The Bahamas' Top Thirty Crops by oxu36335

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									The Bahamas’ Top Thirty
                 By Mr. Leslie Minns
For Bahamas Agricultural Producers Association (BAPA)

          Product of Andros at the Agriculture Expo 2007
The Top 30 Crops

When we speak of imports it is                estimated import value of B$43,866,205
important to understand that crops are        dollars. The total value in 2007 for these
imported primarily as fresh, however          same fresh and value-added products
the fresh crop is a primary product. As       had an estimated value of B$46,429,280
the primary product or the raw                dollars an increase of B$2,563,075
material, that crop it must be                dollars or 5.8%^.
understood maybe converted from a
raw material to a value-added product.        This therefore means if the Bahamas
                                              were to grow, all, the fresh product for
This project seeks to understand and          these 30 crops we would stand to earn
identify those crops that offer the best      as much as B$31.5 – B$31.9 million
potential to penetrate the Bahamian           dollars per annum. Another B$12.7 –
market. What we would like to show is         B$14.5 million dollars could be realized
the full potential for these crops. Firstly   from their value-added products.
there is the fresh product and secondly       Therefore between B$43.86 – B$46.43
the value-added products that may             million dollars could be injected into the
come from the fresh product. Some             Bahamian economy. This earning would
examples of value-added products from         translate into a savings on our import
fresh fruit & vegetables are: frozen,         bill thus lowering our Food Bill and
preserved/ dried, canned (whole or            increasing our foreign exchange
pieces), juice, paste, puree, marmalade,      reserves.
jams, and jellies.
                                              The savings/earning from these crops
In 2006 the total import value of these 30    may lead to investments into the other
crops (as a fresh product) was estimated      78 crops, thus saving or retaining even
to be worth B$31,201,006 dollars. By          more of our money. With more money
2007 the import value for these had           in the economy we would be able to
increased by B$700,126 dollars an             build agricultural industries, to increase
increase of 2.2% to B$31,901,132 dollars.     employment, increase wealth and
                                              decrease dependence on imports. With
The value-added products for the same         each passing year all countries not just
crops in 2006 was worth B$12,665,199          the Bahamas will experience a growing
dollars, by 2007 this value increased by      population, Agricultural Land
B$1,862,949 dollars or 14.71% to              shrinkage and water shortages. By the
B$14,528,148 dollars.                         year 2050 it is estimated that the world
                                              population will increase by three (3)
Therefore in 2006 these 30 crops, fresh       billion people.
and value-added products had an
The Bahamas must begin to produce,
now, if we are to have a chance of             Onion, the #1 ranked crop, saw the
feeding ourselves or if we simply want         value of imports increase over half a
to make money. Conditions for                  million dollars from 2006 (B$2,303,714)
Agriculture are ideal in the Bahamas,          to 2007 (B$2,852,197). During that
we have sunshine 365 days a year, we           period both quantity and value
have a relatively small population, we         increased, in 2007 we imported
enjoy close to five million visitors per       5,262,948 (lbs.) pounds while in 2006 we
year, we have knowledgeable farmers,           imported 4,585,969 lbs. The price from
and we have knowledgeable buyers               2006 to 2007 also increased by two (2)
who are experts in supplying the               cents per pound.
demand for this market. Our buyers
understand agriculture and know                Irish potatoes, the #2 ranked crop, has a
quality. The Bahamas is blessed with           potential to earn $3.4 million dollars
more land than Jamaica, and although           annually as a fresh product and up to
our land is not as fertile, it’s better than   B$7.0 million dollars as a frozen or
Israel. Israel must produce from deserts       prepared product, making it the crop
and pump water from miles below the            with the greatest potential, over ten
ground. No such problem in the                 million dollars per annum.
Bahamas although we lack rivers, we
have a relatively high water table.            In 2007, the Bahamas imported almost
                                               $4.0 million dollars worth of Lettuce,
While in the Bahamas we do not have            while in 2006 we imported $3.5 million
much arable land, we do have some, it is       all in its fresh form. Types of lettuce
also possible to improve our soils and if      imported include: iceberg, romaine and
that fails we may also look to green           head.
houses and hydro phonics. Today’s
agricultural technology is opening new          Tomato, a favourite, was one of a few
doors for agricultural production.             crops where the import value decreased;
                                               this is attributed to the success of
The time is ripe for growers and buyers        tomato production in green houses. In
to work as partners, growers produce,          2006 the value of tomato imports was
buyers distribute, the money they earn         B$2,962,731 by 2007 it decreased by
and save can only benefit the Bahamas.         $598,774 or 20.2% to B$2,365,957. The
We must cease our dependence on                value of imported by products of
imported food, as the cost of that food        tomato increased B$82,059 or 6.1% from
will only continue to go up. Of the 30         B$1,341,295 in 2006 to B$1,423,354 in
crops identified sixteen (16) more than        2007^.
half, have a potential to be million dollar
The other crops with a potential to become million dollar industries are:

Table 1^
Crop                   Rank                   Import Value          Import Value
                                                     2006                  2007
Carrot                 5                      1,044,106             1,211,915
Sweet Pepper           7                      1,664,900             1,574,848
Lemon                  12                     1,051,441               859,532
Orange                 14                     4,969,256             5,545,036
Plantain               15                     1,834,556             1,785,831
Grapefruit             16                     1,075,225             1,048,720
Lime (Persian & Key)   20                     2,090,936             2,459,110
Watermelon             21                     1,109,836               485,943
Corn                   22                     1,651,794             1,885,379
Banana                 24                     2,439,283             2,509,408
Cantaloupe             25                     1,043,949             1,145,558
Broccoli               27                     1,048,853             1,189,438

Of the top 30 crops identified, Cooking Thyme did not appear to have any imports; we
were unable to find any fresh or value-added products for 2006 and 2007. Another crop
which seemed not to have an import was Key Lime.

                            Sweet Corn in Abaco, Lenny Etienne
The remaining crops that have been identified as having the best potential to penetrate
the local market are:

Table 2
Crop                  Rank                    Import Value            Import Value
                                                     2006                    2007
Cabbage               6                       678,385                 841,811
Sweet Potato          18                      541,419                 427,836
Celery                11                      317,287                 375,408
Cucumber              13                      432,599                 462,584
Mango                 26                      289,460                 316,638
Cassava               28                      253,050                 275,398
Garlic                19                      268,514                 240,510
Papaya                23                      155,269                 171,233
Pigeon Peas **        9                       103,281                 238,210
Hot Pepper            8                       100,280                 87,040
Goat Pepper           17                      153,378                 82,546
Okra                  30                      130,113                 141,870

** Pigeon Peas: In 2006 we imported $33,456 worth of fresh peas and $69,825 worth of
prepared. In 2007 fresh was worth $183.00 and prepared was valued at $238,027.00.

All of the above crops show they have the potential to earn more than $100,000 per
annum with the exception of Pigeon Peas, although ranked high at #9. In this list of
twelve (12) crops only one is a tree, the remaining vegetables, condiments and tubers
have a history of being produced in this country^.

                 Fruit and Vegetable display at the Agriculture Expo 2009
Local Production

The Census of Agriculture in 1978 recorded 20 crops grown in the country at that time,
by 1994 that number had increased by 68 to 88 crops an increase of 340%. The Crop
profile in 2006/07 lists 108 crops, an increase of 20 crops or 22.7%. Table #3 gives a
breakdown by crop category for these selected years.

Table #3: Crops by Category for Selected Years

Category      1978           1994            Change        2006           Change
Legumes       2              8               +6            6              -2
Vegetable     5              22              +17           24             +2
Condiments    2              9               +7            20             +11
Soft Fruit    1              6               +5            6              nil
Cereal        1              4               +3            5              +1
Tubers        2              7               +5            6              -1
Tree Crops    7              32              +25           39             +7
Others        nil            nil             nil           2              +2
Total         20             88              68            108            20
% Change                                     340%                         22.7%
Source: Department of Agriculture, selected years, compiled by Mr. Leslie Minns
(Senior Marketing Officer, Agricultural Economist)

The Bahamian farmers have become more diverse, they have become more
knowledgeable and are willing to grow and cultivate more varieties of agricultural

Preschoolers visit Screen house at GRAC          Tomatoes at Lucayan Tropical
In 1978 we reported for legumes, pigeon      the Bahamas now (2006) grows a total of
peas and bean, the number of legumes         20 condiments, 18 more (see the crop
has increase by four, Kidney bean, Lima      profile).
bean, Cow peas and peanut.
                                             Soft fruit in 1978 we reported growing
Vegetables grown in 1978 included            just one watermelon, since 1994 we have
cabbage, cucumber, pumpkin, sweet            added cantaloupe, honeydew, papaya,
pepper and tomato for a total of five. In    pineapple and strawberry, five more.
1994 we reported growing 17 more
varieties and by 2006 that number            Cereal in 1978 corn was the only cereal
increased by 2. Therefore between 1978       captured by the census since then
and 2006 the numbers of vegetables           Alfalfa, benny, guinea corn and
grown in the Bahamas increased by 19         sorghum have been reported.
bring it to a compliment of 24 varieties
(see the crop profile).                      There were two tubers in 1978 dasheen
                                             and Irish potatoes, since then cassava,
                                             eddoes, sweet potato and yam have
                                             been reported.

