Environmental technology - Norway by wvd19763

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									     Environmental technology -
     Norway
    Experience from governmental instruments




www.miljoteknologi.no
Statoil and Shell
                    2
                                                                3




Innovation policy - Norway
• Ministry of trade and industry, 2003: Plan for a
  Comprehensive Innovation Policy:

• Norway shall be one of the most innovative countries in the
  world, where resourceful and creative enterprises and
  people are given opportunities for developing profitable
  business. Norway shall be in the lead internationally in
  important areas, in terms of knowledge, technology and
  wealth creation
                                                              4




The environmental technology project –
Pollution control Authority (SFT)
• White paper Ministry of Environment (ME) 2004: SFT -
  “Make Norway become an Environmental technology
  nation”
     - Win-win – employment and environmental effects
• SFT-project - reports 2005/2006:
     - Governmental activities for Environmental technology
       (ET) – historical view/evaluation
     - Drivers and barriers
     - Instruments/efforts
     www.miljoteknologi.no
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          The SFT project



    2005             2006                             2007
COLLECT           PROPOSE          ACCEPTED         MAKE
  INFO            CHANGE           “our” job       CAHNGE
- Mapping and     In cooperation                    Permanent
analysis            with stake-                    organizing of
- Dialogue with    holders pro-    ACCEPTED        priority tasks
stakeholders           pose        we contribute    to promote
 - “Learning by    measures to                     development
     doing”          promote                          and use
                   development
                      and use
          Public research and innovations                                         6

          instruments targeting environmental
          technology (ET)
                                                      Skattefunn, NFR
General                               Brukerstyrt innovasjonsarena
                                                 Forny, NFR
                                         Verdikt/Nanomat/Fuge, NFR
                                                            IN
                                                    ENOVA/GASSNOVA
                TREND
                                         Grants. Institutes, NFR
                            Norviron, Exsp.council Renergi, NFR
                            Ekspomil, NFR
                                                      CLIMIT, NFR
       Guaranties, ME                Environm.-
               ET-grants, SFT        fund, ME/IN
Exclusively                                                                 ET-proj.

 target ET ET-progr. + FORFOR + Normil, NFR
                                                                            SFT




               1990                 1996                                  2005
                       Source: Tor-Petter Johnsen (2005) www.miljoteknologi.no
                                                       7




Eksperience from instrument exclusively targeting ET
1988-2004 (1,2 bill. NOK):

Effects for institutes, researchers ao.:
         • Increased level of knowledge
         • Integration in higher education
         • Strengthen contact with industry
         • International competitiveness
         • Solid basis for future
                                                             8




Experience from instrument exclusively targeting ET
1988-2004 (1,2 bill. NOK):

Industrial effects:
     - No ”locomotives”
     - A few successes
          • Water/waste treatment, surveillance systems,,
     - Many disappointed stakeholders
          • Low demand
          • Reduced public ambitions
              - Nitrogen removing, polluted soil/sediments
                                                      9




Barrieres:

• Lack of demand
     - Functionality
     - Risks
     - Are the costumers environmentally conscious?
• Environmental regulation can be barriers
     - Only national
     - In conflict with other regulations or goals
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Driving forses:

• Companies invest in R&D to maintain and strengthen
  competitiveness
• For environmental technologies, regulations are more
  significant drivers than traditional market mechanisms
• But regulations must be well adapted to business needs
     - Timing: development of new technologies takes time
     - Costs
     - National and international regulations
     - Dialogue between government and industry/business
                                                            11




Recommendations:
• Improve our(SFTs) technology expertise, and get involved in
  policy development outside our immediate area of
  responsibility
• Integrate the development of environmental technologies in
  policy development for each governmental sector
• New economic incentives should be integrated in existing
  financial instruments through increased budgets and focus on
  users’ needs
• Better co-ordination of financial and regulatory instruments
  among governmental agencies, e.g. “saksbehandlerutvalget”
• Aim for “fine tuning” of instruments – not one-sided focus on
  supply or demand sides instruments
• Learn from experiences with oil/fish export – how to get into
  export markets - marketing
                Fig dev. from Rejeski 2003:

                                                                         12




            Technology research is important for the
            environment – developing new ET
Potential
for avoiding                                                    Environmental
environmental                                                     damage
damage




                     Research          Dev./Design Production Consume/waste



                  Reduced opportunities for influence
ScanWafer   13

								
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