TRIPARTITE REVIEW MEETING AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETING

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					 TRIPARTITE REVIEW MEETING AND
PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
            MEETING
          BALI, INDONESIA
           MAY 26-28, 2008




      REGIONAL NETWORK ON
     PESTICIDES FOR ASIA &THE
             PACIFIC
                                                                                               2


RESTRICTED


      REGIONAL NETWORK ON PESTICIDES FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

                                      TF/RAS/04/001




 Technical Report* : Tripartite Review Meeting and Project Management Committee Meeting,
                                Bali, Indonesia, 26-28 May 2008



        Prepared for the Governments of the Member States of the Regional Network
 (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of
              Iran, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines,
                     Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam)
                 by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization




Based on the work of Dr. Agus Wahyudi of Indonesia as Chairman, Prof. Hong Chuanyi of P.R.
       China as Co-chairman and Dr. (Mrs.) Manthana Milne of Thailand as Rapporteur




                 Backstopping Officer: Dr. Mohamed Eisa, PTC/MEA/SCC




     UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION, VIENNA
______________________________________________
• This document has not been formally edited
                                                                                3


                                  TABLE OF CONTENTS



1.    Introduction                                                          4

2.    Inaugural Session                                                    5

3.    Tripartite Review Meeting                                             7

4.    Adoption of the Agenda                                               13

5.    Designation of Officers                                              13

6.    Statements of the National Coordinators                              13

7.    Report on Regional Workshops                                         27

8.    Presentation of the Neem Project Phase-II                            28

9.    Development of regional project on neem based pesticides as
      alternative to POPS pesticides- discussion on the actions required
      to initiate under south-south cooperation                            28
10.   Report on UNIDO’s POP enabling activity projects in RENPAP region    29

11.   Presentation on the activities of UNIDO on Stockholm Convention on
      Persistent Organic Pollutants                                        30
12.   Recommendations                                                      31
      Annexure I - List of Participants                                    35

      Annexure II – Agenda of the meeting                                  36
                                                                                                 4


1.0   INTRODUCTION


1.1   The TPR and the PMC meetings of the Regional Network on Pesticides for the Asia and
      the Pacific (RENPAP) were held on the 26th, 27th and 28th of May 2008 in Bali,
      Indonesia.
1.2   Amongst other things the TPR meeting deliberated on the long-term sustainability of
      RENPAP network through the Trust Fund arrangement under the UNIDO umbrella
      beyond October 2008. The meeting also discussed the role and progress made by
      RENPAP in the implementation of POP Enabling Activities under Stockholm
      Convention in Asia-Pacific region for the benefit of the member countries. Commitments
      of the member governments to support and strengthen the Trust Fund to pursue the
      activities of the project aiming at risk reduction and safety to farmers and environment
      were discussed in the meeting. As a follow up of the last EGM on Obsolete Stocks of
      Pesticides held back to back with TPR/PMC meeting in Bangkok, the meeting discussed
      in details the status of obsolete pesticides stocks and PCBs including contaminated sites
      and plans of disposal suiting the exacting need of the member countries in the Asia-
      Pacific region to formulate appropriate regional projects. The meeting also discussed
      potential alternative technologies such as non-combustion technologies, incineration
      technologies and their suitability/feasibility in the settings of the member countries of the
      RENPAP. The meeting was appraised of the project activities being undertaken in India
      for the Neem project Phase-II entitled ‘Production and Promotion of Neem based
      Pesticides as Environment Friendly Biodegradable alternatives to Chemical pesticides’
      through RENPAP coordination.
1.3   The senior representatives from the People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Lao
      PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, and representatives from various
      governmental Department/institutes of the Government of Indonesia participated in the
      meeting. A senior representative from UNIDO Vienna also participated in the meeting.
      The list of participants is placed at Annexure I of the report.
1.4   The proceedings of the Tripartite Review Meeting and the Project Management
      Committee meetings are summarized below.
                                                                                                5


2.0   INAUGURAL SESSION


2.1   The opening address of Dr. Dedi Mulyadi, Head of Agency for Industrial R&D, Ministry
      of Industry, Government of Indonesia was read by a representative of Ministry of
      Industry, Government of Indonesia. He extended a warm welcome to all the delegates.
      He said that Bali is one of the most important islands that is rich in culture and a host of
      important international events. He said that Bali hosted the United Nations Framework
      on Convention of climate Change (UNFCCC) COP13 during December 2007 and in June
      2008, Bali would be hosting COP9 of Basel Convention. He said that the Government of
      Indonesia is happy to host the TPR/PMC meeting of the Regional Network on Pesticides
      for Asia and the Pacific (RENPAP) of the United Nations Industrial Development
      Organization (UNIDO) in Bali. He said that such events have resulted in favourable
      impact on Indonesia’s economy and living standards of Indonesian in general. He said
      that Indonesia is aspiring to prevent global warming and in its adaptation the government
      promotes premaculture including organic farming, less dependence on agricultural
      chemicals. Therefore, the use of bio-pesticides is recommended by the Government of
      Indonesia. He said that UNIDO has contributed to ward sustainable industrial
      development in Indonesia. He cited the example of successful completion of Enabling
      Activities project on POPs through UNIDO in this regard. He mentioned that the
      facilities at PPLI, Bogor and the Cement Kiln of Holcim at Bogor are equipped with safe
      disposal of hazardous wastes, particularly the POPs pesticides and PCBs. He said that
      the Agency for Industrial R&D of the Ministry of Industry of Government of Indonesia
      has been undertaking various programmes related to waste minimization, reuse,
      recycling, recovery and building effluent treatment facilities for the industry in the
      country. In this context, he emphasized the need to synergize the efforts of his
      government with for the member countries of the RENPAP network for mutual benefits.


2.2   Dr. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP introduced the participants from the member
      countries to the meeting and briefed about the contributions made in cash and kind by the
      member countries for the successful implementation of the RENPAP programme.
                                                                                            6


2.3   He said that since 1998 RENPAP has switched over to the Trust Fund mechanism where
      member countries are contributing towards the successful implementation of the
      RENPAP programme activities and this has become a model in the UNDP/UNIDO
      system.
2.4   He said that the concept of Persistent Organic Pollutant Pesticides Management and
      Control has been the brain child of the RENPAP which evolved during the meeting of
      the Project Management Committee comprising of key officials of the 15 member
      countries of the Asia-Pacific region of the RENPAP, held in the People's Republic of
      China in 1994. UNIDO/RENPAP has been instrumental in eliminating the POP
      pesticides much before the POP actions under the Stockholm Convention were
      contemplated.
2.5   He said that UNIDO/RENPAP has initiated activities to produce and use POPs pesticide
      alternatives, namely, neem-based botanical pesticides and Bt based bio-pesticides. The
      Government of India is promoting the development and production of neem based
      pesticides in a big way, he mentioned. He also cited the example of China where a large
      scale neem plantation is in progress.
2.6   He said that he is looking forward towards the continued assistance and support from the
      member countries especially from the Government of China and the Government of India
      besides the other member countries as RENPAP is committed to work on projects related
      to POPs chemicals besides the programmed activities of the RENPAP for the overall
      benefit of the member countries of the RENPAP network.
2.7   He thanked Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief of POP unit in UNIDO for his participation and
      continued strong support to the RENPAP programme.
2.8   He thanked the Government of Indonesia for hosting these important meetings and Dr.
      Agus Wahyudi and his colleagues for their untiring efforts to make the meetings
      successful.
2.9   While extending a warm welcome to the participants to the meetings, Dr. Eisa said that
      he is pleased to note the good work being done by the RENPAP network for the benefit
      of the member States of the network. The very existence of RENPAP for over two and a
      half decades is a clear indication of the confidence the member States has in the
      RENPAP working and competence. He expressed his satisfaction on the role the
                                                                                           7


      RENPAP has been playing in the implementation of POPs related programmes and
      activities in the Asia-Pacific region.