                                             Tree crops in 1978 the census captured 7
                                             tree crops avocado, banana, grapefruit,
                                             key lime, mango, orange and plantain.
                                             By 2006 that number has increased by 32
                                             more varieties (see the crop profile).

                                             Source: Agriculture Census 1978/1994,
Condiments the 1978 census reported          Department of Agriculture
two condiments onion and hot pepper

Vegetable Display at Agriculture Expo 2009
Crop Production

While the number of crops in 1978 was only 20, the quantity of crop produced could not
be matched in 1994, 2004 nor 2006. In 1978 the Bahamas produced 103,386,742 (lbs.)
pounds of agricultural produce from 20 crops. While in 1994 the country produced
76,203,051 lbs. from 88 crops, the Farmers register of 943 farmers in 2006 recorded 108
crops producing 57,079,926 lbs.

The table below records production quantities for four (4) selected years 1978, 1994,
2004 and 2006, the significance of these years are: 1978 & 1994 were census years, 2004
represents the last crop report before the Farmers register and 2006 represents the crop
estimate for the first year using the farmers register. The top 20 crop by selected years is
as follows:

Table # 4: Top Twenty (20) Crops for Selected Years (1978, 1994, 2004 & 2006).

1978                   1994                    2004                    2006
Avocado                Avocado                 Avocado                 Avocado
Banana                 Banana                  Banana                  Banana
Bean                   Cabbage                 Broccoli                Cabbage
Cabbage                Cantaloupe              Cabbage                 Cassava
Cassava                Cassava                 Grapefruit              Coconut
Corn                   Coconut                 Lemon                   Grapefruit
Cucumber               Corn                    Lettuce                 Persian Lime
Grapefruit             Cucumber                Persian Lime            Mango
Irish Potato           Grapefruit              Mango                   Neem
Key Lime               Irish Potato            Onion                   Orange
Mango                  Lemon                   Orange                  Hot Pepper
Onion                  Lettuce                 Goat Pepper             Pineapple
Orange                 Persian Lime            Pumpkin                 Plantain
Hot Pepper             Mango                   Sugar Cane              Pumpkin
Pigeon Peas            Onion                   Sweet Pepper            Scarlet Plum
Plantain               Orange                  Sweet Potato            Sour Orange
Pumpkin                Pumpkin                 Tangelo                 Sweet Pepper
Sweet Pepper           Sweet Pepper            Tangerine               Sweet Potato
Tomato                 Sweet Potato            Tomato                  Tomato
Watermelon             Tomato                  Watermelon              Watermelon
Source: Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Census and selected years compiled by
Mr. Leslie Minns (Senior Marketing Officer, Agricultural Economist)

From these four lists the crops that appear in each are:

1.     Avocado                                2.     Banana
3.     Cabbage                                4.     Grapefruit
5.     Mango                                  6.     Orange
7.     Pumpkin                                8.     Sweet Pepper
9.     Tomato                                 10.    Watermelon

The crops that appear in 3 of these lists:

1.     Onion                                  2.     Cassava

Over the past five years the Produce Exchange has played less of a role in marketing
Agricultural Produce, for these years their budget was B$1.7 million dollars. Their
budget is now (2008 – 2009) B$ 1.525 million dollars.

In 2003 the Packing Houses purchased a quantity of 4,350,037 lbs. of produce valued at
B$1.634 million dollars that was the highest volume of produce purchases for the five
year period. In 2005 they purchased the least volume of 1,950,007 lbs. valued at B$ 0.993
million dollars. The remainder of produce is sold through formal marketing channels,
by direct shipments, used, stolen or given away.

Formal marketing channel are farmers who either sell to wholesalers themselves or
market through a middleman for example F & V sales Abaco.

Direct Shipment farmers bring their produce on the mailboat to Potter’s Cay sell from
the boat or hire a truck to take them around.

