Canada by xiq51311



  ...Our Neighbor
     to the North
Location: Absolute & Relative

               • Geographic Coordinates:
                 60 00 N, 95 00 W

               • Capital: Ottawa

               • US/Canada Border:
                    3,987 miles
Regions, Provinces, Cities
Land Forms/Landscape
•   Total Area: 9,976,140 sq km
•   Land Area: 9,220,970 sq km
•   Water Area: 755,170 sq km
•   Land Use
    –   Arable Land: 5%
    –   Permanent Crops: 0%
    –   Forests & Woodlands: 54%
    –   Other: 38%
Land Forms/Landscape
                       Canada’s Landscape includes several mountain ranges,
                       including the Torngats, Appalachians, and Laurentians in
                       the east; the Rocky, Coastal, and Mackenzie ranges in the
                       west; and Mount St. Elias and the Pelly Mountains in the
                       north. At 19,550 ft, Mt. Logan in the Yukon is Canada’s
                       tallest peak.

   Boreal Forest,
   known in Russia
   as the Taiga is
   one of the three
   main forest
   zones in the
   world. It is
   located in
                       There are an estimated two million lakes in Canada,
   northern regions
                       covering approximately 7.6% of its land area. The
   and characterized
                       largest are the Great Lakes, which are shared
   by its
                       between the US and Canada. Other large lakes
                       include Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake in the
   of conifers.
                       NW Territories and Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba.
•   While Canadian Winters are undoubtedly cold, summers are
    comparably hot. Mid-July afternoons may exceed 25 degrees Celsius
    (about degrees Fahrenheit) over much of the country’s interior.
     –   Coastal areas: Five to eight degrees cooler because of the effect of sea breezes.
     –   The Rocky Mountains divert cold arctic air from the West Coast and
         funnels it towards the Prairies.
     –   Pacific Coast has a moderating effect of warm air from the Pacific Ocean.
     –   Along the Atlantic, the effect of the ocean air is less pronounced.
     –   In the Mountain regions, the altitude is the most influential factor on temperature.
    *The Arctic receives very little rainfall and even less snowfall, making it the driest
    region in the country.
    *Canada’s average precipitation is 535 millimeters per year, compared with 690
    millimeters per year worldwide.
    *Snowfall accounts for 36% of Canada’s precipitation, while the rest of the world sees only
    5% of its precipitation fall as snow.
          Natural Resources
•   Iron Ore       •   Silver
•   Nickel         •   Fish
•   Zinc           •   Timber
•   Copper         •   Wildlife
•   Gold           •   Coal
•   Lead           •   Petroleum
•   Molybdenum     •   Natural Gas
•   Potash         •   Hydropower
     Canada Population: 31,330,000
               -Toronto: 4.69 million
               -Montreal: 3.42 million
               -Vancouver: 2.01 million
     By 1966, the population had grown more than
     five-fold since 1901, reaching nearly 30 million
     Two Population Booms:
        -from 1901 to 1911: massive immigration
        -After World War II (“baby boom”)
     After the last boom in 1956, when the annual
     growth rate was 2.8;, growth rates have decreased,
     fluctuating between 1% and 1.8%, since 1970.
     In 1901, Ontario was Canada’s most populous
     province, followed by Quebec.
  Timeline of Canadian Triumphs
1534:   Jacques Cartier explores the coast of Labrador (this is called the discovery of Canada).
1663:   Quebec becomes a royal province.
1774:   The Quebec Act, borders of Quebec expanded, religious rights guaranteed.
1818:   Anglo-American convention fixes 49th parallel as border between US and Canada
1837:   Rush-Bagot Treaty with Canada creates the world’s largest open border.
1857:   Ottawa named Canada’s capital by Queen Victoria.
1876:   Invention of telephone by Alexander Graham Bell of Bradford, Ontario.
1878:   Sir Sanford Fleming, Canadian Railway Surveyor, devises Standard Time.
1925:   Women gain suffrage in Newfoundland.
1952:   CBC broadcasts Canada’s first part time television show.
1954:   First Canadian subway opens in Toronto.
1965:   Canada replaces Union Jack with the Maple Leaf as the national flag.
1966:   CBC television goes color.
1976:   Montreal hosts the 21st Winter Olympic Games.
1984:   Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space.
1988:   Calgary hosts Winter Olympics.
1992:   Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
           Government Facts
Capital City: Ottawa
Government Type: Federal Commonwealth
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean Chretien
                    Economy and Money
                      The one big difference between the US and Canadian top-
                      line numbers is the Canadian Dollar. In recent years it’s
                      been persistently weak against the greenback. However, it
                      stays stronger than most other countries against the US
                      Dollar. With the exchange rate being about 1.36 Canadian
                      Dollars, per US Dollar.

GDP: 856.1 billion C Dollars (627.9 billion US Dollars).
Chief Economic Products: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Mining, and Manufacturing.
Employment Breakdown: 71% Services, 25% Industry, 3% Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing.
Major Exports: Automobiles and parts, mineral fuels, wood products, electrical equipment,
aluminum products, and cereal.
Major Imports: Automobiles and parts, heavy machinery, communication equipment, and
Major Trading Partners: US, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, South Korea, Italy, China.

English                  French
 59%                      23%
                Agriculture & Industry
Agriculture employs about 3% of the
Canadian population. Some of their
chief crops include:
 wheat, barley, oilseed,
 tobacco, fruits, vegetables, fish,
 dairy products, and forest

The strongest industries in Canada are processed and unprocessed
minerals (such as zinc, nickel, and lead), food products, wood
and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish
products, petroleum, and natural gas.
                Leisure and Sports

The population of Canada, 15 years and older
rank fishing, golf, and reading as their top
three leisure activities.
              Leisure and Sports
                  The top three sports in Canada are Golf, Ice
                  Hockey, and Baseball.

                  In 1998, 34% of Canadians participated
                  regularly in one or more sports.

Quebec with 38% and Alberta with 37% are
the two provinces with the highest
participation percentage. Prince Edward
Island with 25% and Newfoundland with
27% had the two lowest ratings.


              18%   Roman Catholic

                          More Culture
                                                 Ethnic Makeup
   Essentially Canada is an Anglo nation        Aboriginal
   Shares traits with the US, Great Britain,      3%
       and France
   View life in individual terms               French           British
   Egalitarianism                               27%              40%
   Unhurried lifestyle
   Direct but not aggressive
   French influence in Quebec                  European      East or SE
                                                  20%           Asian

Food and Drink: The Canadian diet strongly resembles the
American diet, as they consume the same food and drinks that
Americans do. One exception: on average, they eat more fish.

“Canada,” Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 1999.
  Objectives for Fishing Activity
5th Grade Social Studies/Geography Standards

• 1.2 Describe similarities and differences among the people
  of the United States, Canada, and Latin America.

• 3.1 Describe the absolute and relative location of major
  landforms, bodies of water, and natural resources in the
  United States, Canada, and Latin America.

• 4.1 Define region and identify various regions within the
  Western Hemisphere.

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