THE THYROID MUCEDOKEHL ADREnALS PAnCREAS THE THYMUS PSYCHOLOgY
- THE BODY’S - TREATMEnT THE STRESS - DIgESTIOn - THE MASTER Of THE
InSIDE THIS THERMOSTAT Of CHROnIC REgULATORS MODULATOR IMMUnE CHAKRAS
ISSUE: DISEASE gLAnD
Page 6 Page 9 Page 11 Page 14 Page 16 Page 17
The endocrine SySTem
A hormonAl Symphony in The humAn Body
The endocrine system is a complex network of glands that regulates a broad range of physiologi-
cal functions in the human body. The glands in the endocrine system are intricately interconnected and
respond to stimulus from one another through a system of responses and negative feedback patterns by
means of glandular secretions. Owing to its complexity, the endocrine system can be the cause of many
patient challenges for health care practitioners.
This issue of Biomed Report provides insight into the workings of the endocrine system; first through a general
overview of the various components of the system and then through more detailed discussions of particular
health conditions and associated treatment regimes for specific endocrine organs. Also provided is an article
titled: “What is the meaning of the chakras in respect to psychology?” which examines the importance of
considering endocrine glands from a psychoenergetic perspective.
underSTAnding The endocrine SySTem
The Endocrine system is an intricate network of glands that include: the heart, stomach, liver, duodenum, kidney, adipose
secrete hormones and creates the vast information signalling tissue and the skin. Throughout this report, the focus will be on
system that is integral to health and well being. These hor- the endocrine glands.
mones act as chemical messengers that get secreted into the
bloodstream and thus influence and regulate a variety of Hormones, chemical messengers that carry a signal from the
bodily functions including: metabolism, tissue function, mood, secreting gland via the blood to the designated targeted cell
reproduction, growth and development. receptor site, are key to the efficient functioning of the endocrine
system. There are three categories of endocrine hormones:
All multi-cellular animals produce hormones, with humans • peptide-based hormones (the most common) are made from
producing over fifty different hormones. The glands of the short chain amino acids including insulin and thyroid-
endocrine system include: the hypothalamus, pineal, pituitary, releasing hormone
thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, pancreas, adrenals, ovaries and • steroid-based hormones from lipids, such as testosterone
testes (see figure 1). Other organs that secrete hormones and cortisol
uPcomING teleweb oN SANum theRAPy
GettING to the coRe oF heAlth wIth ISoPAthIc theRAPy
presented by Dr. craig wagstaff, ND
ce credits April 16 - 8:00 Pm eASteRN/5:00 Pm PAcIFIc
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• amine-based hormones derived from the amino acids tyrosine • the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis
such as thyroxine (otherwise know as T4) and tryptophan, • the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis
respectively. • the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis.
The secretion of glandular hormones operates in a chain reac- The individual endocrine glands
tion like response, as an involuntary negative feedback system
responding to the intricate interconnection between the glands Although interrelated, the glands in the endocrine system each
in the endocrine system (see figure 2). for example: when ex- plays its own distinct role within the body. A description of each
posed to cold temperatures, the hypothalamus acts to secrete of the endocrine glands follows, whereas Table 1 (starting on
thyrotropin-releasing hormone, which stimulates the anterior pi- page 3) summarizes these glands in terms of the hormones pro-
tuitary to secrete thyrotrophin (or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone duced and their associated functions.
[TSH]), which in turn stimulates the thyroid to secrete thyroxin,
which increases the body’s rate of cellular metabolism causing
an increase in body temperature. In a healthy individual this
stimulated reaction to cold is only reversed via a negative feed- Located just above the brain stem, the hypothalamus coordi-
back loop, when sufficient levels of thyroxin are circulating in the nates complex patterns of neuroendocrine outputs, hormonal
blood causing the anterior pituitary to stop secreting TSH. and behavioural circadian rhythms, intricate homeostatic mech-
anisms and other important behaviours. In response to input
In regulating physiological activity, the glands in the endocrine from the central nervous system the hypothalamus synthesizes
system operate in a hierarchical manner with the hypothalamus and secretes specific hormones, often called the hypothalamic-
being the central controller and the pituitary the master gland. releasing hormones, through a portal system directly linked to
In many respects, the endocrine system operates similarly to a the pituitary. This action provides instructions to the pituitary
symphony with several glands working both alone and together gland to either stimulates or stop secreting pituitary hormones,
to essentially affect the whole system and orchestrate the bodily which in turn manage the other glands. Table 1 identifies the
functions. This hierarchal system of glands is organized along hormones excreted by the hypothalamus and their purpose.
three different configurations (or axis):
As the main coordinator of the endocrine system, the hypothala-
mus influences many bodily functions, including: governing emo-
tional behaviour, like anger; maintaining homeostasis, through
the regulation of blood pressure, heart rate and temperature;
influencing the maturation of the sexual organs; directly influenc-
ing reproduction; and supporting the body’s circadian rhythms.
Although part of the endocrine system, the pineal gland is unique
in that it receives information from the nervous system and trans-
lates it into hormonal output - melatonin. The pineal is guided by
external cues such and light and temperature as well as emotions.
Since darkness stimulates the production of melatonin and light
inhibits its production (via the photosensitive cells in the retina),
melatonin both influences our 24-hour biological clock and plays
a role in regulating sleep patterns, mood, and seasonal rhythms.
Melatonin levels peaks around midnight. Therefore, the best strat-
egy in preserving one’s melatonin reserves is to sleep in a dark-
ened room and not turn on a light if awaken during the night.
Located below the brain stem, the pituitary is considered the
master gland. It receives hormonal information directly from the
hypothalamus and based on this information secretes its own
set of instructive hormones to the other endocrine glands. The
pituitary acts as the conductor of the endocrine orchestra
where it gives direction to the other endocrine glands as to the
appropriate responses needed to maintain bodily functions.
figure 1: The endocrine glands in relation The pituitary consists of two parts - the anterior pituitary and the
to other organs in the body. posterior pituitary.
... continued on page 4
Table 1 - endocrine gland hormones & Their Functions
hyPothAlAmuS PoSteRIoR PItuItARy
Hormone function Contraction of cervix and vagina,
Releases thyroid-stimulating hor- Oxytocin circadian homeostatis, release of
Thyrotropin-releasing mone from anterior pituitary breast milk, involved in orgasm
hormone (TRH) Stimulate prolactin release from
gonadotrophin- Release of follicle-stimulating
releasing hormone hormone and luteinizing hormone Thyroid hormone, increase basal
(gnRH) from the anterior pituitary Thiiodothyronine (T3) metabolic rate and affects protein
growth hormone- synthesis
Release of growth hormone from
releasing hormone Less active form of thyroid hor-
the anterior pituitary
(gHRH) Thyroxine (T4) or tet- mone and functions as a precursor
Release of adrenocorticotropic raiodothyronine to T3, increase basal metabolic
hormone (ACTH) from the anterior rate and affects protein synthesis
ing hormone (CRH)
Release of adrenocorticotropic Constructs bone and reduces
Vasopressin hormone (ACTH) from the anterior blood calcium levels
Somatostatin (or Inhibits the release of growth
growth hormone-in- hormone and thyroid-stimulating Increase blood calcium levels,
hibiting hormone) hormone from anterior pituitary stimulates osteoclasts, reabsorp-
Parathyroid hormone tion of calcium in kidneys, acti-
Prolactin-releasing Release prolactin from anterior
(PTH) vates vitamin D, slight decrease
hormone (PRH) pituitary
of blood phosphate levels and
Prolactin-inhibiting Inhibits release of prolactin and decreased uptake by kidneys
hormone (PIH, thyroid-stimulating hormone from
or Dopamine DA) anterior pituitary PANcReAS
Intake of glucose from blood,
PINeAl Insulin glycogenesis and glycolysis in liver
Melatonin Regulate the sleep-wake cycle and muscle
Increase blood glucose levels,
ANteRIoR PItuItARy glucagon glycogenolysis and gluconeogen-
Stimulates growth and cell esis in liver
reproduction Inhibit release of insulin and
growth hormone (gH)
Release insulin-like growth factor Somatostatin glucagon, suppress exocrine
from liver secretions in pancreas
Milk production in mammary Pancreatic polypeptide unknown
glands and sexual gratification
... Table 1 continues on page 4
Synthesis of corticosteriods in
hormone (ACTH) or figure 2
Lipolysis and steroidogenesis
Lipotrophin Stimulates melanocytes to produce
Thyroid-stimulating Stimulates thyroid gland to secrete
hormone (TSH) or thyroxine (T4) and thiiodothyronine
females: stimulates maturation of
graafian follicles in ovary
enhances production of androgen-
binding protein by the testes
females: ovulation In a negative feedback system, gland A secretes hormone A (first step)
Males: stimulates Leydig cell for that stimulates gland B to release its hormone; the hormone from gland B
production of testosterone (second step) inhibits the action of gland A.
