Ramayana Stories in Modern South India: An Anthology by ProQuest


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									       23695_09_399-436_r3bj.qxp     11/20/09     11:22 AM        Page 406


   1              region of extremely oppressive and violent patriarchy, and romantic love is
   2              treated as a social crime. One would think that these contrasts are minefields
   3              for analytical exploration, but the author mentions them without in-depth ex-
   4              ploration. She also does not ever question her male performers and audience
   5              about these issues—which would not be irrelevant, as oral performers do
   6              comment on their social reality.
   7                   Thus, Susan S. Wadley’s Raja Nal and the Goddess is somewhat outdated in
   8              its method and theoretical approach. Although the author tells us about the
   9              performers and other assistants who are no more, and some few details about
  10              those who are still around, she is mainly concerned with getting the text right
  11              and interpreting its characters with reference to the text itself. She realizes that
  12              “Dhola lives in performance,” but fails to capture the dynamism of the per-
  13              formance context. The waning of long-standing oral texts is not as simple a
  14              matter as it is made to seem in this book. The long period of research has prob-
  15              ably created important archival materials, which are cited here only minimally.
  16              It will, however, motivate the readers to explore the recordings of Dhola and
  17              maybe understand what made this epic so popular over such a vast region for
  18              a long time.
  19                   Susan Wadley’s book is a valuable contribution to those beginning their
  20              study of North India. For the knowledgeable and the initiated, however, it may
  21              not have the same value.
  22                                                                               Sadhana Naithani
  23                                                                   Jawaharlal Nehru University
  25              Ramayana Stories in Modern South India: An Anthology. Edited by Paula
  26              Richman. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008. 258 pp.
  27                    Compiled and edited by Paula Richman, Ramayana Stories in Modern South
  28              Asia: An Anthology is a combination of primary texts and secondary criticism.
  29              Its aim is to present to the noninitiate the rich tradition of the Rama stories
  30              (Rama katha) in modern South India. The primary audience for the book is the
  31              North American classroom, where Richman sees her collection being used to
  32              introduce students to the narrative and religious diversity of India. In the pur-
  33              suit of this objective, Richman presents canonical as well as counter-canonical
  34              tellings of Rama katha. A secondary objective seems to be to educate readers
  35              about the cultural milieu of South India. Acc
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