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Kalilintad. (2009 Oct). Vol. II, Issue 1.
Volume II Issue I KALILINTAD October 2009 The Official Publication of the Reconciliatory Initiatives for Development Opportunities (RIDO) Inc. Former Gov. Saidamen B. Pangarungan enthroned as the new Sultan of Madaya (See full story on page 10) Actual “rido” settlement, May 27, 2009 at Picong, Lanao del Sur Strategic Planning of Tara Clan, August 15-16, 2009 Initao, Misamis Occidental Consultative Meeting, September 16, 2009, at Madalum, Lanao del Sur 1st Grand Gathering of Dayanglabi Clan (1st Bae sa Radapan) October 15, 2007, Poona Piagapo, Lanao del Norte Information, Education & Communication: Assessment and Planning Workshop, June 7-8, 2009, Marawi Resort Hotel, The keys to lasting peace in the Marawi City Lanao Provinces 1 1 1 EDITORIAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Information, Education and Communication: The keys to lasting peace in Editorial the Lanao provinces mEssagE Who does not want peace? Nobody wants to live in chaos. Nevertheless, life in the Lanao provinces rido updatEs is as shaky as fault lines hidden in the Pacific ring. From time to time, we hear unfortunate news about the instability of peace in the area. Worse, this hinders thE rolE of thE sultanatE development again and again. Do we have the power to in community and nation put an end to this? A revival by the band Session Road blurted the building: a prEliminary study famous phrase, “suntok sa buwan…” when referring to something which is impossible to attain. Many people thE prophEt mohammad's living in Lanao claim that achieving peace here is (p.b.u.h.) last sErmon “suntok sa buwan.” This cynicism is the main reason why our peace efforts are negligible and superficial up photo gallEry to this time. Being hope-less is a sign of hopelessness. First and foremost we must place hope in our quo vadis moa-ad? hearts. A simple sign of optimism is the initial step towards any undertaking. By simply believing, we can thE rp-us vfa trEaty: its make miracles. We believe that there is still a chance implications in mindanao and to change the scene and image of Lanao by becoming well-informed about the situation. This will open our thE philippinEs as a wholE minds as to the true and lasting solution to the volatility of peace in the area. The people of Lanao need education and re- education about the essence of peace. Regardless of culture like “rido,” this should be avoided as much as possible as it does not bring any good to the Maranao Editorial Board community. Basically it hampers socio-economic development as it causes conflict among families. If it Chairman: Abdul Hamidullah T. Atar, MPA remains unabated, it may result to “ubusan ng lahi” or persistent retaliation (killings and other crimes) from both parties. Another is the wrong use of “maratabat” or Editor-in-Chief: Sherifa Rohannie O. Kadil-Adiong pride. It must be exercised to uplift one’s esteem, not to put down others because one is too proud to admit his mistakes and weaknesses. Lay-out & Design: Luis Siddick F. Adiong Through civilized communication, people can avoid inconsistencies. Even amidst misunderstanding, conflicting parties can settle the gap by talking. Taking Contributors: law into one’s own hands will not give permanent inner peace. Rather, it will trigger anger and revenge. We Prof. Dato Hj. Mohd. Hassan Conding Cana have to accept the harsh realities of life and learn to Skip Garibaldi Islam forgive. Datu Meno D. Manabilang Thus, information, education and communication are the keys to lasting peace in the Lanao Datu Nasroddin B. Badio provinces. This may entail a lifetime commitment but for whatever it’s worth, we will all be saved. 2 2 2 Message Assalamu alaykom warahmatullahi wabarakatuho… It is my honor to publish Volume II, Issue I of our official publication, Kalilintad. This material presents the accomplishments of the Reconciliatory Initiatives for Development Opportunities (RIDO) Inc. over the past year. It showcases the role of the Sultanate in feud settlements, clan gatherings, salsilah making, seminar-workshops on peace as well as the various activities conducted towards this end. Such was highlighted by the enthronement of the new Sultan of Madaya, former Governor Saidamen B. Pangarungan. The struggle for mitigating “rido” and act on its prevention was not an easy task. For years, I took this challenge because I have always believed in peace. There is need for continuous information, education and communication among concerned parties. Without these keys to lasting peace in the Lanao provinces, no “rido” case could have been resolved. Along this line, I would like to extend my heartfelt thanks to our noble partners in peace --- The Good People of America (USAID) and The Asia Foundation (TAF). To the United Nations Development Program—Act for Peace Programme (UNDP), German Development Service (ded), MIVA-Netherlands, Caritas Australia, Books for Asia and the Office of the Presidential Adviser on Peace Process (OPAPP), without you, all our goals will not be translated into actions. We would be forever grateful for your support and trust in us. May your tribe increase. Finally, let me share with all of you this prefecture of a long-time dream for the Maranao community. I fervently hope that one day, others will duplicate our undertakings. I ask you to join me in keeping our Lanao a healthy place to live in and in realizing our goal of achieving permanent peace. Abdul Hamidullah T. Atar, MPA Executive Director RIDO Inc. 3 3 3 RIDO UPDATES FROM mechanism for dispute settlement. Thus, as catalyst for change, it is indeed important to reevaluate the 2008-2009 various peace and development interventions in our areas of responsibility so that our resources and Spectacular achievements have been done efforts can directly address the problems of our so far starting from the formal formation of the constituents. organization up to the present. The Reconciliatory The intervention for local conflict resolution Initiatives for Development Opportunities (RIDO) has complex approaches. There are short and long Incorporated was established four (4) years ago term solutions. Since local conflict resolution is a by certain individual advocates working for peace deep responsibility, conflict or locally translated as and development endeavors in both Lanao areas. “rido” is considered as the most chaotic and tragic It adhered specific programs and components as its social phenomenon in the Maranao society. When priority agenda towards the attainment of its vision a family is involved in rido, most of their socio- and goals. cultural, economic and spiritual activities are limited Over the past two (2) years, RIDO Incorporated if not totally stagnated. More often than not the indulged in several peace building efforts as part of concentration in both conflicting parties is merely its mandates including the following to wit: focused on how to retaliate and defend their families • Actual local conflict resolution during the occurrence of clashes. Diversion of family • Clan based peace organizing activities is quite serious that even the education of • Capacity building and skills enhancement children belonging to families involved in the conflict • Cultivating good governance is set aside for fear of retaliatory attacks by opposing • Strengthening partnership building with Local parties concerned. Government Units (LGUs) Rido has caused so much suffering both • Basic social services physically and psychologically. This includes trauma • Literacy program and fear while rido related to armed confrontations • Emergency Relief Assistance resulted to several casualties, displacement of communities, and destruction of properties which Actual conflict resolution: crippled the local economy. At the peak of a rido All societies have traditional ways of incident, no family member is spared from the managing and resolving conflict either by indigenous impact, regardless of social position, age, and mechanisms or by legal frameworks. These may distance. Each one has to contribute both material be informal or formal. Respected elders within a and moral support. A certain Mr. Ibrahim, one of the family, clan, religious group, or