From the census of agriculture 1994 used, stolen and given away were categories used
to record crop production.

Source: Packing House purchases, Department of Agriculture, compiled by Mr. Leslie
Minns (Senior Marketing Officer, Agricultural Economist)
The Food Bill

The food bill, how can we reduce it? But more importantly, how much is it? There is
much speculation on the value of the food bill, we have heard thru the print media,
radio and television that our food bill is estimated to be around B$ 500 million dollars.
A quick look at the Import Trade Statistics published by the Department of Statistics^
that the value of Imported Agricultural products is around B$ 467 million. This figure is
derived by adding the totals of Sections 1 thru 4:

Table #5: Section (2007)

1.      Live Animals Animal Products           128,486,134
2.      Vegetable products                     93,128,916
3.      Animal or Vegetable, etc.              9,461,750
4.      Prepared Food Stuffs                   235,567,787
Total                                          466,644,587

However included in these numbers are fish, plants and tobacco (non-food items), but
to us these are agricultural products less fish, have a potential to not only be produced
in this country, but reduce this total as well.

From the above table, the import of Vegetable products (Section 2) we see that from
1997-2007 the import of these products has risen from 50,704,177 (1997) to 93,128,916
(2007). An increase of 42,424,739 over ten years, that is an average of $42.4 million per
year. In 2006 we imported 81,054,514, therefore 2007 increased by 12.07 million or by
14.89%. The largest increased in imported vegetable occurred in 2000 when we
imported 72,986,313 worth of vegetable, however the year before 1999 we imported
59,021,594 worth an increase of $13.96 million or 23.6%^.

Therefore the Value of Fish, Food and Agricultural Products for the Bahamas in 2007 we
estimate to be B$578.152 million dollars Table #6.
Lettuce being grown at Lucayan Tropical      Micro-greens being grown at Goodfellow Farms

Pineapple Fields in Hatchet Bay, Eleuthera   Mango at Carey’s Farm

Conchy Joe’s Hot Sauce                       Goats on Long Island

Cabbage in Andros                            Pigs in Grand Bahama
Table #6: Value of Fish, Food and Agricultural Products

                      Value of Fish, Food and Agricultural Products
Section   1997         1999       2001         2003       2005      2006       2007
   1          37.68      85.162        85.946     94.06    111.259    128.48     139.14
   2           50.7      59.021        66.061    65.332     81.054     93.13     102.86
   3          5.955       6.037         5.584     7.054       8.66      9.46      10.67
   4         149.43     176.139       188.604   195.531    214.963    235.56     250.25
 Total      273.765     326.359       346.195   361.977    415.936    466.63     502.92

           Imports                Agriculture             Fisheries               Total
  1997      273.765                    55.576                 14.08             343.421
  1999      326.359                    46.348                12.359             385.066
  2001      346.195                    62.158                10.643             418.996
  2003      361.977                    47.959                 1.787             420.723
  2005      415.936                    71.607                 7.102             494.645
  2007      502.920                    72.013                 3.219             578.152

Sources: Department of Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Department of

So what is the food bill from where we sit the food bill is the value of all food
consumed, be it imported or produced locally. However we are interested in reducing
the import of food. Therefore the Food Bill is the value of Food Imported: the value of
imported food in 2007 was B$401,483,139 dollars^.
CROPS IDENTIFIED COMPARED TO              compared to the 30 crops identified by
OTHER RECOMMENDATIOS.                     this survey.

In the previous chapter we saw the 30     Rapid Assessment of Farming Practices
Identified Crops the value of the fresh
product imported and the value of by      Therefore for this component of the
products imported. In 2008 and 2009       program we will focus on Crops, (Page 10
                                          of the Rapid Assessment) identified these
there were two studies done on crops to
                                          crops as the top 10, Tomatoes, Watermelon,
identify those which had potential to
                                          Sweet Pepper, Banana, Onion, Hot pepper,
penetrate the local market.               Pumpkin, Cabbage, Limes and Citrus (a
                                          grouping including Oranges, Tangerine,
The first was the Rapid Assessment in     Grapefruit, Sour Orange, Tangelo, Key
that study there were four vegetables,    Lime and Persian Lime). The identification
two fruit, two condiments and citrus.     of these crops would give us compliment of
The Citrus identified were orange and     15 crops later in this paper we will examine
tangerine, lime was also mentioned but    these crops versus those of the survey.
there was no distinction made whether
it was Key or Persian. Other Bahamian
Citrus not mentioned but that we felt     The 30 crops identified by this survey
should have been were lemon,              when compared to the Rapid
grapefruit, tangelo and sour orange.      Assessment revealed the following
                                          (Table #7)
The second study/recommendations          From our understanding of the RA we
were identified at the National           identified fifteen crops eleven (11) or
Economic Summit and that group of         73% could be, found in the 30 crops
Bahamian Professionals came up with       identified. Those not found and their
30 crops also. Both the Rapid             rank, were pumpkin #35, tangerine #42,
Assessment of Farming Practices and       tangelo #57 and sour orange #55.
the National Economic Summit were
Seven of those eleven were listed in the 30 identified crops which were considered as
having potential to be million dollar industries.

