WRITING A SCIENTIFIC LAB REPORT A. TITLE PAGE Centered The effect of the IV on the DV. Full Name (First and Last) B. ABSTRACT (single spaced) Summarizes the problem investigated, hypothesis, the methods used, the results and conclusion in 150-200 words. C. TABLE OF CONTENTS D. INTRODUCTION: Min. 4 pages, at least 6 pages to be considered for a (B or higher) double spaced Written in third person (the research student, the student, the scientists, the researcher) Explains to the reader what your investigation is about. Give the purpose and the problem. Explain your learning goals & objectives. Explain engineering goals. Provide detailed background information on the subject area and variables (IV & DV) in the experiment. State the hypothesis. Give well-defined research-based reason for making the hypothesis. Explain the biological or scientific importance of your experiment. Cite sources using in-text citations. Explain how the method/procedure used will produce relevant information that is related to the hypothesis. ****Simply stated explain your control group & your test groups, and then tell how the control & test group will give you the data that supports the hypothesis made. **** E. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 1-2 pages double spaced Provides a detail, step-by-step account of how the experiment was conducted. Use the appropriate style. Should be written in 3 rd person and past tense not present tense. Do not write a recipe. Put your instructions in paragraph form. Give enough details so the reader could duplicate the experiment. State the control treatment, variables used, and patterns of replication. Include safety procedures and precautions necessary. Provide any survey question used, provide pictures/figure to show equipment used. Refer to the survey or pictures in the detailed procedure. o For example: During the experiment the research used 15 potted plants, with 5 plants in each tray. (See Figure 1 on p. 3) OR o The scientists built a 3-D home that was 4x4x10. (See figure 1 on p. 2) F. RESULTS Present data in an organized manner. Present data in an appropriate format (table, charts, pictures or graph) Label the axes of each graph completely. Give units of measurement where appropriate Give a title and description to ALL tables, pictures, graphs etc, by writing a description caption for each table, picture, diagram, or figure. Include a SHORT paragraph pointing out the important results. BUT DO NOT interpret or explain the data. G. DISCUSSION: min. 3 pages, at least 5 pages to be considered for a (B) double spaced Interpret the results, explain their significance, and discuss any weaknesses of the experimental method or design. This is the most important section of the paper. State whether the hypothesis was supported or proven false. To do this, cross- reference your results and your prediction from the introduction. Cite specific results the support your conclusions. Give the reasoning for your conclusions Demonstrate that you understand the biological or scientific meaning of your results by writing and explanation as to why these things happened in the experiment. Compare the results with your predictions and explain any unexpected results. Compare the results with other research or information available to you; be sure to cite the other project. Discuss any weaknesses in your experimental design or problems with the execution of the experiment. Discuss how you might extend or improve your experiment. H. CONCLUSION (1 - 2 paragraphs, double spaced) Conclusion can be stated in three sections of your report, the introduction, discussion and the conclusion. Restate and rephrase your conclusions. Try not to use the same sentences from the previous sections. Restate the important results. I. APPENDIX Displays all figures, charts, graphs, or pictures. Each entry has a title, description and a number. Statistical Analysis: the entire mathematical portions of your project are shown here. Graphs and tables should reappear in this section. Make sure reader knows where in lab report to find pictures if you place them in the appendix section. Entries are in the order they appear in the report. Acknowledgements (don’t thank parents and teachers, unless they served as your mentor) J. REFERENCE PAGE & IN-TEXT CIATIONS Use proper citation form (APA) ABC ORDER Use appropriate citation rules for quotes and paraphrasing. ABSOULTELY NO PILGRISM.
Pages to are hidden for
"WRITING A SCIENTIFIC REPORT"Please download to view full document