FRAMEWORK OF THE SUBMISSION OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL by aos51173

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									                SUBMISSION OF THE
SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL CIVIC ORGANISATION (SANCO)
          TO THE AFRICAN PEER REVIEW OF
           THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA




                 17 JANUARY 2006
Glossary of Terms
Community Health Forums: Voluntary groups of community representatives
responsible for overseeing the general health situation of their community and
the affairs of the local healthcare facilities. These groups play crucial roles in
voicing suggestions for improvement in healthcare to local authorities.

Community Police Forums: Established by the Police Act and comprising
citizens, community organization representatives and the staff of local police
stations.
(Source: Idasa, www.idasa.org.za/gbOutputFiles.asp?WriteContent=Y&RID=493)

Community Reinvestment Act: The Act is meant to afford low-income buyers
access to home loan mortgages with the help of government, financial
institutions and other stakeholders. (Source: Government Communication and
Information System, www.gcis.gov.za/media/cabinet/030611.htm)

Freedom Charter: Adopted at the Congress of the People in Kliptown near
Johannesburg in 26 June 1955, the charter reflects many tenants of the United
Nation‟s Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). The Charter proclaimed
the need for a democratic South Africa and an end to the tyranny of the
apartheid regime.

Growth and Development Summit and Agreement (2003): Summit in
which partners, Nedlac constituencies, pledged to increase the number and
quality of jobs in South Africa, invest more domestically, advancing equity and
skill development and promote development at home. (Source: Growth and
Development Agreement, www.polity.org.za/pdf/GDSAgreement.pdf)

Integrated Development Plan (IDP): Municipalities write an Integrated
Development Plan (IDP) every year to guide their strategic planning. Included in
them are plans and budgets for the City's departments, its utilities, agencies and
corporate entities. The Municipal Systems Act of 2000 requires all municipalities
to draw up an IDP as a single, inclusive and strategic development plan, linking
and integrating other plans. It is in the IDP that one finds the policy framework
on which annual budgets are based but also investment and development
initiatives; all the projects, plans and programmes for cities devised by any state
organ; and key performance indicators. (Source: City of Johannesburg Official
Web Site, www.joburg.org.za/2003/budget/idp.stm)

King II Report: The King II Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa is
widely regarded as one of the best standards in corporate governance. Published
by the Institute of Directors in Southern Africa, the report deals with a wide
range of corporate governance issues, including ethics, compliance, risk

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                      2 of 16
management, financial disclosure and the roles and responsibilities of the
Company Secretary, Directors, Boards and Board Committees. It also deals with
the broader issues of social and environmental responsibility. (Source: UCT
Graduate School of Business,
www.gsb.uct.ac.za/newsletter/newsletterArticle.ASP?intArticleID=765)

Millennium Development Goals: Touted as a blueprint for the international
community in its quest to alleviate the suffering of the world‟s poor, the 8
Millennium Development Goals should be met by the year 2015 according to a
pledge undertaken by all 191 UN member states. Specifically the goals are: 1)
alleviate extreme hunger and poverty; 2) universal primary education; 3) gender
equality and the empowerment of women; 4) reduce child mortality; 5) improve
maternal health 6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7)
environmental sustainability; 8) develop a global partnership for development.
(Source: The United Nations, www.un.org/millenniumgoals/)

Municipal (local) Councillors: Democratically elected by local residents,
municipal councillors are responsible for governing their local area, more
specifically they are to ensure the provision of services to communities,
promoting social and economic development and encouraging community
involvement in local government matters.
(Source Department of Provincial and Local Government,
www.dplg.gov.za/documents/publications/type_muni/muni_resp.htm)

Municipal Finance Act (2004): The Municipal Finance Act strives to ensure
sound fiscal management as well as treasury norms are adopted in local
government. (Source: The Municipal Finance Act,
www.info.gov.za/acts/2003/a56-03/a56-03a.pdf)

