GPS It’s Elementary, My Dear Watson!

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					    GPS:
    It’s
Elementary,
  My Dear
  Watson!
Lesliea Palmer and Amy Kincaid
Shiloh Elementary School
Hume, Illinois
   Shiloh School District #1

• Hume, IL
• Rural District
• 227 sq. mi.
• 6 small
  communities
• Ave. class size:
  16 students
   Follow along with us at www.shiloh1.us!
  Enhancing Education Through Technology
• Also known as E2T2.
• Technology grant funded through federal technology
  monies for elementary classrooms.
• Received over $350,000 for software, training, and
  equipment.
• Teachers trained over 400 hours in 3 years.
• IL Tech classrooms
• 8-10 student computers, teachers computer station,
  color printer, document camera, scanner, student
  response system, SMARTboard with airliner, class set
  of digital cameras, flip camera, camcorder, handheld
  GPS, class set of jump drives, teacher laptop, teacher
  digital camera, etc….
What is GPS?
1. GPS is a “Global Positioning System”.
2. GPS determines the position, the latitude
   and longitude of landmarks or way points.
3. GPS is used to find landmarks or way
   points when latitude and longitude are
   given.
4. GPS allows you to work with tracks.
5. GPS answers the questions, “Where am I?”
GPS Satellites
    Geocaching: the most fun you can have with 12
 billion dollars of military hardware (without getting to
                    blow anything up.)
How does it work?
• satellites transmit signals
  to equipment on the
  ground
• passively receive satellite
  signals; they do not
  transmit
• Total of 44, 26 active, 2
  backup
Standard GPS display window
What a difference 11 degrees from the
equator makes!
     N39 47.232           N 28 26.025
    W087 51.652           W 081 27.678
   Elevation 791 ft      Elevation 105 ft.
Why use GPS in school?
• To create meaningful learning activities for K-12 students.
• To integrate GPS technology into science, math, industrial
  arts, language arts and social studies.
• To provide problem-based learning with authentic
  assessment.
• To have students learn GPS and mapping skills so they will
  gain a set of highly desirable skills for the future
  employment in business, industry and government.
Do you want students to…
• engage constantly in critical thinking?
• integrate knowledge from multiple
  subjects?
• build a rich grasp of global topics?
• work on community-based
  investigations?
• employ the same advanced technology
  currently used by business and
  government?
What Can GPS do?
1. Collect landmarks and
   latitude and longitude as
   well as other datum types.
2. Collect bread crumbs or
   tracks between the
   landmarks.
3. Record speed, direction
   and time related to
   activities.
                                WPA/CCC
                                Benchmark
Shiloh School and GPS
                 • GPS Easter Egg
                   Hunt
                 • GPS relay race
                 • Historical Marker
                   Scavenger Hut
                 • Tracking Santa’s
                   Sleigh
                 • Where am I?
                   Geometry Find
                 • WPA/CCC Bridge
                   and Highway
                   Infrastructure
GPS Easter Egg Hunt
• Teachers found
  coordinates of
  different locations on
  school property.
• Grouped 3, 4, 5
  graders together in
  groups.
• Groups were given list
  of coordinates and had
  to retrieve token at
  each site.
• Helped kids really
  understand latitude
  and longitude.
  GPS Relay Race
• Each team of 5 students were given a group of
  coordinates
• First team member took GPS and found the
  first coordinate, took a token, returned to line.
• Next person went until all were finished
*Important to stagger coordintates so they aren’t
  going to the same place at once.
Tracking Santa’s Sleigh
• Students in groups.
• Move about school
  grounds to different
  packages, recording
  coordinates and
  making waypoints
  along the way.
• Use Google Earth to
  make map of the route
  Santa took.
     Historical Marker Scavenger Hunt
• Information about
  local historical
  markers is obtained
• Students travel by
  bus* to different
  locations to gather
  coordinates.
• Later, students input
  information into
  Google Earth to map
  the local landmarks
• History can also be
  tied in.
Where Am I? Geometry Find
                • Divide kids into small
                  groups and give
                  geometry BINGO card
                • Find examples of math
                  terms according the
                  card to make a BINGO
                • When example is
                  found, picture is taken
                  and coordinates are
                  recorded.
                • Can be done as race,
                  first to black out or
                  multiple BINGO’s.
   WPA/CCC Highway and Bridge
   Infrastructure

• Students study
  Great
  Depression/New
  Deal
• Students went out
  to area bridges
      TIPS for successful GPS Activities
• Time is always short, so plan    • Walkie Talkies are handy,
  well                               whistles too!
• The more they use GPS            • Give concise instructions of
  receivers, the easier it will      what they are to do and
  be.                                hand in at the end.
• Takes time, but it’s worth it.   • Remind students of
• Always plan alternate              sharing…3 person groups
  activities in case of bad          ideal.
  weather.                         • Review cardinal directions
• Check and recheck                  before starting!
  coordinates—teacher error        • Give GPS receiver time to
  may occur.                         lock onto satelites…can
• Volunteers are helpful!            take up to 5 minutes.
   Geocaching
• www.geocaching.com
• Need zip code or state
  to get list of
  benchmarks
• Benchmark gives
  coordinates with
  altitude
• Next few slides show
  website.
This geocache is right here at the convention
                   center!
Logs from those you found the geocache.
Off to Find the Geocache!
• It was a long hike!




          We followed the GPS unit, and followed, and
                         followed….
We asked these guys for help!




         The coordinates showed it was
          somewhere near the Westin.
We found the path!




And we followed
the coordinates!
This is what we found!




Yeah, there’s nothing there. Muggles must
have moved it, which is something that can
         happen when geocaches.
GPS Resources
• Google Earth & GPS: Elementary Classroom
  Activities by Jim Holland and Susan Anderson
• Google Earth & GPS: U.S. History/Geography
  Classroom Activities Grades 5-8 by Jim Holland
  and Susan Anderson
• Geocaching: Hike and Seek with Your GPS
  (Technology in Action Series) by Erik Sherman
  Any
Questions!

				
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posted:6/17/2010
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