3.0   TRIPARTITE REVIEW MEETING


3.1   The TPR meeting confirmed the Minutes of the Meeting held in Bangkok, Royal
      Government of Thailand held on July 7-9, 2007.
3.2   The Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO made a detailed presentation on the present
      and future activities of the Regional network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific. He
      stated that RENPAP is one of the largest networks on pesticides in the Asia and the
      Pacific region and is based on a trust fund mechanism under the UNIDO management.
      He said that RENPAP activities are aimed to promote environment and user friendly
      crop protection agents through adopting cleaner production and environmentally sound
      management practices promoting safety, health and environmental protection
      encompassing establishment of mechanism for pollution prevention, waste management,
      monitoring of residues in the ecosystem, ecotoxicology, effluent treatment and safe
      disposal of obsolete pesticides and establishment of an information exchange system
      aiming at reduction of risks in the use of crop protection agents thereby increasing
      agricultural production and ensuring safety to the farmers and workers.

3.3   The immediate objectives of the RENPAP programme are to:
      1(a) promote development and production of the latest varieties of user and
            environment friendly water based pesticide formulations.
      (b)   promote development and production of Bt based bio-pesticides.
      (c )  upgrade production technology and promote large scale production, quality
            assurance and use of Neem based pesticides.
      (d)   strengthen the quality assurance capabilities of the member countries.

      2(a)   encourage ecological risk assessment needed for protecting the environment.
      (b)    upgrade facilities for monitoring of pesticide load on the environment such as
             air, water and soil in the eco-system.

      3(a)   upgrade standards for the safety of the workers engaged in the production,
             transport and usage of pesticides.
      (b)    ensure safety of the farmers through adoption of safe application technologies
             with the introduction of improved applicators manufactured suiting the exacting
             field need.
                                                                                                8




      4.     adopt improved technologies for the treatments and disposal of effluents and
             obsolete pesticides through recycling / treatment essential for ensuring sound
             management of chemicals from ‘cradle to grave’.

      5.     strengthen information technology system of pesticides for providing the member
             states with appropriate alternatives to hazardous materials needed to reduce the
             risk of toxic crop protection chemicals.

3.4   He said that the programme development process is based on a bottom up approach with
      the major activities being performed at the level of National Coordinating Unit in the
      respective member countries of the Network. The basic strategy of the programme is to
      pool all available resources of the participating member countries and through a well
      coordinated networking upgrade these to international standards through state of the art
      equipmentation and training and attend to the identified pressing problems of risk
      management on selective basis.
      Experience gained so far shows that the success of regional projects depends primarily on
      the comprehensive involvement of the participating countries of the network and
      particularly the nodal technical officers. He emphasised the principles of the RENPAP
      programme which devolves on the pooling of all available resources of the participating
      member countries coupled with a well coordinated networking. The best way to involve
      all concerned in the implementation of such programme, he mentioned, was to
      decentralise the key activities based on the availability of resources in terms of technical
      backup facilities and trained manpower in the hosting member countries. The success of
      RENPAP programme has been on account of adoption of such a decentralized approach
      by setting up of eight Technical Coordinator Units in the member countries of the
      network based on their capabilities, and willingness to share the benefits with the member
      countries of the RENPAP.
      He then described in details the working of each of the following eight TCUs),
      established and strengthened in the selected eight countries, to carry out the various
      activities of the programme to bring in effective waste production in the toxic pesticides
      production and use:
                                                                                                9


       - TCU on User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation Technology, India
       is pursuing R&D work for the elimination of hazardous and environmentally polluting
       pesticides and replacing these with user and environment friendly products.
       - TCUs on Bio-pesticides and Botanical Pesticide Development, China and Thailand
       for developing and promoting bio-pesticides and botanical pesticides as an effective
       means to reduce environmental pollution, as these are basically natural products and are
       bio-degradable too;
       - TCU on Pesticide Application Technology, Malaysia for promoting improved
       application technology for effective control of targetted pests, weeds, fungi, etc. and
       thereby avoiding, to a great extent, environment pollution.
       - TCU on Eco-toxicology, Pakistan, for bringing in awareness for preserving the
       environment through the protection of fauna and flora and developing models for
       ecological risks assessment for protecting the environment.
       - TCU on Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Safety, Philippines, for
       providing information on industrial hygiene and occupational health safety for ensuring
       protection of the workers health in the chemical production facilities.
       - TCU on Monitoring of Pesticide Residue in Air, Water and Soil, Republic of Korea,
       for strengthening infrastructural facilities and expertise for environmental monitoring to
       reduce the presence of pesticides residues in the eco-system.
       - TCU on Industrial Safety, Environment Protection and Effluent Treatment and
       Disposal, Indonesia; through this TCU, RENPAP has adopted a consensus for disposal of
       discarded obsolete pesticides and hazardous wastes.
       - TCU on Development and Use of Computer Software for Pesticide Market Data
       Input, Storage, Retrieval and Dissemination, India and Thailand has established a
       database network for information exchange pertaining to risk reduction in the production
       and use of pesticides.

3.4   He said that RENPAP has been appropriately adjusting its programmes and activities from
       time to time to meet the changing needs of the participating countries; during the late
       eighties while the focus was on the development of newer pesticide formulation
       technologies, it shifted its focus towards protection of the farmers and the environment
       through production of safer pesticide formulations including the introduction of Bio-
       botanical pesticides especially neem based botanical and Bt-based bio-pesticides in the
       new millennium.
3.5    He mentioned that the RENPAP has been able to strengthened its capabilities amongst
       the member countries through South-South cooperation in the following areas:

i.     Transfer of technology: RENPAP has been playing an effective role in promoting
       transfer of technologies pertaining to the closely held ones, viz. user and environmentally
       friendly pesticides formulation technology, production of neem based pesticides, and Bt
       based bio-pesticides, etc. from one member country to another. The most successful
       technology transfer has taken place from India to China through Sustainable Pest Control
                                                                                             10


       and Soil Fertility Programme in which the RENPAP had not only developed the country
       programme but monitored its entire implementation with very successful results. This
       programme in China was aimed to develop and produce water based user and
       environment friendly pesticide formulations; to reduce wastage; to reduce occupational
       health problems at the manufacture as well as user end; and also to alleviate
       environmental pollution. The programme was also aimed to develop catalyst carriers for
       improving their performance in fertilizer productivity and also to establish models of
       balance fertilization for increasing fertilizer use efficiency.

ii.    TCDC (Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries): The RENPAP has
       been able to make full use of TCDC through deployment of experts from within the
       region which has proved to be extremely economic and effective for sharing technology
       and know-how.

iii.   South -South Cooperation: To promote south-south cooperation, RENANP has trained
       a number of experts from African countries on pesticide formulation technology, effluent
       treatment and waste management and production of neem based pesticides.

iv.    RENPAP addresses four areas out of 6 programme areas identified in chapter 19 of
       Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
       (UNCED) pertinent to environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals through its
       various Technical Coordinator Units (TCUs) established in member countries. The thrust
       areas are

       a.     Establishment / risk reduction programmes through its TCUs in China and
              Thailand by promoting bio-pesticides and botanical pesticides, the TCU in the
              Philippines on Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety and through the TCU
              in Indonesia on Industrial Safety and Effluent Treatment.

       b.     Strengthening of national capabilities and capacities for management of
              chemicals through TCU on eco-toxicology hosted by the Govt. of Pakistan and
              the TCU on monitoring of air, water and soil pollutant of pesticides hosted by the
              Republic of Korea.

       c.     Information Exchange of Toxic Chemicals & Chemicals Risks through its
              TCUs.

       d.     Expanding and accelerating international assessment of chemical risks.

v.     Training and education
       One of the main thrust areas of the programme is imparting training for strengthening of
       the capabilities of the experts of the member countries through organization of
       specialized workshops and in-depth training programmes. These programmes are
       organized by the Technical Coordinator Units in their specialized disciplines and through
       these programmes it has been possible to significantly upgrade the capabilities in the
       region to produce and use safer and environmentally friendly pesticides.
                                                                                            11


vi.   Providing technical backstopping for the implementation of Enabling Activities to
      eliminate POP pesticides under the Stockholm Convention –
      a. RENPAP has assisted in the development of “Preliminary Assessment to identify the
          requirements for Developing a National Implementation Plan in India as “First Step
          to Implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutant (POPs)”.
          The main phase project with a financial outlay of about US$10 million is now being
          implemented by the four premier governmental organizations and executed by
          UNIDO/RENPAP
      b. In parallel with NIP project, two post NIP projects on Environmentally Sound
          Management of PCBs and Environmentally Sound Management of Medical Wastes
          are being in advance stage of consideration of the Government of India, he
          mentioned.
      c. RENPAP has been providing technical backstopping to the Governments of PR
          China, Nepal, Mongolia, Lao PDR, Indonesia and Myanmar towards the
          implementation of POP Enabling Activities and development of National
          Implementation Plan (NIP) under the Stockholm Convention.

