Potomac Basin Vol. 61, No. 6 Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin Nov./Dec. 2005 In addition to his science expertise, conference presenter Kent Mountford is also an artist, and drew this cartoon while listening to the remarks of Reds Wolman, who noted that researchers predicting problems in the 1970s had “Hit the nail on the head, except the nail is much larger [than they originally thought].” ICPRB Biology Symposium Leading Academia Gives Potomac a Passing Grade–With Some Reservations A veritable “Who’s Who” of Potomac watershed, which overall scored a qualified River researchers during the last 30 years “C+.” convened in October to assess progress The conference, based on two biological and provide guidance on a direction for conferences held by ICPRB in the mid- the future of the Potomac watershed. Each 1970s, featured many of the same of the presenters at the ICPRB conference, researchers, who brought their expertise, “Human Influences on the Biology of the credibility, and subsequent research back Potomac River,” gave the basin a letter to help reassess the river’s biological grade for different aspects of the river, condition and establish a new course for based on their expertise. The conference the river’s health. “The symposium, based audience also participated in grading the on the earlier meetings, builds on the Potomac’s living resources legacy, and will provide greater direction to the continuing Our mission is to effort to protect and preserve the region’s enhance, protect and heritage and quality of life through its greatest natural asset, the river,” said conserve the water and ICPRB Executive Director Joseph Hoffman. associated land M. Gordon “Reds” Wolman, a professor of geography and international affairs, resources of the Johns Hopkins University, and one of a number of participants who contributed to Potomac River and its the 1970s seminars, opened with an tributaries through overview of the river’s recent past, and discussed the predictable and regional and interstate unpredictable futures. A veteran of the Potomac’s struggles, cooperation. Wolman (who has published articles about river issues since the 1950s) noted that a ICPRB success of the recent past has been that the river, particularly in the metropolitan area, COMMISSIONERS has improved greatly, despite the 40 percent population growth that has caused DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Theodore J. great stress. Wolman alluded to the “Red Gordon, Vincent R. Nathan, Alternate; Queen” character from “Through the Hamid Karimi*, Anne D. Snodgrass, Looking Glass,” who noted that we must run Alternate; Lloyd Preslar faster and faster just to stay in the same place. MARYLAND: Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr., In his optimistic way, Wolman spoke Robert M. Summers, Alternate; James hopefully of the predictable future, noting H. Gilford*, Minny Pohlmann, Alternate; that assessments of the river’s current George H. Shoemaker, John Parran biology provides the basis for management Bowling, Alternate in the future. He noted that some of the major tools needed to continue the PENNSYLVANIA: John T. Hines, Lori Potomac’s restoration exist in the form of Mohr, Alternate; Rep. Stephen R. total maximum daily load plans (TMDL), Maitland, Rep. Bob Bastian, Alternate; which are taking the place of ambient water William I. Plank*, Roger C. Steele, quality standards, and best management Alternate practices to mitigate non-point source or runoff pollution in both urban and VIRGINIA: Robert G. Burnley, Scott W. agricultural areas. These tools are more Kudlas, Alternate; John D. Markley, Jr., complex, Wolman noted, because restoring Andrew H. Macdonald*, Alternate; Del. the rivers is about “more than just Joe T. May wastewater treatment plants.” Our commitment to using these tools, and how WEST VIRGINIA: Marten R. Jenkins, Jr., they are used will help to determine if we Phyllis M. Cole, Alternate; Del. Harold K. reach restoration goals in the face of Michael; Stephanie R. Timmermeyer, increasing population and development William D. Brannon*, Alternate pressure. Looking back on the results of the 1970s UNITED STATES: J. Winston Porter*, symposia, Wolman praised the group for Frederick R. Eames, Alternate; George the foresight shown in using biology as the Reiger, Mel M. Baughman, Alternate; best judge of a river’s health, in moving the Jane G. Witheridge, Howard Graeffe, focus of pollution prevention to nonpoint Alternate source issues, and in citing urban/suburban expansion as the major challenge. “They *Executive Committee Member were right then,” Wolman said. “They hit the nail on the head, except