TRIPARTITE REVIEW MEETING AND
PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
MAY 26-28, 2008
REGIONAL NETWORK ON
PESTICIDES FOR ASIA &THE
REGIONAL NETWORK ON PESTICIDES FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
Technical Report* : Tripartite Review Meeting and Project Management Committee Meeting,
Bali, Indonesia, 26-28 May 2008
Prepared for the Governments of the Member States of the Regional Network
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of
Iran, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines,
Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam)
by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Based on the work of Dr. Agus Wahyudi of Indonesia as Chairman, Prof. Hong Chuanyi of P.R.
China as Co-chairman and Dr. (Mrs.) Manthana Milne of Thailand as Rapporteur
Backstopping Officer: Dr. Mohamed Eisa, PTC/MEA/SCC
UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION, VIENNA
• This document has not been formally edited
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction 4
2. Inaugural Session 5
3. Tripartite Review Meeting 7
4. Adoption of the Agenda 13
5. Designation of Officers 13
6. Statements of the National Coordinators 13
7. Report on Regional Workshops 27
8. Presentation of the Neem Project Phase-II 28
9. Development of regional project on neem based pesticides as
alternative to POPS pesticides- discussion on the actions required
to initiate under south-south cooperation 28
10. Report on UNIDO’s POP enabling activity projects in RENPAP region 29
11. Presentation on the activities of UNIDO on Stockholm Convention on
Persistent Organic Pollutants 30
12. Recommendations 31
Annexure I - List of Participants 35
Annexure II – Agenda of the meeting 36
1.1 The TPR and the PMC meetings of the Regional Network on Pesticides for the Asia and
the Pacific (RENPAP) were held on the 26th, 27th and 28th of May 2008 in Bali,
1.2 Amongst other things the TPR meeting deliberated on the long-term sustainability of
RENPAP network through the Trust Fund arrangement under the UNIDO umbrella
beyond October 2008. The meeting also discussed the role and progress made by
RENPAP in the implementation of POP Enabling Activities under Stockholm
Convention in Asia-Pacific region for the benefit of the member countries. Commitments
of the member governments to support and strengthen the Trust Fund to pursue the
activities of the project aiming at risk reduction and safety to farmers and environment
were discussed in the meeting. As a follow up of the last EGM on Obsolete Stocks of
Pesticides held back to back with TPR/PMC meeting in Bangkok, the meeting discussed
in details the status of obsolete pesticides stocks and PCBs including contaminated sites
and plans of disposal suiting the exacting need of the member countries in the Asia-
Pacific region to formulate appropriate regional projects. The meeting also discussed
potential alternative technologies such as non-combustion technologies, incineration
technologies and their suitability/feasibility in the settings of the member countries of the
RENPAP. The meeting was appraised of the project activities being undertaken in India
for the Neem project Phase-II entitled ‘Production and Promotion of Neem based
Pesticides as Environment Friendly Biodegradable alternatives to Chemical pesticides’
through RENPAP coordination.
1.3 The senior representatives from the People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Lao
PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, and representatives from various
governmental Department/institutes of the Government of Indonesia participated in the
meeting. A senior representative from UNIDO Vienna also participated in the meeting.
The list of participants is placed at Annexure I of the report.
1.4 The proceedings of the Tripartite Review Meeting and the Project Management
Committee meetings are summarized below.
2.0 INAUGURAL SESSION
2.1 The opening address of Dr. Dedi Mulyadi, Head of Agency for Industrial R&D, Ministry
of Industry, Government of Indonesia was read by a representative of Ministry of
Industry, Government of Indonesia. He extended a warm welcome to all the delegates.
He said that Bali is one of the most important islands that is rich in culture and a host of
important international events. He said that Bali hosted the United Nations Framework
on Convention of climate Change (UNFCCC) COP13 during December 2007 and in June
2008, Bali would be hosting COP9 of Basel Convention. He said that the Government of
Indonesia is happy to host the TPR/PMC meeting of the Regional Network on Pesticides
for Asia and the Pacific (RENPAP) of the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO) in Bali. He said that such events have resulted in favourable
impact on Indonesia’s economy and living standards of Indonesian in general. He said
that Indonesia is aspiring to prevent global warming and in its adaptation the government
promotes premaculture including organic farming, less dependence on agricultural
chemicals. Therefore, the use of bio-pesticides is recommended by the Government of
Indonesia. He said that UNIDO has contributed to ward sustainable industrial
development in Indonesia. He cited the example of successful completion of Enabling
Activities project on POPs through UNIDO in this regard. He mentioned that the
facilities at PPLI, Bogor and the Cement Kiln of Holcim at Bogor are equipped with safe
disposal of hazardous wastes, particularly the POPs pesticides and PCBs. He said that
the Agency for Industrial R&D of the Ministry of Industry of Government of Indonesia
has been undertaking various programmes related to waste minimization, reuse,
recycling, recovery and building effluent treatment facilities for the industry in the
country. In this context, he emphasized the need to synergize the efforts of his
government with for the member countries of the RENPAP network for mutual benefits.
2.2 Dr. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP introduced the participants from the member
countries to the meeting and briefed about the contributions made in cash and kind by the
member countries for the successful implementation of the RENPAP programme.
2.3 He said that since 1998 RENPAP has switched over to the Trust Fund mechanism where
member countries are contributing towards the successful implementation of the
RENPAP programme activities and this has become a model in the UNDP/UNIDO
2.4 He said that the concept of Persistent Organic Pollutant Pesticides Management and
Control has been the brain child of the RENPAP which evolved during the meeting of
the Project Management Committee comprising of key officials of the 15 member
countries of the Asia-Pacific region of the RENPAP, held in the People's Republic of
China in 1994. UNIDO/RENPAP has been instrumental in eliminating the POP
pesticides much before the POP actions under the Stockholm Convention were
2.5 He said that UNIDO/RENPAP has initiated activities to produce and use POPs pesticide
alternatives, namely, neem-based botanical pesticides and Bt based bio-pesticides. The
Government of India is promoting the development and production of neem based
pesticides in a big way, he mentioned. He also cited the example of China where a large
scale neem plantation is in progress.
2.6 He said that he is looking forward towards the continued assistance and support from the
member countries especially from the Government of China and the Government of India
besides the other member countries as RENPAP is committed to work on projects related
to POPs chemicals besides the programmed activities of the RENPAP for the overall
benefit of the member countries of the RENPAP network.
2.7 He thanked Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief of POP unit in UNIDO for his participation and
continued strong support to the RENPAP programme.
2.8 He thanked the Government of Indonesia for hosting these important meetings and Dr.
Agus Wahyudi and his colleagues for their untiring efforts to make the meetings
2.9 While extending a warm welcome to the participants to the meetings, Dr. Eisa said that
he is pleased to note the good work being done by the RENPAP network for the benefit
of the member States of the network. The very existence of RENPAP for over two and a
half decades is a clear indication of the confidence the member States has in the
RENPAP working and competence. He expressed his satisfaction on the role the
RENPAP has been playing in the implementation of POPs related programmes and
activities in the Asia-Pacific region.
3.0 TRIPARTITE REVIEW MEETING
3.1 The TPR meeting confirmed the Minutes of the Meeting held in Bangkok, Royal
Government of Thailand held on July 7-9, 2007.
3.2 The Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO made a detailed presentation on the present
and future activities of the Regional network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific. He
stated that RENPAP is one of the largest networks on pesticides in the Asia and the
Pacific region and is based on a trust fund mechanism under the UNIDO management.