Table 1 continued from page 3....
ADReNAl coRtex ovARIeS
Stimulation of gluconeogenesis, Supports pregnancy and
inhibit glucose uptake in muscle & Progesterone
adipose tissue, stimulation of fat
(mainly cortisol) Androstenedione Substrate for estrogen
breakdown in adipose tissue, anti-
inflammatory, immunosuppressive fluid balance, promotion of female
secondary sex characteristics,
Estrogen (mainly cancer (breast cancers) influences
Increase blood volume by reabsorp-
Mineralocorticoids estradiol) protein synthesis, coagulation,
tion of sodium in kidneys, potassium
(mainly aldosterone) increase of cholesterol in bile,
and hydrogen secretion in kidney
melanin, and lung function
ADReNAl meDullA teSteS
Hormone function Hormone function
Androgens (mainly Maturation of sex organs, changes
Adrenaline (mainly flight or fight response by increas-
testosterone) during puberty
epinephrine) ing heart rate and vasodilation
Estradiol Prevents apoptsis of germ cells
flight or fight response by increas- Inhibin Inhibits fSH production
ing heart rate, blood pressure and
Refer to “The Thyroid – The Body’s Internal Thermostat” on page
Increase blood pressure and heart 6 for information of health conditions related to the thyroid and
rate parathyroid glands and means of addressing these conditions.
Enkephalin Regulate pain
continued from page 2.... The Thymus
The anterior pituitary helps control many bodily processes such
The thymus gland, located behind the sternum and below the
as growth, pregnancy and childbirth, breast milk production,
thyroid is associated with both the immune and endocrine sys-
sexual organ function in both sexes, thyroid gland function and
tems. The main function of the thymus is to produce T-lym-
metabolism. These functions are made possible through the
phocytes, which are then secreted in order to protect the body
secretion of the following hormones: growth hormone, prolac-
from invading microorganisms such as bacteria, parasites and
tin, adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotrophin), lipotrophin,
viruses. In this way it plays a key role in the maintenance of the
thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotrophin), follicle-stimulating
body’s cellular immunity.
hormone and luteinizing hormone.
The posterior pituitary stores hormones received from the Refer to the article title “Thymus gland – Master gland of the
hypothalamus such as vasopressin (an antidiuretic hormone) Immune System” on page 16 of this Biomed Report for informa-
that controls the body’s blood pressure and water balance tion of the thyroid gland, health conditions related this gland
and secretes oxytocin in women, which stimulates uterine and means of addressing these conditions.
contractions during childbirth.
The Thyroid and parathyroid The pancreas
The pancreas located below the stomach is a multi-faceted gland
The thyroid gland, the largest endocrine gland in the body,
that plays a vital role in the digestion of food. In addition to se-
is located in the neck inferior in the region of the Adam’s
creting digestive enzymes like amylase, lipase and protease into
apple. It controls the body’s metabolic rate, influences growth and
the duodenum, the pancreas also secretes the hormones insulin
development, and regulates calcium levels. This is all made
and glucagon. These latter two hormones work in concert with
possible through the hormone TSH, secreted by the anterior
the body’s blood sugar levels - insulin is secreted in response
pituitary, which converts thyroxine to the T3 and T4 thyroid
to high glucose levels in the blood and glucagon is secreted in
hormones that ultimately regulate metabolism and body
response to low blood glucose concentrations.
temperature. Calcitonin is also secreted by the thyroid gland
and is responsible for reducing blood-calcium levels when they Diabetes mellitus (Type II diabetes) is an example of pancreas
become too high. dysfunction, where the insulin is either ineffective or absent,
causing very high blood sugar levels.
The parathyroid gland is associated with the thyroid gland and is
the most important regulator of blood calcium levels. In the event for additional information on the pancreas, refer to the article
of low blood calcium levels the parathyroid secretes parathyroid title “The Pancreas - The Key gland for Both glucose Balancing
hormone (parathormone) causing calcium levels to increase. and Digestion” on page 14 of this Biomed report.
The Adrenals pregnancy. Combined these two hormones are responsible for
the uterine changes associated with the female menstrual cycle.
The suprarenal, or adrenal glands, are perched atop the kid-
neys and are divided into two parts - the outer cortex and the The chief male sex hormone testosterone is responsible for: the
inner medulla. The hypothalamus exerts differing influences on enlargement of the larynx (accompanied by voice changes),
the cortex and the medulla. The adrenal cortex is regulated by body hair growth and distribution, elevated male sexual drive
a negative feedback system with adrenocorticotropic hormone and increased skeletal and muscular growth.
(ACTH), whereas the medulla is controlled by nerve impulses
from the hypothalamus.
The role of the endocrine System in disease
Three types of steroid hormones are produced and secreted by
Different diseases and disorders of the endocrine system are
the adrenal cortex:
common, with diabetes mellitus and thyroid conditions being
two such conditions that are prevalent within our society. In an
• mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) assist in maintaining blood
over-simplified view, these disorders are a direct result of either
pressure by balancing sodium, potassium and fluid levels
overproduction or underproduction of certain types of hormones
• glucocorticoids (principally cortisol) support maintenance of
or a result of a non-functioning receptor site that causes the tar-
blood pressure, decrease the inflammatory response, regu-
get cells to become insensitive to hormones. More specifically,
late the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats and
conditions affecting the endocrine system are characterized by:
influences the body’s blood sugar level
a dysregulated hormonal release pattern, a lack of or destruc-
• gonadocorticoids (or sex hormones) are secreted by the
tion of a gland as with diabetes mellitus Type I, a structural en-
adrenal cortex in small amounts in the form of androgen
largement as in cases of goiter, an inappropriate response to
(male hormones) and estrogen (female hormone).
signalling (e.g. hypothyroidism) and finally, either a hyper- or
hypofunction of the glands.
In the case of the adrenal medulla, the main type of hormone
produced and secreted is epinephrine (adrenaline), which re-
sponds to reactions by the sympathetic nervous system to stress- Since each endocrine gland plays a distinct role in the body,
ful situations (e.g. fight or flight response). understanding how the entire endocrine system works allows
for treatment of endocrine disorders to become more apparent.
for further information on the adrenal gland, please refer to the Common treatment for endocrine gland disorders often involves
article title “Adrenals - The Stress Regulators” on page 11 of this hormonal therapy, whether it is synthetic or naturally occurring.
Biomed Report. However, since this system is so interrelated, one must consider
further options to support both the gland affected and the en-
tire endocrine system with such treatments options as: nutritional
The gonads (ovaries and Testes) support, homeopathic and herbal remedies for drainage and
The ovaries and the testes are the endocrine glands responsible organ and glandular support and/or lifestyle management tech-
for the secretion of the female and male sex hormones, respec- niques to address stressors and fatigue symptoms.
tively. These hormones are responsible for the maturation and
development of the reproductive organs. In conclusion, endocrine hormones are more than just sets of
small molecules and polypeptides that serve to coordinate the
The female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. Es- cells’ individual biological activity within the organism. Through
trogen promotes the development of the breasts and distribu- a cascade of signalling and secreting chemical messages, the
tion of fat found in the hips, legs and breasts. Progesterone is endocrine system presides over essential functions and allows us
responsible for the uterine lining thickening in preparation for to truly appreciate the complexity of the human body.
AnXIOVITA® • nEUROVITA® • SIMVITA® • PARAVITA®
The Thyroid – The Body’S inTernAl ThermoSTAT
The thyroid is the body’s internal thermostat, regulating tem- • Constipation
perature by secreting two hormones that control how quickly • Muscular weakness and constant fatigue
the body burns calories and uses energy. If the body secretes • Slower heart rate
too much hormone, hyperthyroidism results; too little hormone • Sensitivity to cold
results in hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is the more common • Coarse and dry hair
of the two conditions. In the US alone it is now estimated that • Dry, scaly skin
over 15 million people are affected-ninety percent of whom • Depression
are women. The most prone demographic group seems to be • goiter
woman aged 30 to 50. The Thyroid foundation of Canada es-
timates that about 12% of the female population will experience Hyperthyroidism
a thyroid condition at some point in their life. Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
• Increased metabolism
The thyroid’s critical role in regulating the body’s metabolism • Weight loss in spite of increased appetite
and other body function means that when it is not functioning • Restlessness, anxiety and sleeplessness
properly the consequences can be serious and in some cases • Profuse sweating and heat intolerance
even life threatening. for these reasons, maintaining and re- • Diarrhea
storing the healthy function of this gland is important to over- • Bulging eyes
all health. Many factors in the internal environment, including • High Blood Pressure
autoimmune conditions, as well as exogenous substances can • feeling agitated or nervous
influence thyroid health. In the case of thyroid dysfunction, a
patient will typically exhibit a range of distinctive symptoms.
