WRITING A SCIENTIFIC REPORT by nzb12012

VIEWS: 30 PAGES: 3

									WRITING A SCIENTIFIC LAB REPORT

  A. TITLE PAGE
      Centered
      The effect of the IV on the DV.
      Full Name (First and Last)

  B. ABSTRACT (single spaced)
        Summarizes the problem investigated, hypothesis, the methods used, the
          results and conclusion in 150-200 words.

  C. TABLE OF CONTENTS

  D. INTRODUCTION: Min. 4 pages, at least 6 pages to be considered for a (B or
     higher) double spaced
      Written in third person (the research student, the student, the scientists, the
        researcher)
      Explains to the reader what your investigation is about. Give the purpose and
        the problem.
      Explain your learning goals & objectives. Explain engineering goals.
      Provide detailed background information on the subject area and variables (IV
        & DV) in the experiment.
      State the hypothesis.
      Give well-defined research-based reason for making the hypothesis.
      Explain the biological or scientific importance of your experiment.
      Cite sources using in-text citations.
      Explain how the method/procedure used will produce relevant information
        that is related to the hypothesis. ****Simply stated explain your control group
        & your test groups, and then tell how the control & test group will give you
        the data that supports the hypothesis made. ****

  E. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 1-2 pages double spaced
      Provides a detail, step-by-step account of how the experiment was conducted.
      Use the appropriate style. Should be written in 3 rd person and past tense not
       present tense.
      Do not write a recipe. Put your instructions in paragraph form.
      Give enough details so the reader could duplicate the experiment.
      State the control treatment, variables used, and patterns of replication.
      Include safety procedures and precautions necessary.
      Provide any survey question used, provide pictures/figure to show equipment
       used. Refer to the survey or pictures in the detailed procedure.
           o For example: During the experiment the research used 15 potted
               plants, with 5 plants in each tray. (See Figure 1 on p. 3) OR
           o The scientists built a 3-D home that was 4x4x10. (See figure 1 on p. 2)
F. RESULTS
    Present data in an organized manner.
    Present data in an appropriate format (table, charts, pictures or graph)
    Label the axes of each graph completely.
    Give units of measurement where appropriate
    Give a title and description to ALL tables, pictures, graphs etc, by writing a
     description caption for each table, picture, diagram, or figure.
    Include a SHORT paragraph pointing out the important results. BUT DO
     NOT interpret or explain the data.

G. DISCUSSION: min. 3 pages, at least 5 pages to be considered for a (B)
   double spaced
    Interpret the results, explain their significance, and discuss any weaknesses of
      the experimental method or design.
    This is the most important section of the paper.
    State whether the hypothesis was supported or proven false. To do this, cross-
      reference your results and your prediction from the introduction.
    Cite specific results the support your conclusions.
    Give the reasoning for your conclusions
    Demonstrate that you understand the biological or scientific meaning of your
      results by writing and explanation as to why these things happened in the
      experiment.
    Compare the results with your predictions and explain any unexpected results.
    Compare the results with other research or information available to you; be
      sure to cite the other project.
    Discuss any weaknesses in your experimental design or problems with the
      execution of the experiment.
    Discuss how you might extend or improve your experiment.

H. CONCLUSION (1 - 2 paragraphs, double spaced)
    Conclusion can be stated in three sections of your report, the introduction,
     discussion and the conclusion.
    Restate and rephrase your conclusions. Try not to use the same sentences from
     the previous sections.
    Restate the important results.

I. APPENDIX
    Displays all figures, charts, graphs, or pictures. Each entry has a title,
     description and a number.
    Statistical Analysis: the entire mathematical portions of your project are
     shown here.
    Graphs and tables should reappear in this section.
    Make sure reader knows where in lab report to find pictures if you place them
     in the appendix section. Entries are in the order they appear in the report.
    Acknowledgements (don’t thank parents and teachers, unless they served as
     your mentor)
J. REFERENCE PAGE & IN-TEXT CIATIONS
    Use proper citation form (APA)
    ABC ORDER
    Use appropriate citation rules for quotes and paraphrasing.
    ABSOULTELY NO PILGRISM.

								
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