CHAPTER 35: AMERICA IN WORLD WAR II The Allies Trade Space for Time Know: Germany First 19. "America's task was far more complex and back-breaking [in World War II] than in World War I." Explain. The Shock of War Know: Axis Powers, Internment Camps, Korematsu v. U.S. 20. How did the war affect liberal ideals and goals at home? Building the War Machine Know: War Production Board, War Labor Board 21. What effects did the war have on manufacturing, agriculture and labor? Makers of America: The Japanese Know: Matthew Perry, Meiji Government, Picture Brides, Gentleman's Agreement, Issei, Nissei 22. In what way can it be said that the reason's for Japanese immigrants' success also caused them trouble? Manpower and Womanpower Know: WAACS, WAVES, SPARS, GI, Braceros, Rosie the Riveter 23. What opportunities were opened to women as a result of the war? Wartime Migrations Know: A. Philip Randolph, Fair Employment Practices Commission, Double V, CORE, Code Talkers, Zoot Suit Riots 24. What effect did the war have on the nation's minorities? Holding the Homefront 25. What economic effects resulted from American participation in the war? The Rising Sun in the Pacific Know: Douglas MacArthur, Bataan Death March 26. Describe Japanese victories in the Pacific in the months following Pearl Harbor. Japan's High Tide at Midway Know: Battle of the Coral Sea, Midway, Chester Nimitz 27. Why was Midway an important battle? American Leapfrogging Toward Tokyo Know: Guadalcanal, Island Hopping, Guam 28. What strategy did the United States use to defeat the Japanese? The Allied Halting of Hitler Know: Wolf Packs, Enigma, Erwin Rommel, Bernard Montgomery, El Alamein, Battle of Stalingrad 29. "The war against Hitler looked much better at the end of 1942 than it had in the beginning." Explain. A Second Front from North Africa to Rome Know: Soft Underbelly of Europe, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Casablanca, Sicily 30. Describe the purpose and outcome of the Invasion of North Africa. D-Day: June 6, 1944 Know: Teheran, D-Day, Normandy, George Patton 31. Why could June 6, 1944 be considered THE turning point of the war? FDR: The Fourth-Termite of 1944 Know: Thomas Dewey, Henry Wallace, Harry S Truman 32. Why was the choice of a vice-presidential candidate important and difficult for the democrats in 1944? Roosevelt Defeats Dewey Know: Fala 33. What factors led to Roosevelt's victory over Dewey? The Last Days of Hitler Know: Battle of the Bulge, "Nuts," Elbe River, Holocaust, V-E Day 34. Describe the last six months of war in Europe. Japan Dies Hard Know: Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Kamikazes 35. Explain the meaning of the title of this section. The Atomic Bombs Know: Potsdam, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Hirohito 36. What was the military impact of the atomic bomb? The Allies Triumphant Know: George Marshall 37. "This complex conflict was the best fought war in America's history." Explain Varying Viewpoints: The Atomic Bombs: Were They Justified? 38. What questions concerning WWII have historians attempted to answer?
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