the nail is much The ICPRB Officers: larger [than originally thought],” Wolman William D. Brannon, Chairman said. Hamid Karimi, Vice Chairman Reaching out to discuss the Joseph K. Hoffman, Executive Director “unpredictable future,” Wolman noted that Robert L. Bolle, General Counsel his biggest concern is our (society’s) behavior. Our behavior determines the Commissioners and their alternates are scale of urban development, our attitude appointed by the state’s governors, the about natural resources and how they are mayor of the District of Columbia, and the treated. We should expect that our President of the United States. unpredictable future will include challenges such as increased frequency of flooding and pollution that comes with a growing Todd of the U.S. Forest Service; Neil Gillies of the Cacapon Institute; and representatives of several citizens watershed organizations and other agencies. In addition to reviewing the basin’s ongoing challenges, several presenters covered newer issues, including the newly discovered intersex fishes (male bass with eggs), the impacts of exotic species like the rapidly multiplying snakehead fish and Japanese stiltweed, a plant that is damaging the forest under story, and recent fish kills in two major tributaries, the Shenandoah and the South Branch. As each successive presenter, serving as a “professor” covered an aspect of the river’s biological health, they produced a letter grade for the river, and were joined by C. Dalpra symposium attendees, who also gave a M. Gordon “Reds” Wolman, like his father, Abel has grade. Overall, the river received a “C+” after been working on Potomac issues for many decades, the two days of presentations, with many and has served as a mentor to following generations admonishments that despite a passing of researchers. grade, parent-teacher conferences stressing commitment and action are needed if the population and development, the river is to progress further. introduction of foreign species such as the Special guest speaker Lynn Scarlett, snakehead and zebra mussel, and deputy secretary, U.S. Department of the increasing demand on our finite water Interior, addressed the group after lunch on resources. the first day. Scarlett lent encouragement to In addressing these issues, one thing the group, noting that “The tale of the that seems to be lacking from the toolkit Potomac is one of reconciliation with used in the 1970s is enthusiasm, Wolman nature.” The Potomac, a haven of history noted. Today, the environmental movement and recreation, is a place touched by its wonders if the current approach will carry residents. Scarlett noted that ideas about us forward, he said. Although environmental conservation are changing in the face of education in schools is at a much higher urbanization and that the challenges of level than 30 years, ago, it is unclear conservation have brought a more-holistic whether that momentum will result in attitude, from separate issues to “landscape” cleaner rivers. Wolman sees today’s kids as issues. She noted that effective conservation the most effective way to teach the is a “choreography of cooperation between environment to older generations as well government agencies and stakeholders.” as those that follow. Wolman wondered if The symposium organizer, ICPRB the students benefitting from environmental Director of Living Resources Jim Cummins, education today will be paying as much noted the value of bringing these scientists attention after they are 20 years old. and experts back together to provide far- Overall, Wolman thought that we had in reaching perspectives. “It is sad that many of many ways done well by the river, especially those who had gathered in the 1970s are no in the face of rapidly expanding population longer with us or were unavailable because growth and land development. “We do of health concerns. Our environmental have bragging rights in some areas,” he memories tend to be short-term; the past is said. Wolman gave a grade of B to the too easily forgotten,” Cummins said. river’s health, mostly in acknowledgment of Many presenters noted the challenge in the Red Queen as we have managed to passing along an improved river to future hold our place by running fast. He added generations, given the tremendous pressures that he has always been considered an of the region’s growth. Top priorities listed by easy grader. the presenters included better understanding Wolman was followed by a long list of of hormone-mimicking chemicals in the authorities, including Kent Mountford, environment, forest health and regeneration, historian, ecologist, and retired chief increasing personal and local