1. Calling All Muckrakers The Progressive Era
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1 2 3 4 5 6 Next 1. Calling All Muckrakers: The Progressive Era As Industrialism swept through the nation, America became inundated with a multitude of societal injustices. Children were forced to work long hours in factories for little pay; immigrants lived in overcrowded, disease- infested tenements; factories had no safety regulations; monopolies ruled the markets at the state and local governments expense of the were led by corrupt officials; consumer. In the midst of all these troubles, a new era of reform, known a Progressivism, emerged. At the core of the movement were journalists who sought to expose the dirty truths to the American public. Their investigative style became food was not inspected; known as MUCKRAKING, and their legacy continues today... 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next 2. PROJECT TASK TO: Staff Writers (Nelli Bly, Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell, John Spargo, Lincoln Steffens) FROM: Samuel McClure, Editor • Nelli Bly-Triangle Factory Fire RE: Next Issue of McClure's Magazine Jacob Riis-Tenement Housing Our society has fallen into the depths of Upton Sinclair-Public Health (Meat despair. We must expose the multitude Packing Industry) of injustices that inflict our nation to the public Ida Tarbell-Corruption of Big so that we can initiate reform. Our next issue is critical-we need to include compelling stories that Business will create public outrage. I have compiled a list of John Spargo-Child Labor stories that I want you to cover: Lincoln Steffens-Corruption of Political Officials Please see the process and resources pages for more information on how to complete your assignment. Sincerely, Samuel McClure 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next 3. Process 1) Meet with your team and each person will assume the role of one of the "Muckraker" journalists. 2) Each of you will investigate your journalist and the topic that Samuel McClure, Editor of McClure's Magazine, has assigned to you. You will write an article (at least one-typed page), include some sort of visual (photograph, drawing, cartoon, etc), and a quick bio of your journalist (4-5 sentence paragraph). 3) After conducting your research, write your article, journalist bio, and find a visual aid. 4) As a group, design the layout of the magazine issue. Click Here to find: Questions to Consider 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next 4. Resources • General Resources: http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=598 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jmuckraking.htm http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade10.html Nelli Bly Biography: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAWbly.htm Assignment-Triangle Factory Fire http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/trianglefire/ http://newdeal.feri.org/library/d_4m.htm Jacob Riis Biography: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande11.html Assignment-Tenement Housing http://tenant.net/Community/LES/jacob4.html http://www.masters-of-photography.com/R/riis/riis.html http://mohawk.k12.ny.us/progressive/riis1.htm Upton Sinclair Biography: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jupton.htm Assignment: Public Health (Meat Packing Industry) http://mohawk.k12.ny.us/progressive/sinclair1.html http://www.boondocksnet.com/editions/jungle/jungle_060609.html 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next 5. Resources Ida Tarbell Biography: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rockefellers/peopleevents/p_tarbell.html Assignment-Corruption of Big Business http://mohawk.k12.ny.us/progressive/tarbell1.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rockefellers/sfeature/sf_6.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rockefellers/sfeature/sf_7.html John Spargo Biography: http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5571 Assignment-Child Labor http://mohawk.k12.ny.us/progressive/spargo1.htm http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/index.html Lincoln Steffens Biography: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jsteffens.htm Assignment-Political Corruption http://mohawk.k12.ny.us/progressive/Steffens1.htm http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=211 Project Rubric Progressive GRADING RUBRIC.docand Evaluation 1 2 3 4 5 6 6. Reflection After engaging in this activity, you undoubtedly know more about the social issues that Muckrakers were concerned with during the Progressive Era. Here are some thoughts and questions for further consideration: 1) How did the American public respond to the Muckrakers' articles? 2) How did the government respond to the Muckrakers' articles? 3) What laws were enacted as a result of the Muckrakers' exposure of societal flaws? 4) What would it be like if the journalists during the Progressive era had not published their stories?