He said that RENPAP activities are aimed to promote environment and user friendly
crop protection agents through adopting cleaner production and environmentally sound
management practices promoting safety, health and environmental protection
encompassing establishment of mechanism for pollution prevention, waste management,
monitoring of residues in the ecosystem, ecotoxicology, effluent treatment and safe
disposal of obsolete pesticides and establishment of an information exchange system
aiming at reduction of risks in the use of crop protection agents thereby increasing
agricultural production and ensuring safety to the farmers and workers.
3.3 The immediate objectives of the RENPAP programme are to:
1(a) promote development and production of the latest varieties of user and
environment friendly water based pesticide formulations.
(b) promote development and production of Bt based bio-pesticides.
(c ) upgrade production technology and promote large scale production, quality
assurance and use of Neem based pesticides.
(d) strengthen the quality assurance capabilities of the member countries.
2(a) encourage ecological risk assessment needed for protecting the environment.
(b) upgrade facilities for monitoring of pesticide load on the environment such as
air, water and soil in the eco-system.
3(a) upgrade standards for the safety of the workers engaged in the production,
transport and usage of pesticides.
(b) ensure safety of the farmers through adoption of safe application technologies
with the introduction of improved applicators manufactured suiting the exacting
4. adopt improved technologies for the treatments and disposal of effluents and
obsolete pesticides through recycling / treatment essential for ensuring sound
management of chemicals from ‘cradle to grave’.
5. strengthen information technology system of pesticides for providing the member
states with appropriate alternatives to hazardous materials needed to reduce the
risk of toxic crop protection chemicals.
3.4 He said that the programme development process is based on a bottom up approach with
the major activities being performed at the level of National Coordinating Unit in the
respective member countries of the Network. The basic strategy of the programme is to
pool all available resources of the participating member countries and through a well
coordinated networking upgrade these to international standards through state of the art
equipmentation and training and attend to the identified pressing problems of risk
management on selective basis.
Experience gained so far shows that the success of regional projects depends primarily on
the comprehensive involvement of the participating countries of the network and
particularly the nodal technical officers. He emphasised the principles of the RENPAP
programme which devolves on the pooling of all available resources of the participating
member countries coupled with a well coordinated networking. The best way to involve
all concerned in the implementation of such programme, he mentioned, was to
decentralise the key activities based on the availability of resources in terms of technical
backup facilities and trained manpower in the hosting member countries. The success of
RENPAP programme has been on account of adoption of such a decentralized approach
by setting up of eight Technical Coordinator Units in the member countries of the
network based on their capabilities, and willingness to share the benefits with the member
countries of the RENPAP.
He then described in details the working of each of the following eight TCUs),
established and strengthened in the selected eight countries, to carry out the various
activities of the programme to bring in effective waste production in the toxic pesticides
production and use:
- TCU on User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation Technology, India
is pursuing R&D work for the elimination of hazardous and environmentally polluting
pesticides and replacing these with user and environment friendly products.
- TCUs on Bio-pesticides and Botanical Pesticide Development, China and Thailand
for developing and promoting bio-pesticides and botanical pesticides as an effective
means to reduce environmental pollution, as these are basically natural products and are
- TCU on Pesticide Application Technology, Malaysia for promoting improved
application technology for effective control of targetted pests, weeds, fungi, etc. and
thereby avoiding, to a great extent, environment pollution.
- TCU on Eco-toxicology, Pakistan, for bringing in awareness for preserving the
environment through the protection of fauna and flora and developing models for
ecological risks assessment for protecting the environment.
- TCU on Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Safety, Philippines, for
providing information on industrial hygiene and occupational health safety for ensuring
protection of the workers health in the chemical production facilities.
- TCU on Monitoring of Pesticide Residue in Air, Water and Soil, Republic of Korea,
for strengthening infrastructural facilities and expertise for environmental monitoring to
reduce the presence of pesticides residues in the eco-system.
- TCU on Industrial Safety, Environment Protection and Effluent Treatment and
Disposal, Indonesia; through this TCU, RENPAP has adopted a consensus for disposal of
discarded obsolete pesticides and hazardous wastes.
- TCU on Development and Use of Computer Software for Pesticide Market Data
Input, Storage, Retrieval and Dissemination, India and Thailand has established a
database network for information exchange pertaining to risk reduction in the production
and use of pesticides.
3.4 He said that RENPAP has been appropriately adjusting its programmes and activities from
time to time to meet the changing needs of the participating countries; during the late
eighties while the focus was on the development of newer pesticide formulation
technologies, it shifted its focus towards protection of the farmers and the environment
through production of safer pesticide formulations including the introduction of Bio-
botanical pesticides especially neem based botanical and Bt-based bio-pesticides in the
3.5 He mentioned that the RENPAP has been able to strengthened its capabilities amongst
the member countries through South-South cooperation in the following areas:
i. Transfer of technology: RENPAP has been playing an effective role in promoting
transfer of technologies pertaining to the closely held ones, viz. user and environmentally
friendly pesticides formulation technology, production of neem based pesticides, and Bt
based bio-pesticides, etc. from one member country to another. The most successful
technology transfer has taken place from India to China through Sustainable Pest Control
and Soil Fertility Programme in which the RENPAP had not only developed the country
programme but monitored its entire implementation with very successful results. This
programme in China was aimed to develop and produce water based user and
environment friendly pesticide formulations; to reduce wastage; to reduce occupational
health problems at the manufacture as well as user end; and also to alleviate
environmental pollution. The programme was also aimed to develop catalyst carriers for
improving their performance in fertilizer productivity and also to establish models of
balance fertilization for increasing fertilizer use efficiency.
ii. TCDC (Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries): The RENPAP has
been able to make full use of TCDC through deployment of experts from within the
region which has proved to be extremely economic and effective for sharing technology
iii. South -South Cooperation: To promote south-south cooperation, RENANP has trained
a number of experts from African countries on pesticide formulation technology, effluent
treatment and waste management and production of neem based pesticides.
iv. RENPAP addresses four areas out of 6 programme areas identified in chapter 19 of
Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(UNCED) pertinent to environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals through its
various Technical Coordinator Units (TCUs) established in member countries. The thrust
a. Establishment / risk reduction programmes through its TCUs in China and
Thailand by promoting bio-pesticides and botanical pesticides, the TCU in the
Philippines on Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety and through the TCU
in Indonesia on Industrial Safety and Effluent Treatment.
b. Strengthening of national capabilities and capacities for management of
chemicals through TCU on eco-toxicology hosted by the Govt. of Pakistan and
the TCU on monitoring of air, water and soil pollutant of pesticides hosted by the
Republic of Korea.
c. Information Exchange of Toxic Chemicals & Chemicals Risks through its
d. Expanding and accelerating international assessment of chemical risks.
v. Training and education
One of the main thrust areas of the programme is imparting training for strengthening of
the capabilities of the experts of the member countries through organization of
specialized workshops and in-depth training programmes. These programmes are
organized by the Technical Coordinator Units in their specialized disciplines and through
these programmes it has been possible to significantly upgrade the capabilities in the
region to produce and use safer and environmentally friendly pesticides.
vi. Providing technical backstopping for the implementation of Enabling Activities to
eliminate POP pesticides under the Stockholm Convention –
a. RENPAP has assisted in the development of “Preliminary Assessment to identify the
requirements for Developing a National Implementation Plan in India as “First Step
to Implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutant (POPs)”.
