Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and - PDF - PDF by izy20048

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									United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine




                                        Welcome
                   An Introduction to the USDA’s
                   Miami Plant Inspection Station




        Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
            Plant Protection and Quarantine
     United States Department of Agriculture
     Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

     Plant Protection and Quarantine



                              Inspection Stations
                                                  Purpose

To control the entry of plants
     and other Propagative
materials, and to prevent the
  introduction of exotic pests
  that can accompany these
    products, APHIS Plant
  Protection and Quarantine
  (PPQ), has established 17
inspection stations at various
 ports of entry throughout the
        United States.
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                         Inspection Stations
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


     Miami Plant Inspection Station (MIS)
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine




                                                MIS Statistics

                                             FY 2006:
                                             •2,715 QSI
                                             •74% of all imported
                                             propagative material
                                             imported into the US.
                                             •More than 1 billion plants
                                             •400,000 Kg. seed
                                             •15,419,025 treated plants
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



                  Miami Inspection Station
                                             Since 1994, the station has
                                             experienced growth of:

                                               105% in the number
                                               of processed plants
                                               74% in the number
                                               of shipments
     United States Department of Agriculture
     Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

     Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                                  Activities


                                                               Destruction
  Inspection




Certification
 United States Department of Agriculture
 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

 Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                              Activities

Treatment                                         Taxonomic Support
     United States Department of Agriculture
     Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

     Plant Protection and Quarantine



                              Taxonomic Support
Insects, Acarina, Plant Diseases, Mollusk, Noxious Weeds
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                              Other Functions

                                             Responsible for the
                                             issuance of
                                             Phytosanitary
                                             Certificates
                                             Responsible for the
                                             endorsement of
                                             CITES Certificates
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                              MIS Instalations




Loading Area
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



                              Inspection Area
                                   2            85 ft
               1914 ft
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                        Treatment Facilities
                                             • NAP- Normal Atmospheric Pressure
                                             • Vacuum Chamber
                                             • Incinerator
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                         Clearance Process
              Cargo Arrives and is Moved to MIS
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                              Air Shipments
                                   •Transported under Customs Bond
                                   •Without Diversion
                                   •100% of the Cargo
    United States Department of Agriculture
    Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

    Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                   Maritime Shipments

•Movement authorized under Customs Bond
•Sealed
•100% of the Cargo
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                               Maritime Shipments
                                             •Inspection of the
                                             container and verification
                                             of the contents
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                       Inspection
                                               The intensity of the
                                               inspection depends on
                                               the type of plant and
                                               it’s interception history
                                               Higher pest
                                               interceptions result
                                               in more intensive
                                               inspections
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



                                             Inspection
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



Inspection
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                       Inspection
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



                           Quarantine Action
                                             Options


                              Treatment
                              Destruction
                              Return to country
                              of origin
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


                                        Fumigation
  United States Department of Agriculture
  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

  Plant Protection and Quarantine



  Option 2: Destruction

Incineration - approved incinerator
Fumigation plus incineration - allows
destruction at an unregulated facility


   Option 3: Return to Origin
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



                           Natural Gas Incinerator

                                     Destruction
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine



Option 4-CITES

     Return to Country of Origin
     rarely used
     Confiscation- the plants are sent
     to a rescue center approved by
     U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service
  United States Department of Agriculture
  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

  Plant Protection and Quarantine




            On behalf of the
United States Department of Agriculture
    Plant Protection and Quarantine


   Thank You
                                                  Presentation created by:
                                                            Flenis
                                               Entomologist USDA-APHIS-PPQ

								
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