Municipal Structures Act: Established Ward Committees as well as defines the
minimum powers and duties to be performed by either the executive committee
or executive mayor.
(Source: Idasa, www.idasa.org.za/gbOutputFiles.asp?WriteContent=Y&RID=493)

Municipal Systems Act (2000): The Municipal Systems Act basically defines
not only municipalities as legal entities but also outlines their functions, powers
and purpose. Also, frameworks for areas such as community participation,
planning, resource mobilization, debt collection, and credit and performance
management are outlined. (Source: Municipal Systems Act,
216.239.59.104/search?q=cache:8cMDcilf9bwJ:www.info.gov.za/gazette/acts/20
00/a32-00.pdf+Municipal+Finance+Act&hl=en)

National Economic Development and Labour Council (Nedlac): Funded
by the Department of Labour, Nedlac is actually a consortium of government,

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                      3 of 16
business, labour and civic society. Nedlac aims to make economic decision-
making more inclusive, and to promote economic growth and social equity.
Nedlac includes: the Department of Trade and Industry; the Department of
Finance and Public Works; Business Unity South Africa: Business South Africa:
Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu): Federation of Unions of South
Africa (Fedusa); National Council of Trade Unions (Nactu); South African Youth
Council; National Women's Coalition; South African National Civics Organisation;
Disabled People South Africa; Financial Sector Coalition; and the National Co-
operatives Association of South Africa. (Source: Nedlac, www.nedlac.org.za/)

National Development Agency: The NDA is a statutory body contributing
towards the eradication of poverty and its causes through development funding,
capacity building, research and policy development, and supporting government
and civil society development action. (Source: National Development Agency,
www.nda.org.za/ndaVm.htm)

National Roads Agency: Previously the South African Roads Board. The NRA is
now responsible for maintaining and managing South Africa‟s national road
network. Also included under the agency‟s mandate is generating revenues from
the development and management of the country‟s road as well as advising the
Minister of Transport. (Source: The National Roads Agency,
www.nra.co.za/aboutintro.html)

Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP): Introduced in 1994,
as part of the new South Africa‟s people-centred approach to government, the
RDP seeks to remedy apartheid‟s legacy of uneven distribution, help build a
democratic, non-racial society; “it represents a vision for the fundamental
transformation of South Africa.” In keeping with those aims, the programme
strives to see South Africa become a fully democratic and non-racial society with
strong democratic institutions while bearing in mind the moral and ethical
development of society. (Source: RDP White Paper 1994,
www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/white_papers/rdpwhite.html?rebookmark=1#PR
EFACE)

School Governing Boards: School governing boards are established within
education legislature. The bodies are elected by parents then staffed by both
parents and teachers. These boards, responsible sometimes for decisions such as
fee increases, are also advised by the school‟s principal.

United Democratic Front (UDF): The UDF began forming in the late 1970s as
a “united front” of churches, unions, student organization and civic associations
against apartheid. With the end of apartheid, most of the UDF‟s former
leadership migrated to the African National Congress.



SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                    4 of 16
Ward Committees: Ward Committees, with a maximum number of 10
members, are established at the discretion of the municipal council. Selected
through regular elections to represent residents of a municipality, ward
committees‟ primary function is as a formal communication channel between the
community and the municipal council. Hence, ward committees would be the
proper channel through which residents may lodge complaints concerning
municipal issues, and development and service questions. Meanwhile, municipal
councils may delegate specific municipal tasks and powers to a committee. By
the same token, municipal councils should provide support to ward committees
through, for example, providing publicity for meetings, giving financial support,
to enable ward committee to do their work. It should be noted ward councils
have no formal authority to compel municipal councils to do anything. The
framework for ward committees is laid out in both the Municipal Structures Act
(Structures Act) and the Municipal Systems Act (Systems Act). (Source: UWC
Community Law Centre,
www.communitylawcentre.org.za/localgov/bulletin2001/2001_1committees.php)




SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                    5 of 16
         SUBMISSION OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL CIVIC
      ORGANISATION (SANCO) TO THE AFRICAN PEER REVIEW OF THE
                    REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

1.      INTRODUCTION & BACKGROUND

1.1     The South African National Civic Organisation (SANCO) is the
        largest community organisation in South Africa, with 4200 local branches,
        54 regional and 9 provincial structures.