The main phase project with a financial outlay of about US$10 million is now being
implemented by the four premier governmental organizations and executed by
b. In parallel with NIP project, two post NIP projects on Environmentally Sound
Management of PCBs and Environmentally Sound Management of Medical Wastes
are being in advance stage of consideration of the Government of India, he
c. RENPAP has been providing technical backstopping to the Governments of PR
China, Nepal, Mongolia, Lao PDR, Indonesia and Myanmar towards the
implementation of POP Enabling Activities and development of National
Implementation Plan (NIP) under the Stockholm Convention.
3.4 He stated that RENPAP has conducted so far 40 Workshops / Training programmes /
Expert group meetings/Conferences of 5-10 days duration each in various specialized
fields through the TCUs and these have been rated highly by the member Governments,
and the trained experts in turn have been organizing follow up workshops and training
programmes to spread the knowledge and expertise far and wide on the pesticide
production, usage and control for the overall benefit of the farming community and the
public at large. There is active exchange of technologies between the member countries
which has helped this region in developing and producing water based environmentally
friendly safer formulations, botanical pesticides, viz. neem and Bt-based bio-pesticides
and the countries offering such technologies are India, P.R. China and Thailand.
3.5 He stated that the UNIDO/RENPAP has initiated activities to produce and use POPs
alternatives in the field of pesticides, namely, neem-based botanical pesticides and Bt
3.6 The meeting then considered and discussed in depth the progress of the various
planned activities of the RENPAP and came to the conclusion that the key activities
continue to be relevant to solve the emerging problems of the member countries in
minimizing the damage to the environment and the human health. The meeting
unanimously decided to continue the activities of the RENPAP programme for the period
of three years beyond 31 October 2008 for the benefits of the member countries.
3.7 The TPR appreciated the contributions made by the Government of India, Government of
P.R. China and other member countries to the Trust Fund. The TPR also placed on
record and thanked the Government of India for their continued support to host the
RENPAP Secretariat in New Delhi, India. The TPR thanked the Government of
Indonesia for their generous financial support for hosting and providing free transport and
accommodation for the participants to the TPR/PMC meeting in Bali and the workshop
on Cleaner Production and Effluent Treatment & Safe Disposal of Obsolete POP
Pesticides and PCBs Stocks in Bogor. The TPR also appreciated the very important role
being played by the RENPAP Secretariat in Delhi.
3.8 The meeting noted the key role played by the RENPAP Secretariat in the planning,
technical backstopping and implementation of the project entitled “Preliminary
Assessment to Identify the Requirements for Developing a National Implementation Plan
in India as a first step to Implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic
Pollutants (POPs)” and the main phase project entitled “ Development of A national
Implementation Plan in India as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on
Persisitent Organic Pollutants (POPs)”. The meeting also appreciated the role being
played by RENPAP/UNIDO in pursuing with the Government of India for the post NIP
3.9 The meeting also appreciated the role of RENPAP in promoting South-South cooperation
particularly through inviting representative members from the selected African countries
for participation in the planned workshops.
3.10 The meeting noted the importance of information sharing and suggested that information
of the TCUs such as IPFT web page could be uploaded on the RENPAP web site for
wider coverage and sharing of information on formulation technology. The meeting was
also agreed that specific windows could be created in UNIDO web site for RENPAP
and BAT/BEP forum.
3.11 The meeting also recommended utilizing the training services of RENPAP for
contaminated sites, monitoring of pesticides in soil by the UNIDO/POPs unit at Vienna.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETING
4.0 ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA
4.1 The agenda as adopted is placed at Annexure II.
5.0 DESIGNATION OF OFFICERS
5.1 The meeting elected Dr. Agus Wahyudi of Indonesia as Chairman, Prof. Hong Chuanyi
of P.R. China as Co-chairman and Dr. (Mrs.) Manthana Milne of Thailand as Rapporteur
of the meeting.
6.0 STATEMENTS OF THE NATIONAL COORDINATORS
The National Coordinators/designated officers presented the country reports and these are
6.1 PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
6.1.1. The country report of the People’s Republic of China was presented by Prof. Hong
Chuanyi, National Coordinator, RENPAP, P.R. China. He presented the report in three
parts (i) Pesticides and its formulation in China elaborating the production, consumption,
export and import of technical grade pesticides, formulations and solvents, carriers etc.;
(ii) Implementation status of RENPAP activities in China and (iii) Water based
formulations to replace POP Pesticides.
6.1.2 Part – i: He said that during the year 2006 the total production of pesticides (a.i) in China
was 1,731,000 MT which showed a gradual increase in production of pesticides for the
last over six years. It has increased from 821,700 MT in 2002 to 1,731,000 MT in 2007.
Data presented by him showed that insecticide share has gone down gradually from
62.4% in 2002 to 34.7% in 2007 whereas herbicides showed a reverse trend; it has gone
up from 27.5% in 2002 to 32.5% in 2007.
6.1.3 He said that import of pesticides has shown a decrease in 2007 over the year 2006
whereas export of pesticides has gone up from 222,100 MT in 2002 to 477,400 MT in
2007. In terms of value it has gone up from US$ 592 million in 2002 to US$ 1,349.5
million in 2007. Herbicides constituted around 56% of the export followed by
insecticides constituting 29%. Glyphosate, paraquat, phosphonomethyl iminodiacetic
(PMIDA), atrazine and imidacloprid are the major pesticides exported during the year
2007 to the countries like United States, Argentina, Thailand, Israel, Indonesia, Vietnam,
Australia, India, Pakistan and Malaysia
6.1.4 In respect of pesticide formulations, he stated that a large variety of formulations are
manufactured in the country and during the year 2007 the following types of pesticide
formulations ( in numbers) were granted registration for manufacture :
No. Type of Formulation Number Percentage
1 Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) 1182 48.48
2 Wettable Powder (WP) 516 21.16
3 Dustable Powder (DP) 10 0.41
4 Granule (GR) 39 1.59
5 Soluble Concentrate (SL) 191 7.83
6 Water Soluble Granule and Powder (SG, SP) 47 1.92
7 Suspension Concentrate (SC) 130 5.33
8 Water Dispersible Granule (WG) 91 3.73
9 Emulsion, Oil in Water (EW) 59 2.42
10 Micro-emulsion (ME) 118 4.84
11 Capsule Suspension (CS) 4 0.16
12 Suspo-emulsion (SE) 17 0.69
13 Flowable Concentrate for Seed Treatment (FS) 18 0.73
14 Water Dispersible Powder for Slurry Seed 4 0.16
15 Others (ULV, Oil, Fumigant, Smoke Generator) 12 0.49
Total 2438 100
6.1.5 He stated that though EC formulation still remain a major formulation produced in the
country, a trend of developing water based and dustless formulation is increasing
gradually in China.
6.1.6 He said that around 20% of the formulation got registered in China were water based
during the year 2007.
6.1.7 He said that NPFC has transferred technology of water based pesticide formulation to ten
companies having 23 production lines.
6.1.8 Part – ii: He said that the nominees of the Government of People’s Republic of China
participated/participating in the following workshops/meetings organized by the
i).Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation and
Quality Assurance held in New Delhi, India from April 1-6, 2008.
ii). Workshop on Effluent Treatment and Safe Waste disposal of Toxic and Obsolete
Pesticides in Bogor, Indonesia from May 29-31, 2008.