community may survivors of rido, says that in his experience some help in solving internal problems or may formulate of the devastating effects of these feuds included a solution, which is deemed legitimate because of his relocation from home leaving it at the care of the elder's wisdom and/or position. The revival of his in-laws. He even sold his house and returned to the traditional method in conflict resolution through his place of origin while all his other socio-economic clan organizing is the most appropriate mechanism and spiritual activities were temporarily abandoned. in Maranao areas. The Maranao Customary Justice The extent of rido impacts is indeed far more system through clan-based organizing must be overwhelming than beneficial. strengthened and institutionalized in order to provide The use of fire arms as means of conflict the Maranao community a reliable alternative settlement in Maranao society is common. Rido is considered an integral part of everyday life. Retaliation is generally accepted and expected and no one questions it. An organization like RIDO Inc. is established to further strengthen the potential of clans and traditional leaders as well as local leaders in ending rido. However, the intervention should be recognized and supported by the state in order to sustain its campaigns and advocacies. From 2007-2009, the interventions of RIDO Inc. in rido resolution through traditional mechanism in the Lanao provinces were summarized as follows: (See Table on Page 5) Clan-based peace organizing Maranao people have a collective culture by Final settlement of land dispute resulting to multiple murder nature. Family elders are highly respected and they on April 5, 2009 at Marogong, Lanao del Sur possess authority bonded with responsibilities to 4 4 4 Summary of RIDO Inc. Interventions from 2007-2009 No. of No. of No. of Kinds of rido and its rido people people causes resolved killed injured 1. Political rivalry related to 15 32 29 barangay and local election 2. Land and boundary disputes 9 7 14 3. Thief, robbery and kidnapping 6 2 8 4. Slandering, false accusation, gossip, swindling, use 6 1 5 Local & brgy. officials, traditional, clan & religious leaders during of sarcastic words, and COMMUNITY BASED PLANNING degradation of honor May 17, 2009, MSU, Marawi City 5. Reckless imprudence, car accident, and unintentional 11 5 15 conflicts or rido in general. Part of the process and harassment impact of clan organizing includes documentation 6. Domestic cases including of clan genealogies; identification of potential marriage conflict (“shot gun” family and clan leaders; skills enhancement and and forced marriage) and 9 2 11 capability building; undertaking monitoring work; elopement resulting to serious strengthening rapport; link aging and networking; grave threat and confrontation recognition of the sentiments among the people at the grassroots level; and systematizing traditional 7. Abuse of authority 3 1 6 leadership. 8. Misunderstanding and miscommunication resulting to 4 1 5 Salsilah Making damage of properties Determination of clan genealogies is the main 9. Debt 3 1 3 output of clan based organizing. For more than four 10. Competition for traditional (4) years of its existence, there were four (4) major 9 1 6 clans organized while tracing their genealogies. positions The first clan organized was the Sultanate 11. Others: Pornography video of Marawi with its three (3) sub-clans namely resulting to serious injuries 1 X 1 Sidikadatu, Maruhom Sidik and Balindong Jaman and grave threat with more than thirty (30) thousand members Total 76 53 103 situated in twelve (12) municipalities in the Lanao provinces and the City of Marawi. Next was the make sure family members do what is best for the Sultanate of Radapan with its membership majority rather than what is best for themselves. reaching approximately twelve thousand (12,000) In dealing with rido, the elders are expected to and another was the Tara clan with more than thirty show strong appeal and influence among the family thousand (30,000) membership situated in nine (9) members while considering their welfare in general. municipalities in the Lanao Provinces while the last Clan organizing is one way of reviving the cultural one was the Sultanate of Madaya with two (2) values and relationships among Maranao people to sub-clans namely Datu A Petheelan and Sarip Batua somehow address the proliferation of rido in Lanao. with approximately twenty nine thousand (29,000) The awareness and belief among Maranao members situated in eight (8) municipalities in people nowadays is still strong although some Lanao provinces and twenty-two (22) barangays in aspects are gradually diminishing. The core binding Marawi City. Data gathering was conducted through values taught by their forefathers have been slowly interviews, fora and deployment of researchers. neglected by the new generation. This is the reason Making salsilah was initiated by the why the significance and the actual application of identification of potential leaders influential in conflict friendship and mutual respect among Maranaos are weakening as well. In effect, killings, robbery and hurting someone can be easily done by some people because of lesser understanding and awareness about the noble values and ethics taught by the taritib and ijma. Indeed, the significant values of Maranao people should reckon and serve as peace strategies Consolidated clan genealogies of the Sultanate of Marawi, so that they could not easily involve themselves in Madaya, Radapan and Tara Clan in the provinces of Lanao 5 5 5 resolution processes and other peace interventions in Lanao. To date, ninety five percent (95%) of clan profiles have been collected from the four (4) major clans mentioned. Collated data were validated up to twelve (12) times with representatives from the elders of each clan to ensure genuine membership of the clan. This will avoid conflict as soon as the selection process for traditional positions within the clan is called for. Clan genealogy profiling was launched by the clan itself and attended by the elders as manifestation of the partial completion of Seminar Workshop on Conflict Management Training, June 27-28, 2009 data gathering. Crystal Inn, Iligan City As of now, there are more than three hundred (300) elders identified in the four (4) clans organized who help facilitate and mediate conflict in the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte as well as the City of Marawi. Salsilah making is a dignified work. It helps ascertain the genealogy of a clan. No rido in the Lanao province has been formally resolved without tracing and mentioning the genealogies or relationship of the conflicting parties. Another importance of salsilah is the systematization of the traditional leadership among Maranaos. Through salsilah, it will neutralize other candidates for traditional positions who are not next in rank. Voter’s Education for the Youth, August 3, 2008, Academic It helps facilitate interested candidates to concede Complex, MSU, Marawi City if they are not qualified for the position. As such, Salsilah making is one of the most challenging works among researchers and development workers. Cultivating Good Governance: In development endeavors, salsilah could One of the hurdles of peace and development help identify the right beneficiaries in communities in Lanao areas was poor governance. This includes to facilitate proper distribution of goods or items the low level of the leaders’ of “technical know how” intended for them. Development workers should also which always serves as basis for the poor delivery familiarize the local structure in the communities of basic services and poor enforcement of laws. using the salsilah to identify the right hierarchy of However, RIDO Inc. believed that the issue on poor local authorities because most of the sensitive local governance starts during election period. When decisions are made by the traditional leaders. people and leaders continue the practice of election Salsilah making is one way to link one person fraud including vote buying among others, in effect, to another especially when there is an existing people could never expect the provision of basic social rido. Salsilah always serves as