[...] controversy swirled about Socrates because of the stature and reputation of the philosophers and historians who discussed and evaluated his story.5 If on one hand Socrates could represent civilized progress from irrational pagan beliefs or the amoral inquiry of Sophists to individual-centered reason and systemic inquiry, on the other he was central to debates about the limits and claims of democracy and communal standards. [...] girls destined for marriage were allowed outside the home only for religious processions (compare "Xantippe," 53-55) and trained solely "for a life of spinning, sewing, provision-getting and child-nursing." Since after marrying at fifteen or sixteen wives occupied separate women's apartments and could not attend banquets, Athenian men did not discuss with wives subjects of the highest moment or share with them their thoughts and aspirations.
Discoursing of Xantippe: Amy Levy, Classical Scholarship, and Print Culture Linda K Hughes Philological Quart
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