
2004 Student Leaflet. People & Poverty
2004 Student Leaflet. Why Are People Poor?
2004 Programme. Influencing Policy: Training Pack by Caroline McCamley and
     Quintin Oliver
2004 Programme: Building Healthy Communities. Putting Poverty & Social
     Inclusion at the Centre of Health Policy & Practice (Conference report)

1 Available directly from Institute of Public Administration:

“ As overall income of
  levels and standards
     living have risen, some
     people have not been
     able to benefit to the
     same extent and
     therefore fall below
     what most people
     would consider an
     acceptable standard of

     living in society today.

for the year
ended 31

               Financial Statements
Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Statement of Members’ Responsibilities

The Combat Poverty Agency was established in 1986 by order of the Minister for Social and Family Affairs
made under the Combat Poverty Agency Act, 1986.

Section 10(1) of the Combat Poverty Act, 1986 requires Combat Poverty to keep, in such form as may be
approved by the Minister for Social and Family Affairs with the consent of the Minister for Finance, all proper
and usual accounts of all monies received or expended by it.

In preparing those financial statements, the Members of the Agency are required to:

•   select suitable accounting policies and then apply them consistently;
•   make judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent;
•   prepare the financial statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that
    Combat Poverty will continue in operation;
•   state whether applicable accounting standards have been followed, subject to any material departures
    disclosed and explained in the financial statements.

The Members of the Agency are responsible for keeping proper books of account which disclose with
reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of Combat Poverty and which enable it to ensure that
the financial statements comply with Section 10(1) of the 1986 Act. The Members of the Agency are also
responsible for safe-guarding the assets of Combat Poverty and hence for taking reasonable steps for the
prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

Basis of Financial Statements
Combat Poverty Agency in co-operation with Area Development Management Ltd (ADM Ltd.) have set up a
Joint Management Committee to administer the EU Special Support Programme for Peace and Reconciliation
in the six border counties. All transactions of the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation are
incorporated into the financial statements of Area Development Management Ltd. and the Combat Poverty
Agency. All the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation transactions for which Combat Poverty is liable
on the basis of the joint management agreement, together with the transactions for its ‘core’ operations, are
consolidated in these financial statements.

Brian Duncan, Chairperson

Helen Johnston, Director

Dated: 18 May 2005

Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Statement on the System of Internal Financial Control

On behalf of the members of the Board of Combat Poverty Agency I acknowledge our responsibility for
ensuring that an effective system of internal financial control is maintained and operated by Combat Poverty.

The system can only provide reasonable and not absolute assurance that assets are safeguarded, transactions
authorised and properly recorded, and that material errors or irregularities are either prevented or would be
detected in a timely period.

Key Control Procedures
The Board has taken steps to ensure an appropriate control environment is in place by:

•   establishing formal procedures through various committee functions to monitor the activities and
    safeguard the assets of the organisation;

•   clearly defining and documenting management responsibilities and powers; and

•   developing a strong culture of accountability across all levels of the organisation.

The Board is committed to the development of a Risk Management Policy Framework for Combat Poverty
during 2005.

The Board is continuing its practice of:

•   working closely with Government and various agencies and institutions to ensure that there is a clear
    understanding of Combat Poverty’s goals and support for Combat Poverty’s strategies to achieve those

•   carrying out regular reviews of strategic plans, both short and long term, and evaluating the risks to
    bringing those plans to fruition;

•   setting annual and longer term targets for each area of our operations, followed by the regular reporting
    on the results achieved;

•   establishing and enforcing extensive standard procedures and provisions under which financial assistance
    may be made available to projects, including compliance with tax, regulatory and reporting procedures;

•   provisions requiring repayment if the project does not fulfil commitments made by the promoter.

The system of internal financial control is based on a framework of regular management information,
administrative procedures including segregation of duties, and a system of delegation and accountability. In
particular it includes:

•   regular reviews by the Board of periodic and annual financial reports which indicate financial
    performance against forecasts;

•   setting targets to measure financial and other performances; and

•   formal project management disciplines.

Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Combat Poverty has appointed PricewaterhouseCoopers to act as internal auditor, reporting directly to the
Audit Committee of the Board. This committee oversaw the appointment of the internal auditor in late 2003.
It meets on average on a quarterly basis. The Audit Committee reviews reports prepared by Internal Audit and
other relevant reports. It in turn keeps the Board informed of the matters that it has considered.