Symptoms of Thyroid disease There are different causes of hyperthyroidism with graves’ dis-
ease being the most common. This condition occurs when the
Each person’s experience with thyroid illness differs. Depending immune system produces an antibody that stimulates the entire
on a number of factors, a patient will not necessarily have all thyroid gland; this leads to over activity and higher levels of thy-
the following symptoms. Some thyroid disorders develop very roid hormones. graves’ disease may be evident by a bulge in
gradually. Since symptoms may not be easily recognized at first, the neck (goiter) caused by an enlarged thyroid gland and extra
subtle reactions in emotions or behaviour may be the only visible bulgy eyes.
signs of a thyroid disorder in the beginning stages. By observ-
ing and reviewing symptoms, the trained practitioner should be Another form of hyperthyroidism is called toxic nodular goiter or
able to determine which of two categories of thyroid imbalance toxic thyroid adenoma. Adenomas, abnormal nodules of tissue
the patient is experiencing. In either case medical intervention in the thyroid, constantly produce thyroid hormones even when
is recommended. they are not needed.
Hypothyroidism Secondary hyperthyroidism is caused when the pituitary gland
Some of the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism include: makes too much TSH, leading to constant stimulation of the
• Decreased metabolism thyroid gland. A pituitary tumour may cause TSH levels to rise.
• Weight gain More rarely, the pituitary gland becomes insensitive to thyroid
hormones, no longer responding to high levels. Another pos-
sible cause of hyperthyroidism is a condition called thyroiditis.
This condition occurs when the thyroid gland becomes inflamed.
Depending on the type of thyroiditis, this may lead to either hy-
per- or hypothyroidism.
There can be many causes of hypothyroidism and it comes in
various forms, yet it is generally grouped in two classifications:
primary and secondary hypothyroidism.
• Primary hypothyroidism refers to a malfunctioning of the gland
itself, caused by an imbalance of thyroid hormones, which in
turn can throw off the body’s metabolic control mechanism
and other body functions (e.g. Hashimoto’s thyroitis).
• Secondary hypothyroidism occurs when the cause of thyroid
figure 3: The thyroid and parathyroid glands dysfunction originates from beyond the thyroid itself.
In order to function properly, the thyroid is reliant on the other out and that thyroid hormone levels are clearly shown to be be-
glands in the endocrine system to also be working optimally. As low the normal range. Also, patients must have symptoms and
described in an earlier article, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid signs of hypothyroidism.
axis (HPT axis for short) is a system that governs communication
between these glands. This interconnection between glands, is Desiccated thyroid (not permitted for use in Canada without a
one reasons why attempts to correct an improperly functioning prescription) is a drug prepared from dried porcine thyroid. It has
thyroid may sometimes not completely resolve a patient’s health used by some doctors and holistic practitioners, who claim that it
situation. resolves symptoms better than synthetics in some patients.
diagnosing Thyroid dysfunction
Thyroid conditions are diagnosed through laboratory tests and ™
a physical exam. Laboratory tests usually measure levels of TSH
and thyroid hormones. Another method called a functional
stimulation test can be used to determine whether the pituitary
and thyroid glands are the source of medical symptoms. Ultra-
sounds and thyroid scans allow for visual examination of the
A favourite well balanced
thyroid gland or of nodules. formula for thyroid support
The most important uses of laboratory tests are:
• to confirm the clinical diagnosis of thyroid disease;
• to monitor patients with thyroid disease who have been
• to select, for removal by the surgeon, those single nodules
which may be malignant.
Treatment of Thyroid conditions
Hyperthyroidism: The usual treatment for hyperthyroidism is
thyroid hormone replacement therapy. With this treatment, syn-
thetic thyroid hormone is taken by mouth to replace the missing
thyroid hormone. Treatment is usually life long. Hyperthyroidism
can also be treated with iodine (including radioactive iodine),
antithyroid medications or surgery.
Larger doses of regular iodine, which does not destroy the thyroid
gland, help block the release of thyroid hormones. It is used for
the emergency treatment of thyroid storm, and to reduce the ex-
cess production of thyroid hormones before surgery. Antithyroid
Suitable for treating conditions related
medications (propylthiouracil or methimazole) can bring hyper- to thyroid dysfunction, including chronic
thyroidism under control, but may cause side effects including fatigue, difficulty losing weight, menstrual
skin rashes, nausea, loss of taste sensation, and, very rarely, a dysfunction, depression, sensitivity to
decrease of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
cold and recurrent infections.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland (or thyroidectomy) is fre-
quently turned to in conventional medicine if there are cancerous medicinal Ingredients:
nodules; if a non-cancerous nodule is causing problems breath-
ing or swallowing; if the person cannot take radioactive iodine
Each capsule contains:
or antithyroid medications, or if these do not work; or if a nodule L-tyrosine ............................................ 200 mg
that contains fluid continues to cause problems. Removing the Iodine ................................................ 100 µg
thyroid gland leads to hyperthyroidism, which must then be treat- Selenium ........................................... 100 µg
ed with thyroid hormone therapy for the rest of a person’s life. Protein hydrolysate .............................. 150 mg
Pituitary ............................................... 10 mg
Hypothyroidism: Conventional treatment of hypothyroidism
is to take thyroid hormone replacement. in the form of thyroxine
Zinc .................................................... 10 mg
(“eltroxin” or “synthroid”), a synthetic hormone. Treatment with Recommended Dosage: Take one capsule
thyroid hormone should always be continued for life. Many pa- two times a day or as directed by a practitioner.
tients are given thyroxine for the wrong reasons (e.g. obesity or Monograph available upon request or may be viewed or
tiredness). Therefore, it is essential that blood tests are carried downloaded at www.biomedicine.com.
nutritional Support for the Thyroid natural Health Products: Certain naturally substances
have been identified and shown to be helpful in maintain-
faced with the prospect of having to take thyroid medication ing or restoring healthy thyroid function. Examples: iodine,
for the rest of their life or not wanting to take prescriptive medi- selenium, zinc and the amino acid tyrosine.
cations, many individuals seek alternative natural treatment
options for thyroid maintenance or assistance in rebalancing a Sixty percent of the body’s iodine is stored in the thyroid gland
dysfunction thyroid. and used in the conversion of thyroxine. In fact, the only func-
tion iodine serves in the body is thyroid hormone production.
Diet: In regards to diet, some foods are more beneficial than Consequently, supplementation with iodine is important in over-
others. Choosing food that don’t interfere with thyroid function, coming thyroid deficiency.
but will support thyroid balance is very important.
Selenium is responsible for the conversion of T4 and T3 in the
for as underactive thyroid, one should eat a moderate amount liver and kidneys Studies have shown that selenium deficiency
of foods that are high in iodine, such as sea vegetables, fish; can lead to hypothyroidism and selenium supplementation is
foods rich in protein to supply tyrosine; foods that are high in the beneficial in normalizing TSH levels. It is worth noting that de-
B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, beta carotene and the minerals pleted mineralization of our soils, resulting in a 90% reduction in
calcium, selenium, and zinc. An appropriate diet should limit selenium over the past 100 years, may be a contributing factor to
the amount of cruciferous vegetables (e.g. cabbage, brocolli) as the increased insidence of thyroid conditions in society today and
these are known goitrogenic food. points to the importance of supplementation with trace minerals.
for an overactive thyroid moderate amounts of raw cruciferous Zinc supports healthy thyroid function as it stimulates the secre-
vegetables will help to limit the production of thyroid hormones. tion of TSH. The amino-acid L-tryosine is a direct precursor
Diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, as a source of to thyroxine and has been found to assist in optimizing thyroid
antioxidants and vitamin C and adequate amounts of protein. hormone levels and supplementation with L-tryosine can assist a
sluggish thyroid. Supplementation with glandular extracts (such
as pituitary extract) can also support thyroid function by helping
to regulate the production of TSH. Protein hyrolysate can also
™ be beneficial by increasing plasma thyroxine concentration.