Table #7:
Onion #1                      Tomato #4                      Sweet Pepper #7
Orange #14                    Lime #20                       Watermelon #21
Banana #24

                                   Onion shed in Abaco

1. Cabbage #6 has a potential to earn over six hundred thousand per annum.

2. Lemon #12 and grapefruit #16 have a potential to earn over three hundred thousand
per annum.

3. Tangerine #42 is worth between $150,000 to over $200,000 per annum. This crop has
the potential to be considered in the top 30.

4. Pumpkin and Tangelo fell below fifty thousand dollars per annum.

5. Hot pepper the remaining crop shows a potential of between eighty thousand to one
hundred thousand dollars per annum.

All fifteen crops can be grown successfully in the Bahamas. The RA listed it TOP 10
PRODUCE, citrus was listed as one but showed two types of citrus orange and
tangerine. Another citrus lime was listed therefore in order to complete the citrus family
we added lemon, grapefruit, tangelo and sour orange. Of these fifteen crops pumpkin,
tangelo and sour orange may be considered the least valuable all remaining crops (all
12) show potential to penetrate the Bahamian Market.

NES recommended 30 crops of those twenty one (21) were identified in the top 30 of
this survey eight (8) were not. (Table #8)

Table #8: NES crops in the Top 30 Identified

Broccoli #27                  Cabbage #6                      Carrot #5
Cassava #28                   Celery #11                      Corn #22
Cucumber #13                  Garlic #19                      Lettuce #3
Okra #30                      Onion #1                        Peas #9 **
Hot Pepper #8                 Potato # 2 or 18                Tomato #4
Banana #4                     Grapefruit #16                  Lime #20
Orange #14                    Plantain #15                    Watermelon #21

                 Fruits and Vegetables at the Farmer’s Market, Blake Road
NES crops not in the Top 30 Identified

Asparagus #60                  Bean #45, 64, 91               Mushroom (no rank)
Spinach #48                    Avocado #32                    Grape (no rank)
Honeydew Melon #34             Strawberry #36                 Tangerine #42

Therefore of the twenty one crops recommended by NES twelve (12) have the potential
to be million dollar industries:
Carrot                                    Corn
Lettuce                                   Onion
Potatoes                                  Tomatoes
Banana                                    Grape
Lime                                      Orange
Plantain                                  Strawberry

While corn is included on this list its potential lies in the frozen and prepared or
preserved market. Prepared or preserved are mostly in the form of cans. The variety of
corn is sweet corn, in 2006 the Bahamas imported B$170,311 worth of fresh sweet corn
and in 2007 imports were worth B$218,881. Frozen sweet corn in 2006 and 2007
respectively had a value of B$698,863 and B$686,602. Imported canned (prepared or
preserved) corn in 2006 had a value of B$782,620 and in 2007 was worth B$979,896, for a
total value in 2006 of B$1,651,794 and in 2007 B$1,885,389.

Lettuce imports for 2006 was worth approximately B$3.5 million all fresh lettuce,
cabbage lettuce or head lettuce, romaine and other. By 2007 we imported almost B$4.0
million dollars worth of lettuce.

Grape another crop recommended by NES while we have a potential to produce it does
not appear on our crop profile.

The NES listed Potato in its recommendations however what type are the referring to
Irish or Sweet*. Irish potato fresh and frozen has a potential to generate B$10.0 million
dollars annually, sweet potato on the other hand is worth half a million dollars.

Watermelon shows it has potential to be a million dollar industry however in 2007
watermelon imports fell by more than half a million dollars, from B$1,109836 in 2006 to
B$485,943 in 2007^.
The reasons for this decline are still unknown as Packing House purchases for this
period reflected the same trend. If local production increased we will be able to
determine that once all figures are in from the farmers register. From the survey we
learnt that the watermelon in demand is the seedless variety.

