# Answer Keys for Chapters 1-7 }

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```					                              Appendix A

{ Answer Keys for Chapters 1-7 }

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 1, page 11
BONUS: Take the concept of horsepower a step further by doing
some mental math: If it takes 33,000 foot-pounds of work per
minute to equal 1 Hp, how many foot-pounds of work per minute
would it take to equal 2 Hp (66,000), 5 Hp (165,000), or 1000 Hp
(33,000,000)?

Chapter 1, page 24
“World Famous” True or False?

F
1. _____ The Spanish horse is one of the world’s newest
horse breeds.

T
2. _____ Lipizzaners are one of the world’s rarest breeds.

F
3. _____ Lipizzaners have a poor temperament.

F
4. _____ The average size of a Lipizzaner is 16 hands.

T
5. _____ Lipizzaners are born dark and turn white between
the ages of 6 and 10 years.

F
6. _____ The Spanish Riding School is located in Spain.

T
7. _____ Founded in 1572, the Spanish Riding School still
teaches the haute école, meaning “expert
equestrianship.”

T
8. _____ Lipizzaners were trained to be great battle and
ceremonial horses.

F
9. _____ The “World Famous” Lipizzaner Stallions perform
only in Austria.

T
10. _____ Lipizzaners are famous today for performing high
levels of equestrian dressage.

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 1, page 25
Trail Talk: Ever wondered why a riding school in Austria
would be named the “Spanish Riding School?” Think about
Lipizzaner breed explains it all; Spanish horses were
used when the Spanish Riding School was founded in
1572, and because the Lipizzans are descendents of
the Spanish horse.)

Chapter 1, pages 28-29
JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER ONE:
LEGACY OF THE HORSE
CHECK FOR COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then choose and mark the

1.    Most historians agree prehistoric horses like Eohippus (Dawn
Horse) were too small to
herd
carry heavy loads or mounted riders
cross rivers and streams

2.    Ancient circuses were
oval-shaped tracks built for chariot racing
big tent events
built for soccer and baseball games

3.    Rome’s most famous circus was named
after an Italian horse
by Charioteers
Circus Maximus

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

4.   George Washington was known for being a skilled
watch repairman
horseman
chef

5.   By the early 1900’s, newly designed horse-drawn implements
(ﬁeld tools) were changing the way farmers
dressed
planted and harvested crops
creased their hats

6.   James Watt is famous for his work to improve the
hammock
space shuttle
steam engine

7.   London’s Bow Street Horse Patrol was started in the year
1492
1758
2001

8.   The famous horse seen in classic movies starring Roy Rogers is
Trigger
Silver
Tonto

9.   One of Europe’s oldest breed of horse is the
American Quarter Horse
Lipizzaner
Shetland Pony

10. The French word haute école means
expert equestrianship
school of leaping horses
horse ballet

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 2, pages 44-45
Horse Color And Markings

__ __ I T E
WH __ __ __ – Body is snowy white with pink skin and blue or hazel
eyes.

GRAY
__ __ __ __ – Dark skin pigment with a uniform mixture of black and
white hairs; usually lightens with age.

C R E __ E L L O
__ __ __ M __ __ __ __ – Body color is cream to nearly white with a
white mane and tail; skin is pink; eyes are blue or amber.

BLACK
__ __ __ __ __ - Body color is true black with no other color or light
areas; mane areas except white markings on face and legs and tail are
also black.

P E R L I NO
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ – Body color is cream to white with a darker mane
and tail that is often tinted red or orange; skin is pink; eyes are blue or
amber.

BAY
__ __ __ – Body color ranges from tan to red to reddish brown with
dark points on the tips of the ears, muzzle, tail, mane, and lower legs;
may also have white markings on face and legs.

GRU L LO
__ __ __ __ __ __ - Body color is smoky or mouse-colored; black mane
and tail; may also have black on lower legs.

SORR E L
__ __ __ __ __ __ - Body is overall light red or copper-red color; mane
and tail may be same as body color or ﬂaxen.

R E D ROAN
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ - Body is uniform mixture of red and white hairs;
darker head and lower legs with ﬂaxen, black, or red mane and/or tail.

CHE S TNUT
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ – Body color is dark-red or brownish-red color;
mane and tail may be same as body color or ﬂaxen.

B L U E ROAN
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ – Body color has a uniform mixture of white
and black or white and bay hairs; legs and head are often a darker
color.