1.2     SANCO is a unitary structure and was formally launched on the 21 st of
        March 1992. In the previous decades, which was dominated by the
        system of apartheid and systematic racial and gender oppression, local
        civic structures operated independently. However, in the 1980s, the civic
        movement was the backbone of the internal civil resistance to the
        apartheid government, which was known as the United Democratic Front.
        In this guise, the civic movement operated as a single movement with
        accountability, discipline and a national system. Thus, albeit that SANCO
        was formally launched in 1992, the civic movement was organised itself as
        a single organisation well before the formal launch.

1.3     With the advent of democratic change in 1994, SANCO like all other
        organisations in South Africa had to adapt to the new conditions of
        freedom, a rights-based constitution, and a progressive legislative
        framework that encouraged cooperation and partnership.

1.4     Our submission to the African Peer Review Mechanism will not limit itself
        to the workings and mechanics of government rather it will take a broader
        frame of reference to include all sectors of South African society.

2.      FOCUS OF THE SANCO SUBMISSION

2.1     SANCO has resolved that its submission will focus on issues it regards as
        cross-cutting, i.e. across the APR thematic areas. The two main issues
        are (a) Social Dialogue; and (b) Corruption and Setting High Moral
        Standards. These areas broadly relate to the themes of political,
        corporate and socio-economic governance.

2.2     The objective most relevant to Social Dialogue is objective (6) under the
        Socio-Economic development section of the APRM questionnaire, i.e.
        Encourage broad-based participation in development by all stakeholders at
        all levels. It should be noted though that Social Dialogue as understood
        by SANCO is fundamental to democracy, political governance and overall
        development.

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                    6 of 16
2.3   Corruption and the Setting High Moral Standards appears in several APR
      objectives, namely Objectives (5) and (6) under the Democracy and Good
      Political Governance section of the APR; and objectives 2,3 and 4 under
      the Economic Governance and Management:

       Political Objective 5: Ensure accountable, efficient and effective public
        office holders and civil servants
       Political Objective 6: Fighting corruption in the political sphere
       Economic Objective 2: Implement sound, transparent and predictable
        government economic policies
       Economic Objective 3: Promote sound public finance management
       Economic Objective 4: Fight corruption and money laundering

3.    FOCUS AREAS

A)    SOCIAL DIALOGUE

SANCO understands social dialogue as an activity-based process, stemming
from our slogan of “people-centred and people-driven” policy development
and implementation. This relates to ensuring that the „people‟ are not just the
centre or object of policies but also active participants in the formulation and
implementation of policy. As successful as South Africa has been in establishing
a myriad of social dialogue structures and processes, these structures have not
been effectively utilised, public participation has been uneven, and joint
implementation (between community structures, private sector, and
government) has been patchy.

1.    The process of writing the South African Constitution was a clear indicator
      of the commitment to partnership and cooperation. The process was not
      limited to Parliament and its substructures, rather it was opened up and
      all citizens and organisations were invited to meaningfully participate in
      drawing up the Constitution.

2.    The Constitution and subsequent legislation mainstreamed consultation
      and involvement of non-government actors, from all sectors, including
      communities, labour, and the private sector. For example, Parliament
      established the National Economic, Development and Labour Council
      (NEDLAC), which was authorised to review any pending legislation even
      before it went to Parliament. NEDLAC consisted of four equal partners,
      namely community organisations, labour (trade union), private sector
      bodies, and government.




SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                       7 of 16
3.   The same practice at national level of mainstreaming and formalising
     public participation was adopted at provincial and national levels of
     government. In particular, at local level a number of consultative forums
     were established to ensure that from inception to conclusion community
     organisations were involved in policy development and implementation.
     Such that at local level, throughout the eleven years of democracy, there
     have been various developments that have attempted to reinforce the
     consultative process.       These have included the establishment of
     Community Policing Forums (comprising of local police and elected-
     community representatives) to assist the police in fighting crime;
     Community Health Forums (comprising of local health workers and
     elected-community representatives) to assist the local health institutions
     to focus their work on community health needs; School Governing Bodies
     (comprising of elected learners, parents, teachers and school
     management) to assist local school management in managing and
     governing the schools, Reconstruction and Development Forums
     (consisting of local government and elected-community representatives)
     to assist local government in their development plans for localities; and
     various other focussed bodies.

4.   In the last few years, at local level we have witnessed the establishment
     of consultative structures with even greater authority and scope. Firstly,
     was the advent of locally elected Ward Committees, where the Local
     Councillor was charged with directly consulting them on all government
     activities within their locality or ward. The community representatives
     elected onto Ward Committees on the other hand were authorised to use
     the committee as a direct platform to raise community problems,
     suggestions and complaints.            Secondly, there is the Integrated
     Development Plan Programme (IDP), which compels local government to
     consult, brief and, in a manner, gain permission from communities on the
     overall development priorities and budget for the locality. Please note
     that these two structures were also divided into sectors, like women,
     youth, persons with disabilities, religious groupings, sports bodies, labour
     organisations, civic sector, private sector, etc. How these categories or
     sectors were decided on is not prescribed rather, it is determined by the
     local conditions.

5.   The social dialogue system has resulted in unintended consequences.
     Government has been criticised for not accelerating delivery on key socio-
     economic matters. Currently, there have been protests, at times violent,
     at local level, where communities, like in Rustenburg, have accused their
     local government of failing to deliver on basic services such as eradicating
     the pit latrine system. Linked to this criticism, though has been that
     government is relinquishing its responsibilities by over-focussing on

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                   8 of 16
     consultation and planning as opposed to implementation and delivery.
     Further, when government has reacted favourably to this criticism by
     governing assertively, it has been accused by affected sectors as not
     consulting sufficiently. In other instances, when housing projects have
     been launched like in the Mpumalanga province, the communities have
     accused government of not consulting before launching the housing
     projects.

6.   More importantly though is the consequences of participatory democracy
     on broader civil society. Since the demise of apartheid there has been a
     fundamental decrease in funding for civil society organisations (CSOs).
     Whereas at the same time there has been greater responsibilities placed
     on civil society organisations to participate effectively in the structures as
     mentioned above. To be effective in these structures CSOs have to have
     research capacity, negotiation skills, and an innate understanding of
     legislation. In government‟s defence they have established a National
     Development Agency (NDA) tasked with primarily funding CSOs.
     However, the funds in the NDA are earmarked for programmes and not
     increasing internal capacity. Further, it has become increasingly apparent
     that those organisations which have a public advocacy strategy, i.e.
     marching and protesting in the streets or utilising the mass media against
     government policy, seem to be more readily funded by international
     funding organisations. For instance in the HIV and AIDS arena, strident
     critics appear to be better funded than organisations seeking to work in
     partnership with the government.

7.   A further deeper unintended consequence of participatory democracy is
     that representation on the structures that enhance participation like Ward
     Committees or IDP Forums become a primary objective for CSOs. In
     other words, an organisation deals with crime by focussing their energies
     on being elected into the Community Policing Forum. Competing for
     representation on these structures becomes a territorial bun-fight. This
     sharp competition is a clear indicator of these forums being perceived as
     stepping stones for a successful career. Quite often differences between
     various organisations at local level are the result of personal differences
     between personalities competing for the same position.

8.   Overall though, the main concern for SANCO is that social dialogue
     should not be measured by how many meetings and structures have been
     established. The productivity and success of social dialogue must be
     measured against the partnership existing between government and non-
     government actors in implementing social and economic policy. Outputs
     are not the sole indicators of effective social dialogue; the process should
     be flexible enough to include and reflect inputs from participants.