                            Local Seeded Watermelon Variety
Of the remaining 18 crops three have an import value of over B$800,000 per annum they

Broccoli (895K)               Cabbage (842K)                    Mushrooms (821K)

Broccoli and cabbage are grown successfully in the Bahamas however mushrooms do
not appear in our crop profile.

Other crops with relatively high import values or over B$200,000:

Watermelon (486K)                              Asparagus (458K)
Honeydew Melon (473K)                          Sweet Potato (428K)
Grapefruit (378K)                              Celery (375K)
Cassava (275K)
Garlic (240K)                                  Avocado (260K)
Tangerine (222K)                               Spinach (230K)
                                            Total import value for all peas in 2007
That would leave four (4) four crops        was B$389,245, the value in 2006 was
peas, beans, okra and hot pepper. Both      B$389,476.
hot pepper and okra have a potential to
earn under, one hundred thousand            The Harmonized System Code 7133990
dollars. Peas and beans are a little more   is labeled Peas or bean dried, however
complicated because of the varieties and    these are believed to be Pigeon Peas as
the value-added products of these           the code 7139010 does not reflect the
varieties. However, combined they have      amount of Pigeon Peas imported into
a potential to earn over one million        the country by local canners (Albury’s
dollars annually. (Table #8)                and Sawyer’s).The imported quantity
                                            and value for HS 7133990 was 401,556
Peas is imported into this country in       pounds and worth B$188,904 or B$0.47
four varieties sweet peas, pigeon peas      per pound.
(Cajunus Cajun), black eyed peas and
cowpeas. Pigeon peas come in four           There were three types or varieties of
forms fresh, frozen, preserved and dried    bean, Lima, Kidney and others and they
and had a total value of only B$53,844      had a combined import value of B$701,
for 2007.                                   085. Other being the most valuable,
                                            value at B$456,650 and is imported
Sweet pea may be imported fresh,            fresh, frozen and dried. Lima beans
frozen and dried and was worth more         were the next valuable with an import
than Pigeon Peas by more than a quarter     value of B$221,194, its forms of
of a million dollars, the total import      importation are fresh, preserved and
value for all types of sweet pea was        dried. Kidney beans are imported fresh
B$322, 085.                                 and in 2007 was worth B$23,241.

Black eye peas are imported fresh and        The total imported value for peas and
dry but in 2007 was only worth b$13,        bean in 2006 was B$1,151,334 and in
198.                                        2007 they were worth B$1,279,234^.

Cow peas is imported fresh only and in      Of this list of 30 crops identified by NES
2007 total imports was worth B$118.         two had no rank as they did not appear
                                            on the Crop Profile, all others are grown
                                            in the Bahamas and included on our
                                            Crop Profile.

   Kidney Beans
Based on the survey done for this report (January-February 2009) on the top thirty
crops, the following is a list of crops that buyers are interested in purchasing:

Onion              Tomato             Lettuce            Sweet Pepper       Cabbage

Okra               Celery             Cucumber           Pumpkin            Carrot

Green Corn         Cassava            Sweet Potato       Goat Pepper        Pigeon Peas

Parsley            Rosemary           Citrus             Melons (water,     Papaya
                                                         seedless, honey

Pineapple          Sugar Apple        Cantaloupe         Coconut (grated)

Sugar Cane

The livestock agricultural products that are estimated to offer the best market
penetration potential are beef, mutton, pork, chevon and honey.

Buy Bahamian!
Acknowledgements: see full report

   1) Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics, Mr. Leslie Minns, Senior
      Marketing Officer
   2) Department of Fisheries, Fisheries Statistics, Mr. Greg Burrows
   3) National Economic Summit, March 2009
   4) Rapid Assessment of Farming Practices, Production Facilities and Marketing
      Operations – Miss LaMonica Glinton (May 2008), BAPA
   5) The Census of Agriculture: 1978, 1994 (Department of Agriculture)
   6) ^ Department of Statistics, Commonwealth of the Bahamas Annual Foreign
      Trade Statistics Report 2007

B$ - Bahamian dollars
K=thousands of Bahamian dollars

The 2006 Bahamas Crop Profile:

 1     Ackee                28    Coconut          55   Marjoram        82    Rosemary
 2     Alfalfa              29    Collard Greens   56   Mammy           83    Sapodilla
 3     Aloe                 30    Corn             57   Mango           84    Scarlet Plum
 4     Arugula              31    Cow Peas         58   Mint            85    Sea Grape
 5     Asparagus            32    Cucumber         59   Mulberry        86    Sorghum
 6     Avocado              33    Dasheen          60   Neem            87    Sour Orange
 7     Banana               34    Dates            61   Noni            88    Sour Sop
 8     Basil                35    Dill             62   Okra            89    Spinach
 9     Bean, Kidney         36    Eddoes           63   Onion           90    Squash
10     Bean, Lima           37    Eggplant         64   Orange          91    Star Apple
11     Bean, Other          38    Garlic           65   Oregano         92    Strawberry
12     Beets                39    Gooseberry       66   Papaya          93    String Bean
13     Benny                40    Grapefruit       67   Parsley         94    Sugar Apple
14     Bok Choy             41    Guava            68   Passion Fruit   95    Sugar Cane
15     Breadfruit           42    Guinea Corn      69   Peanut          96    Sweet Pepper
16     Broccoli             43    Guinep           70   Pepper, Chili   97    Sweet Potato
17     Cabbage              44    Hog Plum         71   Pepper,Chr.     98    Swiss Chard
18     Cantaloupe           45    Honey Dew        72   Pepper, Goat     99 Tamarind
19     Carambola            46    Irish Potato     73   Pepper, Hot     100 Tangelo
20     Carrot               47    Jou-Jou          74   Pepper,         101 Tangerine
21     Cassava              48    Kale             75   Pepper, Salad   102   Thyme
22     Cauliflower          49    Lemon            76   Pigeon Peas     103   Tomato
23     Celery               50    Lemon Grass      77   Pineapple       104   Vanilla
24     Cherry               51    Lettuce          78   Plantain        105   Watercress
25     Chive                52    Lime, Key        79   Plum – June     106   Watermelon
26     Cigar/Tobacco        53    Lime, Persian    80   Pomegranate     107   Yam
27     Cilantro             54    Lychee           81   Pumpkin         108   Zucchini
Source: The Department of Agriculture
Avocado Fact Sheet                            When to harvest: Avocado does not ripen
                                              while still on the tree, but must be picked
Common name: Avocado                          when full grown and mature.

Scientific name: Persea americana Mill.       Season: Bears from May to March,
                                              depending upon variety.
                                              Health Benefits:

                                              Varieties: Lula Monroe, Hall, Simmonds,
                                              Pollock (early)

                                              Source: FACT SHEET ON LOCAL FRUIT
                                              TREES, GRAC (various resources)

                                                                Avocado Value in $

                                                                                     San Salvador
Propagation: Fresh avocado seeds sprout in                                           Acklins

4 to 6 weeks.                                                                        Andros
                                                                                     Cat Island
Cultivation: Does not tolerate flood
                                                                                     New Providence
                                                                                     Grand Bahama
Plant type: Medium-sized or large tree                                               Long Island
(usually up to 30 ft, but could be 60 ft or                                          All Bahamas

Time to maturity: Trees produced from
seeds bear in 5-6 years, while grafted
varieties bear fruit earlier, in 3-4 years.   Source: Dept. of Agriculture 2006 Crop
                                              Estimates by Island

                                              Prepared by the IICA Bahamas Office 2009
Mango Fact Sheet                                When to harvest: When ready for
                                                harvesting, the fruit will break free from
                                                the stem at the slightest tug.

                                                Season: Fruiting season from May to
                                                January, depending upon the variety.

                                                Health Benefits: control blood pressure,
                                                promote the normal clotting of blood,
                                                help heal wounds and support the
                                                bodies’ immune system.

Common name: Mango                              Varieties: Haden, Kent, Palmer, Carrie,
Scientific name: Mangifera indica L
                                                Source: FACT SHEET ON LOCAL FRUIT
                                                TREES, GRAC (various resources)
Propagation: Usually grafted on
rootstock, but germinates readily from                               Mango Value in $

fresh, fully matured seeds.                                                              San Salvador

Cultivation: Plant tree in sunny                                                         Acklins

location. Irrigate and fertilize for first 4-                                            Andros

5 years of life.                                                                         Abaco

                                                                                         Cat Island

                                                                                         New Providence
Plant type: Large tree.