Biothy™, a well balanced formula specifically targeted at thyroid
support, has gained wide acceptance by health care practitioners.
combination homeopathic assists It is a combination of the amino acid L-tyrosine, trace minerals
in regulating, modifying and (iodine, selenium and zinc) and protein and glandulars arranged
to achieve the optimal efficacy. It has proven to be beneficial in
supporting thyroid activity addressing both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Acts as a tonic for the thyroid gland in Lycopus™, a combination formulation from nestmann Pharma
addressing symptoms of thyroid dysfunction. contains botanicals and nutrients (in homeopathic dilutions)
which assist in regulating, modifying and supporting thyroid ac-
tivity. It acts as a tonic for the thyroid gland and addresses a
medicinal Ingredients: wide range of symptoms secondary to thyroid dysfunction. In
Lycopus virginicus D1 .............. 12.0 g cases of hyperthyroid low dosage (5-8 drops tid) will be effective.
for hypothyroid higher dosage (15-25 drops tid) is needed.
Badiaga D2 .............................. 0.5 g
Calcarea phosphorica D8 ........ 15.6 g Mucedokehl, a SAnUM fungal remedy is recognized for its ef-
Chininum arsenicosum D6 ..... 12.25 g fectiveness in addressing regulatory dysfunctions and increasing
Lophophytum leandri D6 ........ 12.25 g microcirculation to the endocrine glands and especially support
for thyroid function disturbances. Refer to the article opposite
Magnesia phosphorica D8 ....... 15.6 g
titled: “MUCEDOKEHL - An Important Homeopathic “Door
Spongia tosta D1 ...................... 0.6 g Opener” for the Treatment of Chronic Diseases” for additional
information and a protocol for use of this remedy.
Take five drops to one teaspoon three In that the thyroid plays such an important role in balancing
times daily. When improvement shows, the body’s metobolism, including the sympathetic and parasym-
take one drop daily or to be used on the pathetic nervous systems, the Rubimed remedies Simvita® (for
advice of a practitioner. parasympathic conditions) and Paravita® (for parasympathetic
conditions) can also have a role to play in addressing thyroid
for further details refer to Compendium health. Refer to the article titled: Autonomic Regulation – the
or visit www.biomedicine.com. key to any holistic treatment” in the fall 2007 issue of Biomed
Report for more details on these systems and remedies.
mucedoKehl - An imporTAnT homeopAThic “door
opener” For The TreATmenT oF chronic diSeASeS
by Dr. Peter Schneider, MD (germany)
Reproduced with permission of Semmelweis-Institut gmbH The limbic system thus plays a central role in the development
and treatment of disorders. According to J. Schleimer (“Home-
opathy and Psychotherapy”), naturheilpraxis 7, 2002, pgs. 964-
The use of mucor mucedo in homeopathy 969), however, changes first appear in the organs originating
Mucor mucedo - the substance of MUCEDOKEHL - was intro- from the endoderm (i.e. the intestines), before occurring in the
duced in homoeopathy in 1955 by the french physician Pommier mesodermal and, finally, the ectodermal organs. This process is
de Santi. He diagnosed the general symptoms as neurovegeta- referred to as “inaffinimentation” and has a central role in the
tive dystonia, weakness, weightloss, anaemia, decalcification in development of chronic psychiatric disorders.
conjunction with phosphaturia and dryness of hair and nails. The
symptoms increase in spring and fall and improve after a longer
stay at the seaside (O. A. Julian: “Treatise on Dynamised Micro-
Immunotherapy”, 2nd edition, B. Jain Publishers (P) Ltd., new
Delhi, 1985; H. Korner: „Therapeutische Bereicherung durch
neues Arzneimittel” (Therapeutic gain Through new Medica-
ment), SAnUM-Post no. 5, 1988, pgs. 2-3). mucor mucedo
Regarding the individual physiological systems, MUCEDOKEHL
is applicable with the following indications (please also note the
results of an application study by R. Heidl: “MUCEDOKEHL -
Medicament with Wide Application Range) SAnUM-Post no.
52, 2000, pgs. 4-8):
• Thyroid dysfunction
• Ears: Chronic otitis;
• Respiratory tract: Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract
(exudative asthma, dyspnea, expectoration); rhinitis, chronic
sinusitis, adenoid growth in the nose;
• Digestive system: Tonsillar hypertrophia, phlegmonous
tonsillitis, lymphadenosis during teething, infant enteritis, ar-
thritis with dental focus;
• Urogenital tract: Premenstrual problems like PMS;
• note especially the MUCEDOKEHL-therapy of neurovegeta-
tive dystonia in conjunction with anxiety.
In short, the primary effect of the medicament can be attributed
to the regulation of the intestines and of the annexing organs;
the intestines also house the enteric nervous system, the central
emotional regulatory organ of the human being (also note the A core remedy in
article on the enteric nervous system in SAnUIVI Post no. 57,
2001, pgs. 2-4).
The enteric nervous system (EnS) and the central nervous system
(CnS) housed in the cranium both have the same embryological
origin and both contain a large number of interneurons, a bar-
rier against external influences, as well as the same neurotrans-
• Thyroid dysfunction
mitters and neuropeptides.
• respiratory tract conditions
Several limbic and paralimbic nuclei of the brain, modulating
the regular function of the digestive system, also coordinate
• digestive system diseases
emotional as well as physiological anxiety processes. A dys-
regulation of these nuclei seems to be playing an outstanding
• urogenital tract conditions
role in the development of anxiety disorders. furthermore, many
parts of the brain participating in the anxiety circuit receive a vast Available in drops, suppositories, capsules and ampoules.
input from the intestines.
While acute diseases are usually easily treated successfully, the MUCEDOKEHL has long been a proven preparation for the
therapy of chronic diseases under modern conditions, however, regulation of emotional problems. In light of the new condi-
proves to be increasingly difficult. This is connected to the in- tions, however, it has a much higher rating as it often works as
creasing affection of higher levels of the human existence, like a homoeopathic “door opener”, thus providing a gateway for
the emotional, mental or spiritual levels, in pathogenesis due to naturopathic therapy.
the long-term suppression of diseases on the material and vital-
energetic levels, as well as the extreme increase of fears in mod- Another proven remedy for the treatment of chronic diseases
ern society. The result is the ever more frequent development of is CHRYSOCOR (see also „Application of Placenta Extracts in
emotional blocks as well as the other two levels. the Treatment of Tumor Patients”, SAnUM Post no. 60). This
medicament regulates cell respiration and relates strongly to the
Blocks of the vital-energetic level result in cell respiration disor- bladder/kidney system. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM),
der (redox rigidity) in conjunction with hyperacidity of the con- the kidneys are closely connected with the development of fears.
nective tissue, leading to energy congestion of the blood and It is therefore not only possible to stimulate cell respiration with
energy deficiency of the tissue. CHRYSOCOR, but also to support the regulation of mental
problems. Please note that the medicament should only be used
These conditions of milieu are known as the so-called “tuber- in small dosages (CHRYSOCOR 5X sips – either as oral sip or
cular milieu” which nowadays is one of the main causes for the IM injection once weekly) for the treatment of blocks of the kid-
development of chronic diseases. This milieu exposes the con- ney-bladder-meridian, due to hysterectomy for example.
gested blood to the development of chronic virus infections and
towards the increase of cell wall deficient forms of bacteria, while Therapy for Thyroid disorders
the secondary energy deficiency disposes the tissue towards an
increase of fungi and yeasts. MUCEDOKEHL and RECARCIn are the main Sanum remedies
for Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism. In addition, nIgER-
It is thus hardly surprising that the number of patients with per- SAn can be carefully applied topically over the thyroid region.
sonality disorders and mycoses has risen sharply in general
practices over recent years. Suppressing therapies are the con- MUCEDOKEHL 5x drops – 10 drops once daily in the evening
ventional courses of treatment chosen for these patients, which
in turn could simply aggravate the problem. RECARCIn 6x capsules – 1 cap once weekly
The above-mentioned and much changed framework of modern In cases of Hypothyroidism add:
therapy has only been developed in the recent past. The mod-
ern SAnUM therapy of chronic diseases must adapt to these SAnCOMBI 5x drops – 10 drops once daily in the morning
changed conditions. not only is the therapeutic incorporation of
the higher human levels of existence of importance, the energy Detoxify using CERVIKEHL 1x drops – 5 drops twice daily in
balance of the body must be increasingly regulated. warm water.
The Thyroid-AdrenAl connecTion
There is a direct link between the thyroid and the adrenals. In five endocrine structures - the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ad-
some cases, a thyroid imbalance, especially an under-active renal glands, thyroid and sex glands - perform their own special-
thyroid, would not exist without a corresponding imbalance in ized and unique tasks. They also function co-operatively. Stress,
adrenal function. for fifty percent of patients suffering from a whether physical or emotional, activates a network of action
thyroid imbalance, the source of the problem extends beyond and reactions. The hypothalamus directs corticotropin-releasing
the gland itself and is directly related to its relationship with other hormone (CRH) to the pituitary gland, which in response sends
organs. adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) to the adrenal glands.