stewardship scientist of the Chesapeake Bay Program; of the river’s land and water resources, and Don Kelso, who has studied the river for sufficient political, societal, and financial more than 20 years as a professor at support. Responses were hauntingly similar George Mason University; Kirby Carpenter, to the issues of the 1970s. As one attendee executive secretary of the Potomac River noted, “We know what’s wrong, and we Fisheries Commission; George Harmon, know how to fix it. We just don’t have the who has held numerous positions in the resolve.” Maryland Department of Natural Resources; The ICPRB wishes to thank all the Joe Fletcher, an avid angler who ran presenters who lent their time and expertise Fletcher’s Boat House on the river; Albert to these issues, and to the Eastman Kodak Company, The Conservation Fund, 4.) Twenty years of changes in the Arlington County, Va., and the National middle tidal freshwater Potomac River. Rural Electric Cooperative Association Don Kelso, George Mason University–B Conference Center, who provided support Despite the impacts of population growth and resources for the conference. and development, this section of the river Presentations from the conference, the has seen improvements in dissolved report card, and materials from the earlier oxygen, increased aquatic vegetation, and 1970s symposia are all available on decreased frequency of algal blooms. The ICPRB’s website, www.potomacriver.org. one constant is change, as over time some populations of fish increase while others decrease. Pressure on the river remains a real threat, Kelso noted. 5.) Tidal fisheries of the Potomac River. “C+” Grade for Potomac A.C. Carpenter, Executive Secretary, Potomac River Fisheries Commission– the Result of Many Expert C+ Opinions Carpenter gave a series of grades to specific fisheries, culminating in an overall The ICPRB’s conference on “Human grade. The oyster fishery is a remnant of Influences on the Biology of the Potomac what it was, the crab fishery has seen River” resulted in a collective grade of C+. increasing fishing pressure, striped bass While the grade is not meant to be and shad are greatly improved, and conclusive, it is an important statement menhaden and eel fisheries are stable. about the status of the Potomac and efforts 6.) Shenandoah River studies–has at restoration. anything improved in 30-plus years? The overall grade reflected the John Kauffman and Steve Reeser, professional opinions of the basin’s most- Virginia Department of Game and Inland noted researchers, who each delivered a Fisheries–D grade related to their presentation and put Skyrocketing poultry production has put together as a report card. Conference stress on the Shenandoah. Fish kills in the attendees added their voices in grading the river over the last couple of years have river overall. raised many questions among residents The following paragraphs provide an and researchers. These fish kills have annotated version of the “University of the removed about 80 percent of the adult Potomac Basin Report Card” developed smallmouth bass population from both the from the conference. North and South forks of the river, and could 1.) Potomac: Past and Prospect. M. take five to ten years to restore. The kills Gordon “Reds” Wolman, Johns Hopkins have sparked efforts to learn more about University–B the river’s problems. Wolman’s presentation is discussed in 7.) Biological water monitoring the related article. perspectives. George Harman, Maryland 2.) Potomac Prologue: A look in the Department of the Environment–B past for lessons in environmental quality. Technology has led to dramatic changes Kent Mountford, Cove Corp.; former EPA in monitoring over the decades, from a time Chesapeake Bay Program Scientist–D when researchers were inventing their own Mountford took the audience on a measurement devices in their offices to fascinating jaunt through the Potomac’s today, when water quality stations send past, noting the many changes that have results via satellite link to computers. Many occurred, many not for the good. Mountford new tools have allowed for greater sees human selfishness continuing, and understanding of many environmental seems hopeful but not optimistic about the problems, and there is a much greater Potomac’s future. emphasis on biological parameters. 