3.4   He stated that RENPAP has conducted so far 40       Workshops / Training programmes /
      Expert group meetings/Conferences of 5-10 days duration each in various specialized
      fields through the TCUs and these have been rated highly by the member Governments,
      and the trained experts in turn have been organizing follow up workshops and training
      programmes to spread the knowledge and expertise far and wide on the pesticide
      production, usage and control for the overall benefit of the farming community and the
      public at large. There is active exchange of technologies between the member countries
      which has helped this region in developing and producing water based environmentally
      friendly safer formulations, botanical pesticides, viz. neem and Bt-based bio-pesticides
      and the countries offering such technologies are India, P.R. China and Thailand.
3.5   He stated that the UNIDO/RENPAP has initiated activities to produce and use POPs
      alternatives in the field of pesticides, namely, neem-based botanical pesticides and Bt
      based bio-pesticides.
3.6   The meeting then considered and discussed        in depth    the progress of the various
      planned activities of the RENPAP and came to the conclusion that the key activities
      continue to be relevant to solve the emerging problems of the member countries in
      minimizing the damage to the environment and the human health. The meeting
      unanimously decided to continue the activities of the RENPAP programme for the period
      of three years beyond 31 October 2008 for the benefits of the member countries.
                                                                                               12


3.7    The TPR appreciated the contributions made by the Government of India, Government of
       P.R. China and other member countries to the Trust Fund. The TPR also placed on
       record and thanked the Government of India for their continued support to host the
       RENPAP Secretariat in New Delhi, India. The TPR thanked the Government of
       Indonesia for their generous financial support for hosting and providing free transport and
       accommodation for the participants to the TPR/PMC meeting in Bali and the workshop
       on Cleaner Production and Effluent Treatment & Safe Disposal of Obsolete POP
       Pesticides and PCBs Stocks in Bogor. The TPR also appreciated the very important role
       being played by the RENPAP Secretariat in Delhi.
3.8    The meeting noted the key role played by the RENPAP Secretariat in the planning,
       technical backstopping and implementation of the project entitled “Preliminary
       Assessment to Identify the Requirements for Developing a National Implementation Plan
       in India as a first step to Implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic
       Pollutants (POPs)” and the main phase project entitled “ Development of A national
       Implementation Plan in India as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on
       Persisitent Organic Pollutants (POPs)”. The meeting also appreciated the role being
       played by RENPAP/UNIDO in pursuing with the Government of India for the post NIP
       projects.
3.9    The meeting also appreciated the role of RENPAP in promoting South-South cooperation
       particularly through inviting representative members from the selected African countries
       for participation in the planned workshops.
3.10   The meeting noted the importance of information sharing and suggested that information
       of the TCUs such as IPFT web page could be uploaded on the RENPAP web site for
       wider coverage and sharing of information on formulation technology. The meeting was
       also agreed that specific windows could be created in UNIDO web site for RENPAP
       and BAT/BEP forum.
3.11   The meeting also recommended utilizing the training services of RENPAP for
       contaminated sites, monitoring of pesticides in soil by the UNIDO/POPs unit at Vienna.
                                                                                                  13


PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETING


4.0     ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA
4.1     The agenda as adopted is placed at Annexure II.


5.0     DESIGNATION OF OFFICERS
5.1     The meeting elected Dr. Agus Wahyudi of Indonesia as Chairman, Prof. Hong Chuanyi
        of P.R. China as Co-chairman and Dr. (Mrs.) Manthana Milne of Thailand as Rapporteur
        of the meeting.


6.0     STATEMENTS OF THE NATIONAL COORDINATORS
        The National Coordinators/designated officers presented the country reports and these are
        summarized below:


6.1     PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
6.1.1. The country report of the People’s Republic of China was presented by Prof. Hong
        Chuanyi, National Coordinator, RENPAP, P.R. China. He presented the report in three
        parts (i) Pesticides and its formulation in China elaborating the production, consumption,
        export and import of technical grade pesticides, formulations and solvents, carriers etc.;
        (ii) Implementation status of RENPAP activities in China and (iii) Water based
        formulations to replace POP Pesticides.


6.1.2   Part – i: He said that during the year 2006 the total production of pesticides (a.i) in China
        was 1,731,000 MT which showed a gradual increase in production of pesticides for the
        last over six years. It has increased from 821,700 MT in 2002 to 1,731,000 MT in 2007.
        Data presented by him showed that insecticide share has gone down gradually from
        62.4% in 2002 to 34.7% in 2007 whereas herbicides showed a reverse trend; it has gone
        up from 27.5% in 2002 to 32.5% in 2007.


6.1.3   He said that import of pesticides has shown a decrease in 2007 over the year 2006
        whereas export of pesticides has gone up from 222,100 MT in 2002 to 477,400 MT in
                                                                                               14


        2007. In terms of value it has gone up from US$ 592 million in 2002 to US$ 1,349.5
        million in 2007. Herbicides constituted around 56% of the export followed by
        insecticides constituting 29%. Glyphosate, paraquat, phosphonomethyl iminodiacetic
        (PMIDA), atrazine and imidacloprid are the major pesticides exported during the year
        2007 to the countries like United States, Argentina, Thailand, Israel, Indonesia, Vietnam,
        Australia, India, Pakistan and Malaysia
6.1.4   In respect of pesticide formulations, he stated that a large variety of formulations are
        manufactured in the country and during the year 2007 the following types of pesticide
        formulations ( in numbers) were granted registration for manufacture :
                                                                                              15




    No.       Type of Formulation                                Number      Percentage

    1         Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC)                      1182        48.48

    2         Wettable Powder (WP)                               516         21.16

    3         Dustable Powder (DP)                               10          0.41

    4         Granule (GR)                                       39          1.59

    5         Soluble Concentrate (SL)                           191         7.83

    6         Water Soluble Granule and Powder (SG, SP)          47          1.92

    7        Suspension Concentrate (SC)                         130         5.33

    8         Water Dispersible Granule (WG)                     91          3.73

    9         Emulsion, Oil in Water (EW)                        59          2.42

    10        Micro-emulsion (ME)                                118         4.84

    11        Capsule Suspension (CS)                            4           0.16

    12        Suspo-emulsion (SE)                                17          0.69

    13        Flowable Concentrate for Seed Treatment (FS)       18          0.73

    14        Water Dispersible Powder for Slurry Seed           4           0.16
              Treatment (WS)
    15        Others (ULV, Oil, Fumigant, Smoke Generator)       12          0.49

              Total                                              2438        100

6.1.5    He stated that though EC formulation still remain a major formulation produced in the
         country, a trend of developing water based and dustless formulation is increasing
         gradually in China.
6.1.6    He said that around 20% of the formulation got registered in China were water based
         during the year 2007.
6.1.7    He said that NPFC has transferred technology of water based pesticide formulation to ten
         companies having 23 production lines.
                                                                                             16


