"New OrleansBaton Rouge Weather Forecast Office - PowerPoint - PowerPoint"
New Orleans/Baton Rouge Weather Forecast Office Paul S. Trotter Meteorologist-in-Charge Leadership Structure 34th U.S. Secretary of Commerce Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., Donald L. Evans US Navy (Ret.) Under Secretaryof Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Brigadier General (USAF retired) David L. Johnson President Assistant Administrator George W. Bush Bill Proenza (National Weather Service) 42nd President of the National Weather Service Southern Region Director United States Organizational Structure United States Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Weather Service NWS Headquarters 6 Regional Centers 13 National Centers 13 River Forecast Centers 122 Weather Forecast Offices 21 Center Weather Service Units Reference: www.nws.noaa.gov/organization.html National Weather Service Mission Statement " The National Weather Service (NWS) provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas, for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. NWS data and products form a national information database and infrastructure which can be used by other governmental agencies, the private sector, the public, and the global community. " Vision & Values • America’s no surprise weather We at the National Weather Service service value: • A world class team of professional • Service above self who • Our customers and partners – Produce and deliver quality • Respect and trust of others and forecasts you can trust when the diversity of our agency you need them most • The open exchange of information – Use cutting edge techniques and ideas – Provide services in a cost • Commitment to integrity; effective manner teamwork, self – Strive to eliminate weather improvement, high related fatalities and improve standards, and the scientific the economic value of approach to our mission weather information • An innovative and empowered workforce Area Information •Nearly 3 million people in •Offshore Petroleum Exploration the New Orleans/Baton and Production Rouge National Weather •Around 27 percent of daily Service Forecast Area domestic natural gas and oil •Shipping (#1 port system production originations in Louisiana in the U.S.) or off its shores •50 percent of all U.S. •The North Central Gulf of Mexico Agricultural exports/imports area is the only area off the coast pass through New Orleans of the United States with deep and Baton Rouge ports. water port for offshore supertanker •8th Coast Guard District traffic Headquarters - largest in Special Events (Mardi Gras, Sugar U.S. Bowl, Jazz Fest, Essence Festival, •Marine Forces Reserve Bayou Classic, Super Bowl, Biloxi National Headquarters. Seafood Festival and The Greater •Tourism and Gaming in Baton Rouge State Fair ) southeast Louisiana and south Mississippi New Orleans/Baton Rouge Weather Forecast Office An introduction to the Forecast Operations in the National Weather Service Dana Griffin NWS Duty Priorities • Warnings, Watches, and Advisories • Mission Critical Observations • Forecasts, Observations, and Basic Weather Watch • Non-Critical Public Service • Training, Development, and Focal Point Duties Public Forecast Program We are responsible for public forecast products across extreme South Mississippi and Southeast Louisiana. The forecaster issues a seven day zone forecast. The public forecast covers weather conditions, wind speed and direction, and maximum and minimum temperatures in the first 48 to 60 hours, and weather conditions and temperatures through seven days. The Hazardous Weather Outlook (HWO) is issued by each office around 6 a.m. and around 11 a.m. The HWO provides federal, state, and local emergency managers a guide on the weather hazard of the day. Because Louisiana experiences weather extremes from snow, to drought, to flooding, to hurricane, to fog. We have a public product to match any weather condition. Public Forecast Program Dense Fog Advisory Flood Watch Flash Flood Warning Hazardous Weather High Wind Watch Severe Wind Advisory Weather Statement Tornado Warning Outlook Heat Advisory Winter StormStatement Special Weather Watch Severe Thunderstorm Warning Area Stream Urban and Small ForecastFlood Advisory Blizzard Watch Hurricane Local Statement Discussion Freeze Warning Winter Weather Advisory Wind Chill Watch Local Chill Matrices Point Forecast Wind Warning Hurricane Report Inland WindStormAdvisory Excessive Heat Watch Tabular State Forecast Public Information Advisory Freezing Rain Statement Tropical Storm InlandFreeze Watch Wind Zone Forecast Product Warning Inland Hurricane Wind Blowing Dust Advisory Short Term Forecast Watch High Wind Warning Frost Advisory Inland Tropical Storm Winter Storm Warning Wind Watch Freezing Fog Advisory Heavy Snow Warning Dense Smoke Advisory Blizzard Warning Freezing Drizzle Advisory Ice Storm Warning Snow Advisory Heavy Sleet Warning Sleet Advisory Wind Chill Warning Blowing and Drifting Snow Advisory Dust Storm Warning Internet Public Forecast Program National Digital Forecast Database Experimental Interactive Point Forecast Fire Weather Program The Fire Weather Forecast is an internal product issued twice a day. The forecast contains the lowest relative humidity value of the day, surface wind speed and direction, weather conditions, and other fire weather parameters to help forestry crews with fire plans through the next five days. The National Weather Service Forecast Office of New Orleans/Baton Rouge is responsible for providing Fire Weather Forecasts to Federal Land Management Agencies in Southeast Louisiana and extreme South Mississippi. In the event life and/or property is threatened, each office can provide a fire weather forecast to local, state and other federal requesting agencies. Marine Weather Forecast Program The National Weather Service In addition, The marine Forecast Office of New life and includes is threatened, Ifforecast property Lake Orleans/Baton Rouge is Pontchartrain and Lake the National Weather Service will responsible for marine Maurepas. The marine issue a Special Marine Warning forecasting. In the marine forecast covers weather for the designated area. forecast program, the marine conditions, wind speed and forecaster issues a five day direction, and wave marine forecast from conditions. Atchafalaya Bay, Louisiana to Pascagoula, Mississippi, and out into the Gulf of Mexico 60 nautical miles. Aviation Program We issue specialized aviation forecasts tailored for pilots approaching and departing Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport, Ryan Field in McComb, Mississippi, New Orleans Armstrong International