Conquistadors: The Search for El Dorado True or False? ______ 1. Pizarro and Orellana both grew up in Trujillo, Spain. ______ 2. Gonzalo Pizarro was an important man in Quito, but he never held an official government position there. ______ 3. In 1541 people in Quito heard the rumor of El Dorado, a man who covered himself with gold dust every day. ______ 4. At the Sun Temple in Cuzco, the Spaniards had found life-sized llamas made of gold. ______ 5. Pizarro and Orellana set out from Quito together, at the same time, in one great expedition. ______ 6. The 4,000 Indian bearers soon died from various European diseases. ______ 7. The Spaniards ate bugs but managed to keep from eating their horses. ______ 8. Wood and his group can’t find the waterfall that was the first landmark mentioned by the Spanish. ______ 9. The Spanish could only hack their way through 10 miles of jungle per day. _____ 10. Pizarro ordered that a boat be built to carry the sick and wounded. _____ 11. The boat could only go as fast as the army trudging along the bank. _____ 12. Pizarro gave Orellana permission to take the boat downstream to look for food. _____ 13. Orellana and his men didn’t go back to Pizarro because they wanted the riches of El Dorado all for themselves. _____ 14. The first Indians Orellana met were unafraid and did not run away or hide from the Spanish. _____ 15. Orellana told the Indians that he was claiming them and their land for the King of Spain. _____ 16. Orellana and his men put down on paper why they deserted Pizarro. _____ 17. Wood calls modern-day loggers and oil men a “Second Conquista.” _____ 18. When the Spanish arrived, about 50% of the native population died from smallpox. _____ 19. The Spanish floated down the Napo River sometimes at the rate of 20 leagues a day (1 league = 3.5 miles). _____ 20. The confluence of the Napo and Maranon Rivers is still about 50 miles from the beginning of the Amazon proper. _____ 21. The Spanish named the river “Amazonas” for female warriors that supposedly lived in the area. _____ 22. Although Orellana wasn’t interested, Friar Carvajal decided to record words from the river languages. _____ 23. Orellana discovered that the Aparian Indians had a confederation of well- organized communities. _____ 24. While with the Aparians, Orellana built a second, bigger boat that was strong enough for the sea. _____ 25. Within 5 miles of entering the Amazon, the black Negro River mixes into and becomes indistinguishable from the rest of the river. _____ 26. At Manaus, the Amazon is still like a river where one sees both banks at the same time. _____ 27. In Orellana’s diary he states that he didn’t want the native peoples to have “negative feelings about our first encounter.” _____ 28. The indigenous people of Amazonia have been reduced from perhaps 5 million originally to about 50,000 today. _____ 29. After 8 months and 2,500 miles, Orellana reached the mouth of the Amazon. _____ 30. The 47 survivors of Orellana’s expedition sailed to safety in the Caribbean. _____31. From Quito, Gonzalo Pizarro asked the King to pardon Orellana and not listen to any charges of treason brought against him. _____ 32. Orellana went back to Trujillo and married a wealthy, young wife. _____ 33. He lived the rest of his life in Spain and never returned to South America.
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