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

B R OW N
__ __ __ __ __ – Brown or black body with light areas around the
muzzle, eyes, ﬂank, and inside upper legs; mane and tail are black.

R E D DUN
__ __ __ __ __ __ – Body color is yellowish or ﬂesh-colored; red
mane, tail and dorsal stripe.

BUCKSK I N
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ – Gold or yellowish (tan) colored body with
black mane and tail; may also have black on lower legs.

DUN
__ __ __ – Body color ranges in shades from creamy yellow to beige
or biscuit color with black points, a dark dorsal stripe, and may have a
dark red or black mane and tail.

P A L O __ I N O
__ __ __ __ M __ __ __ - Body is yellowish or gold; mane and tail
brown, black, white, yellow, or mixed colors; may have white mark-
ings on face and lower legs.

Chapter 2, pages 53-54

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER TWO:
ANATOMY CHECK FOR COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.   Knowing the points of a horse is an important part of
horsemanship
knowing how to organize the tack room
knowing which direction to ride

2.   First impressions are important when it comes to
entering a competition
determining the characteristics of a horse

3.   An important observation when looking to ride or buy a horse
would be
the way the horse whinnies
how the horse stands
the size of the horse’s feed bucket
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

4.    Horse conformation can give a horseman a good idea of the
horse’s
appetite
routine
athletic ability

5.    The distance between the horse’s eyes should be the same as
the distance between
the eye and poll
the tail and hip
the ears and muzzle

6.    Large, quiet, “soft” eyes may mean the horse is
sleepy
gentle
hungry

7.    A horse’s head can give a horseman a good idea of a horse’s overall
speed
ability to get along with other horses
conformation and appearance

8.    What name of color ranges from tan to red to reddish brown with
dark points on the tips of the ears, muzzle, tail, mane, and lower
legs, and may also have white markings on the face and legs?
buckskin
cremello
bay

9.    Monocular vision can keep a horse from seeing something
far away
close to his body from the tip of his ears back

10. A horse’s senses work to keep the horse
safe, aware, and healthy
energized
from remembering how to open a gate

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 3, pages 79-81

Grooming Checklist:

E
_____ Bathing: Although a good bath is often needed
before and after show and performance events,
soaping up every day is discouraged and can keep
natural oils from doing their job in protecting a
horse’s coat and skin. Wash with light detergent or
special horse shampoo and make sure all the soap is
completely rinsed away.

C
_____ Mud brushing: If a good wet soaking isn’t
possible, use a stiff bristled brush or curry comb to
gently brush out dried mud. Work the curry comb
in circles, starting at the neck, moving over all of the
body. Use only a soft brush on the legs. Follow using
the curry comb with a stiff brush then a soft brush.
This may take time, so be patient. Brushing too hard
or pulling out hair could damage your horse’s soft
coat and, even worse, cause your horse to dislike
grooming altogether.

B
_____ Body brushing: Use a soft brush to remove dust,
dirt, grease as well as loose bedding and hay.

G
_____ Detangle: Use a stiff comb to gently brush out
mane and tail tangles. For mane, begin on tips and
work up to neck. For tail, begin working at tail’s end
and ease up to the tail head.

A
_____ Pick hooves: Use a hoofpick to gently pry or
scrape out any foreign objects; even caked mud can
cause foot discomfort. After hooves are picked, give
each hoof a ﬁnal swift brush to remove light dirt and
matter.

(continued on next page)
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

D
_____ Oil hooves: Rub oil on clean hooves. This makes
hooves stronger and gives them a more manicured
look.

F
_____ Clean eyes, nose, and ears: Use a clean,
soft cloth or damp sponge to gently wipe eyes.
Use separate cloths or sponges to wipe nose and
inside ears.

Chapter 3, pages 83-84

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER THREE:
HEALTH AND GROWTH
CHECK FOR COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.    By the time a horse is 5 years old, permanent teeth will
be in place and fully grown
need to be pulled
give the horse a stunning smile

2.    Tushes develop before baby foal teeth:
true
false
never

3.    To check a horse’s heart rate, place stethoscope
between the horse’s nostrils
against horse’s chest directly behind the elbow
(highest joint in horse’s foreleg)
on the horse’s left shoulder

(continued on next page)
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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

4.   A good way to know a horse’s “normal” resting heartbeat would
be to
take the horse’s age, multiply by three, divide by two and
ask someone else what their horse’s heart rate is
keep a weekly log of heart rates before and after physical
activity

5.   A horse with “ideal” conditioning will have ribs
with only a thin covering
that are hard to feel
that are not seen, but easily felt