The Board’s monitoring and review of the effectiveness of the system of internal financial control is informed
by the work of the internal auditor, the Audit Committee which oversees the work of the internal auditor, the
Management Team of Combat Poverty who have responsibility for the development and maintenance of the
financial control framework, and comments made by the Comptroller and Auditor General in his management
letter or other reports.

Annual Review of Controls
Combat Poverty carried out a formal review of the system of internal financial control in 2004. This was the
subject of a report through the Audit Committee to the Board in early 2005.

Brian Duncan, Chairperson
18 May 2005

Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Statement of Accounting Policies

Basis of Accounting
The financial statements have been prepared using the accruals method of accounting, except as indicated
below, and in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles under the historical cost convention.

Financial Reporting Standards recommended by the recognised accountancy bodies are adopted as they
become operative.

Oireachtas Grant-in-Aid
The income from this source represents actual cash receipts in the year.

EU Funding
Funding for the EU Special Programme for Peace and Reconciliation plus Technical Assistance funding to
meet costs of administering the programme is taken to income to match expenditure incurred. The balances
of receipts in excess of expenditure and/or of expenditure in excess of receipts are disclosed as Deferred
Income and/or Debtors as appropriate.

Projects and Programmes to Combat Poverty
Expenditure represents payments made by Combat Poverty during the year. Ownership of capital items,
purchased by project organisers, is vested in the parties who funded the project on a proportionate basis.
The interest of Combat Poverty in such assets is not included in these financial statements.

Fixed Assets and Depreciation
Fixed Assets are shown at original cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation is provided on a straight line basis at the following annual rates:

Furniture               12.50%
Equipment               20.00%

Capital Account
The Capital Account represents the unamortised amount of income allocated for the purchase of fixed assets.

Superannuation costs are charged against revenue when they arise. No provision has been made in respect of
future superannuation liabilities.

Contributions in the year in respect of spouses’ and children’s benefits are paid over to the Department of
Social and Family Affairs. (See also note 9)

Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Income and Expenditure Account for the year ended 31 December 2004
                                                                         Notes        2004               2003
INCOME                                                                                 €                  €
Oireachtas Grant-In-Aid
 Department of Social and Family Affairs                        2b(i) and (ii)     3,909,000          5,304,000
EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation                       1a                 8,841,150          9,079,252
Other Income                                                    1b                   239,165            185,609
                                                                                  12,989,315         14,568,861
Transfer (to)/from Capital Account                              6                     (36,199)           43,514

TOTAL INCOME                                                                       12,953,116        14,612,375

Projects and Programmes to Combat Poverty
 Innovative Programmes                                          2a                    924,386           682,501
 Information and Education Programmes                                                 454,723           529,035
 Research Promotion, Studies and Policy analysis                                      361,669           307,799
 National Networks programme                                    2b(i)                       -         1,414,005
 Working Against Poverty Grants Scheme                          2b(ii)                      -           421,569
EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation                       2c                  7,929,282         8,294,780
EU Mainstreaming Social Inclusion                               2d(i)                 197,384            73,646
EU Local Authority Inclusion                                    2d(ii)                 22,509            83,187
                                                                                    9,889,953        11,806,522

Development, Support and Administration costs
Salary Costs and Expenses                                       3                   2,243,795          2,028,362
Rent and Other Administration Costs                             4                     815,668            760,145
Depreciation                                                    5                      38,087             53,690
                                                                                    3,097,550          2,842,197

TOTAL EXPENDITURE                                                                  12,987,503        14,648,719

(DEFICIT) FOR THE YEAR                                                                (34,387)           (36,344)
Surplus at 1 January                                                                  289,433            325,777
Surplus at 31 December                                                                255,046            289,433

The Agency had no gains or losses in the financial year or the preceding year other than those dealt with in the
Income and Expenditure Account.

The Statement of Accounting Policies and Notes 1 to 11 form part of these Financial Statements.

Brian Duncan, Chairperson

Helen Johnston, Director
Dated: 18 May 2005

Combat Poverty Agency
Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

Balance sheet as at 31 December 2004
                                                           Notes                   2004             2003
                                                                                    €                €

Furniture and Equipment                                    5                        88,646          52,447

EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation
– Technical Assistance receivable                          1                        44,411         197,615
EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation
– Measure 5.3 advances to SEUPB                            1                       473,691          280,427
Debtors and Prepayments                                                             53,872          137,280
Cash at Bank and on Hand                                                         2,372,627        1,708,116
                                                                                 2,944,601        2,323,438

Creditors and Accruals                                                             343,550         361,725
Deferred Income – EU Programme for Peace
and Reconciliation                                         1                     2,346,007        1,620,729
Deferred Income – Mainstreaming Social Inclusion           2d(i)                         -           51,551
                                                                                 2,689,557        2,034,005

NET CURRENT ASSETS                                                                 255,044         289,433

                                                                                   343,690         341,880

Capital Account                                            6                        88,644          52,447
Surplus on Income and Expenditure Account                                          255,046         289,433

                                                                                   343,690         341,880

The Statement of Accounting Policies and Notes 1 to 11 form part of these Financial Statements.