AdrenAlS - The STreSS regulATorS
The adrenal glands serve as an important control centre for the The adrenals glands seem to get weaker naturally as one
production of many of the body’s hormones. The adrenal cortex gets older, yet the greatest source of a diminished adrenal
(the outer layer of the gland) produces the hormones cortisone, function is stress. Stress can originate from both physical and
cortisol, aldosterone, androstenedione and dehydroepianros- emotional sources. Physical sources include: being over-worked,
terone (DHEA) in addition to small quantities of estrogen and under-nourished, inadequate sleep, excessive physical activity,
testosterone. from the adrenal medulla (the inner layer of the exposure to environmental toxins, drugs (including caffeine and
gland), the hormones epinenephrine (adrenaline) and norepi- sugar), trauma, surgery, infection, chronic inflammation and
nephrine are secreted. Adrenaline, cortisol, norepinephrine and allergies. The list of emotional causes of stress can be just as long:
DHEA are the body’s four main stress hormones. personality conflicts, an unhappy relationship (or break-up), a
dysfunctional family environment, death or illness of a loved
When the hypothalamus perceives stress, it secretes CRH to initi- one, a demanding work environment, job insecurity, financial
ate the CRH-ACTH-cortisol matrix. Adrenal fatigue suppresses pressures, not enough time for oneself, unresolved emotional
cortisol production and through the feedback mechanism, the issues from the past or present, etc. The net effect of bom-
pituitary receives signals to secrete more ACTH. As a result of bardment with this barrage of stress factors is that the adrenal
the increased ACTH, the adrenals secrete more aldosterone, glands can easily become overworked and result in diminished
which eliminates more salts from the body. Look for signs like a function.
sunken face and eyes when suspecting adrenal fatigue, versus
puffiness of the face and eyes to differentiate a slow metabolism Common symptoms associated with adrenal fatigue include:
due to hypothyroid.
• Insomnia • Acne
Cortisol maintains blood pressure, aids metabolism and reduces • fatigue • Hair loss
inflammation. Aldosterone is responsible for blood filtration in • Weight gain • Intolerance to cold
the kidneys and regulates the body’s electrolyte and water levels. • Depression • Sunken face and eyes
Adrenaline can increase the body’s metabolic rate and lead to • Poor immune function
other changes that help the body cope with danger. • Craving carbohydrates and/or sugars
• Reliance on stimulants (e.g. caffeine)
A primary function of the adrenal glands is to shift all the body’s
resources into “fight or flight” mode, by increasing the produc- Adrenal fatigue may be a factor in many related conditions,
tion of adrenaline and other hormones. In earlier times this ad- including, hypothyroidism, premature menopause and chronic
renal response was warranted when reacting events such as a fatigue syndrome.
sudden unwelcome attack by a wild animal. The response was
effective in heightening the body’s senses to perform in a stress- Under normal conditions, cortisol helps to address stresses
ful situation, but was not designed to constantly be turned on. the body faces by converting proteins into energy, releasing
glycogen and counteracting inflammation. However if cortisol
In a healthy individual, the adrenals can instantly increase heart is secreted on a sustained basis, it will gradually start to damage
rate and blood pressure, release stored up energy for immedi- the body by: destroying healthy muscle and bone; slow down
ate use, slow the digestive system and other secondary functions healing and normal cell regeneration; co-opt biochemi-
and sharpen the senses. This “stress response” takes priority cals needed to make other vital hormones; impair digestion,
over all other metabolic functions. The problem is that nowa- metabolism and mental function; and interfere with healthy
days, many people are bombarded with stress, in various forms endocrine function. Erratic cortisol production is responsible
on an almost constant basis, meaning the adrenals become for suppressed immune function, susceptibility to infection and
overworked and a state of adrenal fatigue sets in. As a result, inflammation. Cortisol increases insulin sensitivity, and in cas-
the adrenals burn out and stop responding to stress. Exhausted es of chronically-high cortisol levels combined with an under-
adrenals affect other structures in the endocrine matrix, and can active thyroid, can lead to weight gain due to elevated insulin
affect other body systems. and blood sugar levels.
Testing for Adrenal Fatigue
™ Saliva Hormone testing, the 24-hour Urinary Cortisol Test and
the ACTH Challenge Test are typical laboratory tests used to
detect adrenal fatigue. There are a few other useful function-
al tests that can be performed in any practitioner’s office to
determine the state of the adrenal glands: Iris Contraction test
for Hypoadrenia, Postural Low Blood Pressure and Sergent’s
White Line test.
Adrenal Support Formula
Iris Contraction Test for Hypoadrenia: This test method
involves having the patient sit briefly in a dark room, after which
a flashlight is shown across one eye from the side of the patient
head (but not directly into the eye). normally, the patient’s pupil
will contract immediately in response to the light. In the case
of a patient with normal adrenal function, the pupil will remain
contracted. But, in the case of a patient with adrenal fatigue,
dilation will occur after about two minutes and will last for about
30-45 seconds before the pupil once again contracts.
This test can be self-administered by a patient, using a mirror to
observe the reaction of the eye. Re-testing at monthly intervals
during treatment for an impaired adrenal function is an effective
means of monitoring a patient’s progress in recovery.
Postural Low Blood Pressure: If blood pressure drops when
a patient stands up from a lying-down position, called postural
hypotension, it indicates low adrenal function. This test can be
performed in the office or by the patient at home. normally
blood pressure (BP) will rise 10-20mmHg just from standing up.
If BP drops after standing up, there can be two reasons: dehy-
dration or hypofunctioning adrenals. If drinking water does not
This unique vitamin botanical combination affect the reading, the patient could suffer from hypoadrenia.
is designed to improve adrenal function ,
The greater the drop in BP the greater the impairment of adrenal
function. Blood pressure will return to a normal reading after
by supplying essential nutrients utilized treatment and recovery of normal adrenal function.
by the adrenal glands in the regulation of
both physical and emotional stress. Sergent’s White Line Test: Developed by Dr. Emile Sergent in
1917, this simple test for low adrenal function is still useful today.
To perform this test, take a dull, pointy object (e.g. ballpoint pen)
each vegetarian capsule contains: and lightly stroke the patient’s abdominal skin, making a line
Ingredients mode of action about 15 cm long. After a few seconds, a line will appear and
as a normal reaction it will change from initially white to red.
Siberian ginseng ....... 100 mg Contains eleutherosides, If after two minutes the line continues to remain white and has
increases stamina & become wider, this indicates hypoadrenia. This test alone is a
stimulate the immune poor diagnostic tool (positive in 40% of cases), yet it provides a
system valuable second confirmation of hypofunction of adrenals along
Licorice .................... 100 mg Improves resistance to stress with other tests.
Rodiola rosea ........... 100 mg Inhibits hormonal changes nutritional Support for Adrenals
Pantothenic acid B5 ..... 200 mg Help adrenal glands to
Besides encouraging your patients to adopt stress management
produce stress hormones
techniques such as increased relaxation, exercise, time for them-
Vitamic C ................. 50 mg Antioxidant self and a conscious effort to reduce stressful situations in their
lives, the adrenal glands can be supported with appropriate
Recommended Dosage: Take one capsule a day or 2-3 nutritional support.
capsules a day if under stress or as directed by a practitioner.
Vitamins and Minerals: A good supply of B vitamins is es-
Monograph available upon request or may be viewed or sential for adrenal function. In particular, the adrenals do not
downloaded at www.biomedicine.com. function properly without pantothenic acid (B5). Vitamin C and
bioflavonoids are important for proper functioning of the ad- for practitioners who are familiar with and use Psychosomatic
renals. Other minerals that can be beneficial in supporting Energetics, for a patient that shows signs of adrenal fatigue a
the adrenal function include: calcium, magnesium citrate and REBA® test will usually show up as low vital and/or emotional
trace minerals (e.g. zinc, selenium, molybdenum, chromium, energy in Chakra 2, in which case Chavita® 2 (and a corre-
copper and iodine). sponding Emvita®) would be prescribed. The REBA® test may
also reveal that one of the Rubimed acute remedies, in particular
Botanicals: Botanicals such as Eleutherococcus senticosus Paravita®, neurovita® or Anxiovita®, may also be warranted.