6.   Fatter horses need more energy to regulate body
temperature
height
color

7.   The cost of a horse will vary depending on the breed,
registration, and
desirable characteristics
number of times he or she has been shod
talent for opening gates

8.   Anything relating to horse care and the services or products
needed to keep and use a horse belongs in this group:
riding tack
operating expenses
facilities

9.   A useful tip to use before grooming would be to
not bother tying the horse to a sturdy post
pile grooming tools behind the horse
do a simple visual and hand check to ﬁnd new injuries or
conditions that might need special attention

10. Always approach a horse by
screaming his name
surprising him with a spray of cold water
talking or making a non-threatening noise

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 4, page 91

There are 4 quarts in a gallon. How many quarts are in 10
gallons? To ﬁnd out, multiply 4 quarts by 10 gallons.
40
4 quarts X 10 gallons = _______ quarts

There are 2 pints in each quart. To ﬁgure out how many pints
you have, multiply the number of quarts by 2.
40             80
________ X 2 = ________ pints

There are 2 cups in a pint. To ﬁgure out how many cups you
have, multiply the number of pints by 2.
80             160
________ X 2 = ________ cups … and there you have it!

Did you know that a gallon of water weighs around 8
pounds? How much would 10 gallons of water weigh?
80
________

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 4, page 100

Names and Numbers
Small Intestine
1. Which digestive part is the longest? ___________________________

Cecum
2. Which digestive part is the shortest? ___________________________

3. Which two digestive parts are the same in length?
Large               Colon
___________________ ___________________ and
Small               Colon
___________________ ___________________.

(Think subtraction!)

4. What is the difference in length between the small intestine and
cecum?
66 ft.

5. What is the difference in length between the small intestine and
small colon?
40 ft.

6. What is the difference in length between the large and small colons?

0 ft.

7. What is the difference in length between the cecum and large
colon?
– 6 ft.
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 4, page 105

Okay! It’s Time To Unscramble The Tiles
To Reveal An Important Message About
The JMH Rules Of Good Feeding

(Cut, organize, and glue tile boxes by hand or
print each letter group in one of the boxes below)

TO            AT T                  ENT                   CES

EME             LS.                         DE              L H

ION                  AY                      TA I

SUC            N P                    ORS                   FUL

SUC CES FUL L H ORS EME N P AY
ATT ENT ION TO DE TAI LS.

Successful horsemen pay attention to details.

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 4, pages 114-115

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER FOUR:
NUTRITION CHECK FOR
COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.   Feed mills are required by the Food and Drug Administration
through the Association of Animal Feed Control Ofﬁcials to
print animal pictures on sacks
stack feed sacks in alphabetical order
regulate labeled feed products

2.   How many gallons of fresh water does a horse need each day?
10-15 gallons
32 gallons
5 gallons or less

3.   The exact amount of water a horse needs each day can depend on
the horse’s breed
weather and horse’s activity level
water temperature

4.   Nutritional classiﬁcation has to do with a horse’s
lifestyle and level of activity
registration
ability to eat nutritious snacks

5.   Concentrated feeds are used to build up feeds low in
corn and apples
nutritional value
natural grasses

(continued on next page)
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

6.    Feeds made to help horses with special conditions (Broodmares,
breeding stallions, or horses with medical challenges) are called
maintenance feeds
junior formulas
special needs feed

7.    A horse’s digestive tract is about
the same length as a truck
98 feet long
as long as the horse is tall

8.    Horses are classiﬁed as
nonruminant herbivores
ruminant carnivores
equine hay grazers

9.    Forage includes
everything on a hamburger
plant matter such as hay and pasture
kiwi seeds

10. The best way to keep parasites from infesting feed, hay, and water
is to
scare them away
build a parasite trap
keep feed and water above ground in clean troughs

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 5, page 130
“English Style” Word Find