6.1.9 He said that CICETE of the Government of P.R. China has contributed US$ 100,100 to
the UNIDO/RENPAP Trust Fund.
6.1.10 Part – iii: With regard to the POP chemicals, he said that four pesticides viz. DDT. BHC,
chlordane and mirex are still been produced and used in the country. Large proportion of
DDT is used to produce Dicofol, as a miticide. Around 1300 MT of Dicofol was
produced using DDT during the year 2007. BHC (2511 MT during 2007) was mainly
used as raw material for the production of pentachlorophenol –Na salt and lindane
whereas chlordane (350 MT during 2007) was used in termite control and mirex (8 MT
during 2007) to combat termites and cockroaches.
6.1.11 He said that bio/botanical pesticides and their water based formulations such as Neem
based pesticides, abamectin and emamectin are good alternatives to POP pesticides.
6.1.12 He also suggested chemical pesticides such as pyridaben, propargit, clofentezine, etc. as
replacement to the POP pesticides.
6.1.13 He said that
a. pesticides such as neem based pesticide, abemectin and emmamectin are good
alternatives to Dicofol as miticide.
b. Natural pyrethrum 3%CS can replace DDT in public health programme,
c. DDT in shipbuilding can be replaced with dicuron 50% SC or WG as additive for
d. Chlordane and mirex can be replaced with imidacloprid+hexaflumuron 35%CS in
e. Methyl bromide could be replaced with natural pyrethrum 15% EW.
f. Replacement for BHC, pentachlorophenol-Na with niclosamide 50%SC, chlorpyrifos
g. Lindane in seed treatment with imidacloprid, fipronil and thiamethoxam.
6.1.14 Prof. Hong Chuanyi also discussed the UNDP/UNIDO project on Pesticide Formulations
in P.R. China and described the various user and eco-friendly formulations developed and
commercialized in the country under this programme.
6.1.15 With regard to the future activities, Prof. Hong offered to host a Workshop on Production
and Application of Bio-pesticides (Abemectin and Emamectin) in Nantong, P.R. China
during 15-17 October 2008.
6.2.1 The country report of India was presented by Mr. B.P. Pandey, Joint Secretary,
Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Government of India and the National
Coordinator, RENPAP, India.
6.2.2 He said that India has been closely associated with the Regional network on Pesticide for
Asia and the Pacific Programme (RENPAP) since the 80’s and has participated in all the
important meetings which has reinforced the activities and the sustainability of the
RENPAP leading to its present phase backed by a Trust Fund.
6.2.3 He stated that all participating countries of the Network are developing countries and
their people are dependent on agriculture to a large extent. They are aware that the use of
pesticides is essential for minimizing losses on account of pests/disease attacks during
different stages of agricultural operations as well as during post harvesting storage.
However, they are also aware of the adverse effects of pesticides on human health and
environment if their usage is inappropriate.
6.2.4 The increasing awareness about the dangers of persistence of some of the compounds
used as pesticides, their bio-accumulation and bio-magnification and their trans-boundary
movement over long distances have given rise to new concerns, especially in countries
with cold climates, he mentioned. This awareness has added a new dimension to the use
of pesticides, especially with respect to their effect on human health and the environment.
6.2.5 He said that India is a founder-member of the RENPAP when the Network was set up,
and has since been an active member. India has also been hosting the RENPAP
Secretariat since its inception, and paying its contributions to the Trust Fund regularly
during the second phase of this programme also.
6.2.6 He said that the Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology at Gurgaon near New
Delhi, which is the Technical Coordinator Unit (TCU) of RENPAP in India on Pesticide
Formulation Technology, has successfully developed over 32 environment friendly
formulations and transferred these to the Pesticide Industry for commercial production.
The Institute has a dedicated team of scientists who are constantly involved in the
development of such formulations.
6.2.7 He said that the Government of India has been providing constant support to the Institute.
The Government has already provided grant to the institute for the construction of a new,
state-of-the-art laboratory building that conforms to international standards, and for
acquiring new equipment. Under the Five Years plan, the Government will be providing
additional funds to the Institute, he mentioned.
6.2.8 He stated that the IPFT has organized a series of international and national training
programmes on the development and production of newer user and environmentally
friendly pesticides for the benefit of the experts from the member countries of the
RENPAP as well as for the Pesticide Industry.
6.2.9 He said that the following workshops have been hosted by the Government of India
during the current phase:
1. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 19-23, 2007
2. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 6-13, 2006.
3. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
and Quality Assurance, Delhi, November 21-26, 2004.
4. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 18-22, 2002.
5. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulation
and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 12-16, 2001.
These workshops were attended by experts both from the member countries of RENPAP
and national & multinational pesticide industries, he said.
6.2.10 He said that the Government of India nominated their experts to the following
workshops/training programmes of the RENPAP during the current phase:
1. Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Nantong, P.R. China, November 6-
2. International Workshop on Environment Friendly Bio/Botanical Pesticide
Formulation, Nantong, P.R. China, November 8 -10, 2006
3. Workshop on Effluent Treatment and Safe Waste Disposal of Toxic and Obsolete
Pesticides, Bogor, Indonesia, September 18-20, 2006
4. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulation and Quality Assurance, Delhi, March 6-13, 2006.
5. Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Yangon, Myanmar, August 3-4,
6. Workshop on Production and Application of Bio-botanical Neem based
Pesticides, Bangkok, Thailand, November 10-14, 2003
7. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, November 21-26, 2004
8. Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific, Nantong, P.R. China, May 15-16.,
9. Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific , Hanoi, Vietnam, November 14-
10. Workshop on Production, Quality Control and Application of Biopesticides
(Bacillus thuringiensis), Wuhan, People's Republic of China, From October 18-
11. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, March 18-22, 2002
12. Tripartite Review and Project Management Committee meetings of the Regional
network on Pesticide for Asia and the Pacific , Beijing, People's Republic of
China, July 9-10, 2001
13. Workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues, Islamabad,
Pakistan, May 14-17, 2001
14. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulation and Quality Assurance , Delhi, March 12-16, 2001
6.2.11 It has been the constant endeavour of the Indian pesticide industry to develop safe and
environment friendly pesticide formulations. The industry has emerged as a strong
exporter and its products find their way into extremely competitive markets including the
USA, EU, Japan and also developing countries. The pesticide industry is working in close
association with IPFT in developing these new formulations, he said.
6.2.12 He mentioned that the Government of India has indeed recognized the important role
played by the RENPAP project in providing assistance to the participating member
governments in promoting both production and use of environmentally friendly varieties
of pesticides and their formulations. The Government is now promoting safer and user
friendly pesticides like Bt and neem based pesticides in replacement of BHC, a banned
pesticide. It is also one of the Governments which has realized the importance of
sustaining RENPAP on a permanent basis and has taken the lead by making necessary
plan and budgetary allocations under the 10th Five Year Plan for setting up a Trust Fund
to support the key activities of RENPAP and continuing hosting of the RENPAP
Secretariat. The Government of India expects other member countries to continue to
support the important activities of the RENPAP through their active contribution to the
Trust Fund, he stated.
