Estonia 2005 the first practice of Internet voting - PowerPoint by wzi17160

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									                  Strasbourg, 23 November
                  2006




        Estonia 2005
the first practice of Internet
            voting

                                 Epp Maaten
                  Councillor of the Elections
                                  Department
                 Chancellery of the Riigikogu
        Why Internet-voting?
• To provide additional channel for voting,
raising thereby voting activity

• To use the existing infrastructure more
efficiently:
   - eID cards enable secure online-
   authentication
   - the use of digital channels is steadily
   widening

• Political agreement to introduce Internet
   Voters’ authentication with
            ID-cards
• Compulsory
  for all residents

• Contains:
  – Personal data file
  – Certificate for authentication
  – Certificate for digital signature
        First Internet voting
• In October 2005 Estonia had the
  first
  pan-national
  Internet Voting
  with binding results

• 80% of voters had a chance to vote via
  Internet
• 1% of voters used that possibility
To vote via Internet voter needs:

•   an Estonian ID card
    with valid certificates
    and PIN codes


Computer used for voting must have:

•   a smart card reader
•   a driver for ID card (free to download from page
    www.id.ee/installer)
                 Statistics
E-votes given                             9681
    incl repeated votes                        364
    incl e-votes cancelled   by paper ballot
       30

E-votes counted                            9287
E-vote turnout (e-votes/votes)                       ~2
%

Advance votes among all votes                        24
%
E-votes among advance votes                     8%

Voters using the ID card
Subjective reasons for not using e-
              voting
             absurd, useless,
                impossible
                                     1,9


                        other        2,2




                                                                                     % of respondents
         lack of trust, doubts        3,2


     loss of traditions, human
                                       4,2
         contacts needed


    current system sufficient,
                                                       21,4
         habits, simplicity


    technological complexity,
                                                                                   67,1
           no access


                                 0           10   20          30   40    50   60   70


A.H. Trechsel, F. Breuer, E-Voting in the 2005 local elections in Estonia,
http://www.ega.ee/public/Trechsel_17.02.2006.ppt
Subjective reasons for choosing e-
              voting
                security can be
                  guaranteed
                                     0,3

        costs: less expensive,
            saving of time
                                     0,3




                                                                                   % of respondents
          innovation; modernity      0,3

      better accessibility for all
               people
                                           5,1

       interest, w ish to try out
           the new method
                                                 18,8

             convenience:
         spped/practical/simple
                                                                             75,2

                                     0           20      40             60    80


A.H. Trechsel, F. Breuer, E-Voting in the 2005 local elections in Estonia,
http://www.ega.ee/public/Trechsel_17.02.2006.ppt
 Electronic re-vote and the priority
        of traditional voting

 Repeated e-voting is allowed - only last e-ballot
  is counted

 Manual re-voting is allowed - e-vote will be
  cancelled


Re-voting is allowed during advance voting period.
 Decision of the Supreme Court of
    Estonia on Internet voting
• The possibility to change one’s electronic vote is a
  supplementary guarantee the freedom of
  elections and secrecy of voting upon electronic
  voting.

• The possibility of electronic voters to change their
  votes for unlimited number of times can be
  regarded as the infringement of the right to
  equality and of uniformity of election, but this
  infringement is not sufficiently intensive to
  overweigh the aim of increasing the participation
  in elections and intro-ducing new technological
               Conclusions
• Internet voting is just an additional way of voting.
  It widens accessibility.

• It takes time to change voters’ habits and
  attitudes and to increase the turnout.

• Internet voting brings people closer to the
  information society.

• Integrated functioning of public sector IT
  systems raises the cost-efficiency.

• Internet voting is there to stay.
        Further information

Homepage of Estonian National Electoral Committee:

      http://www.vvk.ee/engindex.html

								
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