6.1.8   Part – ii: He said that the nominees of the Government of People’s Republic of China
        participated/participating in the following workshops/meetings organized by the
        RENPAP
        i).Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation and
        Quality Assurance held in New Delhi, India from April 1-6, 2008.
        ii). Workshop on Effluent Treatment and Safe Waste disposal of Toxic and Obsolete
        Pesticides in Bogor, Indonesia from May 29-31, 2008.
6.1.9   He said that CICETE of the Government of P.R. China has contributed US$ 100,100 to
        the UNIDO/RENPAP Trust Fund.
6.1.10 Part – iii: With regard to the POP chemicals, he said that four pesticides viz. DDT. BHC,
        chlordane and mirex are still been produced and used in the country. Large proportion of
        DDT is used to produce Dicofol, as a miticide. Around 1300 MT of Dicofol was
        produced using DDT during the year 2007. BHC (2511 MT during 2007) was mainly
        used as raw material for the production of pentachlorophenol –Na salt and lindane
        whereas chlordane (350 MT during 2007) was used in termite control and mirex (8 MT
        during 2007) to combat termites and cockroaches.
6.1.11 He said that bio/botanical pesticides and their water based formulations such as Neem
        based pesticides, abamectin and emamectin are good alternatives to POP pesticides.
6.1.12 He also suggested chemical pesticides such as pyridaben, propargit, clofentezine, etc. as
        replacement to the POP pesticides.
6.1.13 He said that
        a. pesticides such as neem based pesticide, abemectin and emmamectin are good
           alternatives to Dicofol as miticide.
        b. Natural pyrethrum 3%CS can replace DDT in public health programme,
        c. DDT in shipbuilding can be replaced with dicuron 50% SC or WG as additive for
           paints.
        d. Chlordane and mirex can be replaced with imidacloprid+hexaflumuron 35%CS in
           termite control.
        e. Methyl bromide could be replaced with natural pyrethrum 15% EW.
        f. Replacement for BHC, pentachlorophenol-Na with niclosamide 50%SC, chlorpyrifos
           30%CS and
                                                                                                 17


        g. Lindane in seed treatment with imidacloprid, fipronil and thiamethoxam.


6.1.14 Prof. Hong Chuanyi also discussed the UNDP/UNIDO project on Pesticide Formulations
        in P.R. China and described the various user and eco-friendly formulations developed and
        commercialized in the country under this programme.
6.1.15 With regard to the future activities, Prof. Hong offered to host a Workshop on Production
        and Application of Bio-pesticides (Abemectin and Emamectin) in Nantong, P.R. China
        during 15-17 October 2008.


6.2     INDIA
6.2.1   The country report of India was presented by Mr. B.P. Pandey, Joint Secretary,
        Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Government of India and the National
        Coordinator, RENPAP, India.
6.2.2   He said that India has been closely associated with the Regional network on Pesticide for
        Asia and the Pacific Programme (RENPAP) since the 80’s and has participated in all the
        important meetings which has reinforced the activities and the sustainability of the
        RENPAP leading to its present phase backed by a Trust Fund.
6.2.3 He stated that all participating countries of the Network are developing countries and
        their people are dependent on agriculture to a large extent. They are aware that the use of
        pesticides is essential for minimizing losses on account of pests/disease attacks during
        different stages of agricultural operations as well as during post harvesting storage.
        However, they are also aware of the adverse effects of pesticides on human health and
        environment if their usage is inappropriate.
6.2.4   The increasing awareness about the dangers of persistence of some of the compounds
        used as pesticides, their bio-accumulation and bio-magnification and their trans-boundary
        movement over long distances have given rise to new concerns, especially in countries
        with cold climates, he mentioned. This awareness has added a new dimension to the use
        of pesticides, especially with respect to their effect on human health and the environment.
6.2.5 He said that India is a founder-member of the RENPAP when the Network was set up,
        and has since been an active member. India has also been hosting the RENPAP
                                                                                               18


        Secretariat since its inception, and paying its contributions to the Trust Fund regularly
        during the second phase of this programme also.
6.2.6   He said that the Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology at Gurgaon near New
        Delhi, which is the Technical Coordinator Unit (TCU) of RENPAP in India on Pesticide
        Formulation Technology, has successfully developed over 32 environment friendly
        formulations and transferred these to the Pesticide Industry for commercial production.
        The Institute has a dedicated team of scientists who are constantly involved in the
        development of such formulations.

6.2.7   He said that the Government of India has been providing constant support to the Institute.
        The Government has already provided grant to the institute for the construction of a new,
        state-of-the-art laboratory building that conforms to international standards, and for
        acquiring new equipment. Under the Five Years plan, the Government will be providing
        additional funds to the Institute, he mentioned.
6.2.8   He stated that the IPFT has organized a series of international and national training
        programmes on the development and production of newer user and environmentally
        friendly pesticides for the benefit of the experts from the member countries of the
        RENPAP as well as for the Pesticide Industry.
6.2.9   He said that the following workshops have been hosted by the Government of India
        during the current phase:
        1. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
           and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 19-23, 2007
        2. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
           and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 6-13, 2006.
        3. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
           and Quality Assurance, Delhi, November 21-26, 2004.
        4. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
           and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 18-22, 2002.
        5. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
           and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 12-16, 2001.
                                                                                          19


      These workshops were attended by experts both from the member countries of RENPAP
      and national & multinational pesticide industries, he said.
6.2.10 He said that the Government of India nominated their experts to the following
      workshops/training programmes of the RENPAP during the current phase:
      1.     Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
             network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Nantong, P.R. China, November 6-
             7, 2006.
      2.     International Workshop on Environment Friendly Bio/Botanical Pesticide
             Formulation, Nantong, P.R. China, November 8 -10, 2006
      3.     Workshop on Effluent Treatment and Safe Waste Disposal of Toxic and Obsolete
             Pesticides, Bogor, Indonesia, September 18-20, 2006
      4.     Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
             Formulation and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 6-13, 2006.
      5.      Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
             network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Yangon, Myanmar, August 3-4,
             2005.
      6.     Workshop on Production and Application of              Bio-botanical Neem based
             Pesticides, Bangkok, Thailand, November 10-14, 2003
      7.     Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
             Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, November 21-26, 2004
      8.     Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
             network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Nantong, P.R. China, May 15-16.,
             2004.
      9.     Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
             network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific , Hanoi, Vietnam, November 14-
             15, 2002
      10.    Workshop on Production, Quality Control and Application of Biopesticides
             (Bacillus thuringiensis), Wuhan, People's Republic of China, From October 18-
             31, 2002
      11.    Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
             Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, March 18-22, 2002
                                                                                             20


       12.    Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
              network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific , Beijing, People's Republic of
              China, July 9-10, 2001
       13.    Workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues, Islamabad,
              Pakistan, May 14-17, 2001
       14.    Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
              Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, March 12-16, 2001
6.2.11 It has been the constant endeavour of the Indian pesticide industry to develop safe and
       environment friendly pesticide formulations. The industry has emerged as a strong
       exporter and its products find their way into extremely competitive markets including the
       USA, EU, Japan and also developing countries. The pesticide industry is working in close
       association with IPFT in developing these new formulations, he said.
6.2.12 He mentioned that the Government of India has indeed recognized the important role
       played by the RENPAP project in providing assistance to the participating member
       governments in promoting both production and use of environmentally friendly varieties
       of pesticides and their formulations. The Government is now promoting safer and user
       friendly pesticides like Bt and neem based pesticides in replacement of BHC, a banned
       pesticide. It is also one of the Governments which has realized the importance of
       sustaining RENPAP on a permanent basis and has taken the lead by making necessary
       plan and budgetary allocations under the 10th Five Year Plan for setting up a Trust Fund
       to support the key activities of RENPAP and continuing hosting of the RENPAP
       Secretariat. The Government of India expects other member countries to continue to
       support the important activities of the RENPAP through their active contribution to the
       Trust Fund, he stated.
6.2.12 He mentioned that the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Government of
       India, has supported a sub-programme for promotion of eco-friendly Neem based
       pesticides in India with the assistance of UNDP/UNIDO. Neem based pesticides have
       acquired increased significance, especially in case of exportable agricultural crops and
       commodities, owing to the stringent maximum pesticide residue limit standards (MRL)
       imposed on imports by USA and the European Union. After reviewing the success of
       this low cost neem based product, the Department has launched a second phase of the
                                                                                               21