6.2.12 He mentioned that the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Government of
India, has supported a sub-programme for promotion of eco-friendly Neem based
pesticides in India with the assistance of UNDP/UNIDO. Neem based pesticides have
acquired increased significance, especially in case of exportable agricultural crops and
commodities, owing to the stringent maximum pesticide residue limit standards (MRL)
imposed on imports by USA and the European Union. After reviewing the success of
this low cost neem based product, the Department has launched a second phase of the
programme to cover larger crop areas including plantation crops namely tea, coffee and
spices with the sole support of the Government of India. This programme would help in
promoting Neem as a viable alternative to replace the toxic, persistent non-biodegradable
POPs pesticides, he emphasized. The RENPAP/UNIDO has been coordinating this
programme involving 10 premier institutions of the country. A National Conference was
organized for launching this programme and to sensitize the scientists, researchers, policy
makers, senior governmental officials, NGOs and the industry. The Conference was
inaugurated by the Minister of Environment & Forests of the Government of India and
well coordinated by the RENPAP. The Government of India is also looking forward to
take this simple technology developed under the Neem project to the other continents
besides Asia & the Pacific especially to the African region to promote this low cost
simple technology taking recourse to the South-South cooperation route. He said that
Government of India is pleased to note that UNIDO/RENPAP is taking necessary action
to promote this technology in countries like Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone to begin
6.2.13 He said that India expresses its support for the continuation of the programme beyond the
current phase. Financial provisions have been made in 11th Five Year Plan of the
government for this programme. In view of the important role played by the RENPAP
especially in the light of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
Chemicals & Pesticides, the activities of the RENPAP programme would need to be
continued for a longer duration with stronger support of the member Governments. He
said that the Government of India is committed to support the activities of the RENPAP
for the overall benefit of the member countries of the RENPAP Network through hosting
the RENPAP Secretariat and contributing to the Trust Fund at the existing level of
financial support of Rs.20,000,000 (equivalent to US44,000) and US$50,000 per annum
for RENPAP Secretariat and Trust Fund respectively. However, for the programme to
continue in a sustainable manner, he said that all member countries are urged to actively
display their commitment through continued financial support. This would be essential if
the Network is to continue serving the member States. While the Government of India
would support the proposal, they too, like most other countries, have their own financial
constraints. Contributions from all member countries of the Network will go a long way
in resolving any reservations that might be encountered in maintaining India’s
commitment to the programme.
6.3.1 The country paper was presented by Dr. Agus Wahyudi, Director, Ministry of Industry,
Government of Indonesia and the National Coordinator, RENPAP, Indonesia. He
presented the progress report of the Technical Coordinating Unit on Effluent treatment
and Safe Waste Disposal hosted by the Government of Indonesia.
6.3.2 He said that the expert nominee of the Government of Indonesia was deputed to
participate in the workshop on Production of Use and environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulation and Quality Assurance organized by RENPAP at the TCU in Delhi, India
from July 106, 2008. The outcomes of the workshop have been shared with the pesticide
association in Indonesia for dissemination of the knowledge gained and technology
prevailing in the region.
6.3.3 He mentioned that the National coordinator RENPAP Indonesia representing the
Government of Indonesia participated in the TPR/PMC meeting of RENPAP held in
Bangkok from July 7-9, 2007
6.3.4. He said that through Trade Support Program EU, Center for Pulp and Paper of the
Ministry of Industry has set up joint certification for testing of Dioxin with Ecol Studio,
6.3.5 The Ministry of Industry would be supporting COP 9 Basel Convention in Bali during
6.3.6 As the focal point of Stockholm Convention on POPs, the representative of the Ministry
of Environment participated in the Regional Workshop on BAT and BEP in Fossil Fuel-
Fired Utility and Industrial Boilers in Vientiane, Lao PDR during December 12-14, 2007.
6.3.7. While updating on the pesticide industry in the country, he said that there are around
1673 pesticide formulations registered in the country, of which 27 are bio-pesticides.
Though most of the formulations are old conventional types, a small quantity is produced
as water based formulations by few selected formulators.
6.3.8 He said that since the implementation of the POPs Enabling activities project in
Indonesia, a number of activities have been undertaken and follow up actions are being
taken with regards to pesticide regulations and POPs elimination. The ratification of the
Stockholm Convention is under process with the government, he informed.
6.3.9 The Ministry of Industry issued Regulation No. 33 of the year 2007 concerning phase out
of production and use of ozone depleting substances.
6.3.10.He said that the Ministry of Agriculture Regulation No. 7 of 2007 prohibited 38 a.i.
pesticides including POPs pesticides.
6.3.11 He said that there are stockpiles of POPs pesticides in the country.
6.3.4. He described the situation of PCBs and dioxins & furans releases from different sources of
release and said that PPLI facility at Bogor alongwith Holcim group of companies is
taking care of safe disposal of hazardous wastes including the PCBs.
6.4 LAO PDR
6.4.1 The country paper was presented by Mr. Phonethip Phetsomphou, representative of the
Government of Lao PDR. He gave an update of their work on the implementation of POP
EA activities under the Stockholm Convention on POPs and said that being a party to
Stockholm Convention on POPs, Laos is committed to meet the obligations under the
6.4.2 He said that with the assistance of UNIDO, Laos has executed the POPs Enabling
Activities project with the financial assistance of GEF. He explained the importance of
this project in prospect of Lao PDR and discussed the aims and objectives of this
6.4.3 He briefed the meeting about the progress of activities made so far in this project and
informed that the NIP has been endorsed by the Stakeholders.
6.4.4. He said that no specific law/legislation exists concerning PCBs, however, the
Government is committed under the Stockholm Convention to make suitable legal
6.4.5 He said that there is no specific waste management policy to deal with the obsolete POP
pesticides and actions would need to be initiated in this regard.
6.4.6 He also explained the role and responsibilities of the Environmental Research Institute
(ERI) of the Science, Technology and Environment Agency (STEA) of the Government
of Lao PDR.
6.4.6. He said that ERI jointly with World Bank is working on a dioxins and PCBs monitoring
project and analyzing samples of the contaminated sites and the human breast milk.
6.5.1 Mr. Than Aye, Deputy Director General, Ministry of Agriculture and the National
Coordinator, RENPAP, Myanmar presented the country report. He said that agriculture is
the mainstay of Myanmar economy and occupies 65 % of the total labor force of 16
million and accounts for 60 % of the country's export earnings. The main crops are rice,
sesamum, groundnut, pulses, cotton and sunflower.
6.5.2 He mentioned that pesticide requirement of the country is met through the import only. A
total of 6186 Mt of pesticides was imported; of which 3165 MT (51%) was insecticides
and 2065 MT (33%) fungicides.
6.5.3 He said that there are four formulation plants in the country; one is meant for formulation
of chemical pesticides and rest for producing neem based pesticides.
6.5.4 Organochlorine pesticides such as aldrin, endrin, dieldrin, BHC, monocrotophos,
methamidaphos, methyl parathion, phosphamidon have been banned in the country, he
6.5.5 He said that the Pesticide Law 1990 is meant to monitor and control the selection,
storage, transportation and use of pesticides to protect people, crops, other biological
entities and the environment.
6.5.6. He said till date 864 pesticide products including neem based pesticides have been
6.6.1 The country paper was presented by Mr. Iswar Rijal, a representative of the Government
of Nepal. . He said that Nepal is basically an agricultural country where agriculture
contributes about 38% of the GDP and engages 80% of the population.
