LAB GUIDE SIMPLE MACHINES

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```					    LAB GUIDE
SIMPLE MACHINES
THE LAB: Explore the energy and work behind simple                               LAB GUIDES provide tools
machines. Students investigate how simple machines work                          to help you make the most
using large scale examples and then test their knowledge to                      of your Museum visit and
complete a challenge using levers, pulleys, inclined planes                      lab experience. You’ll ﬁnd
and more.                                                                        key vocabulary and activity
ideas to share with your
GRADE: 3rd–6th           CAPACITY: 30 students    DURATION: 60 minutes           students before your visit,
a list of Illinois Learning
KEY CONCEPTS & TERMS TO REVIEW WITH YOUR STUDENTS BEFORE
YOUR VISIT: Students should be familiar with basic lab safety and following      Standards addressed by
written lab procedures.                                                          the lab, important things to
remember on the day of your
WORK=    Distance x Force                PULLEY    A simple machine with one
or more grooved wheels connected        visit and follow-up activities
WORK Using force to move an object
over a distance                          by a rope                               and additional resources to
DISTANCE The length that something                                               continue the exploration back
moves                                                                            in the classroom. We look
FORCE A push or pull that sets an                                                forward to seeing you and
object in motion                                                                 your students at the Museum!
LEVER A bar used for raising or
moving weights centered on a                                                     LEARNING STANDARDS:
fulcrum                                                    ����� �
The content of this lab aligns
SCREW    A specialized inclined plane   with the following Illinois
used to raise and lower things as       learning standards:
well as hold things together            State Goal 4: 4.A, B
�� ���                                                            State Goal 5: 5.A, B, C
State Goal 7: 7.B, C
WHEEL AND AXLE   A moveable
State Goal 10: 10.A, B
simple machine centered on a ﬁxed
point                                                                            State Goal 12: 12.C, D
State Goal 11: 11.A, B
State Goal 13: 13.A, B
���� �

WEDGE    An inclined plane that is
�����                     thick at one end and tapers to a
point on the other, often used to                            {OVER}
INCLINED PLANE   A ﬂat surface with      separate things
one edge raised higher than the other

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LAB GUIDE
SIMPLE MACHINES
PRE-VISIT AND POST-VISIT ACTIVITIES
A screw is a simple machine. It is made of an inclined plane wrapped
MUSEUM VISIT:   Plan to arrive at the      around an axle. Using easy accessible classroom supplies students can
Museum at least 30 minutes before          make their own model of a screw to understand how this simple machine
your ﬁrst lab is scheduled.                uses distance to make the effort easier.
LAB INFORMATION:     Let the Lab           Simple Machines and You
Coordinator know of any special            Students can use the world around them to ﬁnd simple machines. Using the
needs or requests in advance at            six types of simple machines, have your student document how many they
(773) 684-9844 ext. 6254 or                use in a single day, and where in their world they see simple machines.
learning.lab@msichicago.org. On
as soon as you arrive.
The Lab Facilitator is not                 RESOURCES
students and, for safety reasons,          Edheads has an interactive simple
has the right to ask disruptive            machine section, as well as “odd
students to leave the lab. Please          machines” which incorporates simple
notify chaperones they will be             machines with other science content.
responsible for student behavior.
The Lab Facilitator may request the        www.rube-goldberg.com
help of teachers and chaperones            Using Simple Machines Rube
chaperones to be prepared to assist        encourage imaginative thinking.
during the lab.

PAYMENT AND REFUND POLICY:
weeks prior to the lab or it will be
cancelled. Labs cancelled with
fewer than two weeks notice will not
be refunded. Based on availability,
labs may be rescheduled for a
handling fee of \$10. No exceptions.

LATE ARRIVAL POLICY:     If you are
late to your scheduled lab session,
the Museum reserves the right to
cancel the lab and reschedule it at
a later date if availability permits. If
the lab cannot be rescheduled, lab
fees are forfeited.

Speciﬁc questions about lab content or information in this guide?