H U       N   T     I   N   G   T     L    U    A   F   E   S   J

C R       O   P     S   E   V   O     L    G    J   N   S   E   M

A    Y    D   R     E   S   S   A     G    E    G   H   E   M   Y

C U       S   X     A   V   N   B     M    L    D   Q   H   A   E

W G       S   R     R   T   O   N     I    W    N   R   C   G   N

Y    R    T   N     U   O   C   S     S    O    R   C   E   D   D

H E       R    J    T   P   H   A     I    O    B   T   E   E   U

S    F    I   S     U   S   H   T     T    O    U   E   R   T   R

I   U     D   P     A   M   A   D     U    C    G   M   B   N   A

L    S    E   D     O   N   P   N     O    D    H   L   P   U   N

G A       D   G     I   L   C   I     E     J   T   E   V   O   C

N L       V   B     N   E   O   H     N    C    K   H   R   M   E

E O       M M       A   R   T   I     N    G    A   L   E   T   J

Q O       U   V     R   E   N   H     E    K    A   R   T   I   M

C G       N    I    T   N   E   V     E     J   U   M   P   E   R

Find these words:
BOOTS                     ENGLISH                JUMPER        TIE
BREECHES                  EVENTING               MARTINGALE    HELMET
COMBINATION               FAULT                  MOUNTED GAMES
CROP                      GLOVES                 POLO
CROSS COUNTRY             HEDGE                  RATCATCHER
DRESSAGE                  HUNTING                REFUSAL
ENDURANCE                 JODHPURS               STRIDE
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 5, pages 134-136
_______ BIT - Metal mouthpiece on a bridle that reins attach to.

_______ BREECHES - Trousers worn speciﬁcally for riding.

_______ BRIDLE - Harness that ﬁts around a horse’s head,
holding the bit.

_______ CUP - Attachment to the wing of a jump, which
holds rail in position.

_______ FENCE 1. in jumping, a vertical obstacle usually
no higher than 1.6 meters but involving substantial width,
constructed with colorful poles, planks, hedges, fake stone
or brick, or ﬂowers.

2. in the three-day event, a vertical obstacle usually less than
1.2 meters high and constructed with natural materials de-
signed to ﬁt with the terrain (surrounding grounds).

(bal- 'strad), gates or other items that present a solid ob-
e

stacle.

_______ HUNTING STOCK – Tie or broad band worn around
rider’s neck.

_______ OBSTACLE - Object horse must clear to complete
the course, such as a fence, gate, or water jump.

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

_______ OXER - Single fence consisting of two elements
which make a spread jump, such as parallel oxers.

_______ PARALLEL OXER - Obstacle featuring front and back
rails of equal height, set wide apart to produce a spread,
creating a difﬁcult jump.

_______ RAIL - Pole which is part of an obstacle.

_______ SADDLE – Rider’s seat on the back of a horse.

_______ SAFETY CUP - Special cup used to hold and/or
release the back rail of spread fence.

_______ SPREAD - Obstacle with element of width and height;
generally higher and wider than the other spread jumps.

_______ SPUR - Pointed device attached to a rider’s boot heel
and used to cue a horse.

_______ VERTICAL – Obstacle which is difﬁcult to jump
because of its height.

_______ VERTICAL FENCE - Straight up-and-down fence
without width, creating a relatively difﬁcult obstacle.

_______ WATER JUMP - Obstacle requiring a horse to jump
over a wide expanse of water, usually with a low hedge or

_______ WHIP - Long, thin, hand-held device used to encour-
age a horse.

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 5, page 141

Winner’s Circle

toteboard
1. Racing information is posted inside the track on the _____________
_________________.

2. The American Quarter Horse is known for being able to run faster
50
than ___________ miles per hour.

win, place, show
3. A one-horse wager is called __________________________________
______________________.

quinella, exacta, trifecta or superfecta
4. A _____________________________________________________ is
one type of “exotic” wager.

5. Information on each race, including horse, owner, and jockey
ofﬁcial racing program
information is found in the ___________________________________
____________________________________.

6. Name the racetrack built in 1943 especially for racing American
Rillito Park, Tucson, Arizona
Quarter Horses: _____________________________________________
________________________________________

220
7. AQHA races range in lengths from ___________________ to
870
___________________ yards.

show
8. Winning ﬁrst, second, or third place in a race is called a __________
_______________.

paramutuel
9. What type of wagering is unique to horse racing? _______________
__________________

10. One of the most famous AQHA horse racing events, celebrated
All-
over Labor Day weekend in Ruidoso, New Mexico is the _________
American Futurity
____________________________________

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 5, pages 144-146
Famous Race Horses
SECRETARIAT
________________________ 1. In 1973, this chestnut son
of Bold Ruler ruled the track at Belmont, going the mile in
1:34 1/5 and the mile and a quarter in 1:59 ﬂat, faster than
his Derby time. He won the race by 31 lengths, an all-time
record, while running the 1-1/2 miles in 2:24, knocking 2-3/5
seconds off the track record. His athletic superiority helped
“rewrite” racing industry record books when he became the
ﬁrst horse to win the Triple Crown in 25 years.