tools for conflict services and good governance in their communities prevention and resolution among Maranao people. in general. Through this observation, RIDO Inc. Finally, salsilah should also be part of the cultural conducts trainings and workshops related to the education among Maranaos particularly the young promotion of good governance and accountability generation to emphasize the importance of kinship in partnership with several peace stakeholders in and blood relations. the communities with the hope to reduce election violence and other electoral discrepancies. RIDO Capacity building and skills enhancement: Inc. also conducts barangay planning and project In clan based organizing, proper consultations development in selected vulnerable areas to enhance and meetings have been undertaken to properly skills and shape values towards peace building. channel the problems within the clan and the communities as a whole. Through the process, all Strengthening Partnership Building with LGU’s identified elders craft appropriate intervention for Partnership building with local officials is capability building and trainings in order to enhance deemed significant because they have resources and their skills, values and potentials in peace building and at the same time, the capacity to know the facts of advocacy. Along this line RIDO Inc. conducts several rido cases identified in their areas of responsibilities trainings on peace education, conflict management, aside from having legal authority as public servants. leadership, good governance and others that help The role of RIDO Inc. in collaborating with local the elders realize their peace advocacy as well as officials is to exert motivation and encouragement in share their knowledge among themselves. the performance of their duties and responsibilities in 6 6 6 RIDO Inc. helped selected conflicting areas in the Lanao provinces particularly from five (5) selected barangays in Poona Piagapo, LDN through its project entitled “Mitigating the Effects of Armed Conflict and Institutionalizing Peace and Development.” The project was implemented by ECOWEB Inc. and subcontracted by RIDO Inc. The main donor of this project was Caritas Australia. From 2006 to 2008, RIDO Inc. assisted in the social preparation, several capacity building interventions including peace education, disaster risk management, leadership trainings and formation of barangay peace and development plan. The successful components of MOU signing between RIDO Inc. and LGU of Balabagan the project which RIDO Inc. helped in implementing June 11, 2008, Balabagan, LDS were its water system, livelihood and agriculture as well as in health. community peace building. Thus, local officials from Nevertheless, RIDO Inc. also continues the municipal and barangay levels increase their working on the Stride Mindanao Project for commitment and desire to facilitate rido resolution, Integrated Rehabilitation Program of Tanglaw and and implement other basic social services in their Piangamangaan of Poona Piagapo, LDN. The project area of jurisdiction. Based on experience, peace is funded by the Act for Peace-UNDP for their work should not be isolated to one entity or group. It development intervention among conflicting areas needs collective and shared efforts from all sectors in Mindanao brought by the August 2008 War. It of society. In the four (4) years of the existence is hoped that through the RIDO Inc. intervention of RIDO Inc., eighteen (18) local government units in the communities, people can recover from the are working with us to counter rido in the Lanao impacts of war, emotionally and psychologically. In provinces. Working with committed LGU officials this manner, they can resume with their livelihood with traditional leaders in rido settlement and activities. other peace works has always been meaningful and significant. Literacy Program and Other Community Works: Basic Social Services: Education is the foundation of peace which Accordingly, violence escalates because of RIDO Inc. believes in. Thus, the organization also absence of governance and the issue of poverty in engaged in the distribution of reading materials from many areas in the Lanao Provinces. Poor delivery of Books for Asia. Among its beneficiaries were four (4) basic services especially in areas prone to conflict is elementary schools with more than one thousand considered as triggering factor for people to become (1,000) elementary pupils in the Municipalities of more violent and extremist. Peace will never happen Pantao Ragat, Saguiaran, Marogong, and Poona without justice and part of the injustice experienced Piagapo. It is intended that the reading materials by many people in the Lanao areas is the poor will increase and enhance the knowledge among delivery of basic services. community teachers and the pupils in particular. Oath Taking Ceremony, Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council of Poona Piagapo, LDN, October 21, 2009, Barangay Book Distribution, June 17, 2008, Poblacion, Poona Piagapo, LDN Tangclao, Poona Piagapo, LDN 7 7 7 THE ROLE OF THE SULTANATE IN COMMUNITY AND NATION BUILDING: A PRELIMINARY STUDY By: Prof. Dato Hj. Mohd. Hassan Conding Cana, former Dean of MSU-King Faisal Center for Islamic & Asian Studies and served as part of the ARMM Cabinet under Maas Nur Misuari, and was recently enthroned by the revitalized Royal Sultanate of Madaya, Marawi City, as Sultan A Gaus of Malaa Bayabao INTRODUCTION facing this challenge, the enhancement of After five decades, circa 1500-1550 the A great deal has been said and the Bangsamoro Sultanates under a new, other Sultanates emerged in mainland written about the various aspects of the dynamic leadership is what is needed now. Mindanao. Famous among them was the Bangsamoro communities, and subsequent It is deemed necessary to understand fully Sultanate of Mindanao or Maguindanao developments, but not much attention has the traditional leadership and organizational whose global recognition came during been paid as far as their traditional political development of the Bangsamoro the time of Almarhum Sultan Mohammad and religious dimensions are concerned. Sultanates, by considering the core and the Nasiruddin Dipatuan Qudarat, dubbed as It is also a fact that some writers have history that caused its emergence as an the unconquerable Sultan in Southeast Asia based their interpretations of the cultural empowered identity to reckon with. In so (1590-1671). In 1645, he was internationally and political transformation on their doing, national leadership would be best acknowledged as the sovereign ruler and own conjectures and preferences. This strengthened if the Bangsamoro Sultanates master of all Mindanao, Sulu, Palawan and preliminary presentation owes its formation would be developed and enhanced as some Visayan Islands. The King of Spain to the writer’s exposure to the institutional part of the political development of the recognized him as “Lord of Mindanao” development of the Bangsamoro Sultanates country. after the Spaniards feared and admired since the formation of the Nineteen Royal his superiority and enormous influence Houses of Muslim Mindanao in 1973, THE ORIGIN OF THE BANGSAMORO over Southern Philippines that they never with religious and political factors exerting SULTANATES conquered. He reigned over his vast influence crucial in the Bangsamoro In the Southern Philippines, after Sultanate for half a century and a few years communities. The political system and the defeats of the early Muslim Kingdoms before his death in 1671, he became a very the sphere of influence was considerable, or Sultanates in now the greater Manila pious man anointed as a religious preacher particularly before the intervention of the areas led by Raja Sulayman or Soliman, of Islam and was given the regal name – colonial powers. the acknowledged ancestor of the natives NASIR-UD-DIN meaning “Helper of Faith” The religious-cultural forces of Manila, the other Datus and Rajahs of which was added to his name Qudarat underwent a process of decay during the the Visayan region, following the spheres meaning “power” in Arabic and “master” imperialist-colonial era. The magnitude of influence of the two pioneering Malay of Melayu. The Sultan’s