3.) Zooplankton of the lower Potomac 8.) Aquatic toxicology methodology. River, then and now. Marcia Olson, Ronald Preston, Canaan Valley Institute– Morgan State University Estuarine B- Research Center (retired)–C+ Increased testing for toxic substances Populations of this important class of through the 1980s resulted in a reduction of Potomac residents has changed over time, toxic discharges from major municipal and with some more-extreme population swings industrial discharges. That success, along seen in the last decade. Estuaries, where with state budget constraints, has recently salt and freshwater environments collide, led to elimination of some testing labs run always experience changing diversity and by the basin states. Many smaller numbers of organisms, but some overall dischargers not affected by the earlier fluctuations in certain species are troubling. program have toxicity issues as well. Increasing jellyfish populations (which Further, nonpoint source pollution has been influence plankton populations) and their linked to degraded biological conditions in presence earlier in the season are an streams. Addressing these problems in the example. future will take a great commitment of resources. 10.) Fifty years of fishing on the river. 9.) The North Branch: Perils, progress, Joe Fletcher–C and projections. Raymond Morgan, Fletcher, whose family has run the iconic University of Maryland Center for Fletcher’s Boat House on the metropolitan Environmental Studies Appalachian river for generations, has seen the river’s Laboratory–B- fish population decline over time, noting The North Branch’s legacy of coal smaller sizes and fish with lesions. mining remains, although greatly reduced. 11.) Power Plants and the Potomac Issues with acid mine drainage will continue, River: Impetus for study and changing land development is likely to grow as an perspectives. Bill Richkus, VERSAR, issue, and its ample forest land will be Inc.–B+ increasingly attractive to the timber industry. Maryland’s Power Plant Siting Program, In general, water quality continues to along with related efforts, have added much improve. to knowledge of the watershed. Atlases, fisheries research and restoration, flow studies and other research, conducted to better plan for and place power generation facilities, have added greatly to the Potomac basin knowledge base. 12.) Aquatic communities–Rising to tell how healthy their home is, and ultimately, our own. Jim Cummins, ICPRB–C- While being a true success story for the last few decades, the river’s aquatic communities are again showing signs of stress. We have a more accurate picture from increased biological monitoring of streams. There is room for improvement, particularly in the estuary. State, federal, Watching the River Flow and local agencies and groups should work more closely together to meet restoration October marked the wettest month on goals. record with 9.41 inches of rain–more 13.) Submersed aquatic vegetation in than seven inches fell in a two-day the Potomac River. Nancy Rybicki, U.S. period, according to the National Geological Survey–B- Weather Service. November followed The river’s critical aquatic plant with about two inches of rain, about one communities have improved greatly since inch lower than average, reducing the 1970s, but healthy plant communities Potomac river flows significantly. envisioned under restoration are still a goal. Provisional data collected near Generally, the level of plant communities Washington, D.C., by the U.S. sought are limited by poor water clarity, Geological Survey reflected the torrent which keeps sunlight from penetrating deep with flows averaging 3.6 billion gallons enough into the water to support per day (bgd), 77 percent more than the photosynthesis. Overall, the trend is normal two bgd. Daily extremes ranged improving slowly. from 1.1 bgd on October 6 to 10.8 bgd 14.) Biological effects of endocrine- on October 8, the 48-hour period of disrupting chemicals on fishes. Vicki heaviest rainfall. Water withdrawn for Blazer and Luke Iwanowicz, U.S. drinking use averaged about 400 million Geological Survey-C gallons per day (mgd), about the same The discovery of male smallmouth bass as October 2004. Freshwater inflow to containing eggs has focused fisheries the Chesapeake Bay averaged about research on the many hormone-mimicking 37.3 bgd, about 34 percent above the chemicals that enter streams from treatment historical average. The Potomac plants and runoff. A wide range of chemicals, contributed about 13 percent of the total. including pesticides, PCBs, pharmaceuticals, November flows averaged 2.9 bgd, hormones, and anti-microbial compounds about 45 percent below the normal flow enter waterways in runoff, or are not of 5.3 bgd. Flows ranged from 1.4 bgd completely removed by treatment. A on November 1 to 8.8 bgd on November combination of these substances, found in 30. Water withdrawn for drinking use minute amounts, could be affecting fish averaged about 373 mgd, about