Truman Doctrine - A pledge by President Truman by zcc46658

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									Truman Doctrine - A pledge by President Truman that he would use the Economic
powers          of the US to help free nations everywhere resist communism.
       ::Sig:: It was Truman’s push to help Turkey and Greece resist the shadow of
       Russian communism and contain the threat. It was based on the domino theory
       that if one country in Europe fell, they all could fall.

Berlin Airlift - The US’s non-violent solution to the soviet blockade of Berlin. They
       airlifted supplies into berlin for almost a full year.
       Sig:: The soviets tried to take berlin or force the US and allies to strike first, the
       airlift shifted it so the the soviets would have to attack first, or back down.

U2 Incident - In 1960, A U-2 spy plane was shot down by Soviet Air Defenses and
       captured the US pilot.
       SIG: This set back US/Russian Relations when Eisenhower refused to apologize
in     Paris. Disarmament was set back for years.

On The Road - a book by Jack Kerouac, about his and his fried Neal Cassady travels; the
      most famous books of the Beat Generation writers;
      SIG::



Rosa Parks - A seamstress who refused to give up her seat to a white passenger and was
      arrested for it.
      SIG:: As new spread a massive bus boycott survived months of pressure from
      whites until the Supreme Court agreed that bus segregation laws were
      unconstitutional.

Civil Rights Act of 1964 - A law that prohibited segregation in public accommodations,
       such as hotels, restaurants, gas stations, theaters, and parks. It also outlawed
       employment discrimination on federally assisted projects.
       SIG:: It was a large victory in the civil rights movement and created the EEOC
       which included gender in it’s list of things that could not be discriminated against.

Domino Theory - The Domino Theory was Eisenhower’s reasoning behind the strategic
     importance of Indochina. He believe that with the loss of Indochina that countries
     would being to fall one after another all the way to Australia.
     SIG:: It showed the pessimistic view of what would happen to the world if the
     Hanoi regime was successful in reuniting Vietnam under communism and why the
     US should be involved.

Tet Offensive - The Viet Cong’s offensive on jan. 30, 1968 the VC attacked 36 of 44
       towns in South Vietnam. If the US was winning, this tet offensive should not have
       been possible.
       Sig: Undermined the US pride in it’s easy victory and strongly turned public
       opinion against the war in Vietnam.

The Feminine Mystique - A book by betty Friedan that recognized that thousands of
      middle-class housewives were seething behind their picture windows. It voiced
the   unhappiness of college educated women expected to be perfectly content in kids
      and cooking.
      Sig: It sparked radical politics toward womens rights. .

Equal Rights Amendment - An amendment that read “Equal rights under the law shall not
       be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.”
       However, it fell 3 states short of ratifacation and the time limit ran out on the
       amendment.
       Sig:: It was part of the Femminist movement for equal rights.

“X” - The Alias of George Kennan. X helped explain the political personality of the
Soviet power and predicted difficulties with them postwar.
       Sig. Kennan recommended an approach known as containment for keeping soviet
       expansion in check which guided the Cold War policy.

Millard Tydings Committee - the tydings comittee was formed to investigate whether the
       State Department was harboring communists. It was headed by the conservative
       Democrat Senator Millard Tydings of Maryland
       Sig::

Alice Skelsey - Wrote the book “The working mother’s guide to her home, her family,
and    herself.”
       Sig::

Marshall Plan – The plan by Secretary of State George C. Marshall to provide economic
      aid to Europe after WWII. The US also invited Soviet and eastern European
      participation, but under terms that would have reduced Moscow’s control over its
      economies.


HUAC – The McCarran Act created a similar investigative committee structure in the
     Senate. HUAC was also instrumental in making sure the Hollywood black list
     worked the way anticommunists wanted. According to critics like Victor Navasky,
     HUAC helped create a climate in which there were fewer than ever films with
     "social themes." The logic of HUAC investigations implied an anticommunist
     theory of language. HUAC led the way, in the late 1930s, in conservative attacks
     on federally supported art.
Federal Highway Act of 1956 – Measure that provided federal funding to build a
       nationwide system of interstate and defense highways, inspired when Gen.
       Eisenhower saw how the autobahn helped Germany during WWII.


Brown vs. Board of Education – Supreme Court decision in 1954 that declared that
“separate but equal” schools for children of different races violated the Constitution


Sit Ins – a form of non-violent protest where people sit and refuse to move; used by the
African-American’s to protest the discrimination


Freedom Summer – Voter registration effort in rural Mississippi organized by black and
      white civil rights workers in 1964.


Gulf of Tonkin Resolution – Congressional resolution in august 1964 that authorized the
       president to take all necessary steps to protect South Vietnam, adopted after
       reports of North Vietnamese attacks on US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin off North
       Vietnam; passed after attacks on the US destroyer Maddock and the C. Turner
       Joy; attack happened during the cease fire for the Vietnamese holiday


Kent State Incident – four students killed by the National Guard during protests at Kent
State University in Ohio, protesting the invasion on April 30, 1970


Moral Majority – U.S. political action group composed of conservative, fundamentalist
      Christians. Founded (1979) and led (1979–87) by evangelist Rev. Jerry Falwell,
      the group played a significant role in the 1980 elections through its strong support
      of conservative candidates. It lobbied for prayer and the teaching of creationism
      in public schools, while opposing the Equal Rights Amendment (see feminism),
      homosexual rights, abortion, and the U.S.-Soviet SALT treaties (see disarmament,
      nuclear). The Moral Majority was dissolved in 1989.


Reies Lopez Tijerina – a leader of the 1960’s Mexican-American Civil Rights
       Movement; involved in grassroots community organizing, very militant; took up
       arms against the authorities, and spent significant time in jail


American Indian Movement – created in Minneapolis by the Chippewas to increase
      economic opportunity and stop police mistreatment; seized Alcatraz Island as a
      cultural and educational center from 1969-1971
Port Huron Statement – founding document of Students for a Democratic Society,
       proclaiming an idealistic vision of grassroots democracy; largely written by Tom
       Hayden


Robert McAfee Brown -

								
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