What is a Community Garden by sgh90748


									Photo by Heidi Rader, UAF CES
   What is a Community
  “A common garden where members share the labor and

    “Any piece of land gardened by a group of individuals,”
 according to the American Community Garden Association,
“We . . .have a broad definition of what a community garden
    entails. It can be urban, suburban, or rural. It can grow
 flowers, vegetables or community. It can be one community
  plot, or can be many individual plots. It can be at a school,
hospital, or in a neighborhood. It can also be a series of plots
dedicated to "urban agriculture" where the produce is grown
                          for a market.”
  Why start a Community Garden?

       Improve nutrition and fitness
      Create Something Beautiful
Provide positive work experiences and activities for youth

 Relieve stress Grow fresh food
Save $$$ on Groceries IT’S FUN!
Promote healthy communities & Families
           Did you know that. . .
 Families that participated in community garden
  efforts ate 89% more fresh veggies than usual1

 70 to 80% consumed at least five servings of fruit
  and vegetables daily

 74% of gardeners preserved produce (freezing,
  pickling, drying)

 95% shared produce with neighbors, emergency
  food service providers, and others
           A.F. 1999. Community Gardening in Rural Regions: Enhancing
    Food Security and Nutrition. Center on Hunger and Poverty Tufts
 Types of Community Gardens
1. Community Garden composed of individual
2. Youth/School gardens
3. Entrepreneurial/job training market gardens
4. Communal Plot
5. Food/Pantry gardens
6. Therapy Gardens
7. Demonstration Gardens
Set Reasonable Goals

Spring, Summer, Fall

All Year long
What can a 10 x 10 ft. Subsistence Garden produce?

                                • 10 lbs. zucchini
                                • 5 lbs. potatoes
                                • 1 broccoli
                                • 1 cabbage
                                • 12 turnips
                                • 3 heads of lettuce
                                • 12 carrots
                                • 5 lbs. of snap beans
                                = about 50 lbs. of
                                   vegetables worth

                     Sample Budget
Item                     Amount                     Cost/person
Seeds                    ~10 Various                $0 (provided by
                         packets                    TCC)
Seed Potatoes            5 lb.                      $4
Fertilizer               3 cups                     $5
Live plants              15 plants                  $10
Rototiller                                          $1200
Greenhouse                                          $ 500
 Average per tribal member cost: $20
 Community gardening cost: $1700 (plus gas, parts overtime)
 Pros and Cons of Home Gardens Compared
          with Community Gardens
   Garden             Pros                     Cons
             1. May do more work        1. Need your own tools,
 Home           because of                 greenhouse, water,
                convenience                space, and fence.
             2. Easier to guard against 2. Usually take care of
                pests and vandals          it alone
Community 1. Share tools, fence,        1. How do you keep
                space, greenhouse,         track of work?
                water                   2. Easier for vandalism
             2. Good if people don’t
                have space to garden
             3. Arrange so you take
                turns watering garden
   From Idea to Action--10 Steps to
1. Does the community want a community garden?
2. Hold a meeting with interested people—Identify
    purpose of garden.
3. Find and evaluate potential garden sites.
4. Identify resources needed for starting a garden.
5. Determine how you will fund-raise for this budget.
6. Hold a Second meeting
7. Develop a Garden plan.
8. Establish gardener guidelines and draft the gardener
9. Prepare and develop the site.
10. Celebrate your success!

*From the Community Gardening Toolkit—University of Missouri Extension
Step 1: Does the community want a
        community garden?
  1. Do a survey. . .

     1.   By phone
     2.   Hand one out at the Tribal Council
     3.   Interview individuals and record answers
     4.   TCC Extension will help you & is already in
          the process of doing these surveys.

  2. Identify the type of Community garden people
     want and how many hours per week they
     envision spending in the garden.
        If there is at least 10 people interested in a
       Community Garden then move on to Step 2. . .

Photos by
Heidi Rader
  Step 2: Hold a Meeting to determine
the purpose of the Community Garden.
A community garden can mean many things to
different people. A good way to figure this out is
by deciding what the purpose of the garden is.
1. Is it to provide a source of fresh, locally
   produced food?
2. Is it to beautify the village?
3. Is it to provide positive, healthy activities for the
4. Is it a combination of these?
5. Have a group brainstorming session where
   everything is considered; then prioritize.
                Individual Plots
• Each person cares for
  their own plot

• They plant what they like,
  weed, water, and harvest
  their own plots

• You can also have
  individual pots in a

• Tools, fence, water, and         Photo by Heidi Rader
  space is shared.
              Communal Plots

• A good manager is more
  important for a Communal

• Members of the garden
  could sign-in hours.