Brian Duncan, Chairperson

Helen Johnston, Director
Dated: 18 May 2005

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004

                                                                                 2004              2003
                                                                                   €                 €
   a EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation

  Programme Funding
  Deferred Income at 1 January                                                  1,620,729           671,182
  Funding via the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs          8,592,000         9,144,000
  (Deferred Income) at 31 December*                                            (2,346,007)       (1,620,729)
  Income recognised                                                             7,866,722         8,194,453

  Technical Assistance
  (Grants Receivable) at 1 January                                               (197,615)         (637,183)
  Funding via the Special EU Payments Body (SEUPB)                              1,127,632         1,324,367
  Grants Receivable/(Deferred Income) at 31 December                               44,411           197,615
  Income recognised                                                               974,428           884,799

  Overall Total                                                                 8,841,150         9,079,252

  ESF/ERDF funding received from the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs comprises 25%
  Exchequer and 75% EU funding.

  To meet the administration costs of the various Measures of the Special EU Programme for Peace and
  Reconciliation, 75% of Technical Assistance funding is provided by the EU and 25% by the Irish and British
  Governments. The British Government contribution relates to Measure 5.3 and is 13.5%. Income is recognised
  to match expenditure of €62,560 for Support Costs and Administrative Costs of €911,827 (see Note 2 c).

  *Of this amount €473,691 represents funds advanced to the SEUPB in respect of Measure 5.3 which remained
  unspent at 31 December 2004. All Measures 5.3 payments are made to claimants by the SEUPB on foot of
  decisions made by ADM/CPA. This balance is treated as a debtor at 31 December 2004.

  b Other Income
  EU Social Exclusion Programme
    EU Commission                                                                 156,279            55,760
    Department of Social and Family Affairs                                             -            32,000
  Southern Health Board – Building Healthy Communities                             15,000                 -
  North Western Health Board – Building Healthy Communities                        15,000                 -
  North Eastern Health Board – Building Healthy Communities                             -            30,000
  Department of Health and Children – Building Healthy Communities                      -             5,000
  Sales of Publications                                                            13,304            23,517
  Seminar registration Fees                                                         4,888             6,183
  Miscellaneous Income                                                              2,235                45
  Interest earned on Deposit accounts                                              32,459            19,147
  PACE Avenir                                                                           -            13,957
                                                                                  239,165           185,609

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004


 a Innovative Programmes

 One of the functions of the Agency is to initiate and evaluate measures aimed at overcoming poverty. In line
 with this function the Agency supports a limited number of projects and programmes in both urban and rural
 areas which seek to identify and develop strategies aimed at tackling the underlying causes of poverty. The
 Agency also supports other projects and programmes by organising training and networking (in the form of
 seminars, conferences, exchange visits). Amounts spent under the main headings are as follows:

                                                                                     2004              2003
                                                                                      €                  €
 NAPs Local Government                                                              305,711            395,024
 Building Healthy Communities                                                       324,486            225,609
 Project support                                                                      7,938             38,005
 Practice to Policy                                                                 179,808             12,500
 Supporting Anti-Poverty Work                                                        57,152             11,363
 Poverty and Health                                                                  49,291                  -
                                                                                    924,386            682,501

 b (i) National Networks programme
       From 01 January 2004 Funding and responsibility for the National Networks was transferred to the
       Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs.

 b (ii) Working Against Poverty Grants Scheme
        From 01 January 2004 Funding and responsibility for the Working Against Poverty Grants scheme was
        transferred to the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs.

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004
 c EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation

 Combat Poverty Agency along with its partner Area Development Management Ltd (ADM/CPA) has responsibility
 for 10 measures of the EU Peace II Programme concentrating on the 6 southern border counties. The
 Partnership also has responsibility for 2 other cross-border measures along with its Northern partners, the
 Community Foundation for Northern Ireland and Co-operation Ireland. In total ADM/CPA has responsibility for
 €97,602,000 aimed at reconciliation and social inclusion.