heroic military of the Bangsamoro commerce conducted famous empires (the Majapahit and the Sri- feats, masterful diplomatic leadership and by indigenous people have gradually Vijaya), Mindanao since time immemorial brilliant economic efficiency coupled with dwindleD. The colonial masters and local became the homeland of the various his bravery as a Muslim Leader, extremely converts directly and indirectly formalized Bangsamoro Sultanates. pious and sophisticated in Islamic learning, the policy of the country and subsequently In the Sulu archipelago comprising patient in defeat, magnanimous in victory, almost all aspects of social and political Sabah of North Borneo, Tawi-Tawi, Basilan steadfast in faith and utterly selfless as life in this part of the world solely for their and parts of the Zamboanga Peninsula there a ruler who even gained the grudging of benefit. sprang the Sultanate of Sulu, circa 1400- many foes. Among other qualities should The erosion of the legitimacy of 1450 led by Sultan Abu Bakar As-Shariful inspire other Sultans, datus, baes as well the established institutions among native Hashim who as political leaders to emulate his brand of Filipinos, particularly the Bangsamoro descended from heroism and leadership. For every Filipino, communities were replaced by new the famous Royal either a Muslim or Christian, must fight to institutions and styles of leadership. Inspite House of Johore defend his rights and protect his family, of all these, the fundamental aspects of the and became a fellowmen and homeland so he, too, by legitimacy of the Bangsamoro Sultanates son-in-law of the right and justice can be a true Filipino are preserved. Sulu ruling family hero like Sultan Qudarat who has been The abolition of the Sultanate of Raja Baguinda recognized and acknowledged as one of as part of the political system marked the and Princess our national heroes. beginning of the independence period. In Paramisuli. Other Maguindanaon Sultanates Raja Sulayman 8 8 8 or Kingdoms likewise had emerged like observe series of Sultanate enthronements ALLAH Subhanahu-wa-taala. that of Rajah Buayan and Kabuntalan that in areas not classified as part of the classical It was during the period of the up to now have respective sets of Sultans, Ranao Sultanates. To mention, there is Osmanli Caliphate that the word Sultan as Rajahs and Baes. The famous Raja Buayan one in Cavite and in Vamenta, Cagayan head of the state or group of states came Sultanate presently has a new Istana right de Oro. This is one way of reminding the about. In the Malay World comprising at the heart of the Province of Sultan young generation that once upon a time the present ASEAN region, almost all Kudarat. Its present ruler – HRH RAJA- we were ruled by Rajahs and Sultans, thus, countries within including Patani of BUAYAN SA BUAYAN IV CONGRESSMAN reviving the solidarity and harmony of the Thailand, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, DATU PAX MANGUDADATU whose famous early inhabitants of the country under the Philippines, Brunei, and Malaysia have Enthronement Ceremonies last December Sultanate regime. been ruled by either Raja or Sultan which 10, 2007 was attended by the royalties at present is regarded with high esteem in from Brunei and Malaysia and Muslim ITS REVOLUTION Brunei and Malaysia due to their respective ambassadors stationed in Metro Manila. The word “Sultan” refers to one foreign colonizers, i.e. the Great Britain The famous people of the four that governs and rules. The “sultanate” is being the oldest Monarchy in the modern principalities of the Lanao region, the a defined area where the Sultan reigns and world. Maranaos or Mranaws being the youngest exercises his power. It is of Arabic origin that The growth and development of in terms of the Bangsamoro Sultanates’ means power, authority or government. It the Bangsamoro sultanates is just a part of growth and development in Southern was mentioned 37 times in the Holy Qur’an, the Malay World’s constellation of sultanates Philippines have adopted the plurality sometimes it carries the meaning of power that constitute an important component of concept of Sultanates as illustrated by the or authority from Allah Almighty as, “al- the successes of Brunei Darussalam and Sultanates, dubbed as the Panoroganans sultan zill ALLAH fi al-ard”, this power or the Federation of Malaysia. composed of the so-called Sixteen Royal authority reflects ALLAH’s power on earth. In Malaysia, the so-called Malacca Houses/Sultanates distributed as follows: Hence, the Qur’an provides further in An- period is considered the golden age of Malay Masiu has 2, Sultanate of Masiu and the Nisa: 59, “O ye who believe! Obey ALLAH history. In about 1400 AD, a Malay state led Almighty, and obey the Apostle or the by a Sumatran Prince made its influence Prophet of Islam, and those charged with widely felt in the region. Thus, after the fall Authority among you.” Some interpreted it of the Malacca sultanate, a number of small as the sitting and recognition of Sultan in independent sultanates were established a legitimate Sultanate. Thus, in Malaysia, elsewhere in the various areas in Southeast the Malays believe that the Sultans are Asia, including the Philippines particularly still the only hope that kept, including the in Mindanao. Before its fall, the Malacca Bruneian Malays, the Malay identity, the sultanate earned a reputation as the pre- Malay Islamic religion and Malay political eminent trading port and emporium of power alive. commercial activities in SEA and later After the prophetic era, the became a center for the diffusion of ISLAM Sultan Pax S. Mangudadatu, Al Hadj Muslims in the Ummah Islamiyah, inspired throughout the Malay World. Sultan Sa Rajahbuayan by the teachings of the Holy Qur’an and Malaysia’s nine sultans – who Royal House of Datu a Cabugatan of Masiu; the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, PBUH, routinely choose one among them to serve Bayabao Pangampong has three sub-groups, devised a sort of historical and social a five-year term as Yang di-Pertuan Agung namely: Mala-a-Bayabao with the Sultanate mechanism that aimed at preserving that or King – are alive and well in the modern of Ramain and the Sultanate of Ditsaan; power or authority to sustain, develop, world, ministering to the various needs Lumbaa Bayabao with the Sultanates of preserve and enhance ISLAM. Thus, history of their subjects. In Brunei Darusssalam, Bacolod, Borokot, Maribo and Minitepad; tells us of the emergence of Caliphate or HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah is the number Poona Bayabao with the Sultanates Khalifah as Caliph Abu Bakr, Caliph Omar, 29th Bolkiah. Aside from being a Sultan/ of Taporog, Bansayan and Rogan; the Caliph Usman and Caliph Ali (May ALLAH swt King, he also acts as the President, Prime Unayan Pangampong with the Sultanates be pleased with all of them). After several Minister, and Military Commander in-Chief. of Bayang, Butig and Pagayawan; and the decades and centuries was the emergence Unlike in Malaysia, the governance or the Balo-i Pangampong with the Sultanate of of Empires as elegantly demonstrated affairs of the government are in the hands Balo-i. Under the Panoroganans are the alternately by the Muwawiyah and of the Prime Minister and other ministries 28 legislative Sultanates that serve as the Abbasiysah (combination of caliphate although the Sultan has influence on their legislative body of the Ranao Sultanates empire), then the rise of family dynasties appointments. while that of the Panoroganans serve as the in Egypt, the sub-continent of India and executive body. Thus the four (4) boundary Pakistan as well as other Arab countries CONTRIBUTIONS OF BANGSAMORO Sulatanates (Kiasosolbian o Bangsa sa with King and Sultan as head of states or SULTANATES TOWARDS PEACE AND Ranao) serve as the judiciary body of the federated states under Islamic influence as PROGRESS Ranao Sultanates. This came circa the start the Mughal Islamic empire and the case of In 1973, a grand assembly of the of the 18th century. What is surprising, Othoman or Osmanli where heads of states Royal House of Sulu, and the Sultanates maybe due to eagerness and love for the are known as emir, sultans or functioning of