the populations in various ways. Many questions same as November 2004. Freshwater remain as to the amounts, fate, and effects inflow to the Chesapeake Bay was of these substances. New research is being about 38 bgd, about three percent conducted in the watershed and nationally. below the historical average. The 15.) Forests of the Potomac watershed: Potomac contributed 11 percent of the Preliminary findings, State of the total. Chesapeake Forest Project. Albert Todd, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service–C+ involved in a wide range of activities, Watershed health depends on healthy organizing trash cleanups, monitoring, forests, which filter runoff, decrease outreach to schools, and many other sedimentation and use nutrients. The activities. The group also has worked with watershed currently is about 58 percent government and industries and have done forested, but trends point to decreasing much to forward the Anacostia’s visibility acreage. The majority of forest in the basin among the public and decision-makers. The is privately owned, so programs aimed at issues of urban rivers–nonpoint pollution, aiding owners in conservation are very litter, bacterial and toxic pollution–require important. Invasive species and deer strong citizen support for their solution. overpopulation add great stress. 16.) Engaging the community in watershed protection. Elenor Hodges, Arlingtonians for a Clean Environment–C- Arlingtonians for a Clean Environment is engaged in a variety of citizen-lead George’s Creek: A Bump projects, including stream monitoring, gardening efforts, school outreach, and in the Long Road to other programs. The groups’s projects are environmental, with their efforts focused on Recovery engaging and channeling efforts of citizens. The work is personal, and often one-on- Twenty-five years ago, no one would go one, necessary for a grassroots near the North Branch Potomac River or organization. many of its tributaries. Acid mine drainage 17.) Revisiting the Cacapon River and direct sewage discharge pipes baseline. W. Neil Gillies, Cacapon plagued the small waterways and made Institute–C- them uninhabitable by wildlife and The Cacapon watershed in West Virginia unusable for recreation. Today, many are is one of the most beautiful and pristine in high-quality trout runs and whitewater the Potomac watershed. It has benefitted paddling venues. Ribboned with small from the presence of the nonprofit Cacapon streams, hardwood forests, and rural towns, Institute, which performed a baseline study the area is prime habitat for game and fish. of the river to provide a method for One of the most prominent streams in assessing river health over time. The the area is George’s Creek, a small tributary watershed is still in good shape, but that runs through the towns of Lonaconing, showing definite signs of stress from Barton, and Westernport, Md. The creek’s development and agriculture, and those stocked rainbow and brown trout attract influences are increasing. local fisherman and its scenery attracts 18.) Sideling Hill Creek: Can we hold on birdwatchers, hikers, and whitewater to forested watershed? Donnelle Keech, enthusiasts. That changed in August after The Nature Conservancy–B+ the abandoned McDonald mine began Much like the Cacapon, the Sideling Hill seeping highly acidic drainage into a small Creek watershed holds beautiful streams tributary of George’s Creek. The drainage and rare plant and animal species. Both was not unusual, but it’s orange, soupy Maryland and Pennsylvania governments consistency was. The Maryland Department hold the watershed in high regard, but it is of Environment (MDE) reports on a fact under increasing development pressure. sheet created in response to the change in Sediment pollution, nutrients, and drainage, McDonald Mine: Acid Mine agricultural impacts are growing. Drainage Impacts, that “the mine 19.) The Monocacy River: The discharges the worst acid mine drainage in challenges of continuous change. M. Maryland, which is the most significant Drew Ferrier, Hood College–C- pollutant in the lower portion of George’s Much public and private effort toward the Creek.” river has kept it from heavily deteriorating in The area historically is linked to coal and the face of very large population increases is stippled with abandoned mines, which and reliance on it as a drinking water typically generate some acid mine drainage supply. This interstate watershed, which that can be controlled with lime or other includes the towns of Frederick, Md., and treatments. Lime dosers in the George’s Gettysburg, Pa., is affected by nutrients, Creek watershed help neutralize acid mine