LANDFORM REGIONS OF CANADA by xiq51311

VIEWS: 10,133 PAGES: 60

									     LANDFORM REGIONS OF
           CANADA
• Canada is divided into
  seven landform regions:
•   Western Cordillera
•   Interior Plains
•   Canadian Shield
•   Great Lakes - St.Lawrence
    Lowlands
•   Appalachians
•   Arctic and Hudson Bay
    Lowlands
•   Innuitian Mountains
       The Western Cordillera
• From West to East, the Western Cordillera is
  composed of three sub-regions, each one running
  from north to south
• The West Coast Mountains on the Pacific coast
• The Interior Plateaux in the middle
• The Rockies, bordering and crossing in to Alberta
Google Earth Vancouver Island
Coastal Mountains
      The West Coast Mountains
•   VERY TALL PEAKS
•   VOLCANIC
•   MANY FIORDS
•   IN SOME AREAS, THE SEA
    OFFERS THE BEST WAY TO
    GET AROUND
•   COMMUNITIES IN VALLEYS
    ON SHORELINES
  WEST COAST MOUNTAINS
• Subduction zone
• Oceanic plate sliding
  under continental
  plate
• Prone to earthquakes
 WEST COAST MOUNTAINS
• SOME VOLCANOES
  MORE RECENT THAN
  OTHERS
• MOUNTAINS
  COVERED IN LUSH
  FORESTS
    WEST COAST MOUNTAINS
•   INDUSTRIES TAKE
    ADVANTAGE OF THE
    RESOURCES AND
    LANDFORMS OF THE
    AREA
•   WHISTLER ATTRACTS
    A SIGNIFICANT
    NUMBER OF ….
   WEST COAST EXTREME
• WHY WOULD EARLY
  SETTLERS HAVE
  FOUND THIS REGION
  DIFFICULT TO
  CROSS?
• WHAT WOULD
  DISCOURAGE
  SETTLERS FROM
  REMAINING IN THIS
  REGION?
 THE INTERIOR PLATEAUX
• A HIGHLAND FLAT
  AREA
• THE INTERIOR OF
  BRITISH COLUMBIA
  IS A MIXTURE OF
  MOUNTAIN RANGES
  AND HIGH
  FLATLAND AREAS
     INTERIOR PLATEAUS
• DESCRIBE
  TWO
  THINGS
  ABOUT THIS
  LANDSCAPE
  USING THE
  IMAGE TO
  THE LEFT
        The Interior Plateaux
• EVEN THOUGH IT IS IN
  THE MOUNTAINS, THERE
  ARE A NUMBER OF WELL
  KNOWN COMMUNITIES
  WHERE PEOPLE FARM
  AND RANCH
• PLACES SUCH AS
  PENTICTON, KELOWNA
  AND GOLDEN BC ARE
  IMPORTANT
  COMMUNITIES
         The Interior Plateaux
• Tourism is a big
  industry
• What types of tourist
  activities would take
  place here?
The Rockies
THE ROCKIES
• CANADA’S LARGEST
  MOUNTAINS
• WHAT WOULD YOU TELL
  A FRIEND ABOUT
  ROCKIES’ VEGETATION
  AND CLIMATE?
• IF THE CAMERA POINTS
  NORTH, WHAT TIME OF
  DAY IS IT IN THE 2nd
  PICTURE?
                  Lake Louise
• This is one of Canada’s
  most favoured tourist
  spots - Chateau Lake
  Louise
• What is the flat surface
  in the foreground?
• What are the almost
  straight lines on the
  mountain slopes?
Unlike flat regions, mountains are known for fast-flowing
rivers which gouge steep valleys in the landscape
In what ways do the climate and vegetation change as you
               go up the mountainside?
The Rockies are home to many alpine glaciers

• A narrow channel of ice
  which slides down a
  mountain.
• Snow accumulates at the
  top of the glacier/ melts
  at the bottom
• Where would you expect
  the deepest ice?
• What season is shown in
  this image?
Interior Plains
   The Interior Plains (Prairies)
• Once the bed of a huge sea between the
  Canadian Shield and the Rockies
• Mostly flat
• Composed of sedimentary rocks
• Highly suitable for farming where climate
  offers the right conditions
           The Interior Plains
A typical huge prairie farm.
                   The Prairies
• Known for its
  relatively dry
  climate
 Vegetation on the Interior Plains

