Adjectives - Download as PowerPoint

Document Sample
Adjectives - Download as PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					 SPI 0601.1.3 Identify the correct use
  of adjectives (i.e., common/proper,
comparative forms) and adverbs (i.e.,
  comparative forms) within context.
   An adjective is a word that is used to modify
    a noun or pronoun by telling what kind,
    which one, how many, or how much.
    ◦ To modify a word means to describe the word or
      to make its meaning more definite.
        What kind?     Which one or   How many or
                       ones?          How much?
        gentle dog     sixth grade    two tickets
        Irish town     these books    full pitcher
        scary movie    other people   most players
        purple shoes   any CD         no work
   Adjectives usually come before the words
    they modify. Sometimes, however, an
    adjective comes after the word it modifies.
    ◦ Example: The dog is gentle. [The predicate
      adjective gentle modifies dog.]
    ◦ The sea, blue and sparkling, stretched out before
      us invitingly. [The adjectives blue and sparkling
      modify the noun sea.]

   The adjectives a, an, and the are called
    articles.
   Identify the adjectives and the words they
    modify in the following sentences. Do not
    include a, an, or the.
    ◦ I have a free ticket for the last game.
    ◦ We ate spicy crawfish, and they were delicious.
    ◦ The new neighbor was helpful and nice.
    ◦ The bear, angry and hungry, surprised the
      campers.
    ◦ Will country musicians play at the county fair?
   Identify the adjectives and the words they modify
    in the following sentences. Do not include a, an,
    or the.
    ◦ I have a free (ticket) ticket for the last (game) game.
    ◦ We ate spicy (crawfish) crawfish, and they were
      delicious (they).
    ◦ The new (neighbor) neighbor was helpful (neighbor)
      and nice (neighbor).
    ◦ The bear, angry (bear) and hungry (bear), surprised
      the campers.
    ◦ Will country (musicians) musicians play at the county
      (fair) fair?
   A proper adjective is formed from a proper
    noun and begins with a capital letter.

        Proper Nouns      Proper Adjectives
        Japan             Japanese islands
        Easter            Easter Sunday
        Queen Victoria    Victorian drama
        Sioux             Sioux customs
   Change the following proper nouns into
    proper adjectives. Then, use each proper
    adjective in a sentence.
    ◦   England
    ◦   Inca
    ◦   Hinduism
    ◦   Alaska
    ◦   Thanksgiving
    ◦   Shakespeare
    ◦   Korea
    ◦   Boston
   Change the following proper nouns into
    proper adjectives. Then, use each proper
    adjective in a sentence.
    ◦   England        English designers
    ◦   Inca           Incan customs
    ◦   Hinduism       Hindu beliefs
    ◦   Alaska         Alaskan landscape
    ◦   Thanksgiving   Thanksgiving dinner
    ◦   Shakespeare    Shakespearian drama
    ◦   Korea          Korean food
    ◦   Boston         Boston climate
   Comparative adjectives are used to compare
    nouns and pronouns. There are usually three
    forms of one adjective used to do this.

     One Noun or   Two Nouns or   Three or more
     Pronoun       Pronouns       Nouns or Pronouns
     good          better         best
     bad           worse          worst
     long          longer         longest
   Warriner, John E. Warriner's Handbook:
       Introductory Course : Grammar, Usage,
       Mechanics, Sentences. Orlando, FL: Holt
       Rinehart & Winston, 2008. Print.