                                                                                         Grand Bahama
Time to maturity: Grafted trees can
                                                                                         Long Island
produce fruit within 2 years. Mangoes                                                    All Bahamas
reach maturity about 5 months after
                                                Source: Dept. of Agriculture 2006 Crop
                                                Estimates by Island

                                                Prepared by the IICA Bahamas Office 2009
                                                    Source: FACT SHEET ON LOCAL FRUIT
Guava Fact Sheet                                    TREES, GRAC (various resources)

Common name: Guava

Scientific name: Psidium guajava L.                                     Guava Value in $

                                                                                             San Salvador
                                                                                             Cat Island
                                                                                             Grand Bahama
                                                                                             Long Island
                                                                                             All Bahamas
Propagation: Seeds germinate in 3 to 6 weeks

Cultivation: Drought tolerant, tolerates poor
growing conditions, prefers full sunlight. Trees
will flourish with little care, but respond to

Plant type: Small tree with spreading branches

Time to maturity: Trees bear first fruit 2 years
                                                    Source: Dept. of Agriculture 2006 Crop
after transplanting. Fruit matures 5 months after
                                                    Estimates by Island

When to harvest: Fruit flavour is best when         Prepared by the IICA Bahamas Office 2009
allowed to ripen on the tree.

Season: Bears throughout the year, but heaviest
during summer months.

Health benefits: Supports immune systems,
lowers cholesterol, controls blood pressure and
maintains healthy bones.

Varieties: Beaumont Red, Mexican Cream, Pear,
Red Indian, Red Malaysian, Ruby, South
African, White Indian
Sapodilla Fact Sheet                        Season: Produces fruit throughout most
                                            of the year, depending upon variety.
                                            Main production occurs from May to
                                            Source: FACT SHEET ON LOCAL FRUIT
                                            TREES, GRAC (various resources)

                                            Health Benefits: This food is low in
                                            Saturated Fat, and very low in
                                            Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a very
                                            good source of Dietary Fiber and
                                            Vitamin C.

Common name: Sapodilla
                                            Addley, Adelaide, Badam, Baramasi,
                                            Big Pine Key, Black, Brown Sugar
Scientific name: Manilkara zapota van
Propagation: Seeds germinate readily,
but are slow growing. The plants can                             Sapodilla Value in $

also be grafted or air layered.
                                                                                        San Salvador

Cultivation: Requires full sunlight and                                                 Acklins
is tolerant of drought and saline                                                       Andros
conditions.                                                                             Abaco

                                                                                        Cat Island

Plant type: Large tree (60ft)                                                           New Providence


                                                                                        Grand Bahama
Time to maturity: Trees take 5 to 8 years
                                                                                        Long Island
to bear. Fruiting occurs 4-6 months after
                                                                                        All Bahamas
                                            Source: Dept. of Agriculture 2006 Crop
When to harvest: Fruit mature over a 5-     Estimates by Island
month period. Pick when stem breaks
                                            Prepared by the IICA Bahamas Office 2009
Coconut Fact Sheet                            Season: Produces all year round

                                              Source: FACT SHEET ON LOCAL FRUIT
                                              TREES, GRAC (various resources)

                                              Health Benefits:

                                              The good: This food is very low in Cholesterol
                                              and Sodium. It is also a very good source of

                                              The bad: This food is very high in Saturated Fat.

Common name: Coconut                          Source:
Scientific name: Cocos nucifera
                                              Varieties: Green Malayan, Golden
Propagation: Seeds germinate in 4-6           Malayan, Fiji Dwarf, Jamaica Tall
                                              Source: Dept. of Agriculture 2006 Crop
                                              Estimates by Island
Cultivation: Propagate using seeds
from fully matured nuts. The coconut          Prepared by the IICA Bahamas Office 2009
palm is well adapted to sandy soils and
saline conditions. It resists strong winds
and often withstands hurricanes.
                                                                   Coconut Value in $
Plant type: Palm tree, ranging from
dwarf types (5-6 ft) to tall trees reaching
90 ft in height.
                                                                                            San Salvador

Time to maturity: Trees begin to fruit in                                                   Acklins
about 5 years. Fruit set to maturity is 8-                                                  Abaco

10 months.                                                                                  Cat Island
                                                                                            New Providence

When to harvest: Mature fruit may be                                                        Grand Bahama
                                                                                            Long Island
picked for its juice and soft flesh when                                                    All Bahamas

husk is still green, or dried and brown
for its meat (copra).

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