6.6.2 He stated that Nepal enforced a number of legislations such as the Food Act -1967, Seed
Act- 1978, The solid waste (management and resource mobilization) Act 1987, Pesticide
Act 1991 and pesticide regulation- 1993, Industrial Enterprises Act – 1991, Labor Act –
1991, Environment protection Act -1997 and Environment protection rules 1997,
Consumers Protection Act-1998, Local self Governance Act- 1999 and the Plant
Protection Act- 2007. Now a full fledge Pesticide Registration Office is operational in
6.6.3 He said that Nepal is signatory to various international Conventions viz:
1. Basel Convention
2. Rotterdam Convention
3. Stockholm Convention, etc.
6.6.4 He said that Nepal signed the Stockholm Convention on April 5, 2002 and executed a
POP Enabling Activity project under the convention through UNIDO assistance. Through
this project, he said the National Implementation Plan has been prepared to meet the
obligation under the Stockholm Convention.
6.6.5 He said that the inventory carried out during the enabling activities project revealed that
there are 74.5151 MT of old stocks of pesticides in the country of which 33.668 MT of
obsolete stocks of POPs pesticides are present in various locations in the country.
6.6.6 The inventory also revealed that 106,185 litres of PCBs contaminated transformer oil and
another 800,000-960,000 litres of transformer oil as waste oil being used in various
welding machines throughout the country have been contaminated with PCBs.
6.7.1 The country report for Pakistan was presented by Dr. Ashiq Mohammad, National
Coordinator RENPAP. He said that Pakistan is basically an agricultural country where
agriculture contributes about 23% towards the GDP
6.7.2 He said that the main objectives of the TCU on Ecotoxicology are to monitor pesticide
residues in plants and animals, evaluation of fate of pesticides in environment and
dissemination of information on pesticide residues.
6.7.3 He said that pesticide usage in the country has shown an increasing trend and insecticides
take the lion share of 90%. The consumption of pesticides has seen a phenomenal
increase; it has increased from 665 tonnes in 1980 to over 173,556 tonnes in 2006.
6.7.4 While discussing the impact of pesticides misuse, he presented the results of the work
done by the TCU on pesticide residues in food and environment and said that their
studies showed 100% contamination of the samples and in 60% samples residues were
over the MRL. He presented a case study of pesticides residues in Rawal lake. Work on
the colonial water birds as bio-indicators of pollution/contamination were also elaborated.
6.7.5 He said that the Ecotoxicology centre is providing analytical services to the POPs
Enabling Activity Project in Pakistan. Water and soil samples were analysed and found
contaminated with a varying degree of POPs pesticides.
6.7.6 In the case of DDT, biomagnification was observed in the eggs in hundreds as against
sediments where mean was under 10. The amounts of β-HCH and Lindane were 20 times
higher in eggs than sediments. Also, heptachlor values were also higher in eggs, he said.
These studies were undertaken in Lahore and Sialkot.
6.7.7 With regard to the stock of obsolete pesticides, he said that large quantities of obsolete
pesticides are kept in very bad conditions. Some of these belong to the notorious group
“Dirty Dozen” that are banned under Stockholm Convention on POPs. He presented data
on the POPs Pesticides in Soil and water samples taken from hotspots in the country.
6.7.8 He elaborated on the alternative strategy of the government to develop alternatives to the
POP pesticides and stated that in the National IPM Programme, Bio/Botanical Pesticides
and Biological Control are being practiced to decrease the load of hazardous toxic
chemical pesticides on the environment.
6.7.9 He offered to host a workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues in
Ecosystem in Islamabad, which was scheduled in 2007, during 20-24 September 2008.
6.8.1 The country paper for Thailand was presented by Dr. (Ms.) Manthana Milne, Director,
Department of Agriculture, Royal Government of Thailand. She said that requirement of
pesticides in Thailand is met through import only and this has shown an increasing trend.
6.8.2 She said that the Government of Thailand organized three meetings of the RENPAP
namely TPR/PMC meeting of the RENPAP; the EGM on Expert Group Meeting on
Obsolete POP Pesticides and PCBs Stocks Management and Their Safe Disposal and a
Workshop on Production and Use of Botanical Pesticides especially Neem during July 7-
6.8.3. She said that the UNIDO consultant visited Bangkok to discuss the project on the POPs as
alternative fuel for safe disposal of POPs and their wastes.
6.8.4 She mentioned that the government through its Ministry of Agriculture has amended the
Hazardous Substance Act 1992 and the new Hazardous Substance Act 2008 will be is in-
forced from August 2008. Under the new act, all pesticides will need to be re-registered
with an expiry date of 6 years only. Under the new act, only six types of toxicology data
for formulated products would be required to be submitted.
6.8.5 The Department of Agriculture would continue evaluating the chemical pesticides which
are on watch list for proper risk assessment of these chemicals pesticides on farmers and
6.8.6 She said that with regard to bio-botanical pesticides, a database is being created to
compile the information on species (plant/animal), pest problems, pest control method(s),
botanical/bio-pesticides including effectiveness, application rates, exposure hazards, etc.
6.8.7 She offered to host the next TPR/PMC meeting of the RENPAP and a Workshop on
Production of Formulations and Application of Biopesticides and Botanical Pesticides,
Bangkok, Thailand during June 2009 to be held back to back in Bangkok, Thailand.
7.0 REPORT ON REGIONAL WORKSHOPS
7.1 The meeting noted the successful organization Workshop on Production of User &
Environment Friendly Pesticide Formulations & Quality Assurance, Delhi, India, April 1-
7.2 The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO presented the report of the said
workshop. The recommendations of the Workshop were discussed in details and the
members complimented the Technical Coordinator Unit for organizing the high quality
workshop which was well received by the participating nominees of the member
8.0 REPORT ON THE NEEM PROJECT PHASE-II ENTITLED ‘PRODUCTION
AND PROMOTION OF NEEM BASED PESTICIDES AS ENVIRONMENT
FRIENDLY BIODEGRADABLE ALTERNATIVES TO CHEMICAL
PESTICIDES’ UNDER RENPAP COORDINATION
8.1 The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO made a detailed presentation on
Neem project phase-II entitled “Production and Promotion of Neem based Pesticides as
Environment Friendly Biodegradable Alternatives to Chemical Pesticides”. He gave an
overview of the project and discussed the results of field trials and demonstrations using
Neem kernel Aqueous Extract (NKAE) technology. He said that that the laboratory and
field trials undertaken showed that NKAE acts as a fungicide as well which has opened a
new avenue to explore the possibility of using NKAE as fungicide on tea, coffee and
spices besides its known properties as insecticides, insect growth regulator, antifeedant,
repellant, etc. He mentioned that in phase-II of the project, plantation crops such as tea,
coffee and spices would be given special emphasis as the export of such commodities
have been badly hit due to presence of chemical pesticides residues. Promotion and use
of neem based pesticides on these crops, besides vegetables and other economic crop
would reduce the load of chemical pesticides on the environment and human beings, he
9.0 DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL PROJECT ON NEEM BASED PESTICIDES
AS LATERNATIVE TO POPS PESTICIDES- DISCUSSION ON THE ACTIONS
REQUIRED TO INITIATE UNDER SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION
9.1 The Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO presented the background of developing
the regional proposal. He said that on the advice of the Director General UNIDO,
RENPAP in cooperation with UNIDO Vienna conducted Expert Group Meeting in Abuja
during November 18-20, 2007 for Strengthening South-South Cooperation and
Technology Transfer/Adaptation for the Utilization of Neem in the Production of Bio-
9.2 He said that the Indian model of Neem Kernel Aqueous Extract (NKAE), a low cost,
viable technology was presented in details by a representative of RENPAP in that EGM
meeting and was well perceived by the expert participants from the African region.