       programme to cover larger crop areas including plantation crops namely tea, coffee and
       spices with the sole support of the Government of India. This programme would help in
       promoting Neem as a viable alternative to replace the toxic, persistent non-biodegradable
       POPs pesticides, he emphasized. The RENPAP/UNIDO has been coordinating this
       programme involving 10 premier institutions of the country. A National Conference was
       organized for launching this programme and to sensitize the scientists, researchers, policy
       makers, senior governmental officials, NGOs and the industry. The Conference was
       inaugurated by the Minister of Environment & Forests of the Government of India and
       well coordinated by the RENPAP. The Government of India is also looking forward to
       take this simple technology developed under the Neem project to the other continents
       besides Asia & the Pacific especially to the African region to promote this low cost
       simple technology taking recourse to the South-South cooperation route. He said that
       Government of India is pleased to note that UNIDO/RENPAP is taking necessary action
       to promote this technology in countries like Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone to begin
       with.
6.2.13 He said that India expresses its support for the continuation of the programme beyond the
       current phase. Financial provisions have been made in 11th Five Year Plan of the
       government for this programme. In view of the important role played by the RENPAP
       especially in the light of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
       Chemicals & Pesticides, the activities of the RENPAP programme would need to be
       continued for a longer duration with stronger support of the member Governments. He
       said that the Government of India is committed to support the activities of the RENPAP
       for the overall benefit of the member countries of the RENPAP Network through hosting
       the RENPAP Secretariat and contributing to the Trust Fund at the existing level of
       financial support of Rs.20,000,000 (equivalent to US44,000) and US$50,000 per annum
       for RENPAP Secretariat and Trust Fund respectively. However, for the programme to
       continue in a sustainable manner, he said that all member countries are urged to actively
       display their commitment through continued financial support. This would be essential if
       the Network is to continue serving the member States. While the Government of India
       would support the proposal, they too, like most other countries, have their own financial
       constraints. Contributions from all member countries of the Network will go a long way
                                                                                                22


        in resolving any reservations that might be encountered in maintaining India’s
        commitment to the programme.


6.3     INDONESIA
6.3.1   The country paper was presented by Dr. Agus Wahyudi, Director, Ministry of Industry,
        Government of Indonesia and the National Coordinator, RENPAP, Indonesia. He
        presented the progress report of the Technical Coordinating Unit on Effluent treatment
        and Safe Waste Disposal hosted by the Government of Indonesia.
6.3.2   He said that the expert nominee of the Government of Indonesia was deputed to
        participate in the workshop on Production of Use and environment Friendly Pesticide
        Formulation and Quality Assurance organized by RENPAP at the TCU in Delhi, India
        from July 106, 2008. The outcomes of the workshop have been shared with the pesticide
        association in Indonesia for dissemination of the knowledge gained and technology
        prevailing in the region.
6.3.3   He mentioned that the National coordinator RENPAP Indonesia representing the
        Government of Indonesia participated in the TPR/PMC meeting of RENPAP held in
        Bangkok from July 7-9, 2007
6.3.4. He said that through Trade Support Program EU, Center for Pulp and Paper of the
        Ministry of Industry has set up joint certification for testing of Dioxin with Ecol Studio,
        Italy.
6.3.5   The Ministry of Industry would be supporting COP 9 Basel Convention in Bali during
        June 2008.
6.3.6   As the focal point of Stockholm Convention on POPs, the representative of the Ministry
        of Environment participated in the Regional Workshop on BAT and BEP in Fossil Fuel-
        Fired Utility and Industrial Boilers in Vientiane, Lao PDR during December 12-14, 2007.
6.3.7. While updating on the pesticide industry in the country, he said that there are around
        1673 pesticide formulations registered in the country, of which 27 are bio-pesticides.
        Though most of the formulations are old conventional types, a small quantity is produced
        as water based formulations by few selected formulators.
6.3.8 He said that since the implementation of the POPs Enabling activities project in
        Indonesia, a number of activities have been undertaken and follow up actions are being
                                                                                              23


        taken with regards to pesticide regulations and POPs elimination. The ratification of the
        Stockholm Convention is under process with the government, he informed.
6.3.9   The Ministry of Industry issued Regulation No. 33 of the year 2007 concerning phase out
        of production and use of ozone depleting substances.
6.3.10.He said that the Ministry of Agriculture Regulation No. 7 of 2007 prohibited 38 a.i.
        pesticides including POPs pesticides.
6.3.11 He said that there are stockpiles of POPs pesticides in the country.
6.3.4. He described the situation of PCBs and dioxins & furans releases from different sources of
        release and said that PPLI facility at Bogor alongwith Holcim group of companies is
        taking care of safe disposal of hazardous wastes including the PCBs.


6.4     LAO PDR
6.4.1   The country paper was presented by Mr. Phonethip Phetsomphou, representative of the
        Government of Lao PDR. He gave an update of their work on the implementation of POP
        EA activities under the Stockholm Convention on POPs and said that being a party to
        Stockholm Convention on POPs, Laos is committed to meet the obligations under the
        convention.
6.4.2 He said that with the assistance of UNIDO, Laos has executed the POPs Enabling
        Activities project with the financial assistance of GEF. He explained the importance of
        this project in prospect of Lao PDR and discussed the aims and objectives of this
        important project.
6.4.3   He briefed the meeting about the progress of activities made so far in this project and
        informed that the NIP has been endorsed by the Stakeholders.
6.4.4. He said that no specific law/legislation exists concerning PCBs, however, the
        Government is committed under the Stockholm Convention to make suitable legal
        provisions.
6.4.5   He said that there is no specific waste management policy to deal with the obsolete POP
        pesticides and actions would need to be initiated in this regard.
6.4.6   He also explained the role and responsibilities of the Environmental Research Institute
        (ERI) of the Science, Technology and Environment Agency (STEA) of the Government
        of Lao PDR.
                                                                                              24


6.4.6. He said that ERI jointly with World Bank is working on a dioxins and PCBs monitoring
        project and analyzing samples of the contaminated sites and the human breast milk.


6.5     MYANMAR
6.5.1   Mr. Than Aye, Deputy Director General, Ministry of Agriculture and the National
        Coordinator, RENPAP, Myanmar presented the country report. He said that agriculture is
        the mainstay of Myanmar economy and occupies 65 % of the total labor force of 16
        million and accounts for 60 % of the country's export earnings. The main crops are rice,
        sesamum, groundnut, pulses, cotton and sunflower.
6.5.2   He mentioned that pesticide requirement of the country is met through the import only. A
        total of 6186 Mt of pesticides was imported; of which 3165 MT (51%) was insecticides
        and 2065 MT (33%) fungicides.
6.5.3 He said that there are four formulation plants in the country; one is meant for formulation
        of chemical pesticides and rest for producing neem based pesticides.
6.5.4   Organochlorine pesticides such as aldrin, endrin, dieldrin, BHC, monocrotophos,
        methamidaphos, methyl parathion, phosphamidon have been banned in the country, he
        stated.
6.5.5   He said that the Pesticide Law 1990 is meant to monitor and control the selection,
        storage, transportation and use of pesticides to protect people, crops, other biological
        entities and the environment.
6.5.6. He said till date 864 pesticide products including neem based pesticides have been
        registered.