sediments, and increasing wastewater drainage seeping from abandoned coal treatment loads. The watershed contains mines in the area. In the 1990s, ICPRB and several active groups and programs trying other groups were instrumental in getting to improve and protect the river. several lime dosers placed in the North 20.) Anacostia River’s urban impacts. Branch watershed. Since then, others have Jim Connolly, Anacostia Watershed been added. Society–D Since 2001, a doser has been As one of the foremost citizen groups in successfully neutralizing drainage that the watershed, the society has been flows from the abandoned McDonald Mine into an unnamed tributary of George’s stream ecology. Creek. In August, the mine began seeping Though much of their work is dedicated highly acidic drainage that overpowered to restoring the creeks and engaging youth, the doser’s ability to buffer the water. With GCWA members hope to encourage more increased acidity, the water entering the fishermen and whitewater enthusiasts to tributary of Georges Creek and eventually visit the area. The tourist dollars would bring into the North Branch has killed the fish money into the local economy and instill a population and macroinvertebrates living in sense of pride in the local waterways. the lower four miles of George’s Creek. George’s Creek is a class III whitewater Without a more-powerful lime dosing creek, full of challenging rapids and system and with river flows at their lowest in beautiful scenery. The last four miles of decades, the creek is unable to dilute the George’s Creek is a vital trout fishery and increased acidity. attracts fishermen from across the state. Though the pH of the drainage did not Many locals used the waterway for change much, the acidity has increased recreation and the soupy water has kept ten-fold and colored the water orange. them away from George’s Creek and Acidity is a measure of the amounts of downstream waterways. “The anglers have metals in the seep water, noted Joe Mills of abandoned the thought of fishing in the Maryland Bureau of Mines (BOM). The devastated portion of the creek in the near metals in the coal seam are exposed by future. Travelers using Route 36 have been deep shaft mining, a process used at the totally appalled by the change in turn of the century, and usually slowly leach appearance of the stream,” said George’s out over time. A private firm with expertise in Creek Watershed Association (GCWA) mining has been hired to determine President Bob Miller. possible causes and solutions for the Despite the interest from locals in the McDonald drainage issue. fish and wildlife of the area, only a small Initially, active surface mine operations percentage of the local population nearby were blamed for the change in the participates in restoration activities. Miller abandoned mine drainage. Mills explained suspects that many young people who that mine blasting occurs in the area almost would be active in the community have left daily and the change in acid mine drainage the area to seek higher education and work. from the McDonald mine was probably not At the height of the coal boom, the a result of the nearby blasts. “The closest population of the area was around 8,000 active mine is over 1/4 of a mile from the people, but now numbers about 2,000. McDonald mine and over 400 feet above Along with the changing population, the the mine workings,” said Mills. He further watershed has also dramatically changed noted that it is difficult to determine exactly in the past quarter century. Miller noted that what happened in the McDonald Mine that much of the land has been surface mined caused the seep’s change in chemistry, so now grass and second-growth timber although he suspects that subsidence have increased. Health officials estimated within the mine caused the problem. “The that as much as 75 percent of the area’s BOM is doing everything possible to human waste went directly into the creek. determine its cause and a remedy for the Bill Richmond, an active GCWA member problem,” said Mills. The Maryland BOM also noted that raw sewage was being has called on several groups for directly discharged into George’s Creek 25 assistance, including the George’s Creek years ago, but “beginning around 1980, this Watershed Association, a group they have practice was eliminated with the building of worked with since its inception. the George’s Creek sanitary sewer system.” For about 10 years, George’s Creek The George’s Creek Wastewater Watershed Association (GCWA) volunteers Treatment Plant will be upgraded beginning have worked with the BOM, the Nemacolin in 2006-2007 and will take about 18 Chapter of