 ADM/CPA, in partnership with Co-operation Ireland, also has responsibility for implementing Measure 3.1 of the
 EU Interreg IIIA Programme. This measure contains €9,580,000 aimed at projects which target social inclusion
 and are cross-border in structure.

 The expenditure of Combat Poverty under the Peace II Programme for 2004 is summarised below:

 Expenditure                                      2004
 Peace II Projects
 Measure 1.5                                     950,597
 Measure 2.1                                   1,153,138
 Measure 2.4c                                  2,001,661
 Measure 2.6                                     170,146
 Measure 2.7                                   1,464,709
 Measure 5.3                                   2,126,471
 Support Costs*                                   62,560
 Administration**                                911,827

 * Support costs expenditure for the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation covers programme promotion,
   project support and development, external appraisals, research and strategic development.

 ** Administration expenditure for the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation, which covers administration
    staff salaries, travel, subsistence, training, printing, postage, rent, maintenance, legal fees etc. is included in
    the figures set out in notes 3, 4 and 5 below.

 d EU Social Inclusion Programme

 In 2003 Combat Poverty received funding under the EU Social Inclusion Programme to undertake two
 transnational exchange projects.

 (i) Mainstreaming Social Inclusion
 €111,159 was received in 2004 from the EU Commission (€29,847 in 2003) to develop a project on
 Mainstreaming Social Inclusion. €197,384 represents payments made under the programme together with all
 the administration costs associated with the programme.

 (ii) Local Authority Social Inclusion
 €45,119 was received in 2004 from the EU Commission (€25,913 in 2003) to develop a project ‘Local
 Authority Social Inclusion’. €22,509 represents payments made under the programme.

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004
                                                                                       2004             2003
                                                                                        €                €

Staff salary costs*                                                                 1,853,571          1,723,313
Temporary employment agency costs                                                      50,157             44,677
Members’ Fees                                                                          66,833             64,948
Staff Training and Other Expenses                                                      69,695             64,221
Travel and Subsistence
 – Staff                                                                               93,264             69,303
 – Members and Sub-Committees                                                          33,141             22,357
Staff Recruitment                                                                      40,653             29,897
Board and Staff Initiatives                                                             2,522              4,415
Combat Poverty Seminar                                                                 32,934              4,179
Pension Gratuity and Payments                                                           1,025              1,052
                                                                                    2,243,795          2,028,362

* The average number of core staff (full-time equivalent) employed by the Agency during 2004 was 23 (2003:
  24). The figures given here include the Agency’s liability in respect of the remuneration of 1 staff member on
  secondment to the EU Commission and in respect of the remuneration of the 27 staff members in the EU
  Special Support Programme for Peace and Reconciliation.

                                                                                       2004               2003
                                                                                        €                  €

Rent and Rates                                                                        274,586            220,143
Postage and Telephones                                                                 99,297             86,555
Maintenance and Insurance                                                             116,056            104,788
Consultancy costs                                                                      65,242             50,442
Records and Archive management                                                         12,904             38,705
Printing, Stationery & Office Supplies                                                 36,058             36,385
Light and Heat                                                                         16,349             12,564
Consortium Partners Technical Assistance*                                             131,446            182,450
Outreach Offices support                                                                6,414              4,457
Internal Audit Fees                                                                    16,940                  -
Audit Fees                                                                             15,000             11,750
Sundry                                                                                  9,693              7,906
Legal/Professional Fees                                                                15,683              3,074
Loss on Disposals                                                                           -                926
                                                                                      815,668            760,145

* The Consortium Partners comprise Community Foundation for Northern Ireland and Co-operation Ireland.
  The 2003 Consortium Partner Technical Assistance figure of €182,450 has been reclassified under rent
  and other administration costs as this cost is funded from the Peace II Technical (Administration) budget.

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004
5. FIXED ASSETS                                              Furniture           Equipment           Total
                                                                €                    €                €
Cost or Valuation
 Balance at 1 January – at cost                               166,054              331,978           498,032
 Additions at cost                                              2,131               72,155            74,286
 Disposals at cost                                                  -               (3,945)           (3,945)
Balance at 31 December                                        168,185              400,188           568,373

Accumulated Depreciation
 Balance at 1 January                                         154,344              291,241           445,585
 Charged in the year                                            4,479               33,608            38,087
 Disposals                                                          -               (3,945)           (3,945)
Balance at 31 December                                        158,823              320,904           479,727

NET BOOK VALUE – 31/12/04                                        9,362              79,284             88,646
NET BOOK VALUE – 31/12/03                                       11,710              40,737             52,447

                                                                                      2004            2003
                                                                                      €                €

Balance at 1 January                                                                52,447             95,961
Transfer to/(from) Income and Expenditure Account
Income applied to purchase fixed assets                                              74,286            11,101
Amortised in the year in line with asset depreciation                               (38,087)          (53,690)
Released on disposal of fixed assets                                                      -              (925)
                                                                                     36,199           (43,514)

Balance at 31 December                                                              88,646             52,447


There were no contingent liabilities at 31 December, 2004.