6.6     NEPAL
6.6.1   The country paper was presented by Mr. Iswar Rijal, a representative of the Government
        of Nepal. . He said that Nepal is basically an agricultural country where agriculture
        contributes about 38% of the GDP and engages 80% of the population.
6.6.2 He stated that Nepal enforced a number of legislations such as the Food Act -1967, Seed
        Act- 1978, The solid waste (management and resource mobilization) Act 1987, Pesticide
        Act 1991 and pesticide regulation- 1993, Industrial Enterprises Act – 1991, Labor Act –
        1991, Environment protection Act -1997 and Environment protection rules 1997,
                                                                                                25


        Consumers Protection Act-1998, Local self Governance Act- 1999 and the Plant
        Protection Act- 2007. Now a full fledge Pesticide Registration Office is operational in
        the country.
6.6.3   He said that Nepal is signatory to various international Conventions viz:
           1. Basel Convention
           2. Rotterdam Convention
           3. Stockholm Convention, etc.
6.6.4   He said that Nepal signed the Stockholm Convention on April 5, 2002 and executed a
        POP Enabling Activity project under the convention through UNIDO assistance. Through
        this project, he said the National Implementation Plan has been prepared to meet the
        obligation under the Stockholm Convention.
6.6.5   He said that the inventory carried out during the enabling activities project revealed that
        there are 74.5151 MT of old stocks of pesticides in the country of which 33.668 MT of
        obsolete stocks of POPs pesticides are present in various locations in the country.
6.6.6 The inventory also revealed that 106,185 litres of PCBs contaminated transformer oil and
        another 800,000-960,000 litres of transformer oil as waste oil being used in various
        welding machines throughout the country have been contaminated with PCBs.


6.7     PAKISTAN


6.7.1   The country report for Pakistan was presented by Dr. Ashiq Mohammad, National
        Coordinator RENPAP. He said that Pakistan is basically an agricultural country where
        agriculture contributes about 23% towards the GDP
6.7.2   He said that the main objectives of the TCU on Ecotoxicology are to monitor pesticide
        residues in plants and animals, evaluation of fate of pesticides in environment and
        dissemination of information on pesticide residues.
6.7.3 He said that pesticide usage in the country has shown an increasing trend and insecticides
        take the lion share of 90%. The consumption of pesticides has seen a phenomenal
        increase; it has increased from 665 tonnes in 1980 to over 173,556 tonnes in 2006.
6.7.4 While discussing the impact of pesticides misuse, he presented the results of the work
        done by the TCU on pesticide residues in food and environment and said that their
                                                                                                26


        studies showed 100% contamination of the samples and in 60% samples residues were
        over the MRL. He presented a case study of pesticides residues in Rawal lake. Work on
        the colonial water birds as bio-indicators of pollution/contamination were also elaborated.
6.7.5   He said that the Ecotoxicology centre is providing analytical services to the POPs
        Enabling Activity Project in Pakistan. Water and soil samples were analysed and found
        contaminated with a varying degree of POPs pesticides.
6.7.6   In the case of DDT, biomagnification was observed in the eggs in hundreds as against
        sediments where mean was under 10. The amounts of β-HCH and Lindane were 20 times
        higher in eggs than sediments. Also, heptachlor values were also higher in eggs, he said.
        These studies were undertaken in Lahore and Sialkot.
6.7.7   With regard to the stock of obsolete pesticides, he said that large quantities of obsolete
        pesticides are kept in very bad conditions. Some of these belong to the notorious group
        “Dirty Dozen” that are banned under Stockholm Convention on POPs. He presented data
        on the POPs Pesticides in Soil and water samples taken from hotspots in the country.
6.7.8 He elaborated on the alternative strategy of the government to develop alternatives to the
        POP pesticides and stated that in the National IPM Programme, Bio/Botanical Pesticides
        and Biological Control are being practiced to decrease the load of hazardous toxic
        chemical pesticides on the environment.
6.7.9 He offered to host a workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues in
        Ecosystem in Islamabad, which was scheduled in 2007, during 20-24 September 2008.


6.8     THAILAND


6.8.1   The country paper for Thailand was presented by Dr. (Ms.) Manthana Milne, Director,
        Department of Agriculture, Royal Government of Thailand. She said that requirement of
        pesticides in Thailand is met through import only and this has shown an increasing trend.
                                                                                                  27


6.8.2   She said that the Government of Thailand organized three meetings of the RENPAP
        namely TPR/PMC meeting of the RENPAP; the EGM on Expert Group Meeting on
        Obsolete POP Pesticides and PCBs Stocks Management and Their Safe Disposal and a
        Workshop on Production and Use of Botanical Pesticides especially Neem during July 7-
        13, 2007.

6.8.3. She said that the UNIDO consultant visited Bangkok to discuss the project on the POPs as
        alternative fuel for safe disposal of POPs and their wastes.
6.8.4   She mentioned that the government through its Ministry of Agriculture has amended the
        Hazardous Substance Act 1992 and the new Hazardous Substance Act 2008 will be is in-
        forced from August 2008. Under the new act, all pesticides will need to be re-registered
        with an expiry date of 6 years only. Under the new act, only six types of toxicology data
        for formulated products would be required to be submitted.
6.8.5   The Department of Agriculture would continue evaluating the chemical pesticides which
        are on watch list for proper risk assessment of these chemicals pesticides on farmers and
        workers.
6.8.6   She said that with regard to bio-botanical pesticides, a database is being created to
        compile the information on species (plant/animal), pest problems, pest control method(s),
        botanical/bio-pesticides including effectiveness, application rates, exposure hazards, etc.
6.8.7 She offered to host the next TPR/PMC meeting of the RENPAP and a Workshop on
        Production of Formulations and Application of Biopesticides and Botanical Pesticides,
        Bangkok, Thailand during June 2009 to be held back to back in Bangkok, Thailand.



7.0     REPORT ON REGIONAL WORKSHOPS


7.1     The meeting noted the successful organization Workshop on Production of User &
        Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulations & Quality Assurance, Delhi, India, April 1-
        6, 2008.


7.2     The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO presented the report of the said
        workshop. The recommendations of the Workshop were discussed in details and the
                                                                                              28


      members complimented the Technical Coordinator Unit for organizing the high quality
      workshop which was well received by the participating nominees of the member
      countries.


8.0   REPORT ON THE NEEM PROJECT PHASE-II ENTITLED ‘PRODUCTION
      AND PROMOTION OF NEEM BASED PESTICIDES AS ENVIRONMENT
      FRIENDLY     BIODEGRADABLE   ALTERNATIVES TO    CHEMICAL
      PESTICIDES’ UNDER RENPAP COORDINATION

8.1   The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO made a detailed presentation on
      Neem project phase-II entitled “Production and Promotion of Neem based Pesticides as
      Environment Friendly Biodegradable Alternatives to Chemical Pesticides”. He gave an
      overview of the project and discussed the results of field trials and demonstrations using
      Neem kernel Aqueous Extract (NKAE) technology. He said that that the laboratory and
      field trials undertaken showed that NKAE acts as a fungicide as well which has opened a
      new avenue to explore the possibility of using NKAE as fungicide on tea, coffee and
      spices besides its known properties as insecticides, insect growth regulator, antifeedant,
      repellant, etc. He mentioned that in phase-II of the project, plantation crops such as tea,
      coffee and spices would be given special emphasis as the export of such commodities
      have been badly hit due to presence of chemical pesticides residues. Promotion and use
      of neem based pesticides on these crops, besides vegetables and other economic crop
      would reduce the load of chemical pesticides on the environment and human beings, he
      said.


9.0   DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL PROJECT ON NEEM BASED PESTICIDES
      AS LATERNATIVE TO POPS PESTICIDES- DISCUSSION ON THE ACTIONS
      REQUIRED TO INITIATE UNDER SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION
9.1   The Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO presented the background of developing
      the regional proposal. He said that on the advice of the Director General UNIDO,
      RENPAP in cooperation with UNIDO Vienna conducted Expert Group Meeting in Abuja
                                                                                            29


       during November 18-20, 2007 for Strengthening South-South Cooperation and
       Technology Transfer/Adaptation for the Utilization of Neem in the Production of Bio-
       pesticides.
9.2    He said that the Indian model of Neem Kernel Aqueous Extract (NKAE), a low cost,
       viable technology was presented in details by a representative of RENPAP in that EGM
       meeting and was well perceived by the expert participants from the African region.
9.3    He mentioned that the favourable response of the Government of India’s towards South-
       South Cooperation to promote Neem in African region.
9.4    He informed that based on the progress of work on Neem in India and other member
       countries of RENPAP, UNIDO representative from Vienna alongwith RENPAP/UNIDO
       had a meeting with the Director, South-South Cooperation Centre in New Delhi to
       formulate a regional project proposal on Neem under the South-South Cooperation.