Airport and Gulfport- Biloxi Regional Airport. The forecaster issues a 24 hour Terminal Aviation Forecast for each airport four times a day. The forecast contains surface visibility, wind speed and direction, weather condition and cloud cover, and ceiling at a particular airport. Set weather criteria, such as low visibility, may inhibit a pilot from take off or landing. WSR-88D The state of Louisiana is covered by five WSR-88D Radars. The WSR-88D Radar has excelled in detecting the severe weather events that threaten life and property. In addition, WSR- 88D Radar has increased advanced warnings for short-lived, often catastrophic events such as tornadoes, hail storms, downbursts, and flash floods. The WSR-88D Radar calculates both speed and direction of motion of severe storms. The wind pattern data within storms the WSR-88D Radar identifies the weather conditions leading to severe weather such as tornadoes. New Orleans/Baton Rouge Weather Forecast Office An introduction to Data Acquisition Operations in the National Weather Service Doug Tranchina NOAA Weather Radio Console Replacement System (CRS) is one of the components of the new and modernized weather radio system-NOAA Weather Radio. This system allows forecasts, statements and current weather conditions to go out automatically and instantaneously on NOAA Weather Radio. This will free up the staff to spend more time analyzing weather conditions so they can provide more timely and accurate forecasts and warnings. NOAA Weather Radio also directly feeds into the Specific Area Message Encoder (SAME) for use by Emergency Alert System (EAS) and specialized NOAA weather radio receivers. In the past, warnings and watches were alerted manually by choosing and pressing a series of buttons. Automation of these manual entries speeds up the process of broadcasting the warnings. The National Weather Service hopes that these benefits will outweigh the fact that the automated computer voice may sound "funny" and will take some time getting used to. With the rapid advancement in technology today, the National Weather Service already has plans for the improvement of the voice quality on NOAA Weather Radio. Cooperative Observing Program The National Weather Service Cooperative Observing Program was formally created in 1890 under the Organic Act. Its mission today is two-fold: To provide observational meteorological data (usually consisting of daily maximum and minimum temperature, snowfall, and 24-hour precipitation totals) required to define the climate of the United States and to help measure long-term climate changes. To provide observational meteorological data in near real-time to support forecast, warning, hydrological and other public service programs of the National Weather Service (NWS). The National Weather Forecast Office cooperative network consists of nearly 200 active cooperative sites in Louisiana and 11,700 sites nationwide. The program includes the selection of data sites; recruiting, appointing, and training of observers; installation and maintenance of equipment; station documentation; observer payroll; data collection and its delivery to users; data quality control functions; and the management of fiscal and human resources required to accomplish program objectives. River Forecasting to the Public The National Weather Service Offices of Shreveport, Lake Charles, New Orleans/Baton Rouge and Jackson, Mississippi are responsible for river forecasting and river flood warnings. Daily, the Lower Mississippi River Forecast Center in Slidell collects river and rainfall data, analyzes, forecasts and transmits river forecast data internally to each office. The Hydro-Meteorological Technicians interpolate the river forecast data and transmit river stages and forecasts, river flood warning(s) and/or river flood statements as needed. Upper Air Program The balloon is filled with hydrogen gas. Attached to the bottom of the balloon is a weather instrument known as a radiosonde. This instrument measures upper air observations such in atmospheric The National Weather Service as:Slidell, Lake temperature, one of theseand a weather balloon Charles, and Shreveport releasedirection, dew point, If you find wind speed instruments in your and a day; one is released at 5 a.m. and another twice relative humidity. Once the weather balloon is area, just place the instrument inside the 5 p.m. Central Standard Time. More than two atreleased, it travels into the upper atmosphere and prepaid postage bag, and mail it back to the releases may be needed in the event of a reaches heights of approximately 100,000 feet. National Weather Service. The observed data the weather such as a significant change inis sent by radio signals to the ground equipment. Once the data is weather hurricane. The data received from the received, it is coded and transmitted. As in balloon ascends, it balloon aides meteorologiststhepreparing weather forecasts for the surrounding areas. of the extreme becomes larger and larger because low pressure. It expands until it bursts and then falls back to earth with the help of the attached parachute. New Orleans/Baton Rouge Weather Forecast Office An introduction to the Electronic Operations in the National Weather Service Michael Festino Electronics Staff Operation •A cadre of five technicians •One Upper Air site including one Electronics located on station and One Systems Analyst (ESA) WSR-88D Doppler Radar located on station •We Calibrate, Test, Inspect, •Two Emergency Power Service, and Repair a variety of generators as well as Two equipment used by the National Weather Service Uninterruptible Power Supplies located on station •The equipment consists of eight ASOS sites from Baton •One Console Replacement Rouge to Pascagoula and from system located on station Boothville to McComb. Five and the station Telephone Handar units around Lake System Pontchartrain and Audubon Park Electronics Staff Operation • We also Verify, Load, and • In shortsoftware on to maintain Update our goal is dozens of Personal National Weather all of the Computers, Laptops, Service Systemsstation as well and Printers on as seamlessly as possible in order for our maintain the Station LAN • Operational Staff to provide We also Verify, Load, and accurate forecasts to protect Update software as well as life and property Test, Inspect, Service, and Repair Two Advanced Weather Interactive Processing Systems (AWIPS) Wrap – Up • Questions and Comments • NWS Resource Web Sites – www.srh.noaa.gov – Southern Region Headquarters – www.srh.noaa.gov/lix - WFO New Orleans/Baton Rouge LA at Slidell, LA – www.srh.noaa.gov/lmrfc - Lower MS River Forecast Center at Slidell, LA