• You could say that each
  member has to work 2
  hours/week in the communal
  plot if they want to receive
                                 Photo by Heidi Rader
Step 3: Find and Evaluate potential
           Garden sites
1.  Does the site get at least 6 hours of direct sun-light in
    the spring summer and fall?
2. Is there water available?
3. Is the site big enough?
4. Is it flattish?
5. How close is the site to the people who plan to use it?
6. Is the site visible?
7. Is it fenced?
8. Was the soil contaminated at any point?
9. Is the soil rocky?
10. Could the land be donated or leased long term?
     Step 4: Identify budget needed for
             supplies and labor
1.    Some infrastructure and supplies necessary are for start up costs while others are
      needed annually.
2.    Annually
      1.   Seeds
      2.   Fertilizer
      3.   Seed potatoes
      4.   Transplants
      5.   Community Garden Coordinator?
3.    Start-up
      1.   Tools
      2.   Greenhouse
      3.   Rototiller
      4.   Fence
      5.   Water pump/Irrigation
4.    Garden know-how
      1.   Are those interested in a Community Garden knowledgeable about gardening?
      2.   Are there Master Gardeners or other knowledgeable gardeners that will volunteer their time?
      3.   Do garden workshops need to be scheduled?
      4.   Are those interested in the Community Garden willing/able to take the Alaska Master Gardener
           Online Course?
     Step 5: Determine ways to fund-
      raise for the estimated budget.
1. Membership fees
2. Fund-raising drives
3. Produce sales
4. Sponsorship of local businesses
5. Local agencies may be able to
   contribute in-kind or financial
   support (schools, health-clinic,
   tribal Council, Extension Service)
6. Grants from government
   agencies or private foundations
                                                       Photo by Heidi Rader

                                        TCC Agriculture/Extension
                                        currently provides seeds for
                                        TCC Gardeners for free!
 Step 6: Hold a second meeting
1. As a group, evaluate potential garden
2. Look at budget and decide on how group
   will find funds.
3. Have any goals, values, or vision of
   garden changed?
4. Do you have a garden leader or
   leadership team?
     Step 7: Develop a Site plan.
1.   Individual or Communal plots?
2.   Location and size of garden beds
3.   Total size of lot
4.   How many people want to garden?
5.   Paths
6.   Compost bins
7.   Shed
8.   Garden name?
9.   Has a long-term lease been drafted?
 Step 8: Establish gardener guidelines
   and draft the garden application.
1.    Application or membership fee?
2.    Plot maintenance?
3.    Garden maintenance?
4.    End of season?
5.    Composting?
6.    Use of Materials and tools?
7.    Water?
8.    Pets and children?
9.    Use of Alcohol and drugs?
10.   What happens if garden rules are violated?
 Step 9: Prepare and Develop the site

1. Now you’re ready to
   prepare the site.
2. Scheduling regular work
   days with gardeners
   who have committed to
   the garden is a good
   way to go.
3. A Garden coordinator is
   helpful at this stage.
                                                       Get Answers to
Come learn about:                                      your Gardening
• Vegetables                                           Questions!
                                                       Meet other
•Landscaping                                           Gardeners
•And much more!                                        across
•Ways to                                               Alaska!
garden longer
(Take home frost cloth!)

                           With Heidi Rader
                           Agriculture & Horticulture Agent for UAF &
                           Tanana Chiefs Conference
                           Contact: ffhbr@uaf.edu 1-800-478-6822
                           Give back to your community!
Bring your garden questions!
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Photo provided by Freda Beasley of Galena
Step 10: Celebrate your success
              Garden parties
                               Show off!
        For more information on
     Community Gardening in Alaska!
1.    For more information on gardening in the Tanana Chiefs Conference Region,
      CONTACT: Heidi Rader
      F.R.T.E.P. Director with
      UAF CES & TCC
      Tanana Chiefs Conference Agriculture
      122 First Avenue, Suite 600
      Fairbanks, Alaska 99701
      Phone: (907) 452-8251 ext. 3477 or
      1-800-478-6822 ext. 3477
      Fax: (907) 459-3954
      email: Heidi.Rader@alaska.edu

2.    Visit TCC Agriculture/Extension’s website at:
      http://cals.arizona.edu/myice/tribe/tanana-chiefs-conference You can also access
      this site by going to www.tananachiefs.org, clicking on Tribal Development, and
      then Agriculture!
3.    Visit the University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Service website at
      www.uaf.edu/ces for information on everything from gardening to saving energy to
      home food preservation for Alaska!
4.    University of Missouri: Community Gardening Toolkit:
5.    University of Florida: Starting a Community Garden http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/EP124
This material is based upon work supported by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and
Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, under Award No. 2006-41580-03456.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the
author (s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Service programs are available to all, without
regard to race, color, age, sex, creed, national origin, or disability and in accordance with all applicable
federal laws. Provided in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in
cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peter Pinney, Interim Director, Cooperative
Extension Service, University of Alaska Fairbanks. The University of Alaska Fairbanks is an affirmative
action/equal opportunity employer and educational institution.

To simplify information, trade names of products have been used. No endorsement of named products
by the University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Service is intended, nor is criticism implied
of similar products that are not mentioned.

All photos by Heidi Rader are:

         122 First Avenue, Suite 600
          Fairbanks, Alaska 99701
     Phone: 1-800-478-6822 ext. 3477

                                                                                         Heidi Rader, UAF CES

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