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                     9 of 16
9.    In South Africa‟s case, both government and civil society seem quite ill-
      equipped to work together to implement socio-economic policy.
      Participatory democracy hinges on government and broader society
      working together to implement policies. For SANCO this is not because
      of a lack of political will. Instead, the capacity of civil society to
      implement is found wanting, especially at local level and the government
      system, which devotes a lot of energy on planning and accountability, is
      not geared to easily accept volunteers.

10.   Realising that little over a decade ago, South African civil society was very
      adept at protesting against apartheid and the government was designed
      to oppress the majority of the people, it is therefore understandable that
      active partnership is difficult to arrive at.

11.   However, as successful as the civic movement was in making life
      uncomfortable for the apartheid government, the civic movement was as
      successful at substituting the government‟s role at local level. In the
      eighties in particular, the civics played the role as the police, ensured that
      there was access to electricity and water, provided road maintenance and
      refuse services, etc. In the post-1994 scenario, the emphasis has been
      more on representing community views in participatory structures and the
      onus has shifted on government to deliver.

12.   Recommendations

      It is SANCO‟s firm recommendation to the APRM and its Panel of Eminent
      Persons, as led by Prof. Adebayo Adedeji, participatory democracy should
      not be limited to consultation. Rather, the system must build in
      partnership and obligations for both government and civil society directly
      aimed at accelerating implementation and not just designing policy. This
      must occur without undermining government‟s overall responsibility and
      legitimate authority to implement and make decisions on policies it has
      adopted.      Civil society should accept the legitimate authority of
      government to govern and assisted in increasing its capacity to effectively
      participate in social dialogue forums and directly partner government in
      implementing policies. This must occur in the following ways:

             In order to implement the Growth and Development Summit
              (GDS) Agreement, CSOs party to the agreement must receive
              financial assistance. (See GDS Agreement);
             Government must facilitate an environment wherein international
              funding mechanisms, Official Development Assistance funds, and
              National Development Agency programmes are directed at

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                     10 of 16
               increasing the organising, research, and operational capacity of
               community organisations so as to serve effectively in the plethora
               of local consultation forums;
              CSOs must recognise the authority of government to govern, and
               consultation being an obligation which does not limit this
               authority; and
              Government must recognise that current legislation and policies
               and their successful implementation require a high-level of co-
               operation and activity by non-State actors, and therefore should
               assist them to increase their capacity.

(B)   FIGHTING CORRUPTION & SETTING HIGH MORAL STANDARDS

Corruption is endemic in all sectors of South African society. However, the
perception is that corruption is limited to public servants. The role of the private
sector is seldom mentioned. For corruption to be effectively tackled, high moral
standards should be entrenched.

1.    Throughout Africa there are far too many examples of countries whose
      development has been severely tested by large-scale corruption of
      meagre resources by various sectors. Corruption seriously endangers
      South Africa‟s ability to reach the Millennium Development Goals and
      create a society based on the principles of the Freedom Charter.

2.    However, for SANCO it is incorrect to limit the fight against corruption to
      the government sector. Tolerance or intolerance of corruption is directly
      based on the standards that a society sets for itself. Quite often these
      standards are based on local context like socio-economic issues. For
      example a battered car that is not roadworthy will be easily tolerated in a
      poor township, whereas it will be immediately pulled over by the police in
      an affluent suburb. The immediate objective must be to set universal
      standards that are applicable in all areas regardless of the social standing
      or economic status of the individual or area concerned.

3.    Good corporate governance has been viewed as the best practice to
      prevent corruption. Effective planning and suitable process must be
      followed to achieve good corporate governance and financial
      accountability. The main guideline for good corporate governance is the
      private sector initiative of the King II Report.         Government has
      mainstreamed the recommendations of the King II Report by passing
      legislation, in particular the Municipal Finance Management and the Public
      Finance Management Acts. However, the private sector has left it to each
      business to decide what elements of the King II Report to implement if
      any.

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                     11 of 16
4.   However, that effective planning and following suitable process also slows
     down implementation. The chances to cut corners are severely reduced.
     The fight against corruption cannot be an end in itself. Rather, the
     immediate objective must be the radical improvement of the quality of
     peoples‟ lives.    Policy implementation is a dynamic process which
     demands flexibility. A too flexible environment reduces control and is an
     opportunity for unjust and exploitative individuals to thrive at the expense
     of the broader community.

