ELA A 10 “To James” Writing and Representing Instructions In the last part of the poem, the speaker gives James very specific instructions about achieving success both in races and in life. The Characteristics of Instructions Instructions tell how to do something. Instructions are action oriented. Instructions use vivid and specific verbs. Instructions are sequential. Instructions are broken down into steps. Transition words (first, next, before, etc.) or numbers communicate the order of the steps. The steps should be detailed yet concise. Some instructions are accompanied by diagrams and pictures. Instructions must be clear, concise, and comprehensive. Your Task Write a set of instructions explaining how to do something. On the literal level, the instructions will explain how to successfully develop some skill or complete some activity; on the figurative level, the instructions will explain an approach to life. Instructions 1. Refer to the characteristics of instructions your knowledge of and experience with instructions the models we have studied as a class 2. Brainstorm topics (e.g.: how to pass/fail a test, how to tell truth/lies, how to ride a bike) 3. List the actions that must be done in order to do the activity or develop the skill. 4. Arrange the actions in the correct sequence. Use vivid and specific verbs. 5. Compose similes and metaphors to explain ideas. 6. Use transition words to communicate the order. 7. Examine each step to ensure that it is complete yet concise. 8. Consider how the actions or steps could be related to succeeding in life. 9. Share your instructions with a peer, inviting feedback and suggestions. 10. Revise your instructions to achieve your purpose and convey your message. 11. Select an appropriate title. 12. Create an illustration for your instructions. 13. Read the evaluation sheet outlining the criteria and standards for this task. 14. Display the poster in the classroom. and titles for their instructions (e.g.: How to ___, Do-It-Yourself _____, _____ for Dummies, The Complete Guide to ____, Everything You Need to ____). Students then create posters of their instructions and display them throughout the room. It may be useful to provide students with good examples of instruction posters.
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