Unlock the Mystery of Autism Spectrum Disorder-Part 2 by ProQuest

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 4

All parents need to be aware of autisti c- 1 Ike characteristics so they can watch their children and seek help when any of the following is observed: * Child does not turn or respond to his name * Child does not look when parent points at an object and says, "Look" * Child does not follow directions such as "Get your shoes" or "Go get your ball" * Child appears deaf and does not respond to parent at times * Child seems to be in his "own world" * Child's language skills or speech are delayed or absent * Child used to say a few words or babble, but now doesn't * Child does not point or wave bye-bye * Child may "excel" at knowing letters, numbers and/or knowing how to read * Child seems to prefer to play alone * Child is not interested or not aware of other children or adults around * Child does not know how to play with toys appropriately * Child has poor nonverbal communication: eye contact, facial expressions, and gestures Visual For many children, the visual sense is the strongest and they rely more heavily on visual Input to learn. Behavior Children with autism spectrum disorder may exhibit some or all of the following: * Experience frequent and/or intense temper tantrums * Have difficulty with transitions, such as moving from activity to activity or place to place * Insist on following routines and sameness or resist change * Become frustrated easily * Have lack of patience * Demonstrate poor attention skills * Be aggressive toward themselves or others * Engage In self-Injurious behavior such as banging their head on floor or walls * Be destructive * Be preoccupied with parts of objects or have a fascination with repetitive movement (spinning wheels, turning on and off lights) * Have inappropriate attachment to objects * Demonstrate noticeable extreme underactivity or overactivity * Have abnormal eating or sleeping habits (may need less sleep than typical children of the same age) * Have difficulty toilet training * Ritualistic or compulsive behaviors * Repetit

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									Language—Continued from page 17        At what age should parents start        normal ranges of language devel-
                                       to read to their children? I recom-     opment, both active and passive.
claim otherwise) young children        mend that you start no later than       The guidelines that I have given
learn very little from watching TV.    when your baby is six months old,       you should help you evaluate your
As a matter of fact, a recent study    using age-appropriate books of          own child’s language develop-
suggested that these programs          course.                                 ment. If you have any questions
may actually slow down language                                                or doubts about whether or not
acquisition. The American Academy      There is an organization called         there is a problem with speech or
of Pediatrics recommends that          “Reach Out and Read” that supplies      understanding, always consult with
there should be no TV watching         age-appropriate books to hospital       your baby’s doctor. The earlier a
during the first two years of life.    pediatric clinics without charge,       problem is picked up, the greater
                                       often to parents who cannot afford      the chance to fix it.
That may seem a little drastic, and    to buy books or are unfamiliar with
unrealistic, but the less TV a young   books. Their recommendation is          Dr. Eden is the chairman of the
child watches the better. The cur-     to start reading at six months of       Department of Pediatrics, Wyckoff
rent consensus is that the interac-    age with a book written for that        Heights Medical Center, Brooklyn,
tion between parents and young         age baby.                               New York and a clinical professor
children by talking and reading is                                             of pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical
the key to increased intelligence      A final thought: Every baby de-         Center, New York, NY. He prac-
and school success.                    velops at her own pace, and that        tices in Forest Hills, NY. He is the
                                       includes identical twins. Therefore,    past Chairman of the Section on
At what age should parents start       comparing one baby to the next is       Pediatrics, New York Academy of
to speak to their new baby? My         unnecessary and makes no sense.         Medicine. His latest book, Positive
answer is as soon as they are born.    As discussed earlier, there are         Parenting, is now available.


Unlock the Mystery of Autism Spectrum Disorder—Part 2
                                                                        By Michelle Mintz, MS, CCC-SLP

(This is the second piece of a         so does their desire to socialize.          bye-bye
two-part article about the autism      All parents need to be aware of         •   Child may “excel” at knowing
spectrum disorder. The first part      autistic-like characteristics so they       letters, numbers and/or know-
appeared in the July/August 2009       can watch their children and seek           ing how to read
issue.)                                help when any of the following is       •   Child seems to prefer to play
                                       observed:                                   alone
The following are characteristics                                              •   Child is not interested or not
that children with autism may ex-      •   Child does not turn or respond          aware of other children or
perience.                                  to his name                             adults around
                                       •   Child does not look when parent     •   Child does not know how to play
Language and                               points at an object and says,           with toys appropriately
Communication                              “Look”                              •   Child has poor nonverbal com-
These difficulties are the most com-   •   Child does not follow directions        munication: eye contact, facial
mon among children in the autism           such as “Get your shoes” or “Go         expressions, and gestures
spectrum disorder and often are            get your ball”
the first signs parents notice. Both   •   Child appears deaf and does not     Visual
receptive (understanding) and ex-          respond to parent at times          For many children, the visual sense
pressive language skills (talking)     •   Child seems to be in his “own       is the strongest and they rely more
are affected, but expressive lan-          world”                              heavily on visual input to learn.
guage skills are generally more se-    •   Child’s language skills or speech   This sense can be the first to be
verely impacted. When children are         are delayed or absent               overstimulated.
unable to communicate with adults      •   Child used to say a few words
and their peers, their self-esteem         or babble, but now doesn’t          An autistic child may be hyper-
and self-confidence decrease and       •   Child does not point or wave        sensitive (become anxio
								
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