Mindanao / Maguindanao, Buayan, Sultanates, until now one can find and as khalifah or representing authority from Kabuntalan and the Ranao Pangampong- 9 9 9 Sultanates with the Sultanates of Madaya, feud and as a reward, North Borneo, known Marawi, Guimba, Bacolod and Toros as as Sabah was given as gift to the Sulu Sultan host with the support of MSU, selected by the Sultan of Brunei Kingdom which is the Late Almarhum Sultan of Bayang the main reason behind the Philippine claim Congressman Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman as over Sabah. Sabah has always been part of the 1st Chairman or Overall Grand Sultan of the Sulu Sultanate over the past centuries the so-called 19 Ruling Houses/Sultanates which until this date remains unsettled. of Mindanao, dubbed as the Paramount Sultan to represent the Muslims in the CONCLUSION country vis-à-vis their rights and plight as It has been a clamour, including the the poorest and most neglected sectors writer, among the well-meaning sector of of the country. However, the great Sultan the Muslim communities or the Bangsamoro felt he was betrayed by the late strongman people to consider the historical role of Marcos, so he decided to join the Jihad Fi- the Mndanao legitimate sultanates in the Sabilillah versus the Marcos Regime until affairs of the government regardless of its his demise in the Royal Kingdom of Saudi structure either parliamentary, federalism Arabia. or its present set-up. The added 9th ray Over the past few months, of the sun on our flag manifests the urgent the Sulu Sultanate, the Maguindanao need to give recognition to the role Filipino Sultanates, so with Kabuntalan and the Muslims played in the defense and struggle Sultan Kudarat monument fronting the Capitol Raja Buayan Sultanate led by Raja Cong. Pax of our people for independence, liberty, Building of the Province of Sultan Kudarat Mangudadatu and the Panoroganans of the freedom and justice. Ranao region and its 28 grand legislative Thus, Muslim leaders including try to emulate the qualities and brand Sultanates led by the Sultan of Marawi are the various royal-title holders in the of leadership and heroism of Almarhum all cooperating in the GRP Peace talks with different sultanates of Mindanao should Sultan Dipatuan Qudarat. the MILF and other programs of HE-PGMA who herself is a part of the Ranao royalties Former Gov. Saidamen B. Pangarungan as Princess of Masiu (Honoris Causa) for enthroned as the new Sultan of Madaya the general welfare of the Mindanaoans The leadership of the Sultanate of Marawi Sultanate League), Sultan Haron Pango particularly the Bangsamoro communities. Madaya was vacant for over 10 years because Tomawis, Sultan Haji Mohammad Ali Asgar Bin Thus, in defense of the Malay of conflict between the heirs of Radiamoda sa Sani (Royal Sultanate of Marawi City), and many maratabat, Ferdinand Magellan who Punod in the person of Sarip Batua and Datu a others. At the event, the Sultan of Marawi City, served as the 2nd in command to Alfonso Pitiilan. Both brothers begot 7 heirs each, totaling Sultan Asgar Sani, thanked The Asia Foundation Albuquerque, leader of the Portuguese to 14 clans with a population of more than 29,000 and his guest, Dr. Steven Rood, for helping him attack/war against the Great Malaccan clan members. Through the efforts of a local and the other Sultanates in Lanao in resolving Islamic Malay Empire that caused its total NGO, Reconciliatory Initiatives for Development their clan conflict, or rido. destruction, in 1511, a group of Cebu Datus Opportunities (RIDO Inc.), the council of elders of The enthronement rites of the Sultanate and Iranon fighters led by Datu Lapu-Lapu, each sub-clan was reconciled after the decade- of Madaya were a colorful showcase of Meranao on March 21, 1521, after ten years of said long dispute, and reunited the entire clan. This culture. Its traditional governance structure of attack, in a deadliest battle, crushed him and astonishing reconciliation culminated in the Meranao society focused on a Sultan. Charged mutilated his body including approximately ceremony witnessed in Marawi City on July 5, with the obligation to implement traditional laws, 200 of his military contingents. 2009. the Sultan is both a secular and religious leader The Sultan of Sulu accompanied The new Sultan of Madaya, Saidamen who meets specific criteria including lineal origin by other Sultans and Datus from mainland B. Pangarungan, also a former governor of Lanao and faith, and whose authority is sanctioned by Mindanao, in the 17th century, out of del Sur, was one of the few family members of the Quran and the Sunnah. The selection of the solidarity with the royalties of the Brunei the Sarip Batua and Datu a Pitiilan clans who Sultan of Madaya was a long and complicated Sultanate that encompassed the whole had a legitimate claim over the Sultanate of process that included determining the legitimate of Borneo and Manila thru the effort of Madaya. Aside from his lineage and former heirs to the throne, developing of selection political position he is also a practicing corporate criteria, determining the roles and responsibilities its Prince, Raja and litigation lawyer representing various Filipino of each royal title, and completing the settlement Sulayman, rushed to and multi-national corporations. He is married of previous feuds and negotiations among the the shores of Sabah to Princess Johayra Diamond Ali Pacasum royal families. to help the feuding Pangarungan, Baialabi a Gaus sa Ranao and RIDO, Inc. spearheaded the royal families of former assemblywoman of the Autonomous organization of the clan, profiling of the clan Brunei. As a result, Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). genealogy, resolving the clan disputes and the Sulu Sultan The datus, baes, and other royal facilitating the rebuilding of the traditional system succeeded in the dignitaries paraded in their traditional attires of the structure of the Sultanate. It went through settlement of the and ornaments with prominent personalities a variety of difficult steps such as hosting a Sultan Haroun Al-rashid Lucman and special guests in attendance included series of dialogues, documenting genealogies, the Sultan Monsing Macabando (Chairman, and the like. 10 10 10 THE PROPHET MOHAMMAD’s (p.b.u.h.) Last Sermon (This sermon was delivered on the ninth day Dhul Hijjah In The Name Of ALLAH, The man who had spoken 10 A.H. in the ‘Uranah Valley of Mount Arafat) The Most Beneficent, took off his hood, looked at The Most Gracious, the Imaam and said, “Okay “O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not The Most Merciful ! Maulana ! I have got rid of all whether, after a year, I shall be amongst you again. the hypocrites. Now you may Therefore, listen to what I am saying to you very begin your sermon.” carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “Jannat lies under the feet of your The two men then turned and COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY. walked out. Too deep not to mother.” Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “If you read the Kalima with pass on? “Funny how simple it is O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this conviction just once, Jannah for people to trash Allah ... and city as SACRED, so regard the life and property of every becomes upon you.” then wonder why the world's MUSLIM as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted going to hell.” to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “A woman who reveals her body or “Funny how we believe what the one may hurt you. Remember that you will meet your even wears tight fitting clothes newspapers say ... but question LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH wont come within 500 years of what the Qu'ran says.” “Funny has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all the smell of Jannah.” how everyone wants to go to heaven ... provided they do not interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “The have to believe, think, say, or dust which settles on a man do anything the Quran says.” Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He while he is out in the path of “Funny how someone can say has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you Allah; not only the fire, but the 'I believe in Allah' ... but still astray in big things, so beware of following him in small smoke of Jahannam is haraam follow Shaitaan (who, by the things. for those parts of the body.” way, also 'believes' in Allah).” O People, it is true that you have certain rights with Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “Funny how you can send “I only curse 3 types of people: a thousand ‘jokes’ through regard to your women but they also have rights over 1. Those people who do not look e-mail and they spread like you. If they abide by your right then to them belongs after their parents when they wildfire ... but when you start the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat are in old age. sending messages regarding your women well and be kind to them for they are your 2. Those people who do not take Allah, people think twice about partners and committed helpers. And it is your right full advantage of the blessed sharing.” that they do not make friends with anyone with whom month of Ramadan. 3. Those people who do not “Funny how the lewd, crude, you do not approve, as well as never commit adultery. say, ‘Salallahu-Alayhay- vulgar and obscene pass freely Wa -A a l a h ay-Wa s a l l a m ’ through cyberspace ... but the O People, listen to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say when my name is public discussion of Allah is your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month mentioned.” suppressed in the school and workplace.” of Ramadhan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford. You know that every Muslim Rasulullah S.A.W. said, “It is Funny, isn't it? “Funny, how better for a man that a steel nail someone can be so fired up for is the brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. be driven through the centre Nobody has superiority over the other except by piety Allah on Friday ... but be an of his head rather than if he invisible Muslim the rest of the and good action. touches the palm of a strange week.” woman.” Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and Are you laughing or crying? PLEASE TAKE 2 MINUTES OF “Funny how when you go to answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from YOUR TIME TO READ THIS. forward this message ... you the path of righteousness after I am gone. will not send it to many on your Imagine this happening to you... address list because you're not O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME One day during Jummah Salah, sure what they believe, or what AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. a 1,000 member congregation they will think of you for sending Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand my was surprised to see two men it to them.” enter, both covered from head words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two to toe in black and carrying sub- “Funny, how I can be more things, the QUR’AN and my example the SUNNAH and machine guns. worried about what other people if you follow these you will never go astray. think of me ... than what Allah One of the men proclaimed, thinks of me.” All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to “Anyone willing to take a bullet Are you thinking? Will you others and those to others again; and may the last for Allah remain where you are.” share this with people you care Immediately, the congregation ones understand my words better than those who listen fled, and out of the 1,000 there about? to me directly. Be my witness O ALLAH, that I have only remained around 20. Or not? conveyed your message to your people. 11 11 11 RIDO, Inc. 12 12 12 Photo Gallery 13 13 13 14 14 14 RIDO, Inc. Photo Gallery 15 15 15 RIDO, Inc. 16 16 16 Photo Gallery 17 17 17 RIDO, Inc. 18 18 18 Photo Gallery 19 19 19 QUO VADIS MOA-AD? By Skip Garlbaldi Islam MOA-AD: A Backdrop in question suffer a snag. The The Memorandum of Kuala Lumpur debacle led to the Agreement on Ancestral Domain pull out of the International Mon- (MOA-AD) is a result of several itoring Team (IMT) contingents years of peace negotiations staying in Mindanao to oversee between the National Government the implementation of the cease- of the Republic of the Philippines fire agreement. (NGRP) and the Moro Islamic It is ineluctable that due Liberation Front (MILF) with the to the frustration of the ground facilitation of the Government of commanders of the MILF for the Malaysia. It is an initiated yet aborted signing of the MOA-AD unsigned document. It is the in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and political package crafted by the compounded by tirades of the parties to the peace talks that Filipino national and local leaders defines the relationship of the who vociferously opposed the Bangsamoro and the Filipino as agreement in question and their nations within a state. inflammatory statements and The MOA-AD is primarily paroxysm which prodded their designed to redress the grievance people to commit bloodshed if the responded positively by declaring of the Bangsamoro which is government pursues the signing the Suspension Of Military Action affirmed by the U.S. government of the controversial document, a (SOMA) against government as legitimate. It provides an violent conflict erupted anew on forces and ordered its freedom entrenchment of the political the ground. fighters to be in the defensive rights of the Bangsamoro. It Like in the past conflict, mode. It is worth noting the gives a win-win formula in houses and properties were observation of Maulana M. resolving the Mindanao problem burned, crops were destroyed Alonto, a senior member of the which is by nature a sovereignty- and civilians were caught in the MILF panel that there is infirmity based conflict. It is supposed firefights. More than 600,000 on the government’s SOMO and to silence the gun barrels of the thousand civilians, mostly inconsistency of the government’s Bangsamoro freedom fighters so Muslims, were displaced in this policy with respect to the war in that peace will take its course renewed armed conflict and Mindanao. The government’s and finally rule in Mindanao. But they were forced to stay in the propaganda mantra at the the Philippine Supreme Court makeshift refugees centers. The height of the conflict last year issued a Temporary Restraining Internally Displaced Persons is that they are not waging war Order (TRO) to refrain the (IDPs) are living in the evacuation against MILF. Its operation is government from signing the centers in sub-human conditions. only confined to those so-called MOA-AD on August 05, 2008 and The Army’s 6th Infantry Division “rogue commanders” of the MILF- later declared it unconstitutional. spokesman Lt. Col. Jonathan BIAF who initiated the attacks This event has foreclosed the Ponce said to media groups that in Mindanao. They are Bravo aspiration of the Bangsamoro the displaced Muslim civilians Macapaar, Ameril Ombra Kato and people for self-rule as it is are “enemy reserve force”. This Ali Solaiman. It is paradoxical enshrined in the agreement in poses a serious problem to the that when it announced the question. IDPs to return to their place of SOMO, it excluded those “rogue origin for they would become commanders”. It evinced Resumption of Hostilities targets of the military. so to speak that the military The international com- operation to capture these MILF munities as well as the local sup- SOMO-SOMA commanders has no let-up. porters of peace in Mindanao Few days before President With that pronouncement of the have expressed their concerns Arroyo delivered her State of government, the MILF is finally for the non signing of the MOA- Nation Address (SONA) on convinced that the government AD and urged the protagonists to July 23, 2009, the government military offense is not specifically the peace parley to exert sincere announced its Suspension Of directed against those three effort to solve the contentious is- Military Operation (SOMO) and “rogue” commanders but to the sues which made the agreement later on july 25, 2009, the MILF entire MILF organization. 