FOREGO
________________________ 2. This big and awkward foal was
born in 1970. Slow to develop, he eventually grew to be
a towering 17.1 hands tall - a giant racer. Few people had
heard of this horse before he ran a surprising fourth in the
1973 Kentucky Derby, which was won by the great Secre-
tariat. As a seven-year-old in 1977, he won four of seven races
and was second two other times. He was named Champion
Older Male four consecutive years with a record of 57 starts,
with 34 wins, 9 seconds, and 7 thirds. His lifetime earnings
were just shy of two million dollars. It wasn’t his nature to
“sacriﬁce” a win.

MAN O’ WAR
________________________ 3. In the sixteen months between
June 1919 and October 1920, “man-oh-man” did this horse
make a name for himself in the record books! His victo-
ries included the Keene Memorial Stakes, Youthful Stakes,
Hudson Stakes, Tremont Stakes, United States Hotel Stakes,
Grand Union Hotel Stakes, Hopeful Stakes, Belmont Futurity,
Preakness Stakes, Withers Stakes, Belmont Stakes, Stuyves-
ant Handicap, Dwyer Stakes, Miller Stakes, Travers Stakes,
Lawrence Realization Stakes, Jockey Club (now the Gold Cup)
Stakes, Potomac Handicap and Kenilworth Park Gold Cup. In
23 years at stud, he produced 64 stakes winners, including
Triple Crown winner and Horse of the Year, War Admiral.

(continued on next page)
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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

HONOR THE HERO
________________________ 4. When a ligament injury forced
him into retirement in February 1996, this eight-year-old
gelding “honorably” retired from racing with 13 wins, eight
seconds and three thirds in stakes competition. He had an
overall record of 57 starts, 25 wins, 11 seconds, four thirds
and earnings of \$688,037. His accomplishments equaled
the world record for six furlongs and set track records at Turf
Paradise (for ﬁve furlongs) and Canterbury Park (for 7 1/2
furlongs). Then this former race champion continued proving
he was an exceptional equine athlete by becoming an accom-
plished Three-Day Event (Cross-country) competitor.

GO MAN GO
________________________ 5. From the word “go,” this
champion American Quarter Horse, foaled in 1953, domi-
nated the racing scene like no other in history. Three times
named World Champion Racing American Quarter Horse, in-
cluding becoming the ﬁrst 2-year-old to ever claim that hon-
or, he earned multiple divisional titles, set three track records
and a world record, equaled a world record, and became one
of the greatest sires in American Quarter Horse racing.

EASY JET
________________________ 6. During his 2-year-old cam-
paign, he “jetted” out of the gates 26 times. He won 22 races
that year, including the All American, Kansas, Sunland Fall,
Columbus Triple Crown and the All-American Quarter Horse
Congress Futurities. He was named World Champion Quarter
Running Horse, Champion Stallion and Champion 2-Year-Old
Colt. As a 3-year-old, he attained the titles of World Champion
Racing American Quarter Horse and Champion Quarter Running
3-Year-Old Colt. He retired with 38 career starts that included
27 ﬁrsts, seven seconds and two thirds. By the end of 1993, his
direct offspring had earned more than \$25 million on the track
and sired more than 1,500 horses who had gained their Regis-
ters of Merit.

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Chapter 5, page 150-151
s

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER FIVE:
PERFORMANCE
CHECK FOR COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.   Name two basic styles of riding
English and Western
French and Olympian

2.   The job of the cutting horse is to
use two and a half minutes to move a cow(s) away from the
herd and keep it from going back to the group
“cut a rusty” for the spectators in three minutes or less
move the entire group of calves together with no time limit

3.   English riding was
invented for the American cowboy
known as the best way to ride a buffalo
connected to foxhunting and social events for the wealthy

4.   Dressage and Jumping are considered disciplines of
the Queen of England’s riding school
the English style of riding
rodeo and trail riding

5.   Equestrian is the only Olympic sport where man and animal
are team-mates
can’t compete with other countries
both have to wear a helmet

(continued on next page)
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6.    In show jumping, an obstacle is something a horse must clear
blindfolded
before the age of two
to complete the course, such as a fence, gate, or water jump

7.    Breeches and ratcatchers are types of English riding
attire (clothing)
exercises

8.    An ofﬁcial racing program would be the best place to ﬁnd out
each horse’s breed, age, and racing history
what kind of music each jockey likes
zoo animals

