System & Oil Spill
Response in the
CDR Agneta Dahl
U. S. Coast Guard
A Little About Me
Been in the USCG for almost 19 years
Specialized in prevention & response
San Francisco, CA
Currently Assigned to the World Maritime
University in Malmö, Sweden
National Response Framework
It acts as a guide to how the nation conducts
The Framework provides structures for
implementing national-level policy and
operational coordination for domestic incident
Incidents are actual or potential emergencies or
all-hazard events that range from accidents or
natural disasters to actual or potential terrorist
attacks and requires action by emergency service
personnel to prevent or minimize loss of life or
damage to property and/or natural resources.
Emergency Support Function (ESF)
ESF #1 – Transportation
ESF #2 – Communications
ESF #3 - Public Works and Engineering
ESF #4 – Firefighting
ESF #5 - Emergency Management
ESF #6 - Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services
ESF #7 - Logistics Management and Resource Support
ESF #8 - Public Health and Medical Services
ESF #9 - Search and Rescue
ESF #10 - Oil and Hazardous Materials Response
ESF #11 - Agriculture and Natural Resources
ESF #12 – Energy
ESF #13 - Public Safety and Security
ESF #14 - Long-Term Community Recovery
ESF #15 - External Affairs
National Contingency Plan (NCP)
The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution
Contingency Plan, more commonly called the National
Contingency Plan (NCP), is the federal government's
blueprint for responding to oil spills and hazardous
The NCP is an operational supplement to the National
Response Framework (NRF).
The NCP is the result of the nation’s efforts to develop
a national response capability and promote overall
coordination among the hierarchy of responders and
The First National Contingency Plan
In response to the first major spill disaster in
modern history; T/V Torrey Canyon.
Most Recent Update
The T/V Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince
William Sound, AK on Easter Sunday, 1989.
Federal On-Scene Coordinators
The FOSC is a pre-designated federal official from
either the EPA for inland areas or from the Coast
Guard for maritime.
These individuals coordinate all federal containment,
removal, disposal efforts, and resources during an
incident. The FOSC also coordinates federal efforts
with the local community's response.
For locations near the coast or a major waterway, there
may be both a Coast Guard and EPA FOSC with
assigned responsibilities within jurisdictional boundaries
of various state or local entities.
Plans of the National Response
NRF & ESP #10
Regional Contingency Plan
Area Contingency Plan FOSC
Vessel Contingency Plan Facility Contingency Plan
How the Incident Command System
(ICS) was Born
ICS resulted from the obvious need for a new approach to the
problem of managing rapidly moving wildfires in the early 1970s.
At that time, emergency managers faced a number of problems.
Too many people reporting to one supervisor.
Different emergency response organizational structures.
Lack of reliable incident information.
Inadequate and incompatible communications.
Lack of a structure for coordinated planning between
Unclear lines of authority.
Terminology differences between agencies.
Unclear or unspecified incident objectives.
Do only fire Fighters need ICS?
Fire, HAZMAT, and multi-casualty incidents of all sizes.
Law enforcement routine and special operations.
Joint law enforcement/military narcotics interdiction operations.
Multi-jurisdiction and multi-agency fires.
Search and rescue missions of all types.
Oil spill response and recovery incidents.
Air, ground, and water transportation accidents.
Planned events, e.g., parades, celebrations.
Private sector emergency management programs.
State and local disaster response.
ICS Principle Features
Coordination of efforts which creates Order out
Organizational flexibility- Can grow or shrink to
accommodate the size of the incident
Single command: may be a unified command
Management by objectives
Unity and chain of command
ICS Principle Features
Command vs. Unified Command
Co-management of incident
Overlapping jurisdictional / agency responsibilities
Coordination of efforts
Two or more agencies share jurisdictional
Co-located (shared) facilities; one Incident
Single integrated incident organization
Consensus on one set of Incident Objectives; Single
planning process & one Incident Action Plan.
Shared Operations, Planning, Logistics and Finance
Coordinated process for ordering resources
Who is included in the
Impacts Organization’s AOR
The operations section is responsible for the management
of all operations directly applicable to the primary mission.
The operations section chief activates and supervises
operations, organizational elements, and staging areas in
accordance with the spill incident action plan.
The Operations Section Chief also assists in the
formulation of the spill incident action plan and directs its
The Operation Section Chief directs the formulation and
execution of subordinate unit operational plans, requests
or releases resources, makes expedient changes to the spill
incident action plan, and reports plans and/or changes to
The planning section is responsible for the
collection, evaluation, dissemination, and use of
information regarding the development of the
incident and status of resources.
Information is needed to understand the current
situation, predict probable course of incident
event, and prepare alternative strategies and
control operations for the incident.
The logistics section is responsible for providing
facilities, services, and material in support of the
The Logistics Section Chief participates in the
development of the spill incident action plan
and activates and supervises personnel within
the logistics section.
The finance section is responsible for organizing and
operating the section within the guidelines, policy and
constraints established by the UC and responsible
The finance section participates in the development of
the spill incident action plan.
The finance section's function within the incident
command system is heavily tied to agency specific
policies and procedures.
The Finance Section Chief will normally be assigned
from the agency with incident jurisdictional
ICS in Oil Spill Response
Effective ICS must have:
Strong agency support
Thorough system documentation
Intensive training and exercises
Qualifications system for specific positions
Evaluation / corrective action process
Cycle of Preparedness and ICS
ICS must be integrated into all parts of the
cycle of preparedness
Capabilities – People
Stakeholders Policy & Plans
Evaluations Evaluate er Capability
USCG ICS Tools
Click on Library Tab Click on ICS Tab