5.   Each community plays a crucial role in setting its moral standards. In our
     efforts to be a successful country, we are appointing role-models and
     determining what constitutes success. As communities we seem to prize
     material accumulation above all else. How the materialistic lifestyle is
     appropriated plays a distant secondary role. SANCO does not frown upon
     a successful person, even if that success is material success. The
     accumulation path must be one which emphasises hard work, healthy
     living, consideration for others, commitment to education and learning,
     respect for the law, creative thinking, and humility.

6.   The role of the media in highlighting corruption cannot be overstated. In
     our information age, the media plays a significant role in setting the
     agenda and confirming priorities. However, as SANCO we maintain that
     our media has played a limited and lack-lustre role in exposing corruption
     in society. Media reports has reinforced a perception that corruption
     exists in government and a few individuals within the private sector. It is
     SANCO‟s opinion that corruptions exists in South African society. And
     corruption is not limited to certain sectors but cuts across all sectors. The
     media itself is reluctant to report on itself and its own cases of corruption.
     Too often we have witnessed media reports based on personal
     connections and interests. As SANCO we are sceptical of the media‟s
     commitment to fighting corruption as opposed to selling their products.
     We recognise that SANCO‟s views can be regarded controversial. We
     provide two examples of where the South African media has exposed its
     limitations:

           Various cosmetic products that claim remedies for anti-wrinkling
            have been rejected by the British Advertising Standards Authority
            as being false. South African publications, some of which are
            international publications, continue to advertise these products, and
            we can only deduce that a fear for a loss of revenue is the main
            reason;
           Two prominent Sunday publications reported diametrically opposed
            versions of an alleged rape case involving a senior politician on the

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                    12 of 16
           same day. The following week, one newspaper retracted its
           version claiming that they were misled by their tried and tested
           sources. This seems to indicate that the South African public is
           presented with „facts‟ that the newspaper does not authenticate but
           bases its judgement on who said it.

7.   A consumer-wise society will assist us as South Africans to tackle
     corruption on an ongoing basis. Government has established a Consumer
     Council. Its capacity and popularity is not well-known. The Council must
     have greater authority to deal with more than consumer complaints. It
     should be empowered to focus on customer service and education, as well
     as have some level of regulatory authority.

8.   Recommendations

     In SANCO‟s estimation the South African private sector has to show
     greater resolve in fighting corruption within their ranks. To date we
     cannot record a situation where the private sector has undertaken
     initiatives to enhance moral standards, root out corruption, and whistle-
     blow on their institutions. Of equal concern is that the media is seen to
     be used by various protagonists depending on the nature of an issue. We
     must commend government on the stance it has taken and its efforts to
     root out corruption. But the governmental disciplinary procedures are
     time-consuming and at times confusing. CSOs have to play a more active
     role in setting higher moral standards and adherence or respect of the
     rule of law and government‟s authority within communities. The following
     actions should be undertaken:

                  The private sector organisations must indicate how the King
                   II Report will be followed by business in South Africa;
                  The media must undertake a transparent and inclusive
                   introspection and review of its role in South Africa;
                  Government must review the disciplinary processes so that
                   action can be swifter although not unfair;
                  The Consumer Council must be overhauled so that
                   representation is more effective and activities are aimed at
                   consumer education, consumer complaint, and customer
                   service and the Consumer Council must be granted greater
                   authority to deal with transgressors;
                  CSOs, in particular community organisations, and their
                   leaders must ensure that their personal moral motivation
                   and standards emphasise hard work, healthy living,
                   consideration for others, commitment to education and
                   learning, respect for the law, creative thinking, and humility.

SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                   13 of 16
(C)   SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS

Given that our members are residents in poor areas, the majority of which reside
in rural communities. This section focuses on their additional concerns that
require specific actions, such as infrastructure; roads, water and sanitation;
electricity; health; jobs and skills; housing; land; and the Constitution.