20 20 20 a boxing bout. This day-long deal is a devise to ensure that Basilan Encounter fighting must not endanger the the consensus points agreed in The peace panels of both momentum of the MILF-NGRP the table will not be in vain. the NGRP and the MILF recently peace negotiation. Civil Society The Bangsamoro youth met in Malaysia to re-open Organizations (CSOs) are calling leaders have opined that the the stalled peace talks. Both for the impartial, credible, and renegotiation on some of the sides claimed that there were independent investigation on the provisions of the MOA-AD is not significant breakthroughs in the incident. an assurance that formal signing meeting. The peace workers and The Basilan incident led will take place under the Arroyo the civilians who are victims of Senator Rodolfo Biazon, a former regime for only a few months are the armed conflict were delighted Marine General and now the left of her presidency. In addition, with the new development on Chairman on the Committee on the anti-peace in Mindanao like National Defense in the Senate, Pinol, Lobregat and Cruz as usual in filing Senate Resolution 1281 have vented their ire against the “Expressing the Sense of the government when it resumes the Senate for the Suspension for the peace negotiation with the MILF. Resumption of the Peace Talks In their anti-Moro invectives, with the Moro Islamic Liberation they vowed to block the peace Front.” He conducted a series process. In 2010, the country of consultation in Mindanao for will elect a new president. The rallying support on his plan to next president will definitely have impede the on going negotiation his own peace program which is between the NGRP and MILF. The not necessarily similar to that of Senator doggedly argued that to Arroyo’s peace policy. Thus, our the peace process after a year of jumpstart a peace negotiation people will say where the peace hiatus. They want that situation with the MILF is a non-starter, on the ground will return to while violent skirmishes are normalcy. raging in the battlefields. Some But an intervening event NGOs based in Mindanao are occurred last August 12, 2009, calling not to adopt the Senate when the MILF forces under Resolution. They demand for the 114th Base Command of the immediate resumption of the the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed peace talks. Forces (BIAF) and contingent of the Philippine Marines Corps Peace Policy as Counter clashed at Barangay Baguindan, Insurgency Program Thousands of young moros, from different Tipo-Tipo, Basilan. Ten (10) Some quarters believe groups and organizations of various schools MILF fighters martyred, 6 that the peace policy of the and colleges in the City of Marawi and Lanao del wounded and 1 missing in the national government does not Sur, gathered and Marshed in Quezon Avenue heavy gun fighting, while 23 delve in the root cause of the of the city for the MARSH PEACE RALLY urging marines were killed in action Mindanao conflict. Its objective the National Government to continue Peace and 30 were wounded. Major is undoubtedly to cripple the Negotiations with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front by respecting and honoring the initialed General Benjamin Dolorfino told insurgency problem and not to MOAD-AD. January 6, 2009 the press that they coordinated address the Bangsamoro question. with the MILF in their operation It is a counter insurgency agenda for Mindanao are heading against the Abu Sayyaf Group. mechanism to suppress the to? Will the consensus points on But the MILF Chief Peace Panel Bangsamoro struggle and Ancestral Domain agreed upon Mohagher Iqbal said that there the physical extermination of by the peace brokers during was no coordination that took Muslim freedom fighters. The the Arroyo administration be place when the military entered government has a “no coherent honored and respected by the the MILF influenced area. The policy” for peace in Mindanao. next Malacañang leadership? Will Marines’ mission was to launch This is the reason why the MILF the next President be amendable an attack against the MILF has lost its trust to talk peace to the international guarantors? stronghold. Both groups were fully with the government. They Further a succinct query from blaming each other of breaching want a guarantee if peace talk an inquisitive mind is Quo Vadis the ceasefire declaration. The will be revived. The creation of MOA-AD? General described the encounter the International Contact Group as “slugfest”, as if he is watching (ICG) in the latest low profile 21 21 21 The Youth Speaks My Personal Bookmark: By: Aisah B. Musa An Elder’s Experience As a student, I personally involve myself in a lot of issues and problems. This By: Sangcopan Nasroddin Badio may include family, friends and academic life. Although sometimes these weaken We, the elders, take pride me, I always find ways on how to deal with of becoming part of history of them effectively. I thought that knowing Ranao through the successful how to face these problems is enough to be enthronement of the new Sultan considered a better person. And as a person who has been raised in a sa Madaya, the former Governor of Lanao del Sur, place where peace seems so vague, I always seek for peace. I always demand for vivid development in our society. But in asking these, I Atty. Saidamen B. Pangarungan on July 5, 2009. This never questioned myself as to what can I contribute to my community was significant not only for the Maranao clan but for and society. What can I do to promote the peace and development I the future of Muslims. The creation of the Sultanate of am always seeking for? These questions have raised as I become a Madaya must be known not only in our jurisdiction but member of the Sultanate of Madaya Youth Organization (SOMY). It the entire nation. The big number of attendance simply is an organization of youth who are willing to accept the challenge of showed that every member of the sultanate found it a improving themselves. SOMY org. has objectives that are relevant to good and important event for our people. Hence, we our society. Such objectives are to promote the youth’s knowledge should be proliferating with a unique tradition like this about the key elements of peace building; to encourage the youth to develop creative thinking skills and show their talents; to encourage the to raise the dignity and nobility of our tribe. youth to take responsibility in making our society more peaceful and to strengthen solidarity among the youth. The sultanate system brings about positive Being an SOM youth has taught me that being young is not an effects for the Maranao society signifying that we are excuse from not doing anything to help improve our society. It made one “bangsa” or nation strengthened by one “agama” me realize that problems in family, friends and academics are not only or religion, that is, Islam. With one nation and one the things we should be concerned about. We all have responsibility religion, we will be unified and adhered as one. All towards our society. We, young people, are full of vibrant ideas. We sorts of conflicts, rido in particular, which tempt to have the energy to try out new things and the patience to learn from our mistakes. It is but fortunate that the SOMY org. has given us break us apart, are resolved by this tradition because these opportunities to plan, to decide and to work, in preparation for we respected and believed in it. It is the sole thing the more harsh realities of life. In the SOMY org., we are taught that that demands our unification as a robust community. participation of the youth is important because we are the country’s power. We have the ability to recognize problems and solve them. We We have witnessed during the enthronement are the strong forces in social movements. We can educate children of the Sultan of Madaya that all consecrated members about their rights. We can also help other young people to attain a were marked with excellence, leadership and higher level of intellect and become qualified adults. SOM youth are eminence. For this, I am truly proud to be enthroned also encouraged to stand against the wrongdoings in our society that instead of blaming the “faulty” system, we should initiate something myself during the ceremony. The others were grateful to improve it. We, the youth, should also use our brains, strength, as well. creativity and imagination to serve our community. In