9.    This famous racing horse was a giant of a horse at 17.1 hands
Man O’ War
Forego
Secretariat

10. This famous race horse sired more than 1,500 horses who
gained their Registers of Merit
went on to perform as Lipizzaner Stallions
all became Triple Crown Winners

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

Chapter 6, page 162
A Horse’s Body Language

perked
1. Forward __________________ ears means the horse is
interested in something.

impatient
2. An ____________________ horse will paw the ground with
a front foot.

down
3. A horse that is ill or tense may hold his tail _____________
close
and ___________ to his body.

eye      pupils
4. A widened, white area above the ______ ____________
frightened
indicates an excited or ________________ horse.

calm
5. A soft eye indicates a __________________ or conﬁdent
____________
_______ horse.

6. Licking or chewing without food in the mouth is a sign of
gentleness
____________________.

affection
7. A horse that nuzzles is showing _______________________.

relaxed                                     tail
8. A ______________ horse will gently swing his ___________.

9. A horse that grinds, gnashes, or bares teeth may be
angry           irritated
_____________ or _____________.

10. A horse pays attention to something behind by perking
forward                          back
one ear______________ and one ear _________________.

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 6, pages 177-178

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER SIX:
SAFETY CHECK FOR
COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.    Both Western and English riding styles can test
how well a rider can hitch a trailer
a rider’s knowledge of horse literature
the skills of every rider

2.    Prior to riding, you should
warm up your muscles by stretching
drink a lot of Coke
jump right on and kick your horse into a run

3.    A horse can sense and react negatively to a rider’s
tense and rigid moves
thoughts
color of socks

4.    Like humans, horses communicate
with their body language
by batting their eyelashes
by phone and Internet

5.    A lashing tail, back and forth, means a horse is
laughing inside
impatient, angry, or unsettled
full and content

(continued on next page)
239

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

6.   When buying or hauling a new horse, don’t be afraid to ask or
observe someone familiar with the horse on
how the horse “hauls”
how many times the horse has been shod
why the horse likes to snack on apples instead of pears

7.   Cutting corners and loading up in a hurry can create confusion
and increase the chance for
the horse to forget how to load up
lunch to get cold
an accident to happen

8.   Many barn ﬁres occur in summer and winter, and most are the
result of carelessness and
lack of ﬁre safety knowledge
failure to call the ﬁre department
practicing ﬁre safety on a regular basis

9.   A diagram of your barn is useful so that anybody who helps out in
the event of an emergency knows
where the barn cats like to sleep
where everything is located
where feed bills are ﬁled

10. Never re-enter a barn
during a ﬁre
during a thunderstorm
while your horse is taking a nap

240

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Junior Master Horseman Handbook: Level 2

Chapter 7, pages 213-214

JMH LEVEL TWO, CHAPTER SEVEN:
HORSE INDUSTRY
CHECK FOR COMPREHENSION

Carefully read each statement or question. Then
choose and mark the correct answer.
1.    The equine world has grown to over a \$25 BILLION dollar industry
that employs
over 7 thousand horses
nearly 25 million people
over 7 million people

2.    Horse photographers capture special moments in time and
record unique and useful information
never worry about how the horse is posed
will do anything to make the horse smile

3.    A three-quarter view is where the
horse’s head is turned away from the camera
the hind legs can not be seen
horse’s head and front and hind legs can be seen

4.    To focus on your future in the horse industry, your ﬁrst step will be
to gather information and become familiar with
someone else’s personal goals

5.    Remember, using your resources well, along with good work
ethic, can be
exhausting
a winning combination for your dreams to come true!
the hardest thing you ever asked someone else to do

(continued on next page)
241

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Appendix A: Answer Keys for Chapters 1-6

6.   Face-to-face interaction and hands-on experience are the best
ways to
learn how to do something that interests you
show others how much you know
spend time with people you don’t admire

7.   One of the best tips for beginning your journey to work in the
horse industry, or any career, is to
never listen to successful people
forget being organized
develop successful habits

8.   Horsemen have never had more program scholarships, grants,
degree choices, camps, clinics and internships that
discourage a career in the horse industry
specialize in equestrian studies
make them want to stop learning new skills and knowledge

9.   The ﬁrst step to submitting a top-notch application begins by
knowing
every horse breed by memory
how to accurately describe your horse to a committee member
how to successfully complete it

10. When you interview someone, you
never write down your questions before the interview
always introduce yourself after the interview

242

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