(Siberian ginseng), glycerrhiza glabra (Licorice root) and Rho-
diola rosea (Arctic root) are three herbs that can contribute Other supportive remedies for adrenal function include Biomed’s
to healthy adrenals. Rhodiola rosea is an adaptogen, which B Complex™, food State Complete C™ (with Bioflavonoids) and
increases the amount of b-endorphin in the blood plasma, and food State Antioxidant – natural formula – the latter of which
has the effect of inhibiting the hormonal changes indicative of offers a combination of essential trace minerals.
stress. Siberian ginseng stimulates the immune system and in-
creases stamina, and Licorice improves resistance to stress. It is worth noting that as the adrenals start to heal, the liver begins
to detoxify very rapidly. Liver and kidney support is crucial, as
Other herbs that have traditionally been used to nourish the well as a sufficient supply of fibre, such as 3C™ – Complete Co-
adrenals include: Withania somnifera (Ashwaganda Root and lon Cleanse, to absorb toxic waste. This added support will help
Leaf), Panax ginseng (Korean ginseng Root), Zingiber offici- significantly on the road to a better health.
nale (ginger Root) and ginkgo biloba (ginkgo leaf).
Homeopathics: Several homeopathics are recognized for
their adrenal support characteristic. for instance: homeopathic
selenium addresses mental fatigue and physical exhaustion; complex homeopathic
homeopathic caffeine, cola and comfrey are for an exhaust- adrenal support formula
ed fatigue state; Panax ginseng (Senecarpus abacardium)
increases stamina; Zincum metallicum help to increase vitality For stress symptoms such as mental
and repair worn out tissue; Avena sativa is for nervous exhaus-
tion and Anacardium is for mental fatigue, overexertion and
fatigue, exhaustion, mental fatigue,
anxiety about the future. reduced vitality, weakness and lack of
Adrenal Supplementation medicinal Ingredients:
Recognizing the importance of adrenal function to overall hu- Anacardium orientale D3 ............... 10 ml
man health by working with naturopaths, manufacturers and Aralia quinquefolia D3................... 20 ml
others, Biomed has formulated and distributes some of the Avena sativa D3 .............................. 5 ml
leading natural health formulas for adrenal health. Caffeinum D3 ................................. 8 ml
Camphora D2 ................................ 2 ml
ASf™ – Adrenal Support formula is a unique combination Selenium metallicum D8 ................ 20 ml
of vitamins (Vitamin C and Pantothenic acid) and botanicals Sterculia acuminata D2.................. 10 ml
(Rodiola rosea, Licorice root and Siberian ginseng) that Zincum metallicum D8................... 10 ml
improves adrenal function by supplying essential nutrients
utilized by the adrenal glands in regulating both physical and Recommended Dosage: Take 25-30
emotional stress. drops in water three times daily or to be
used on the advice of a practitioner.
Adrenum™ is a combination homeopathic developed years
ago by nestmann Pharma. This well-balanced formula is
contributing writers: Heather Schofield BSc, HD.,
popular in germany with naturopathic doctors and patients Lesia goloida MD., DHMS, HD., Dr. Peter Schneider MD.,
alike in supporting for the adrenal function and addressing stress Dr Ulrike Banis MD, nD.
symptoms such as anxiety, exhaustion, mental fatigue, reduced Project management: Derek Pratt • nadine Li
vitality, weakness and lack of motivation. This combination
homeopathic remedy includes many of the most common
BIOMED REPORT is published quarterly and
homeopathics recognized as being beneficial for adrenal provided free to health care practitioners.
Super B™, part of Biomed’s food State nutrient Series™, is a
combination of the food State vitamin B complex, food State
professional products for professionals
vitamin C and Rodiola rosea (100 mg/tablet). This potent new
formula, already unofficially known as the “Stress formula”, Toll free Phone: 1-800-665-8308 • 604-415-0535
Toll free fax: 1-866-881-2888 • 604-415-0877
has been specifically formulated to provide adrenal support.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.biomedicine.com
The pAncreAS – The Key glAnd For BoTh glucoSe
BAlAncing And digeSTion
The pancreas is a multi-faceted endocrine and exocrine gland Type I diabetics are insulin-dependent. Since the pancreas no
that plays a vital role both in sugar balancing and the digestion longer produces insulin they require daily insulin injections. Type
of food (see figure 4). Besides secreting digestive enzymes like 2 diabetes tends to occur in adulthood where either there is a
amylase, lipase and proteolytic enzymes into the duodenum of deficiency or a reduced responsiveness in the insulin receptors
the small intestine, the pancreatic islets (also known as the “is- on the target cells. Type 2 can be linked to heredity and obesity
lets of Langerhans”) within the pancreas also produce the hor- and often can be managed through diet and exercise.
mones insulin and glucagon. These latter two hormones work in
conjunction with blood sugar levels, whereby insulin is secreted
directly into the circulatory system in response to high blood glu-
cose levels and glucagon is secreted in response to low concen-
trations of glucose in the blood.
Since glucose is the major fuel source for cellular respiration,
the pancreas strives to maintain a precise balance - with 90 mg
glucose per 100mL of blood being the optimal blood level. After
a meal, the blood glucose levels rise which prompts the release
of insulin from the pancreas into circulation. Insulin stimulates
uptake of glucose by the cells and is thus stored as glycogen in
the liver, skin and muscles and as fat in adipose tissue. As excess
glucose levels are cleared from the blood, further insulin secre-
tion is inhibited and glucagon is then released into circulation
by the pancreas. The liver becomes the key organ, as only liver
cells are sensitive to glucagon. As glucagon signals the liver cells
to increase glycogen hydrolysis, the amino acid glycerol is con-
verted to glucose and then the glucose is slowly released back
into circulation. Thus, glucose is managed for both fuel storage
and fuel used by cellular respiration.
When glucose homeostasis goes awry, the most widely known
endocrine disorder (diabetes mellitus) will occur. In greek, “dia-
betes” means copious urine and “mellitus” means honey, as in
sugar in the blood and urine. Diabetes mellitus is characterized
by either a deficiency of insulin or a loss of response to insulin by
the target tissues, which results in an increase of glucose in the
circulatory system and can be measured by increased glucose ruBuS indications include:
levels in the blood and urine.
Approximately eight percent of north Americans are affected
• conditions of the pancreas
by diabetes and due to diet and lifestyle factors the number of • hyperglycemia
diabetics continues to increase. In Canada, over two million • mild diabetes mellitus
people have diabetes. ninety percent of diabetics have Type
2 diabetes (also referred to as adult-onset diabetes), which • metabolic disturbance
occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough
insulin or the body is incapable of effectively utilizing the insulin it medicinal Ingredients: Each 100 ml contains:
produces. Some of the symptoms associated with diabetes Rubus fruticosus D2 ........................................ 20 ml
include increased thirst; increased urination; weight loss in Iris versicolor D4 ............................................ 20 ml
spite of increased appetite; fatigue; nausea; vomiting; frequent Vaccinium myrtillus D3 .................................... 20 ml
infections, including bladder, vaginal, and skin; blurred Okoubaka aubreville D6 ................................ 20 ml
vision; impotence in men; bad breath; cessation of menses and Syzgium jambolanum D3 ................................ 20 ml
diminished skin fullness. Some of the most serious health
complications associated with diabetes are heart disease, Recommended Dosage: Take ten drops in water every
kidney disease and eye disease; with heart disease being the half an hour until improvement is evident. Then take 25-
leading cause of diabetes-related death. The risk of heart disease 30 drops in water three times daily or to be used on the
is two to seven times greater for people with diabetes compared advice of a practitioner.
to non-diabetics. Part of the problem in these people is that
for further details refer to compendium or visit www.biomedicine.com
extra fat is deposited in the blood vessels.
figure 4: The Pancreas
Treatment options Basictab™ or Basic Powder™) not only helps to improve diges-
tion, but also promotes a balanced pH that plays a key role in
Treatment options available for diabetes mellitus include using a proper functioning of the pancreas and insulin secretions.
high fibre formula to help lower blood sugar levels and/or pan-
creatic drainage to stimulate the pancreatic islets and increase In conclusion, the pancreas is not only an essential organ for
pancreatic secretions. digestion, but also plays a key role in the endocrine system. By
maintaining blood sugar levels with the hormones insulin and
Rubus™ is a complex homeopathic specifically formulated for pan- glucagon, the pancreas regulates glucose storage, release and
creatic support. This blend of five botanicals in homeopathic dilu- utilization as a fuel for the metabolism.
tion, using Rubus fruticosus as the key ingredient, acts to stimulate
the islets system in the pancreas, increase pancreatic secretions
and lower blood sugar by regulating the sugar metabolism. Used ™
for pancreatic drainage and support, treatment with Rubus™ is
indicated for pancreatic conditions, hyperglycemia, mild diabetes
mellitus and metabolic disturbances.