10.0   REPORT ON UNIDO’S POP ENABLING ACTIVITY PROJECTS IN RENPAP
       REGION


10.1   The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO gave an overview of the
       Stockholm Convention and discussed the various provisions and obligations under the
       convention and appraised the meeting about the role of RENPAP/UNIDO in executing
       the POP Enabling Activities projects in India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Lao PDR and Nepal.
       He discussed the status of each project in these countries.
10.2   He said that the main objective of undertaking Enabling Activity project in the member
       States was to strengthen the national capacity and enhance knowledge and understanding
       amongst decision-makers, managers, the industry, NGOs and the public at large on POPs;
       to assist the Government to meet its obligations of the Stockholm Convention; and to
       prepare the National Implementation Plan (NIP) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).

10.3 With regard to project in India, he said that following the completion of preliminary
       assessment project (PDF B), the main phase project entitled “ Development of a National
       Implementation Plan in India as a First step to Implement the Stockholm Convention on
                                                                                              30


       Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)” is now being implemented through 5 premier
       institutions in India.
10.4 He also informed that the Government of India is actively considering the post NIP
       proposals with regard to the management of PCBs and medical wastes which have been
       prepared by UNIDO in consultation with national experts.
10.5 He also briefed the meeting about the development of post NIP projects in member
       countries namely Nepal, China and Lao PDR.


11.    PRESENTATION ON THE ACTIVITIES OF UNIDO ON STOCKHOLM
       CONVENTION ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
11.1   The Chief, POPs Unit, UNIDO Vienna made a lucid presentation on the activities of the
       UNIDO HQs. on the implementation of Stockholm Convention. While discussing the
       Stockholm Convention, he said that three kinds of actions are required to be
       contemplated under the convention namely elimination/reduction, restriction and clean-
       up/disposal. Under cycle G4, around US$ 250 million is available to fund basically three
       POPs strategic priorities of the GEF. He also briefed the meeting on the effects of POPs
       on populations and sampling requirements for exposure assessment in different media.
       He also listed the new chemicals which are being considered to be included in the list of
       POPs disposal technology and the role of UNIDO as an executing agency. He elaborated
       on the Annex 3 of the Convention i.e. unintentional production including the source
       categories that have potential for comparatively high formation and release of dioxins and
       furans. He apprised the meeting about formation of BAT/BEP Regional Forum for East-
       South East Asia, its structure and mandate. He said that RENPAP would serve as the
       implementation platform for the Stockholm Convention on POPs for UNIDO and some
       of the activities of the BAT/BEP forum ESEA would be deployed to RENPAP. He
       emphasized the need of synergizing the RENPAP and BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) for
       establishing linkages with institutions/research institutions.
       His suggestions were very well received by the members of the Project Management
       Committee of the RENPAP.
                                                                                               31


12.    RECOMMENDATIONS


12.1   The TPR/PMC meeting confirmed the minutes of the last TPR/PMC meeting of the
       RENPAP held in Bangkok, Thailand from July 7-9, 2007.
12.2   Having objectively evaluated the various activities and programmes implemented by the
       RENPAP, it was affirmed that all activities continue to be relevant and meeting the
       exacting needs of the member countries. The TPR/PMC meeting also emphasized that
       RENPAP should strengthen its role in the promotion of South-South Cooperation through
       widening its mandate.
12.3   The TPR/PMC meeting discussed and approved the financial statement circulated and
       suggested that the annual report of the UNIDO be made available to the National
       Coordinators to enable them to assess the activities vis-à-vis expenditure incurred for
       satisfying the needs of the respective Finance Divisions of the member Governments.
12.4   The TPR/PMC meeting noted the key role played by the RENPAP Secretariat in the
       planning and technical backstopping of the POP Enabling Activities projects in member
       countries and the implementation of POPs NIP development project             in India and
       endorsed continuation of its role.
12.5   All the member strongly felt that RENPAP programme should be continued further for a
       period of three years beyond 31 October 2008 in order to undertake transfer of
       technologies and knowledge amongst the member countries including the work on
       elimination of POPs chemicals under the Stockholm Convention on POPs, capacity
       building of institutions and technical personnels. The members agreed to seek appropriate
       approval from their respective governments for the continuation of the RENPAP network
       and necessary support. Reciprocating the demand, Dr. Eisa reiterated the commitment of
       UNIDO to strengthen the RENPAP programme in all the spheres of its activities.
12.6   In view of the key role being played by RENPAP in the implementation of the NIP
       programme, particularly in India, as well as the initiation of the post-NIP activities, Dr.
       Eisa highlighted the relevance of the RENPAP activities for the overall benefit of the
       member countries of the network. In this context he extended all assistance of UNIDO to
       further strengthen the RENPAP activities through deploying some of the activities of the
       BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) to RENPAP. He affirmed that RENPAP would serve as the
                                                                                             32


       implementation platform for the Stockholm Convention on POPs for UNIDO. He
       emphasized the need of synergizing the RENPAP and BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) for
       establishing linkages with institutions/research institutions. He recommended to host a
       RENPAP web site through linkage with the Stockholm Convention on POPs of the
       UNIDO site. Also, he said that UNIDO would subsidize the budget for publication of the
       RENPAP activities. He also recommended to integrate the RENPAP project with UNIDO
       projects in terms of the organization/conduction of specialized workshops, training
       programmes, study tours etc.      RENPAP experts would be deployed to meet the
       requirements.
12.7   The member felt that in order to further strengthen the RENPAP activities, it would be
       necessary for the member countries to promote appropriate increased financial support. In
       this context, it was noted that Government of India has been providing for the last three
       years US$50,000 to the Trust Fund and further sum of US$ 44,000 for hosting the
       RENPAP Secretariat annually as well as US$1.6 million in respect of the Neem project.
       Prof. Hong Chuanyi mentioned that during the last three years his government has
       contributed US$119,100. Dr. Wahyudi, National Coordinator Indonesia confirmed their
       support with US$35,000 from their national budget for the year 2008 for hosting
       TPR/PMC meeting in Bali and the Workshop on Cleaner Production, Effluent Treatment
       and Safe Disposal of Obsolete POP pesticides and PCBs. All the members agreed to
       consider their continued support. Dr. Ashiq Mohammed and Mr. Rijal mentioned that
       their governments would consider to provide US$ 10,000 each besides in-kind
       contribution of hosting the workshop with an estimated expenditure of US$ 15,000. Mr.
       Than Aye said that his government would consider to provide cash contribution to the
       Trust Fund following up the earlier indication of willingness to do so, in the previous
       TPR/PMC meeting in Yangon. Thereafter, Dr. Milne, Mr. Than Aye and Mr.
       Phetsomphou said that their governments would consider to provide cash contribution to
       the Trust Fund.
12.8   The TPR/PMC meeting having taken note of the Phase-II of the Neem project in India
       recommended the need for launching a regional project on Neem as an alternative to POP
       pesticides.
                                                                                               33


       a). The meeting also recommended that the Neem Core Group should finalise the road
       map for tapping the Neem potential and the appropriate funds be mobilized through the
       south-south corridor for completing the task of the Neem Core group.
       b). A network on the lines of RENPAP/UNIDO would be established in the west African
       region covering three countries namely Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone to begin with.
       c). To promote South-South cooperation, between countries in Asia and Africa the
       RENPAP network of UNIDO would serve as a conduit for the transfer of technology and
       knowledge.
       d). The RENPAP to extend affiliate membership to the African countries for reaping
       benefits under the South-South cooperation programme.
12.9   Having considered the report of Dr. Ken Lum, UNIDO consultant,           the TPR/PMC
       meeting unanimously decided to formulate the following proposals addressed to UNIDO:
           I. Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
               covering India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Srilanka.
           II. Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
               covering Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar.
           III.Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
               covering Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia.
           IV. PCBs management in Ship Breaking Sector.


