BOOK REVIEWS 151
Yet Graham also well portrays
Rumsfeld as a complex man who got
things accomplished. A tenacious colle-
Barlow, Jeffrey G. From Hot War to Cold: The U.S.
giate wrestler at Princeton and a Navy Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955.
pilot, Rumsfeld was elected to Congress Palo Alto, Calif.: Stanford Univ. Press, 2009.
at age thirty. He served four terms be- 710pp. $65
fore President Richard Nixon ap- The U.S. Navy that patrolled the
pointed him as head of the Office of world’s oceans with such unquestioned
Economic Opportunity and then as am- dominance in the 1990s did not spring
bassador to NATO. Under President into existence full-blown, nor was its
Gerald Ford, Rumsfeld would serve as creation a smooth evolution based on
White House chief of staff and as the dispassionate analysis and national con-
youngest-ever secretary of defense. In sensus. The early years of that postwar
Rumsfeld’s business career, he was a Navy, particularly its first, crucial de-
CEO responsible for the successful cade, were marked by storms, impas-
turnaround of several major corpora- sioned debate, and bitter political
tions. With his appointment in 2001, he battles. This turmoil had started before
would also become the oldest to serve the end of the Second World War and
as secretary of defense. In all of his would continue into the mid-1950s.
many appointments and responsibili- Unfortunately, there has been far too
ties, Rumsfeld comes across as an in- little written about this period in the
tense, capable, and ambitious operator U.S. Navy’s history.
with a “deep moral streak.”