9.3 He mentioned that the favourable response of the Government of India’s towards South-
South Cooperation to promote Neem in African region.
9.4 He informed that based on the progress of work on Neem in India and other member
countries of RENPAP, UNIDO representative from Vienna alongwith RENPAP/UNIDO
had a meeting with the Director, South-South Cooperation Centre in New Delhi to
formulate a regional project proposal on Neem under the South-South Cooperation.
10.0 REPORT ON UNIDO’S POP ENABLING ACTIVITY PROJECTS IN RENPAP
10.1 The Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP/UNIDO gave an overview of the
Stockholm Convention and discussed the various provisions and obligations under the
convention and appraised the meeting about the role of RENPAP/UNIDO in executing
the POP Enabling Activities projects in India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Lao PDR and Nepal.
He discussed the status of each project in these countries.
10.2 He said that the main objective of undertaking Enabling Activity project in the member
States was to strengthen the national capacity and enhance knowledge and understanding
amongst decision-makers, managers, the industry, NGOs and the public at large on POPs;
to assist the Government to meet its obligations of the Stockholm Convention; and to
prepare the National Implementation Plan (NIP) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).
10.3 With regard to project in India, he said that following the completion of preliminary
assessment project (PDF B), the main phase project entitled “ Development of a National
Implementation Plan in India as a First step to Implement the Stockholm Convention on
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)” is now being implemented through 5 premier
institutions in India.
10.4 He also informed that the Government of India is actively considering the post NIP
proposals with regard to the management of PCBs and medical wastes which have been
prepared by UNIDO in consultation with national experts.
10.5 He also briefed the meeting about the development of post NIP projects in member
countries namely Nepal, China and Lao PDR.
11. PRESENTATION ON THE ACTIVITIES OF UNIDO ON STOCKHOLM
CONVENTION ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
11.1 The Chief, POPs Unit, UNIDO Vienna made a lucid presentation on the activities of the
UNIDO HQs. on the implementation of Stockholm Convention. While discussing the
Stockholm Convention, he said that three kinds of actions are required to be
contemplated under the convention namely elimination/reduction, restriction and clean-
up/disposal. Under cycle G4, around US$ 250 million is available to fund basically three
POPs strategic priorities of the GEF. He also briefed the meeting on the effects of POPs
on populations and sampling requirements for exposure assessment in different media.
He also listed the new chemicals which are being considered to be included in the list of
POPs disposal technology and the role of UNIDO as an executing agency. He elaborated
on the Annex 3 of the Convention i.e. unintentional production including the source
categories that have potential for comparatively high formation and release of dioxins and
furans. He apprised the meeting about formation of BAT/BEP Regional Forum for East-
South East Asia, its structure and mandate. He said that RENPAP would serve as the
implementation platform for the Stockholm Convention on POPs for UNIDO and some
of the activities of the BAT/BEP forum ESEA would be deployed to RENPAP. He
emphasized the need of synergizing the RENPAP and BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) for
establishing linkages with institutions/research institutions.
His suggestions were very well received by the members of the Project Management
Committee of the RENPAP.
12.1 The TPR/PMC meeting confirmed the minutes of the last TPR/PMC meeting of the
RENPAP held in Bangkok, Thailand from July 7-9, 2007.
12.2 Having objectively evaluated the various activities and programmes implemented by the
RENPAP, it was affirmed that all activities continue to be relevant and meeting the
exacting needs of the member countries. The TPR/PMC meeting also emphasized that
RENPAP should strengthen its role in the promotion of South-South Cooperation through
widening its mandate.
12.3 The TPR/PMC meeting discussed and approved the financial statement circulated and
suggested that the annual report of the UNIDO be made available to the National
Coordinators to enable them to assess the activities vis-à-vis expenditure incurred for
satisfying the needs of the respective Finance Divisions of the member Governments.
12.4 The TPR/PMC meeting noted the key role played by the RENPAP Secretariat in the
planning and technical backstopping of the POP Enabling Activities projects in member
countries and the implementation of POPs NIP development project in India and
endorsed continuation of its role.
12.5 All the member strongly felt that RENPAP programme should be continued further for a
period of three years beyond 31 October 2008 in order to undertake transfer of
technologies and knowledge amongst the member countries including the work on
elimination of POPs chemicals under the Stockholm Convention on POPs, capacity
building of institutions and technical personnels. The members agreed to seek appropriate
approval from their respective governments for the continuation of the RENPAP network
and necessary support. Reciprocating the demand, Dr. Eisa reiterated the commitment of
UNIDO to strengthen the RENPAP programme in all the spheres of its activities.
12.6 In view of the key role being played by RENPAP in the implementation of the NIP
programme, particularly in India, as well as the initiation of the post-NIP activities, Dr.
Eisa highlighted the relevance of the RENPAP activities for the overall benefit of the
member countries of the network. In this context he extended all assistance of UNIDO to
further strengthen the RENPAP activities through deploying some of the activities of the
BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) to RENPAP. He affirmed that RENPAP would serve as the
implementation platform for the Stockholm Convention on POPs for UNIDO. He
emphasized the need of synergizing the RENPAP and BAT/BEP forum (ESEA) for
establishing linkages with institutions/research institutions. He recommended to host a
RENPAP web site through linkage with the Stockholm Convention on POPs of the
UNIDO site. Also, he said that UNIDO would subsidize the budget for publication of the
RENPAP activities. He also recommended to integrate the RENPAP project with UNIDO
projects in terms of the organization/conduction of specialized workshops, training
programmes, study tours etc. RENPAP experts would be deployed to meet the
12.7 The member felt that in order to further strengthen the RENPAP activities, it would be
necessary for the member countries to promote appropriate increased financial support. In
this context, it was noted that Government of India has been providing for the last three
years US$50,000 to the Trust Fund and further sum of US$ 44,000 for hosting the
RENPAP Secretariat annually as well as US$1.6 million in respect of the Neem project.
Prof. Hong Chuanyi mentioned that during the last three years his government has
contributed US$119,100. Dr. Wahyudi, National Coordinator Indonesia confirmed their
support with US$35,000 from their national budget for the year 2008 for hosting
TPR/PMC meeting in Bali and the Workshop on Cleaner Production, Effluent Treatment
and Safe Disposal of Obsolete POP pesticides and PCBs. All the members agreed to
consider their continued support. Dr. Ashiq Mohammed and Mr. Rijal mentioned that
their governments would consider to provide US$ 10,000 each besides in-kind
contribution of hosting the workshop with an estimated expenditure of US$ 15,000. Mr.
Than Aye said that his government would consider to provide cash contribution to the
Trust Fund following up the earlier indication of willingness to do so, in the previous
TPR/PMC meeting in Yangon. Thereafter, Dr. Milne, Mr. Than Aye and Mr.
Phetsomphou said that their governments would consider to provide cash contribution to
the Trust Fund.
12.8 The TPR/PMC meeting having taken note of the Phase-II of the Neem project in India
recommended the need for launching a regional project on Neem as an alternative to POP
a). The meeting also recommended that the Neem Core Group should finalise the road
map for tapping the Neem potential and the appropriate funds be mobilized through the
south-south corridor for completing the task of the Neem Core group.
b). A network on the lines of RENPAP/UNIDO would be established in the west African
region covering three countries namely Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone to begin with.
c). To promote South-South cooperation, between countries in Asia and Africa the
RENPAP network of UNIDO would serve as a conduit for the transfer of technology and
d). The RENPAP to extend affiliate membership to the African countries for reaping
benefits under the South-South cooperation programme.