12.10 Having considered the proposal of the National Coordinator, India, the meeting
       recommended that the future workshops under the TCU on Pesticide Formulation
       Technology in India would cover topics both lectures and practical exercises on
       Instrumental Methods of Analysis to provide a holistic approach in the development and
       production of user and environment friendly pesticide formulation and quality assurance.
       To cover this additional dimension, the duration of the workshop would be for eight days
       instead of 5 days.
12.11 The member countries were informed by Dr. Mohamed Eisa the broad framework of
       elimination of POPs chemicals of UNIDO and also indicated the various GEF windows
       available and the portfolio of projects implemented by UNIDO
                                                                                          34


12.12 The TPR/PMC endorsed the following workplan:
         i.      Visit of a high level Indian delegation headed by the Secretary(C&PC),
                 Additional Secretary& Financial Advisor and senior technical experts to
                 NPFC, the Neem Plantation and production facilities in Kunming and Bt R&
                 D Centre in Wuhan during July/August 2008.
         ii.     Organization of an intensive tailor made training programme on Biopesticides
                 in P.R. China for one trainee each from Pakistan and India for two months
                 starting from end of June 2008.
         iii.    The Workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues in
                 Ecosystem, Islamabad, Pakistan would be held during September 20-24,2008.
         iv.     Workshop on Production and Application of Bio-pesticides (Abemectin,
                 Emmamectin, natural Pyrethrum, etc.) in Nantong, P.R. China during 8-10
                 October 2008.
         v.      Joint meeting of RENPAP and the BAT/BEP Forum in Beijing, P.R. China
                 during 10-13 November 2008.
         vi.     Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
                 Formulations, Quality Assurance and Instrumental Methods of Analysis in
                 Delhi during the last week of February /1st week of March 2009 for a period
                 of 8 days.
         vii.    Joint side-event by RENPAP and BAT/BEP Forum during COP 4 in Geneva
                 during 1-5 May 2009.
         viii.   Tripartite Review Meeting and Project Management Committee Meeting of
                 the Regional Network on Pesticides for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok,
                 Thailand during June 2009.
         ix.     Workshop on Production of Formulations and Application of Biopesticides
                 and Botanical Pesticides, Bangkok, Thailand during June 2009 to be held back
                 to back to the above TPR/PMC meeting in Bangkok, Thailand.
                                                                                    35


                                                                           ANNEXURE -I


   TPR/PMC meeting of the Regional Network on Pesticides for Asia and the Pacific
                          (RENPAP)–TF/RAS/04/001

                                  List of participants
Country delegates

1. Prog. Hong Chunayi, CTO, Nantong Pesticide Formulation Development Centre,
   Government of P.R. China and National Coordinator, RENPAP, P.R. China
2. Mr. B.P. Pandey, Joint Secretary, Government of India and National Coordinator,
   RENPAP, India
3. Mr. Augus Wahyudi, Director, Ministry of Industry, Government of Indonesia and
   National Coordinator, RENPAP, Indonesia
4. Mr.Phonethip Phetsomphou, Environmental Research Institute, Science Technology and
   Environment Agency , Vientiane, Lao PDR
5. Mr. Than Aye, Deputy Director General, Ministry of Agriculture& irrigation, Myanmar
6. Mr. Iswar Prosad Rijal, Plant Protection Directorate , Ministry of Agriculture,
   Kathmandu, Nepal
7. Dr. Ashiq Mohammad, Director, Ecotoxicology Research Centre, National Agricultural
   Research Centre, Government of Pakistan and National Coordinator, RENPAP, Pakistan
8. Dr. (Ms.) Manathana Milne, Director, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand

Host Country

9. Ms. Emiss, Agency for Industrial R&D, Ministry of Industry, Indonesia
10. Dr. Kurnia Hanafiah, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
11. Ms. Yuni Herlina, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
12. Ms. Lilih Handayaningrum, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
13. Mr. Kariaba, Denpasar, Indonesia
14. Mr. Wartama, Denpasar, Indonesia
15. Mr. Oka Ariyasa, Denpasar, Indonesia
16. Mr. Paryopo, Denpasar, Indonesia

UNIDO

17. Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief, POPs Unit, UNIDO, Vienna

RENPAP/UNIDO

20. Dr. S.P. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP
21. Dr. Y.P. Ramdev, Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP
                                                                                        36


                                                                          ANNEXURE-II

                          AGENDA FOR
  THE TRIPARTITE REVIEW AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
 MEETING OF THE REGIONAL NETWORK ON PESTICIDE FOR ASIA AND THE
                       PACIFIC (RENPAP) –
                          TF/RAS/04/001

                                    May 26-28, 2008

                                  BALI, INDONESIA


Monday, May 26, 2008


0900 - 0930                       Registration

0930-1030     Agenda item No.1.   Inaugural Session

                                         Introduction of participant

                                         Welcome Address Dr. Augus Wahyudi

                                  Address by Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief POPs & Deputy
                                  Director , UNIDO Vienna

                                  Address by Dr. Dedi Mulyadi, Head AIRD

                                  Vote of Thanks
                                  Dr. S.P. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP

1030-1100                         Tea/Coffee

1100-1115     Agenda item No. 2. Election of Office bearers

1115-1130     Agenda item No. 3. Confirmation of minutes of last TPR/PMC meeting held
                                        on July 7-9, 2007 in Bangkok, Thailand

1130-1230     Agenda item No.3.   Tripartite Review Meeting

1230-1300     Agenda item No.4.   Reports of the National coordinators

                                  The reports from the member countries would be presented
                                  by the country representatives
                                                                                              37


1300-1400                        Lunch

1400-1530                        Continuation of reports of the National coordinator

1530-1545                        Tea/Coffee

1545-1630                        Continuation of reports of the National coordinators



1630-1645    Agenda item No.5.   Report on Regional workshops

                                 Report of the workshop organised would be tabled and the
                                 recommendations made therein would be discussed for
                                 follow up actions.
1645-1715    Agenda item No.6.    Report on the Neem project Phase-II entitled ‘Production
             and
                                 Promotion of Neem based Pesticides as Environment
                                 Friendly Biodegradable alternatives to Chemical
                                 Pesticides’ under RENPAP coordination


1715-1745    Agenda item No. 7. Development of Regional project on neem based pesticides
      as
                                  alternative to POPs pesticides– Discussion on the actions
                                  required to initiate under South-South Cooperation



Tuesday, May 27, 2008


0930-10.00   Agenda item No.8.   Report on UNIDO’s POP NIP project in India

10.00-1030   Agenda item No. 9   Activities of UNIDO on Stockholm Convention on
                                 Persistent Organic Pollutants

1030-1100    Agenda item No. 10 Discussion on Consultant report for Establishing a
                                Regional Stockpiles Disposal Centre – a regional project
                                under RENPAP as the follow up of last EGM the
                                Management of Obsolete POP Pesticides and PCBs Stocks

1100-1115                        Tea/Coffee

1115-1130                        Presentation of Financial/accounts Statement of RENPAP
                                                                                         38


1130-1230    Agenda item No. 11 Discussion on the need for long term sustainability of
                                RENPAP


1230-1330                         Lunch

1330- 1430   Agenda item No. 12   Consideration of commitments from the member
                                  countries towards effective implementation of the
                                   activities

                                     •    Training programmes
                                     •    Study tours/fellowship training
                                     •    Consultant requirements
                                     •    Participation in meetings
                                     •    Consultations/communications between National
                                          Coordinators/Regional Coordinator
                                     •    Maintenance & upkeep of the RENPAP
                                          Secretariat


1430-1530     Agenda item No. 12. Finalization of the Work-plan / project revision

1530- 1545                          Tea/Coffee

1545-1630                           Social event and Dinner at Jimbaran


Wednesday, May 28, 2008

0930- 1030   Agenda item No. 12 Adoption of the Recommendations

1030-1100                         Closing sessions