1.    The infrastructural backlog in South Africa is one of the most pressing
      challenges. This backlog transcends all social services within the country,
      ranging from health facilities, social development centres (including the
      provision of services for aged, children, disabled, etc), learning
      institutions, and so forth. The government has indicated its commitment
      to build more facilities. We call on the private sector to assist government
      in breaching this challenge. The private sector cannot only operate as a
      paid-contractor to build these facilities but it should also contribute
      towards the construction of these facilities. The private sector must make
      a conscious effort to reduce its cost when tendering to government. A
      reduction in costs would greatly minimise South Africa‟s infrastructural
      backlog.

2.    National and provincial government, as well as the National Roads Agency
      must directly assist local government in maintenance, upgrading, and
      constructing new local roads. This will also have to include the provision
      of suitable drainage systems.

3.    In terms of water and electricity, it is imperative that we recognise that
      South Africa is both a water and energy-scarce country. Therefore
      government, the parastatals and civil society must work in partnership to
      educate citizens on water and electricity conservation. It is imperative
      that as a country we begin using alternative energy sources.

4.    South Africa‟s health policy is commendable. But, mistrust between
      government, advocacy groups (especially HIV and AIDS organisations),
      professional medical bodies, and the pharmaceutical industry, has
      hampered the policy implementation.

5.    The promotion of healthy living is a key ingredient to a successful country.
      The mass media has embraced a medicines-based approach. We need as
      a country to promote healthy living, which must include issues of
      nutrition.  This must be promoted by all sectors, including the


SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                   14 of 16
      pharmaceutical industry and the media.       This approach should be
      recommended for both the healthy and the sick.

6.    As our economy grows it has become overwhelming apparent that skills
      and the development thereof is key in ensuring that the community
      directly benefits from the growth. The Growth and Development Summit
      Agreement has to be properly implemented for us to be successful in this
      regard.

7.    Provision of houses requires synergy and cooperation between amongst
      several sectors like the finance industry, insurance, banking, government,
      community structures, and citizens. The government has been somewhat
      successful in providing housing to low or no-income households. Banking
      criteria used to determine home loan qualification and value must be
      reviewed. Traditional middle-income areas have become increasingly
      unaffordable and inaccessible for current middle-income earners. SANCO
      recommends that the Housing Ministry leads all role-players into a single
      agreement on fast-tracking RDP housing, creating and integrating
      communities, ensuring middle-class housing, and rental stock.

8.    There is a need for widespread transformation in farming communities.
      We perceive the farmers and members of the farming community who are
      „middle-class‟ residents as recalcitrant and uncooperative who continue to
      marginalise farm-workers. It is imperative that the farming community
      take stock of itself. Private initiatives on land restitution would be greatly
      enhance relations between farm-workers, farmers and residents within
      farming communities.

9.    In peri-urban areas, communal land should benefit the entire community.
      Community projects, especially projects which benefit the entire
      community‟s needs would greatly assist. A project that would drive such
      a process is the cultivation of Community Food Gardens.

10.   As we enter our twelfth year of democracy we recognise our
      Constitutional is one of the most progressive and respected in the world.
      Equally though, it is important for us as South Africans to reinforce our
      democracy by strengthening our understanding, interpretation, and
      intentions of the Constitutional laws. SANCO proposes a Constitutional
      Review Process initiated by government. The Review Process must be
      educational, instructive and prescriptive.




SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                     15 of 16
4.      CONCLUSION

     It is with humility and solemn responsibility that the South African National
     Civic Organisation (SANCO) submits our collective views on South Africa to
     Prof. Adebayo Adedeji, the Leader of the South African Peer Review. We do
     not regard the APRM as a scorecard, but as an opportunity for us as South
     Africans to debate the type of future we want.

     We trust that our views would be regarded as that which is solely aimed at
     building on the foundation we have established since 1994 and radically
     improving on that foundation.




SANCO APRM SUBMISSION                                                   16 of 16

								
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