Supports metabolic control
Research has shown that the use of Biomed’s Type 2™ formula
– a combination of high viscous glucomannan (and other fibres)
of Type 2 diabetes
with American ginseng – either in conjunction with conventional
therapies or alone as an alternative treatment, can reduce major indicated to assist:
CVD risk factors including blood lipids, blood pressure, post-
prandial glycemia, weight loss, and also contribute to a positive • Type 2 diabetes
long term diabetes outcomes – all factors highly related to heart • insulin resistance
health conditions, quality of life and longevity.
note: Patients on insulin should only reduce insulin usage based
on consistent clinical monitoring procedures.
• Systolic Blood pressure
• overweight and obesity
Although the focus of this article is on the endocrine function
of the pancreas, it is worth noting that from a digestive per- medicinal Ingredients: Each capsule contains:
spective, enzymatic support using digestive enzymes (such as Promannan ................................................. 585 mg
Digestizyme™) can be beneficial and make up for pancreatic American ginseng ....................................... 165 mg
insufficiency in producing enzymes the body requires for effec-
tive digestion. Alternatively, flexizyme™, a systemic enzyme that Recommended Dosage:
contains pancreatin may be used. Pancreatin is a mixture of Take two capsules two times a day or as directed by a
several digestive enzymes (with proteolytic, amylolytic and lipo- practitioner.
lytic properties)) produced by the exocrine cells of the pancreas.
Pancreatin is useful in addressing conditions in which pancreatic Monograph available upon request or by visiting
secretions are deficient. furthermore, alkalizing (with Alkala n, www.biomedicine.com
ThymuS glAnd -
mASTer glAnd oF The immune SySTem
The thymus gland, a lobular structure found behind the sternum
and just below the thyroid, is linked to both the endocrine and
immune systems (see figure 5).
The main function of the thymus gland is to process the white
blood cells known as T-lymphocytes, which influence cellular
immunity in the body. This process occurs by transforming
the precursor lymphocytes, derived from the bone marrow, to
thymocytes, which subsequently mature into T lymphocytes (T
cells). The mature T cells then emigrate from the thymus to
play a role in protecting the body from invading microorganisms
such as bacteria, parasites and viruses. The thymus is a primary
gland in the lymphatic system causing it to be it is known as the
“Master gland of the Immune System”.
The thymus gland shown in position in the thoracic cavity of a very young
During childhood and early puberty, the thymus gland grows child. The gland decreases in size with age and is barely visible by the
and produces a variety of hormones. These hormones include: teenage years.
thymosin, thymopoietin, thymopentin, thymic humoral factor,
thymulin and thymostimulin. These hormones are responsible The importance of the thymus in the body has been severely
for lymphatic system development plus activate and boost T cell downplayed due to the fact that it is relatively large in childhood
function. In addition, they oversee several immune operations. and progressively shrinks in size after puberty. In adulthood,
the gland has shrunk considerably and consists mainly of fatty
tissue. Studies indicate that loss of the thymus at an early age
™ (i.e. due to genetic mutation or surgical removal) results in severe
immunodeficiency and higher susceptibility to infection. Besides
immune function, the thymus also has an integral connection
Support for the Thymus to autoimmune activity. Through studies, it has been shown
that using thymus support or a thymic hormone supplement is
- the immune System’s effective as part of the treatment protocol in many autoimmune
conditions (such as myasthenia gravis).
Stress, pollution and chronic illness are each factors that can
• promotes the development contribute to low thymus function, whereas low thymic hormonal
of T-lymphocytes levels can be signs of a depressed immune system and elevated
susceptibility to infection. Supplementation with thymus gland
• Stimulates phagocytosis extract can assist in stimulating a weak thymus gland and boost
and the intracellular killing of immune response. The immune-stimulating herb Echinacea an-
exogenous organisms gustifolia can be beneficial in supporting the thymus gland and
increasing immune support. A good antioxidant formula can
• protects against allergies also help in supporting the thymus gland.
(hay fever, rhinities, sinusitis
and food allergies), cancer, Recognizing the importance of the thymus to overall
health, Biomed offers thymus extract in two different forms.
cold & flu and auto-immune SAnUM Thymokehl provides homeopathic thymus extract (6X)
diseases and is available in capsules, suppositories and ampoules.
Alternatively, Biomed’s Thymus Eg™, is a liquid combina-
tion of Thymus gland, Echinacea angustifolia and ginger
medicinal Ingredients: 5 drops contains: extracts that stimulates T-cells and enhances phagocytosis
while protecting against cold and flu, allergies, cancer and
Thymus gland extract .......................................... 100 µg auto-immune diseases. Antioxidant – natural formula – a recent
Echinacea angustifolis (root) ................................ 500 µg addition to Biomed’s food State nutrient Series - provides a
ginger (root) ...................................................... 100 µg well balanced combination of vitamins and minerals and is a means
of supporting the thymus through antioxidant protection.
Recommended Dosage: Take 5 drops tid or qid to be
used on the advice of a practitioner.
WhAT iS The meAning oF The chAKrAS in reSpecT
Adaptation of an article written by: • the pancreas rules digestion
Ulrike Banis, MD, nD (Austria) • the thymus gland has to do with the immune system
• the thyroid gland is the master for metabolic functions
Psychosomatic conditions are • the pituitary gland, as a conductor, controls the other
characterized by complaints without hormonal glands
conventional explanation - blood • the hypothalamus produces hormones that bring rhythm
count is normal, x-rays and ultra- into our lives
sound results are fine, etc. - yet the
patient feels unhealthy and no one Besides performing these physiological functions, the chakras
seems to knows why. Patients in this are also responsible for certain psychological and energetic
condition are frequently diagnosis as roles in the body. You can easily trace them when you have a
having “autonomic function malreg- look at the conflicts that disturb health.
ulation” or a “somatopsychic disorder“, yet this does not really
lead to a treatment regime. Chakra 1 (Root Chakra) serves to connect the human being
with the earth and his roots. In the process of our development
While with such patients there may be general agreement that as a person, we first need to develop an appreciation for “where
the malfunction is associated with the “mind” (or soul), con- we come from”. When we are children, we need to have pri-
ventional medicine usually does not seek answers as to why or mary trust in life, and we need to feel welcome in the world and
how this is occurring. fortunately, this is where “Psychosomatic within our families.
Energetics“ can be helpful – it seeks answers to these questions,
helps the patient to better understand what is making him or her Experiencing shock or trauma at an early age can lead to emo-
ill and provides a pathway for effective treatment. tional conflicts that become stored in the 1st chakra. In the study
of psychosomatic energetics, four emotional conflicts (called
The Seven main energy centres Emvitas) associated with Chakra 1 have been identified and are
briefly described below:
A good place to start in understanding psychoenergetic condi- Emvita 1 lack of self-confidence
tions is a review the body’s energy centres based on the study of Emvita 2 lack of concentration
chakras from ancient Indian. The chakras equate well with the Emvita 3 weak-willed, overwhelmed
body’s autonomic centres as well as the hormonal glands of the Emvita 4 extremely self-controlled
These conflicts indicate a lack of primal trust and a sense of not
The table identifies the seven main autonomic centres and the really feeling at home or grounded in this world. In order to ex-
hormonal (endocrine) glands associated with each of them: press these feelings, the soul uses the organs that are connected
to the 1st chakra - uterus, ovaries, prostate, bladder, vagina or
hips and legs. If you have patients suffering from chronic en-
Chakra Hormonal gland
larged prostate or vaginal infections, it is worthwhile giving them
Chakra 1 Ovaries and testes an energy test (with a REBA test device) to determine the main
Chakra 2 Adrenals problem behind their symptoms.