Trout Unlimited, Canaan Valley months to complete. Much of the project will Institute, and other organizations and be funded by MDE grants, from the Bay government agencies to protect the Restoration Fund, and the upgrades will watershed in many ways. The GCWA likely include Biological Nutrient Removal volunteers monitor the watershed’s and Enhanced Nutrient Removal. Both will waterways once per month, install help reduce nutrient loads from the raingardens, develop fishing areas with wastewater before flowing into George’s handicap accessibility, clean up trash, plant Creek, the Potomac River, and eventually trees with school children on strip mines, the Chesapeake Bay. gain funding for restoring stream channels George’s Creek and its tributaries are and bank stabilization, and many other still on the road to recovery and will likely targeted watershed endeavors. One GCWA move past this latest bump in the road with site on Neff Run is used by graduate and the help of dedicated agencies and citizen biology students from the Appalachian organizations. For more information about Environmental Laboratory of the University the GCWA, contact Kelly Martin at (301) of Maryland. Local schools also use the 463-2305 or via email at area as an outdoor classroom for learning firstname.lastname@example.org. Virginia Appoints New Slate of Commissioners Virginia Governor Mark Warner has and information technology and has served appointed Commissioners to represent the at the Federal Communications Commission. commonwealth’s interests before the Andrew H. Macdonald, Alexandria City Interstate Commission on the Potomac Council member and owner of Patowmack River Basin. The new appointments run River Studio in Alexandria, Va., was until February 28, 2009. reappointed as an alternate commissioner Robert G. Burnley, the Director of the for Markley. Macdonald has worked with the Virginia Department of Environmental commission in setting up its recent biology Quality (DEQ), was reappointed. Burnley conference, and has been active in the has served in other positions with DEQ, Potomac Trash-Free effort. including Director of the Water Division, Delegate Joe T. May, Founder and CEO Director of Program Support and Evaluation, of Electronic Instrumentation and and Director of Technical Services and Technology, an electronic engineering and Information Systems Divisions. Burnley is a manufacturing firm, was appointed to member of the Virginia Economic Developers succeed Delegate Robert Marshall. May Association, Water Environment Federation, serves as chairman of the Virginia House of Virginia Water Environment Association, Delegates Science and Technology and the Air and Waste Management Committee, and is a member of the House Association. Appropriations Committee, where he chairs Scott W. Kudlas, the Director of the the Appropriations sub-committee on Office of Water Supply Planning at DEQ, will Transportation and is the vice-chairman of serve as Burnley’s alternate commissioner. He the House Transportation Committee. previously attended ICPRB meetings as “Together, the Virginia delegation brings Burnley’s representative. Kudlas was an a set of interests, expertise, and vision to environmental planning professional before the commission,” ICPRB Executive Director working for the DEQ. In addition, he has Joseph Hoffman said. “We look forward to experience working with Virginia their fresh perspective, and the new energy governmental agencies and with the they can bring to ICPRB.” Virginia General Assembly, primarily on environmental, economic development, Printed on recycled paper with soy-based ink local government, and other issues. Non-Profit Org. Permit No. 800 Rockville, MD U.S. Postage John D. Markley, Jr., a General Partner at Columbia Capital Equity Partners, has PAID been appointed to succeed Gloria Taylor Fisher. Markley specializes in communications Potomac Basin Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin Editors: Curtis M. Dalpra Jennifer K. Dotson Published six times a year by the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin, 51 Monroe St., Suite PE-08, Rockville, MD 20850. (301) 984-1908. (ISSN 1072-8627) Address Service Requested November/December 2005 E-Mail: email@example.com 51 Monroe St., Suite PE-08 Internet: http://www.potomacriver.org Joseph K. Hoffman, Executive Director Rockville, MD 20850 This publication does not necessarily reflect official Commission policies. Funds for the Reporter are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the signatory bodies to ICPRB: District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia.
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