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cancer clinical trials the avoidable death

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					Cancer Clinical Trials:
  The Way We Make Progress
       Against Cancer
What Are Cancer Clinical Trials?
• Research studies to
  find better ways to
  prevent, detect, or
  treat cancer
• Help doctors find
  ways to improve
  cancer care
                               2
       Why Are Cancer Clinical
         Trials Important?
• Most of the best cancer
  treatments we have
  today are based on
  what we learned from
  clinical trials
• People with cancer are living longer because of
  clinical trials
                                                    3
  Do Many People Take Part in
     Cancer Clinical Trials?
• Few people take part
• The more people who
  take part, the faster we
  will find better ways to
  treat and prevent
  cancer

                                4
What Are the Different Types of
       Clinical Trials?
    • Treatment
    • Prevention
    • Diagnostic
    • Screening/early
      detection
    • Quality of life

                                  5
           Treatment Trials
• What new
  treatments can help
  people who have
  cancer?
• What is the most
  effective treatment
  for people who have
  cancer?

                              6
            Treatment Trials
• Many treatment trials
  compare two or more
  different approaches to
  treating cancer
• Participants will take
  either:
   – The best accepted cancer
     treatment
   – A new treatment
                                7
          Prevention Trials

What approaches can
prevent a specific
type of cancer from
developing in people
who don’t have
cancer?

                              8
           Prevention Trials
Two kinds, that ask
participants to either:
 1. Do something
 2. Take something




                               9
       Protecting Patients’ Safety
               Informed Consent

Before agreeing to take part,
patients have the right to
understand all that is
involved in a clinical trial:
 • Procedures and treatments
 • Tests
 • Possible risks and benefits
                                     10
      Protecting Patients’ Safety
         Institutional Review Boards


• Committee made up
  of experts




                                       11
       Benefits of Taking Part
Possible benefits:
• Patients will receive, at a minimum, the best
  standard treatment
• If the new approach is proven to work,
  patients may be among the first to benefit
• Patients have a chance to help others and
  improve cancer care

                                                  12
        Risks of Taking Part
Possible risks:
• Unknown side effects or other risks
• New treatment may not help every participant
• Costs




                                                 13
Where to Find Clinical
  Trial Information
 • Your doctor or nurse
 • National Cancer Institute
   – www.cancer.gov
 • Cancer Information Service
   – 1-800-4-CANCER
   – TTY- 1-800-332-8615
                                14

				
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posted:3/30/2008
language:English
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