lieu of asking, “who is going to fight corruption?”, we should start the fight. Rather I also express my appreciation to Atty. than arguing over these issues and ruining our country, we should learn Pangarungan and his wife as well as the seventeen to act on them. Council of Elders especially Mr. Pogie Atar for all his As an SOM youth, we have also experienced communicating with efforts to make this milestone possible. Further, I different types of people. In the process, we learned and understood the different nature of individuals which enable us to interact with extend my gratitude to the Executive Committee others harmoniously and effectively. I believe that one of the roles of and The Asia Foundation for their all-out support and youth in peace building is to live together without racism and without cooperation towards this end. cultural or religious discrimination. We have to strengthen solidarity. In peace building, we can contribute much by not causing troubles or The enthronement was a monumental problems in our community such as using drugs and resorting to bad experience. I will treasure the moment for the rest of habits. We need to learn from yesterday and live with the hopes for a my days. better tomorrow. We should also start by pursuing the change we have always dreamt of. And there’s no other time but now, not later. I would also like to share a thought from one of my readings. It says, “Hesitating to act because the while vision might not be achieved, or because others do not share it yet, is an attitude that hinders progress.” Moriatao Sultan sa Madaya Strategic Planning Workshop, April 11-12, 2009, Cagayan de Oro City 22 22 22 THE US-RP VFA TREATY: ITS IMPLICATIONS IN MINDANAO AND THE PHILIPPINES AS A WHOLE By: DATU MENO D. MANABILANG Sharief Batua of Madaya, Marawi City Email Add: firstname.lastname@example.org The author belongs to the Marawi City. The Peace Caravan order 5th generation of the original Sharief was as follows: Pagadian City, Iligan City, Batua of Madaya, Marawi City and 3rd Marawi City, Iligan City, Cagayan de Oro generation of the great Amai Manabilang City, Balingasag, Gingoog City, Butuan who was the brain and organizer who City, Bayugan, Moncayo, Nabunturan, • 7 nuclear frigates convened the 1935 Dansalan Declaration Tagum City, Panabo-Davao City, Toril, • 7 nuclear battleship held at Limbuan a Barat Palace at Sta. Cruz, Digos, Padala, Dadiangas • 4 nuclear submarines Madaya, Marawi City dated March 18, (Gen. San.), Polomolok, Marbel, Cotabato • 2 nuclear airforce carriers 1935, submitted to Washington DC, City, Malabang, Marawi City then back to a. USS Kennedy USA, by 121 representatives-signatories. Iligan. b. USS Nemesis The Dansalan Declaration sought to exclude Mindanao from the Philippine The present Sharief Batua of We are told that each carrier carries 500 Independence under the then President Madaya Datu Meno D. Manabilang was jet fighters bomber planes or equivalent Manuel L. Quezon of the Commonwealth the 3rd speaker of the TRI-PEOPLE to 1000 jet fighter bomber planes which Government of the Philippines. PEACE CARAVAN Culmination Program can outcast any force in Asia, and at held at Gen. Santos City along with other the same time, the thousands military The author wishes to remind speakers like Father Consenju and Father personnel and combatants are also with the good people of Mindanao and the Pueblo of Butuan City, among others. this fleet. Filipino people that we are seeking the The grand culmination program was held permanent cancellation of the US-RP VFA at GENSAN on May 03, 1998 followed Furthermore, we would like to ask some believing it is a treaty dangerous to our by a series of meetings and Press important questions: people and our future generations. Conference. The Indignation Rally was held at Sumbang Point, General Santos Q.1. What is the extent of authority the Thanks to Philippine Daily City on May 04, 1998. Thereafter, the American Forces possesses? Inquirer which published on front page groups proceeded home via Cotabato Q.2. Are they granted automatic waiver last September 19, 2009 an article, City, Malabang then to Marawi City led of jurisdiction? “Palace, Open to Senate Resolution to by Sharief Batua. Q.3. Are they granted free tax? renegotiate VFA”, and on second front Q.4. Are they granted immunity from page another article, “Palace backs VFA The Caravan-Rally led a common environmental destructions in the renegotiation”. Also, thanks so much to consensus on the following declarations: Philippines? the seven magnificent senators headed 1. We maintain the firm resolution of Q.5. NO VISA? by Sen. Miriam Defensor Santiago who our heroes for a true freedom and Q.6. NO PASSPORT? signed Senate Resolution No. 1356 national independence without foreign Q.7. No drivers license? They can drive asking the Department of Foreign Affairs intervention; anywhere in our country? to renegotiate the Treaty with the US. 2. We uphold the full sovereignty over The VFA governs the conduct of military every inch of our Philippine soil to If the answer to the above queries are exercises between the Filipino and give full meaning to the Philippine on the affirmative, this means they will American Troops in Philippine soil. Centennial on June 12, 1998; enjoy more rights and privileges than 3. We oppose vehemently the US-RP VFA any ordinary citizen of this country. The stay of American Forces in and sincerely support all sectors for Furthermore, they possess more rights the Philippines for more than a decade can the opposition of such agreement; and privileges in the Philippines than in no longer be considered a “visitor status.” 4. We appeal to the national leadership their country of origin. Moreover, their As observed, they exercise privileges in the name of our national heroes and exercise of military power in our country more than that of an ordinary citizen in martyrs and of the sacrifices of the seems to be totally out of control. this country. The Mindanao people must mass Filipino people of the centuries be respected and heard because they are struggle opposing any treaty against After the two US bases in Luzon have the direct victims of this poisonous treaty the wisdom and well-being of the been driven out by the Will of God why inspite of objections in Mindanao. Filipino people; relocate it in Mindanao. 5. We sincerely appeal to the Manila- Mindanao as a matter of fact, Luzon people to respect the rights of Herewith is the copy of the Manifesto had staged a TRI-PEOPLE PEACE Mindanao people; published at the Mindanao Gold Star CARAVAN in 1998 which opposed the 6. Take note that the visit of US 7th fleet Daily dated October 29, 1998. The FIRST signing of US-RP VFA. It was held on to the Philippine soil is not just an MINDANAO DECLARATION (A Manifesto) April 24 to May 04, 1998 or a ten-day ordinary visit status; of Mindanao Muslim NGO’s Coalition caravan participated by more than 200 7. We learned from unofficial source that Against the proposed US-RP VFA headed organizations all over Mindanao. the Seventh Fleet of the US will lead by 9 leaders from Lanao with more than the VFA with the following armaments 100 organizations. The TRI-PEOPLE PEACE and facilities capable of waging a world CARAVAN started at the Zamboanga- war: Signed this 30th day of September Pagadian route with a kick off activity in • 7 nuclear destroyer 2009 at Marawi City, Lanao del Sur, Philippines. 23 23 23 BOARD MEMBERS Regina S. Antequisa Luis Siddick F. Adiong Norlayne Atar Masbud A. Gaima II Halil L. Amerol Altifany Faridah Laguindab STAFF AND VOLUNTEERS Abdul Hamidullah T. Atar Fahad Salic—Community Organizer Executive Director Hayadullah T. Atar—Clan Organizer Omaima Marabur Sahraman Disomimba—Volunteer Administrative Officer Mohammad Ali Gabriel—Volunteer Sahira Tominaman Olomodin Batugan—Volunteer Finance Officer Rohairah Sumndad—Volunteer ADDRESS Reconciliatory Initiatives for Development Opportunities (RIDO) Inc. SEC. REG. NO.: CN200630844 D1 Hidaya Apartment Ceanuri Subdivision, Camague Iligan City, 9200 Philippines Email: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Telefax: 063-2254219 or 09186236493 thru Abdul Hamidullah “Pogie” T. Atar Executive Director www.ridoph.org
"Kalilintad. (2009 Oct). Vol. II, Issue 1"