Unlock the Mystery of Autism Spectrum Disorder-Part 1

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					    agitated even when you try             tently when he breathes in.          swelling in the airway within two
    to comfort him? If you can-        •   You notice your child’s chest        or three hours.
    not calm your child down, he           wall caving in or “indrawing”
    needs to be assessed.                  when he breathes.                    When a child is having breathing
•   In good light, look at the color   •   Your child’s croup symptoms          difficulty with croup, a medication
    of your child’s lips and face,         are causing him to be upset or       called “epinephrine” (also known
    checking for any bluish-grey           restless.                            as adrenaline) is given through a
    color. If there is poor color,                                              breathing mask on the face. This
    your child needs to be as-         On the way to the emergency de-          medication is very safe when given
    sessed.                            partment, dress warmly and keep          in the emergency department. It
                                       the car window open to let in cool       works quickly by shrinking down
When to Call an                        air. Often, by the time he arrives at    the swollen area in the windpipe.
Ambulance                              the emergency department, they           It can temporarily relieve croup
Call an ambulance immediately          will have improved on the way.           symptoms for approximately two
if:                                                                             hours and is often used in children
• Your child’s face has a bluish-      Treatment for Croup                      with more severe breathing prob-
    grey color for more than a         Since croup is caused by a viral         lems while waiting for the dexam-
    second or two.                     infection, antibiotics (which only       ethasone to take effect.
• You cannot rouse your child,         work for bacteria) are not helpful
    or he is unusually sleepy or       and should not be used. Over-the-        Preventing Croup
    “out of it” while making croupy    counter cough and cold medica-           There is no way to prevent croup.
    sounds.                            tions do NOT help and are not            The best thing families can do is to
• Your child is very agitated,         recommended. For a long time,            ensure that they wash hands fre-
    stressed, or is struggling to      “mist” or steam was used to treat        quently to help stop the spread of
    breathe and you cannot help        croup, but recent research has           viral infections that cause croup.
    him by calming him down.           shown that it is not effective.
                                                                                Dr. Candice Bjornson is a pediatri-
When to Go to the ER                   The best treatment for croup is a        cian who specializes in respiratory
You should seek medical care           steroid medication called dexam-         diseases of childhood. She has a
right away if, after calming your      ethasone that is given by mouth as       busy practice at the Alberta Chil-
child and exposing your child to       long as a child is able to swallow. It   dren’s Hospital in Calgary, Alberta,
cold air:                              is a very safe medication. Usually,      Canada. She is also active in re-
• You can hear your child making       only a single dose is required, and      search in lung diseases in children,
    the “crowing” sound consis-        it starts to work by 
Description: Children with ASD demonstrate language difficulties, poor attention skills, sensory integration difficulties, stimming behaviors, repetitive behaviors, decreased social interaction and behavioral issues. A child with autism may experience difficulties with one or many of the following areas: * Language and Communication * Vestibular (sense of equilibrium) * Proprioceptive (where our body is in space) * Gross Motor Skills (walking, jumping) * Fine Motor Skills (grasping small objects) * Behavior (tantrums) * Stimming (self-stimulating continuous or ritualistic movement) * Sensory Integration * Visual (sight) * Auditory (hearing) * Tactile (touch) * Olfactory (smelling) * Gustatory (taste) Thus far the media has brought the nation's attention to this disease that affects one in 150 children and one in 94 boys born each year.
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