The quality assurance system in Sweden

Document Sample
The quality assurance system in Sweden Powered By Docstoc
					The quality assurance
 system in Sweden
Håkan Hult Linköping University
   Gdansk March 13, 2009
     The Swedish Higher
      Education System
• HE 48 institutions
• 15 universities
• Appr 300 000 students
    The previous systems
1 When quality was taken for granted
  (until app 1990)
2 The political context from the 90’s:
     New public management
     National/international competition
     The purpose of quality
• Individual students have the right to demand
  that their course is of a high standard
• Employers have a need for highly trained
• The general public is entitled to be assured
  that high levels of taxation result in high
• In a global world Swedish HE must retain a
  high standard
  The quality system -2008
• The focus was on the evaluation of
  subjects and programmes, and
  assessment of entitlement to award
  degrees. The aim was mainly to assure
  fundamental quality.
             The result
• Nearly all the recommendations have
  been taken into account and the quality
  has improved
• The universities are now much better
  equipped to assume the responsibility
  for their own quality assurance and
  quality development
 Points of departure for the
        new system
• Greater emphasis on the quality procedures
  of the higher education institutions
• External quality appraisal based on risk
• A greater degree of international participation
  in the evaluations
• Distinction to centres of excellent quality in
  higher education
 The new quality assurance
• Audits of the quality procedures at the higher
  education institutions
• Programme evaluations
• Appraisal of entitlement to award degrees
• Thematic evaluations and thematic studies
• Distinction to centres of excellent quality in
  higher education
International approaches in
the quality assurance of HE
• HE institutions take greater responsibility for
  assuring the quality of their offerings through
  their own quality assurance procedures
• Accreditation and organisations for
• The Swedish model contains elements of
  both (audits with focus on quality procedures
  of the HE institution and the right to withdraw
  entitlement to award degrees)
Audits of quality procedures
• Central functions, faculties and departments
• 2-6 areas for in-depth study at each university
• Self-evaluations, quality procedure plans,
  evaluations and material requested by the
  panel of assessors
• The assessment will be based on the 7
  aspects recommended by ENQA
• The audits will focus on the outcomes of the
  quality assurance procedures
 The methodology used for
• Every university will be audited once
  during a six-year cycle
• Universities where circumstances are
  similar will be audited in the same year
• A panel of external assessors, self-
  evaluations, site visits and written
      Evaluation of quality
     assurance procedures
• Continuous quality assurance
• Systematic monitoring & revision
• Assessment & examination of students
• Qualifications of staff & opportunities for their
• Learning environment & student support
• Collecting & use of key data
• Information for the general public
 The University Chancellors
The Swedish national Agency for Higher
- has confidence
- has limited confidence
- has no confidence in quality assurance
  procedures at university X
   Programme evaluations
• The National Agency will compile an
  overall national survey of the major
  subject areas that describes the
  programmes to be evaluated
• A selection of programmes will be made
  on the basis of these surveys
• The programmes selected will undergo
  in-depth appraisals
    Aim and methodology
• The programme evaluations will take place in
  accordance with a six-year plan
• The evaluations will cover all major areas and
  programmes that lead to the award of at least
  a bachelor’s degree
• The aims are:
  - to provide information about the
    areas evaluated
  - to provide the basis for the in-depth
     Aspects & criteria for
    programme evaluations
• Circumstantial factors (teaching resources,
  educational setting, infrastructure)
• Organisation of the programme (regulatory
  documents, teaching, reading lists and
• Outcomes (attainment of degree outcomes,
  quality assurance of the programme)
 Appraisal of entitlement to
      award degrees
• Appraisal of entitlement to award degrees is
  an important element in the quality assurance
• The method used will resemble an in-depth
  programme evaluation with a panel of
  external assessors, a site visit, expert opinion
  and a decision by the University Chancellor
• The same aspects & criteria as for the
  programme evaluations
    Thematic evaluations &
       thematic studies
• The aim is to provide a national overview of
  how certain aspects of quality are being dealt
  with, and examples of good practice to be
  highlighted. Focus on probing, analysing and
  explaining rather than just describing
• Important themes to evaluate are gender
  equality, student influence, examinations,
  internationalisation, and the working
  conditions of academic teachers
     Centres of excellence
• An incentive for educational organisations
  that already maintain high standards to seek
  further improvement
• Offering examples of good practice
• Applications are voluntary and universities
  themselves decide which educational
  organisations they want to nominate
• Evaluations by a panels of international
• 2 of 7 centres at Linköping University!
The application for Centres
of excellence must indicate:
• That there is an educational setting &
  organisational structure that function
  exceptionally well
• That there is a competent management &
  committed teachers with relevant knowledge,
  experience & skills
• That the organisation is underpinned by an
  explicit & robust scientific foundation
• That student learning is fostered in an
  eminent manner
• That the students attain exceptional results