• Is this ‘parkland’ or
  ‘grassland’
• What type of vegetation
  would you expect to see
  farther north where it is
  colder and damper?
   The Interior Plains Economy
• Agriculture is one of
  the most important
  activities in the
  Interior Plains
• What other major
  resource activity
  takes place there?
      Transport on the Prairies
Canada’s wheat basket
 requires many
 kilometers of rail
 lines to deliver wheat
 to Vancouver,
 Hudson Bay and
 Thunder Bay
Canadian Shield
         The Canadian Shield
• Largest region in Canada
• Among the oldest known rocks on the planet
• Formed by volcanic activity, therefore mostly
  igneous rock
• Cold winters, warm summers, precipitation all
  year give it a distinctive type of vegetation
         CANADIAN SHIELD
• Stretches from Arctic to
  Great Lakes, from
  Mackenzie delta to
  Atlantic
• Soils are thin - a poor
  choice for agriculture in
  most places
TYPICAL FEATURES OF THE
CANADIAN SHIELD
• What does the
  vegetation tell you of
  the location of this
  part of the Shield?
• Name two typical
  features of the Shield
  shown by this picture
Canadian Shield wildlife
Vegetation
on the Shield

• White patches
  reveal the
  extraction of
  resources on
  the Shield.
• What resource
  is being
  extracted?
Great Lakes - St. Lawrence
        Lowlands
     Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands

• Most southerly and smallest landform
  region of Canada
• Newest landform region
• Formed by the action of glaciers scraping
  away and re-depositing material on the
  landscape
• Consists of lakes, valleys and rolling hills
     Great Lakes - St. Lawrence
             Lowlands
• Why would landforms of
  this region favour large
  scale settlement?
• Densely populated
• Many of Canada’s
  largest cities
• What is meant by the
  term ‘high density’?
Gt. Lakes - St. Lawrence
       Lowlands
     Southern Ontario Farming
• Much of this region
  is taken up with
  dairy farming
• What products are
  created in dairy
  farming?
• Why is dairy farming
  important to this
  area?
Other features of this region
• The image shows a
  popular part of
  Southern Ontario.
• Why is southern
  Ontario a popular
  tourist destination?
The Appalachians
           APPALACHIANS
• How would you
  describe to a friend
  the land in this
  image?

• This is part of the
  Cabot Trail on Cape
  Breton Island
                The Maritimes
• While the Atlantic
  provinces have relatively
  poor economies, still
  many people want to live
  there.
• What features of
  Atlantic life would
  encourage people to live
  there?
                Nova Scotia
• The flatter land next
  to the sea reveals the
  location of the old
  shoreline
            New Brunswick
• Compare this
  landscape to
  southern Ontario
• What is similar and
  what is different?
 ARCTIC AND HUDSON BAY
       LOWLANDS
• Usual to think the
  Arctic has few if any
  plants
• During which two
  months would you
  expect to see the most
  Arctic growth?
The Arctic - the most varied Canadian region




 • This is the Brodeur peninsula of Baffin Island
 • Describe the shape of the land, the amount and type
   of vegetation, the amount of water present
Brodeur Peninsula - Baffin Island
• These are called
  Hoodoos
• Do you think these
  were formed by
  wind, waves or
  rivers?
  Baffin Island Greenshield Glacier

• Continental glaciers or icefields
                Shark Fjord
• This valley was carved out by a narrow band of
  glacial ice cutting into the plateau on either
  side
Labrador - Torngat Mountains
       Ayr Lake - Baffin Island
• Very remote to
  most Canadians
• Some mining
  industries are
  leaving a
  permanent mark
  on the landscape
District of Mackenzie
          District of Mackenzie
• What season is
  this?
• What evidence is
  there that this area
  experiences warm
  summers?
• Describe the
  nature of soil in
  this region
         District of Mackenzie
• Why would
  these features
  be called
  ‘kettles’?
• Where do
  these ‘kettles’
  drain out?

								
To top