12.9 Having considered the report of Dr. Ken Lum, UNIDO consultant, the TPR/PMC
meeting unanimously decided to formulate the following proposals addressed to UNIDO:
I. Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
covering India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Srilanka.
II. Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
covering Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar.
III.Intra-regional project on Disposal of Obsolete POPs pesticides and PCBs
covering Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia.
IV. PCBs management in Ship Breaking Sector.
12.10 Having considered the proposal of the National Coordinator, India, the meeting
recommended that the future workshops under the TCU on Pesticide Formulation
Technology in India would cover topics both lectures and practical exercises on
Instrumental Methods of Analysis to provide a holistic approach in the development and
production of user and environment friendly pesticide formulation and quality assurance.
To cover this additional dimension, the duration of the workshop would be for eight days
instead of 5 days.
12.11 The member countries were informed by Dr. Mohamed Eisa the broad framework of
elimination of POPs chemicals of UNIDO and also indicated the various GEF windows
available and the portfolio of projects implemented by UNIDO
12.12 The TPR/PMC endorsed the following workplan:
i. Visit of a high level Indian delegation headed by the Secretary(C&PC),
Additional Secretary& Financial Advisor and senior technical experts to
NPFC, the Neem Plantation and production facilities in Kunming and Bt R&
D Centre in Wuhan during July/August 2008.
ii. Organization of an intensive tailor made training programme on Biopesticides
in P.R. China for one trainee each from Pakistan and India for two months
starting from end of June 2008.
iii. The Workshop on Ecotoxicological Implications of Pesticide Residues in
Ecosystem, Islamabad, Pakistan would be held during September 20-24,2008.
iv. Workshop on Production and Application of Bio-pesticides (Abemectin,
Emmamectin, natural Pyrethrum, etc.) in Nantong, P.R. China during 8-10
v. Joint meeting of RENPAP and the BAT/BEP Forum in Beijing, P.R. China
during 10-13 November 2008.
vi. Workshop on Production of User and Environment Friendly Pesticide
Formulations, Quality Assurance and Instrumental Methods of Analysis in
Delhi during the last week of February /1st week of March 2009 for a period
of 8 days.
vii. Joint side-event by RENPAP and BAT/BEP Forum during COP 4 in Geneva
during 1-5 May 2009.
viii. Tripartite Review Meeting and Project Management Committee Meeting of
the Regional Network on Pesticides for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok,
Thailand during June 2009.
ix. Workshop on Production of Formulations and Application of Biopesticides
and Botanical Pesticides, Bangkok, Thailand during June 2009 to be held back
to back to the above TPR/PMC meeting in Bangkok, Thailand.
TPR/PMC meeting of the Regional Network on Pesticides for Asia and the Pacific
List of participants
1. Prog. Hong Chunayi, CTO, Nantong Pesticide Formulation Development Centre,
Government of P.R. China and National Coordinator, RENPAP, P.R. China
2. Mr. B.P. Pandey, Joint Secretary, Government of India and National Coordinator,
3. Mr. Augus Wahyudi, Director, Ministry of Industry, Government of Indonesia and
National Coordinator, RENPAP, Indonesia
4. Mr.Phonethip Phetsomphou, Environmental Research Institute, Science Technology and
Environment Agency , Vientiane, Lao PDR
5. Mr. Than Aye, Deputy Director General, Ministry of Agriculture& irrigation, Myanmar
6. Mr. Iswar Prosad Rijal, Plant Protection Directorate , Ministry of Agriculture,
7. Dr. Ashiq Mohammad, Director, Ecotoxicology Research Centre, National Agricultural
Research Centre, Government of Pakistan and National Coordinator, RENPAP, Pakistan
8. Dr. (Ms.) Manathana Milne, Director, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, Thailand
9. Ms. Emiss, Agency for Industrial R&D, Ministry of Industry, Indonesia
10. Dr. Kurnia Hanafiah, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
11. Ms. Yuni Herlina, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
12. Ms. Lilih Handayaningrum, Ministry of Industry, Jakarta, Indonesia
13. Mr. Kariaba, Denpasar, Indonesia
14. Mr. Wartama, Denpasar, Indonesia
15. Mr. Oka Ariyasa, Denpasar, Indonesia
16. Mr. Paryopo, Denpasar, Indonesia
17. Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief, POPs Unit, UNIDO, Vienna
20. Dr. S.P. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP
21. Dr. Y.P. Ramdev, Assistant Regional Coordinator, RENPAP
THE TRIPARTITE REVIEW AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
MEETING OF THE REGIONAL NETWORK ON PESTICIDE FOR ASIA AND THE
PACIFIC (RENPAP) –
May 26-28, 2008
Monday, May 26, 2008
0900 - 0930 Registration
0930-1030 Agenda item No.1. Inaugural Session
Introduction of participant
Welcome Address Dr. Augus Wahyudi
Address by Dr. Mohamed Eisa, Chief POPs & Deputy
Director , UNIDO Vienna
Address by Dr. Dedi Mulyadi, Head AIRD
Vote of Thanks
Dr. S.P. Dhua, Regional Coordinator, RENPAP
1100-1115 Agenda item No. 2. Election of Office bearers
1115-1130 Agenda item No. 3. Confirmation of minutes of last TPR/PMC meeting held
on July 7-9, 2007 in Bangkok, Thailand
1130-1230 Agenda item No.3. Tripartite Review Meeting
1230-1300 Agenda item No.4. Reports of the National coordinators
The reports from the member countries would be presented
by the country representatives
1400-1530 Continuation of reports of the National coordinator
1545-1630 Continuation of reports of the National coordinators
1630-1645 Agenda item No.5. Report on Regional workshops
Report of the workshop organised would be tabled and the
recommendations made therein would be discussed for
follow up actions.
1645-1715 Agenda item No.6. Report on the Neem project Phase-II entitled ‘Production
Promotion of Neem based Pesticides as Environment
Friendly Biodegradable alternatives to Chemical
Pesticides’ under RENPAP coordination
1715-1745 Agenda item No. 7. Development of Regional project on neem based pesticides
alternative to POPs pesticides– Discussion on the actions
required to initiate under South-South Cooperation
Tuesday, May 27, 2008
0930-10.00 Agenda item No.8. Report on UNIDO’s POP NIP project in India
10.00-1030 Agenda item No. 9 Activities of UNIDO on Stockholm Convention on
Persistent Organic Pollutants
1030-1100 Agenda item No. 10 Discussion on Consultant report for Establishing a
Regional Stockpiles Disposal Centre – a regional project
under RENPAP as the follow up of last EGM the
Management of Obsolete POP Pesticides and PCBs Stocks
1115-1130 Presentation of Financial/accounts Statement of RENPAP
1130-1230 Agenda item No. 11 Discussion on the need for long term sustainability of
1330- 1430 Agenda item No. 12 Consideration of commitments from the member
countries towards effective implementation of the
• Training programmes
• Study tours/fellowship training
• Consultant requirements
• Participation in meetings
• Consultations/communications between National
• Maintenance & upkeep of the RENPAP
1430-1530 Agenda item No. 12. Finalization of the Work-plan / project revision
1530- 1545 Tea/Coffee
1545-1630 Social event and Dinner at Jimbaran
Wednesday, May 28, 2008
0930- 1030 Agenda item No. 12 Adoption of the Recommendations
1030-1100 Closing sessions