Incident Command System Oil Spill Response in the United

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					Incident Command
 System & Oil Spill
  Response in the
   United States

       CDR Agneta Dahl
       U. S. Coast Guard
             A Little About Me
   Been in the USCG for almost 19 years
   Specialized in prevention & response
   Past assignments:
     San Francisco, CA
     Valdez, AK
     Anchorage, AK
     Washington, DC

   Currently Assigned to the World Maritime
    University in Malmö, Sweden
    National Response Framework
   It acts as a guide to how the nation conducts
    incident response.
   The Framework provides structures for
    implementing national-level policy and
    operational coordination for domestic incident
    response.
   Incidents are actual or potential emergencies or
    all-hazard events that range from accidents or
    natural disasters to actual or potential terrorist
    attacks and requires action by emergency service
    personnel to prevent or minimize loss of life or
    damage to property and/or natural resources.
Emergency Support Function (ESF)
           Annexes
 ESF #1 – Transportation
 ESF #2 – Communications
 ESF #3 - Public Works and Engineering
 ESF #4 – Firefighting
 ESF #5 - Emergency Management
 ESF #6 - Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services
 ESF #7 - Logistics Management and Resource Support
 ESF #8 - Public Health and Medical Services
 ESF #9 - Search and Rescue
 ESF #10 - Oil and Hazardous Materials Response
 ESF #11 - Agriculture and Natural Resources
 ESF #12 – Energy
 ESF #13 - Public Safety and Security
 ESF #14 - Long-Term Community Recovery
 ESF #15 - External Affairs
    National Contingency Plan (NCP)

   The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution
    Contingency Plan, more commonly called the National
    Contingency Plan (NCP), is the federal government's
    blueprint for responding to oil spills and hazardous
    substance releases.
   The NCP is an operational supplement to the National
    Response Framework (NRF).
   The NCP is the result of the nation’s efforts to develop
    a national response capability and promote overall
    coordination among the hierarchy of responders and
    contingency plans.
The First National Contingency Plan

   In response to the first major spill disaster in
    modern history; T/V Torrey Canyon.
        Most Recent Update




The T/V Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince
William Sound, AK on Easter Sunday, 1989.
       Federal On-Scene Coordinators
                  (FOSC)
   The FOSC is a pre-designated federal official from
    either the EPA for inland areas or from the Coast
    Guard for maritime.
   These individuals coordinate all federal containment,
    removal, disposal efforts, and resources during an
    incident. The FOSC also coordinates federal efforts
    with the local community's response.
   For locations near the coast or a major waterway, there
    may be both a Coast Guard and EPA FOSC with
    assigned responsibilities within jurisdictional boundaries
    of various state or local entities.
Plans of the National Response
             System
                   NRF & ESP #10


                      NCP

                      RCP
            Regional Contingency Plan

                      ACP
              Area Contingency Plan        FOSC


         VCP                          FCP
Vessel Contingency Plan    Facility Contingency Plan
How the Incident Command System
         (ICS) was Born
   ICS resulted from the obvious need for a new approach to the
    problem of managing rapidly moving wildfires in the early 1970s.
    At that time, emergency managers faced a number of problems.

       Too many people reporting to one supervisor.
       Different emergency response organizational structures.
       Lack of reliable incident information.
       Inadequate and incompatible communications.
       Lack of a structure for coordinated planning between
        agencies.
       Unclear lines of authority.
       Terminology differences between agencies.
       Unclear or unspecified incident objectives.
    Do only fire Fighters need ICS?
   Fire, HAZMAT, and multi-casualty incidents of all sizes.
   Law enforcement routine and special operations.
   Joint law enforcement/military narcotics interdiction operations.
   Multi-jurisdiction and multi-agency fires.
   Search and rescue missions of all types.
   Oil spill response and recovery incidents.
   Air, ground, and water transportation accidents.
   Planned events, e.g., parades, celebrations.
   Private sector emergency management programs.
   State and local disaster response.
          ICS Principle Features
   Coordination of efforts which creates Order out
    of Chaos
   Organizational flexibility- Can grow or shrink to
    accommodate the size of the incident
   Single command: may be a unified command
   Management by objectives
   Unity and chain of command
   Transfer command
   Common terminology
         ICS Principle Features
   Integrated communications
   Personnel accountability
   Resource management
   Standard forms
   Standard symbology
  Command vs. Unified Command
 Co-management of incident
 Overlapping jurisdictional / agency responsibilities
 Coordination of efforts



                                       B
                                A
          A
                                       C
            Unified Command
   Two or more agencies share jurisdictional
    responsibility.
   Co-located (shared) facilities; one Incident
    Command Post
   Single integrated incident organization
   Consensus on one set of Incident Objectives; Single
    planning process & one Incident Action Plan.
   Shared Operations, Planning, Logistics and Finance
    activities
   Coordinated process for ordering resources
        Who is included in the
         Unified Command?
   Jurisdictional Authority
   Impacts Organization’s AOR
   Specifically responsible
   Resources
                                  Federal   RP

                                 UNIFIED COMMAND

                                 LOCAL      STATE
System Components


  Operations   Planning

        Command
          Staff

               Admin/
  Logistics    Finance
                       Operations
   The operations section is responsible for the management
    of all operations directly applicable to the primary mission.
      The operations section chief activates and supervises
       operations, organizational elements, and staging areas in
       accordance with the spill incident action plan.
   The Operations Section Chief also assists in the
    formulation of the spill incident action plan and directs its
    execution.
   The Operation Section Chief directs the formulation and
    execution of subordinate unit operational plans, requests
    or releases resources, makes expedient changes to the spill
    incident action plan, and reports plans and/or changes to
    the UC.
                    Planning
   The planning section is responsible for the
    collection, evaluation, dissemination, and use of
    information regarding the development of the
    incident and status of resources.
   Information is needed to understand the current
    situation, predict probable course of incident
    event, and prepare alternative strategies and
    control operations for the incident.
                     Logistics
   The logistics section is responsible for providing
    facilities, services, and material in support of the
    incident.
   The Logistics Section Chief participates in the
    development of the spill incident action plan
    and activates and supervises personnel within
    the logistics section.
                        Finance
   The finance section is responsible for organizing and
    operating the section within the guidelines, policy and
    constraints established by the UC and responsible
    agencies.
   The finance section participates in the development of
    the spill incident action plan.
      The finance section's function within the incident
       command system is heavily tied to agency specific
       policies and procedures.
   The Finance Section Chief will normally be assigned
    from the agency with incident jurisdictional
    responsibility.
ICS in Oil Spill Response

    MAC
         Effective ICS must have:
   Strong agency support
   Thorough system documentation
   Intensive training and exercises
   Qualifications system for specific positions
   Evaluation / corrective action process
Cycle of Preparedness and ICS
   ICS must be integrated into all parts of the
    cycle of preparedness
     Policy
     Plans

     Capabilities – People

     Stakeholders                   Policy & Plans


     Exercises
                                       Stakehold
     Evaluations         Evaluate         er         Capability
                                       Outreach

     Revision

                                       Execution
    USCG ICS Tools

         Homeport
http://homeport.uscg.mil/
       http://Homeport.uscg.mil/
Click on Library Tab   Click on ICS Tab
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