Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria by vev19514

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									    Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,
      Environment and Water Management,
         Dept. V/7 – Radiation Protection




Nuclear Emergency Procedures
          in Austria

                An Overview
           Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




          Regulatory aspects
          Information pathways
          Evaluation of information
          Emergency classification and measures
               Level 0
               Level I
               Level II
               Level III
               Level IV



Content                                              Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                          Slide 2
               Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




                          Basic Regulation
              „Rahmenempfehlungen für die Festlegung und
               Durchführung von Maßnahmen zum Schutz der
              Bevölkerung vor ionisierender Strahlung in Fällen
                 großräumiger radioaktiver Verunreinigung“


         Austrian Radiation Protection Commission
         Published by relevant Federal Ministries




Regulatory Aspects (1)                                       Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                  Slide 3
                 Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria



 Ministries Competent for Radiation Protection
       General radiation protection aspects and agricultural aspects:
       Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and
       Water Management (BMLFUW)
       Medical aspects and food control: Federal Ministry of Health and
       Women (BMGF)
       Other ministries (economy, infrastructure,...)
       Co-ordinating institution: Federal Ministry of Interior (BMI)
       Crisis Management


 Information Exchange Center
       Federal Warning Point (BWZ), Federal Ministry of Interior (BMI)


Regulatory Aspects (2)                                            Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                       Slide 4
              Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




                 Information Pathways Existing
         Bilateral agreements (e.g. SK, SLO, CZ, H, D, CH, UA, PL,
         RU, BY)
         International conventions (EU-ECURIE, IAEA)
         Press releases
         Measurements of connected Radiation Monitoring
         Networks

         Information on principle transferred via Federal
         Warning Point (BWZ) of Federal Ministry of Interior




Information Pathways (1)                                    Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                 Slide 5
              Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria

                   Different communication systems




Information Pathways (2)                                Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                             Slide 6
                   Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria


                    Information Pathway in Austria
        Federal Warning Center (BWZ) transmits information to
        Division for Radiation Protection of the Ministry of
        Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water
        Management (BMLFUW)
        verbally
          GSM
          Phone
          Pager
        written
          Fax
          E-Mail


Information Pathways (3)                                     Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                  Slide 7
                 Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




                       Evaluation of Information
         Evaluation on principle by the Rad. Prot. Dept. of
         BMLFUW

         "Trivial alert messages“ immediately evaluated
         ("... no impact on Austria ...“)
         Verification of information (recall,...)
         Comparison with measurement results of Austrian radiation
         monitoring network and of those of neighboring countries
         Preliminary assessment of probable impact and
         consequences for Austria, classification of impact
         (level 0 to IV)


Evaluation of Information (1)                                 Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                   Slide 8
                     Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria



   Foreign contact                                           Austrian
       points                                               Provinces

   IAEA/EMERCON                                             Austrian

    EU/ECURIE                       BWZ                    Embassies


                                                            Media


                                                            Others
       BMLFUW
Early Warning System

                                                                BMI
                                                        Crisis Management

                                    BMLFUW                 Austrian
                                  Rad. Prot. Dept.         Provinces

                                                               BMGF

                                                               ZAMG




                                                                            Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                                 Slide 9
                Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria



                          Evaluation Methods

         Classification of facility status (IAEA criteria):
         "Site Area Emergency“
         "General Emergency“

         Classification of accident according to International
         Nuclear Event Scale (INES):
         In principle later
         "Preliminary“ classification for decision support




Evaluation of Information (2)                                 Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                  Slide 10
                   Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria


                  DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS CONCEPT

        MEASURES

        LIST OF
        MEASURES
                                                                      OECOSYS       OECOSYS
LEVEL




        OECOSYS
        PATHS
                                                       RODOS
                                TAMOS                                  TAMOS
                                                      COSYMA
        DISPERSION

                                ASTEC                 alternative     corrections
        SOURCE
                                 Inventory
                     Facility




                                             Status



        TERM


                                                                    Site specific   Radiation
                          First infos                                               Monitoring
                                                                        data
                                                                                     Network
                                                                      TIME


                                                                                                 Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                                                     Slide 11
                Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




                            Next Steps
  (for Rad. Prot. Dept. of BMLFUW and Federal Warning Center)

     Information of Federal Ministries and Austrian Provinces
     "Bundesländer“ (Fax)
     If necessary propose activation of the Crisis Management
     If necessary information of the public (TV)
     If necessary activation of acoustic alarm system (e.g. sirens)




                                                                Praha Sept. 2002,
Next steps                                                          Slide 12
                Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




                    Classification and Measures
                                 according to

                 „Rahmenempfehlungen für die Festlegung und
       Durchführung von Maßnahmen zum Schutz der Bevölkerung
      vor ionisierender Strahlung in Fällen großräumiger radioaktiver
                              Verunreinigung“




Classification and Measures                                    Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                   Slide 13
                  Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




          Level 0 (expected dose < 0.5 mSv)

           No direct health consequences
           Late health consequences highly unprobable
           Expected exposure will be within variation of natural
           background radiation
           No specific measures necessary




Level 0                                                            Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                       Slide 14
                 Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




          Level I (expected dose 0.5 – 2.5 mSv)

           No direct health consequences
           Late health consequences highly unprobable
           Expected exposure will be comparable with the annual dose
           from natural background radiation
           Mainly preventive measures: e.g. monitoring of environment
           and food, hygienic measures,...




Level I                                                       Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                  Slide 15
                   Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




           Level II (expected dose 2.5 – 25 mSv)

            No direct health consequences
            Probability of late health consequences is very low
            Exposure has to be reduced for critical groups (children up
            to 6 yrs., pregnant women,...)
            Expected exposure will be comparable with the annual dose
            limit for medical X-ray personal
            Measures: e.g. sheltering measures and Iodine prophylaxis
            for critical groups, hygienic measures,...




Level II                                                          Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                      Slide 16
                    Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




       Level III (expected dose 25 – 250 mSv)

            No direct health consequences expected
            Late health consequences can be expected
            Exposure has to be reduced for all individuals
            Measures: e.g. sheltering and Iodine prophylaxis for all
            individuals,...




Level III                                                              Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                           Slide 17
                   Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




      Level IV (expected dose > 250 mSv)

           Direct health consequences expected
           Measures: e.g. strict sheltering, evacuation at appropriate
           time, medical support, resettlements,...




Level IV                                                           Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                       Slide 18
                Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




           Austrian Radiation Monitoring Network
 Early Radiation Warning System
   336 gamma dose rate monitors
   9 aerosol monitors, partly nuclide specific
   Automatic real-time information, also from neighbouring countries

 Periodic Sampling and Analysis in Laboratories
   Monitoring of radionuclide concentrations in different media such as
   air, precipitation, surface water, foodstuff, etc.




Austrian Radiation Monitoring Network                          Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                   Slide 19
                Nuclear Emergency Procedures in Austria




     Activation Level of Early   Gamma Dose Rate      Classification
    Radiation Warning System                         Level (expected)
                1                 15% background            0
                2                     0.3 µSv/h             I
                3                     1 µSv/h               II
                4                     10 µSv/h              III
                5                    0.1 mSv/h              III
                6                     1 mSv/h               IV
                7                     30 mSv/h              IV
                8                   >300 mSv/h              IV




Activation Levels                                                 Praha Sept. 2002,
                                                                      Slide 20

								
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