Chakra 3 Pancreas
Chakra 4 Thymus gland
Chakra 2 teaches us how to deal with our own strength and
courage. Sometimes it might be wiser to flee instead of fighting
Chakra 5 Thyroid gland when we encounter danger. In modern times it is more often the
Chakra 6 Pituitary gland case that stress or mainly distress eats up all our energies. We
Chakra 7 Hypothalamus have to learn to use our power wisely and moderately, not al-
ways going beyond our boundaries. Sometimes certain conflicts
keep us from this goal. The three emotional conflicts (and their
The hormones produced by these glands fulfill particular bodily description) associated with Chakra 2 are:
functions that are universally agreed on:
Emvita 5 nervousness, hectic
• the ovaries and testes are responsible for reproduction Emvita 6 somatized fears, anxiousness
and survival of the human species Emvita 7 defiance, trying to appear stronger than one
• the adrenals regulate water and mineral metabolism, our really is
adaptation to stress and the fight or flight reaction
All of these issues deal basically with the conflict relating to your The five emotional conflicts associated with the heart chakra
behaviour during stress and one could ask such questions as cover the implications attributable to a lack of trust and faith
“do I have enough strength to stand my ground”, “will I be able
to fight and win or should I flee?”, “will I be able to cope with Emvita 12 mental overstrain - we depend on our brains
certain challenges or will it be too much for me?” instead of the heart
Emvita 13 deeply hurt
The organs that can speak to us on this level, are: the intestines Emvita 14 locked in, compulsions
- with their numerous symptoms; the lower back - that doesn’t Emvita 15 broken-hearted
seem to get better despite various forms of therapy; the kidneys Emvita 16 panic
- that react to all of our fears; and of course, the adrenals -
that produce stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol when It is more than pure coincidence that dying from a heart attack
under pressure. is one of the leading causes of death. While factors such as
smoking, improper nutrition, being overweight and/or a lack of
Chakra 3 is located in the region of the solar plexus and is exercise are identified as being causes, a frequently overlooked
reflective of our ability to digest, assimilate and excrete (let go). contributing factor is a feeling of anxiety leading to a “broken
To avoid a conflict in the Chakra 3 region, one needs to learn heart”. In addition, when our emotional immune system is af-
to identify (digest and assimilate) what is useful and what might fected by trust or love issues, we can directly correlate the thymus
be harmful; and to be able to let go (excrete) of these negative gland to a weakened immune system and autoimmune condi-
emotions that often result in pain, grief, anger and other un- tions.
The telltale signs are everywhere - we loss faith in our fellow
Yet, frequently individuals seem unwilling to step beyond their man (loss trust), we become sceptical about life, we suffer from
disappointments in life and instead of getting over them and distress and loneliness, we become divorced or isolated from
moving forward with their life, they stay focused on their sense our children and we find ourselves all alone. Yet, our partner (or
of misfortune. getting stuck in the past can be very draining of even others) cannot be held responsible for our own happiness.
one’s energy and can result in missing out on new opportuni- We each have to take responsibility for our own well being and
ties. by overcome egoism we can open up our hearts to others. Or to
slightly modify the famous quote by U.S. President John f. Ken-
The inability to digest emotions is represented in the four emo- nedy: “Don’t ask what your partner can do for you, but ask what
tional conflicts (and their general description) associated with you can do for your partner.“
Chakra 5 (Throat Chakra), located in the region of the neck,
Emvita 8 isolated is related to communication, with expressing ourselves and be-
Emvita 9 suppressed emotions, anger ing honest. With the throat as a gateway to emotions, the abil-
Emvita 10 wanting to have more from life ity to communicate represents how we present ourselves to the
Emvita 11 craving good feelings outside world. It is not only our ability to speak our truth and
express ourselves, but also the ability to listen and understand
These conflicts show us how differently people deal with situa- what other’s mean.
tions they encounter in life. Some react by isolating themselves
from life or by bottling up their emotions, while others desire As issues relating to communication, the two emotional conflicts
more out of life or simply long for love and happiness, but feel associated with Chakra 5 are described as follows:
unable to move forward in achieving their goals.
Emvita 17 shock, frozen feelings
The conflicts can be connected to both allergies and all forms of Emvita 18 feeling victimized, hastiness
addiction. The organs including the liver, gallbladder, stomach
and pancreas can form the language for the soul - while pro- These conflicts can hide behind symptoms like tonsillitis, hoarse
ducing symptoms of various kinds including poor digestion from throat, timidness or stage fright. These conflicts can also trigger
lack of digestive enzymes or high blood sugar levels found with malfunctions of the thyroid, conditions related to metabolism
Type II Diabetes due to insufficient insulin levels. and a number of other hormonal symptoms.
Chakra 4 (Heart Chakra) is situated in the centre of the body Chakra 6 is located in the vicinity of the brow (or third eye) and
where the lungs, heart, thymus gland and the female breasts are has to do with finding a balance in one’s life, creativity, develop-
located. Here the central energetic issue is trust, which takes ing our intuition and coming to terms with others. Essentially, the
the form of trusting oneself, trusting others and trust in life. Trust energetic issues revolve around the understanding of all external
is connected to love, empathy and hope - all of these qualities influences and adapting them into daily life, thus bringing bal-
that are essential for living together in peace. Only when a ance into our lives.
person feels he knows what his own wishes and desires are and
feels comfortable that he can trust and love others, will the heart Lack of balance in life is related to the following six emotional
chakra region feel in balance. conflicts associated with Chakra 6:
Emvita 19 timid, lacking courage with her own subjective impression. This time a small conflict
Emvita 20 self-sufficient was identified in Chakra 6 – Emvita 22 (mental unrest) – which
Emvita 21 physical overstrain made perfect sense as was still struggling to achieve inner bal-
Emvita 22 mental unrest ance. By taking the prescribed remedies over the next several
Emvita 23 tenseness months her condition slowly improved until she lost the panic
Emvita 24 discomfort attacks completely.
We can find these conflicts behind many symptoms like tinnitus,
migraines, sleeping disorders, soft tissue rheumatism or burn out Case 2: Mrs S. had been suffering from chronic lower back
syndrome. Many pain issues can be dealt with if we address the pain for months. She also suffered from various allergies. Dur-
underlying conflict. As the pituitary is the associated gland and ing my consultation with her on the subject of family history she
acts as the hormonal conductor of the endocrine system, any of told me that she “should have been born a boy“ as her father
these conflicts can affect the balance of the endocrine system had always wanted a son and she felt she always had to work
and maintenance of many bodily functions. hard to attempting to earn her father’s love.
Chakra 7 (Crown Chakra) is located at the top of the head Her energies were 40 on vital, 30 on emotions, 30 on mental
and corresponds with our spiritual or religious beliefs (faith in and 60 on causal. Her block was in Chakra 2, with the conflict
god or our guardian angels), our sense of life, the orders we Chavita 5 (nervousness).
need to obey, our own sense of structure and how we would like
to organize ourselves. nowadays, due to the dynamic nature After only three weeks on the remedies she reported being able
and pace of change in life, many people find it increasingly to sleep again and most of her pain was gone. As she regained
difficult to cope with the world around them and their role in more joy in her life, the distress went away and with it went the
it. As a coping mechanism, many people simply live for the allergies. She came to appreciate that it was okay to be female
amusements and distractions (partying, entertainment, drug and and that she no longer needed to constantly resist whom she
alcohol) available in society and as a result miss out on life’s was. She became more self-assured and to assume more of her
essential truths. We can only achieve higher wisdom if we stop own power, strength and courage. This changed her entire at-
putting ourselves above everything else. titude towards other people. She became a nicer, friendlier and
even more successful person.
Chakra 7’s four emotional conflicts (and their descriptions) are:
Emvita 25 mistrust
Emvita 26 life as a constant struggle Through developing a broader understanding of the energetic
Emvita 27 not wanting to see reality and psychological meaning of the psychosomatic symptoms ex-
Emvita 28 judgemental hibited by patients, the conscientious practitioner is able to gain
greater insight concerning patients’ conditions, which in turn
numerous learning disabilities, neuroses, psychoses, family can lead to more therapy options. Through energy testing with
problems, addictions, epilepsy and other symptoms can be con- the REBA test device and using homeopathic remedies (Chavita,
nected with these conflicts. As the hypothalamus is the main Emvita and others), these underlying conflicts can be addressed
coordinator of the entire endocrine system, these conflicts can very easily.
affect the overall homeostasis and circadian rhythms in the body.
We have to change our patterns and deep-seated convictions in Besides simply resolving symptomatic conditions, this method
order to heal. of therapy also permits individuals’ personalities to once again
flourish. Individuals who feel healthy and do not yet suffer from
cASe STudieS symptoms can also benefit from this method as it can help them
to stay healthy and fit and enable them to develop a better un-
Case 1: Mrs K., mother of two kids, had been suffering from derstanding of themselves.
recurrent infections for years. She had been hospitalized sev- 7
eral times. She felt weak, panicky and could hardly manage to
run her household. She felt scared whenever she was alone at
In a REBA energy test, she tested low (30) on the emotional level,
whereas the other levels were fine. Her block was in Chakra 1
with the emotional issue being Emvita 3 (feeling helpless). After
two months of taking the prescribed remedies she was tested
again. This time her readings had improved to emotional 50.
She indicated that she felt better, even though her panic attacks
had not yet gone away. It was interesting to see that she had full
vital energy and that the improvement on the emotional level fit
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