Why do we pay taxes (ppt) by ufl29091

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									        Learning Objectives
• To know that the Welfare State provides its
  citizens with a basic level of health care,
  education and personal security.
• To recognise the role of voluntary, community
  and pressure groups
• To know that resources can be allocated in
  different ways and that these choices affect
  individuals and the community.
Nobody likes paying taxes.

Just ask your parents ….. but …..
Taxes are what we pay
for a civilised society
                  O. Wendell Holmes
    In 1943 5 ‘Giant Evils’ were identified in a
    famous report by William Beveridge. They
    were:

•   Squalor        Filth
•   Ignorance      Lack of knowledge
•   Want           Poverty
•   Idleness       Lack of work
•   Disease        Sickness
Measures were put in place to deal with
these ‘evils’ after the Second World
War.

It meant that the Government had
taken responsibility to care for the
people of Britain ‘from the cradle to the
grave’
The ‘Welfare State’ remains a basic
  principle
of the British Government. It is a
commitment to:

•   Health
•   Education
•   Employment
•   Social Security (help for people who do
    not have enough money to look after
    themselves and their family)
There is no crock of gold.

The money to pay for these
things comes from the
taxpayers of Britain

And only with their agreement
Before each election the
Government, and the other
political parties have to
tell the voters how much
tax they are going to
collect, and what they
intend to spend it on.

Their plan is called a
‘Manifesto’.
The voters can play
a part in the decision
by voting for the
party with the ideas
that they agree with
most closely.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer of the
party which is elected has to decide :

o How much money to collect from the
  salaries/wages of people who are
  working
o How much of this to spend on each of
  the services that people need
Workers in Britain currently pay about
¼ of their salary to the Government in
tax. Higher paid people pay more.

When we buy things the Government
charges 17.5% Value Added Tax (VAT).
Food, books and children’s clothes are
exempt
                     Think of a
                   game you have
                   bought recently


How much did you pay the Government in
 VAT?

 How much would it have cost without
 the VAT?
Extra Duties are levied on cigarettes, alcohol
and petrol.




About ¾ of the price your parents pay for
petrol is tax and duty. The government raises
over £22,000,000,000 on petrol every year!
In 2009:

The NHS cost £102,000,000,000

Education cost £79,000,000,000

Social Security cost £186,000,000,000
The electorate (voters) will only agree
to a certain level of taxation.

This leaves individuals with the
opportunity to make donations to causes
they wish to see better funded.

They usually do this through
organisations called charities.
Some charities are international and raise
money for causes across the globe, others
support causes in the UK.

Some smaller charities operate in a specific
neighbourhood, or support activities which
take place in one building.

Which charitable causes do you support?
Divide into groups.

Each group will represent a Political Party.

Discuss what is important to you. If you had
the power of the Chancellor of the
Exchequer, how would YOU spend the billions
of money raised every year in taxes.

Can you agree a name for your party?
Be Chancellor for a Day!




The Houses of Parliament
Expenditure
Decide what percentage of your expenditure will go to each particular area.



              % to the NHS

              % to Education

              % to Law and Order

              % to Defence

              % to Child Benefit

              % to Basic State Pension

              % to Benefits

                                                  100%
Income
Decide your priorities for raising tax.



               % from Income tax of lower
               earners

               % from income tax of higher
               earners
               % from Beer, wine and spirits

               % from tobacco

               % from petrol

               % from VAT

               % from car tax

                                               100%
Think about how you will explain why you
have chosen to tax some areas higher
than others.




How can you convince your voters that
your priorities are better than other
parties?
    Hold a Class Election using the




                 Click here!



It must be a Secret Ballot. Remember:
you do not have to tell anyone how you
have voted.
               Glossary
• Democracy – a system of rule which
  gives the people the opportunity to vote
  for the people who represent them.
• Responsibility – duty, task
• Principle – rule, belief
• Manifesto – programme,
• Electorate – people entitled to vote
Activities to complete this lesson include:

• discussion
  questions
• homework
  activity



                         Click on the image above to view
                         and/or download learning activities.


Rate this lesson here.
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           All for Profit

           The Unicef Rights of the Child. How children across the
           world are enslaved or bonded to serve the needs of
           business.
                     Useful Web Links

• http://www.direct.gov.uk/MoneyTaxAndBenefits/Taxes/BeginnersGui
  deToTax/fs/en?cids=Google_PPC&cre=Money&gclid=CPf_k8zXk4c
  CFR9oMAodVXEotQ – a beginner’s guide to the taxation system
• http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/citizenx/index.shtml - being a citizen –
  games and guides to local, national and international democracy
• http://www.ukyouthparliament.org.uk/ – UK Youth Parliament
  represent young people in the U.K working closely with the
  government
• http://www.headsup.org.uk/ - an online debating space for under 18s
  and teachers to discuss political issues
                       More Web Links

• http://www.childrens-express.org/ - a project of learning through
  journalism for 8-18year olds – articles written by children on politics
• http://www.childrenscommissioner.org – a children’s guide to how
  money is spent on children in the U.K giving the chance to put
  forward opinions to the U.K government’s representative for children

								
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