(a) There were no capital commitments at 31 December, 2004
(b) Funding commitments of €178,419 existed at 31 December, 2004 (2003 €124,500) for Combat Poverty in
    respect of Grants to Research Projects.
(c) Combat Poverty Agency has commitments up to the year 2017 in respect of the lease of office accommodation
    at Bridgewater Business Centre, Islandbridge. The rent on foot of this lease is €200,000 per annum which is
    subject to review on a five-yearly basis.

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004
The Combat Poverty Agency Main Superannuation Scheme 1997 and the Combat Poverty Agency Spouses’ and
Children’s Contributory Pension Scheme 1997 have been established, to take effect from 1 January 1987, in
accordance with Section 14 of the Combat Poverty Agency Act, 1986.

The Agency operates a defined benefit superannuation scheme for its employees. Superannuation entitlements
arising under these schemes are paid out of current income and are charged to the Income and Expenditure Account
in the year in which they become payable. No provision is made in the financial statements in respect of future
benefits. Salaries and Wages are charged in the financial statements net of employee superannuation contributions.

A new accounting standard, Financial Reporting Standard No. 17 – Retirement Benefits (FRS 17), was issued by
the Accountancy Standards Board in November 2000. Compliance with the new standard does not become
mandatory until the financial year 2005. However, in accordance with the transitional arrangement set down by the
standard, the Combat Poverty Agency (CPA) is required to disclose the assets (if any) and liabilities related to the
pension schemes for its employees by way of a note to the accounts. The results set out below are based on an
actuarial valuation of the liabilities in respect of CPA staff as at 31 December 2004. This valuation was carried out
using the projected unit method.

The financial assumptions used to calculate scheme liabilities were as follows:

                                       2004         2003
Discount rate                          5.5%         6.0%
Salary increase assumption             4.0%         4.0%
Pension increase assumption            4.0%         4.0%
Price inflation                        2.0%         2.0%

On the basis of these assumptions, and using the projected unit method prescribed in FRS 17, the value of the
accrued liabilities in respect of CPA staff at 31 December 2004 was estimated at €2.3m (compared with €1.5m
as at 31 December 2003).

There are no assets held in respect of the accrued pension liabilities of CPA staff.

If the requirements of FRS 17 were fully adopted in 2004 the following would have been reflected in the financial

Analysis of the amount that would have been charged to operating surplus under FRS 17

Current service cost                                                                     260,000
Past service cost                                                                              -
Total operating charge                                                                   260,000

Analysis of the amount that would have been credited to other finance income
Interest on pension scheme liabilities                                                    (80,000)

Analysis of the amount that would have been recognised in the statement of total
recognised gains and losses (STRGL)
Experience gains and losses arising on the scheme liabilities                           (260,000)
Changes in assumptions underlying the present value of the scheme liabilities           (270,000)
Actuarial gain recognised in STRGL                                                      (530,000)

Movement in deficit during the year
Deficit at beginning of year                                                           (1,460,000)
Current service cost                                                                     (260,000)
Interest on scheme liabilities                                                            (80,000)
Actuarial gain recognised in STRGL                                                       (530,000)
Deficit in scheme at end of year                                                       (2,330,000)

Combat Poverty Agency
Notes to Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2004
Combat Poverty has adopted procedures in accordance with the Code of Practice on the Governance of State Bodies
in relation to the disclosure of interest of Board Members and these procedures have been adhered to.

There were no transactions in the year in relation to the Agency’s activities in which members had any beneficial

The Financial Statements were approved by the Board on 18 May, 2005

These Financial Statements for 2004 are subject to audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General under the
provisions of section 10(2) of the Combat Poverty Agency Act, 1986.

                                                                            design by

Bridgewater Centre, Conyngham Road, Islandbridge, Dublin 8
Tel: 01 670 6746 Fax: 01 670 6760 Email: Website:

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