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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play

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					Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play
Keys to Successful Lacrosse Team Play

Teamwork depends on each player knowing his role and executing it at the right time.
Being on any team where several players work together with knowledge, skill and timing
is as good as it gets. Be aggressive on the ball. Be aggressive in attacking and
defending the cage. Play North/South not East/West. Play with your head by knowing
where you need to be and what you need to be doing. Play with your heart by leaving
your best effort on the field. You will succeed as a team if you can do the following:

•   Focus on Ground Balls-Hustle, Heart and Hard Work! Get low by bending at the
    waist. One on one-body as a shield, Two on one-man ball. Call "Ball" and "Dropoff".
•   Excellent Face-offs-Win the draw with quick clamp. Use offensive and defensive
    teamwork. The stick-side middie should go for the ball, the middie away will cut off
    the fast break for the opposing team.
•   Strong Goalie Play-Position and talk, call where the ball is (FR, FC, FL, BR, X, BL),
    and to check sticks on feed, defensive to stop penetration-"he's got a shot". Develop
    consistent, proper warm-ups. Same coach warms up each time. Goalie should
    always step toward the ball, never laterally. Goalie coach should work first in the air,
    work the perimeter. Shoot on the ground, work the perimeter then mix up the shots.
    Focus on helping goalie with position, movement and talk. The warm-up is for the
    goalie not the shooter! Immediately after a save look for a quick breakout pass.
•   Relentless Defense-Move your feet, be in position between goal and offensive
    player, stick in front and poke, poke, poke!! Primary responsibility is the man, then
    the ball. Your head is on a swivel. Assess the threat and defend accordingly.
    Offensive players that are close to the cage are a threat to score. Play threats to
    score tightly, away from the ball “sluff” towards the cage and look to help out. Good
    talk is your extra defender. Crease stays home and calls the picks and cuts.
    Closest to ball calls man, neighbors offer help, both verbally and by sliding.
    Everyone checks up after each whistle. Breakout quickly when the goalie makes a
    save. Clear the ball up the field towards the sidelines only! Defensive player can
    carry over the midfield line. Offside midfielders must stay on-sides. Defend the mid-
    field line when the other team is on offense.
•   Offensive Drive-Balance-up on the field and create movement towards the cage, and
    take what the defense gives you. Our offense is built on the on give and go, drive
    and dump, and offside cuts off of picks. If your man turns his head to watch the ball
    cut to the cage. If you are open call "Help". Pass with a purpose. Execute the fast
    break. If you have a shot, shoot it!!! Shoot the ball on the cage and on the ground.
    ALWAYS back up shots. Stay above the ball while riding and force the longest
    pass. Attack can force a defensive man out of bounds past the mid-field line, offside
    attack, stay on-sides. Attack should be at the mid-field line when the other team is
    on offense, so that they can check their defensive player’s stick up to let ball
    through. Help the defense on clears with V-cut.


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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play
Facets of Team Play

        1.   Faceoffs                        6. Clears
        2.   Fast Break                      7. Rides
        3.   Field Position                  8. Man-Up Offense and Man-Down
        4.   Offensive Play                  Defense
        5.   Defensive Play

1. Faceoffs




Faceoffs are a TEAM effort starting with the draw, scoop, and moving the ball up the
field on offense. The Center Middie takes the draw, the stick-side Middie is the Middie
that faces the butt end of the Center Middie stick. This is the Offensive Middie. It is his
responsibility to help the Center Middie get the ball. If the Center Middie wins the draw
easily, he becomes the outlet pass. If the Center Middie cannot win the draw cleanly,
he will look to scoop the ball.

Across from the Offensive Middie is the Defensive Middie. The Defensive Middie lines
up on the midfield restraining line closest to our cage. He comes straight out and

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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play
prevents the opposing team from getting a fast-break. He does not contest the ground
ball. He stays home in a defensive position.

Attack starts three across and moves to a fast-break formation on the whistle.
Defensive players stay with your man. Attack and Defense must stay in the restraining
box until the Referee calls possession. If possession is not called play the restraining
line like you would at the midfield line. Attack lifts the defensive player's stick to allow
the ball to go through. Defense uses the extra length of the long pole to keep the ball
out of the box. Stay one yard behind the restraining box line so you cannot be bumped
over the line.


2. Fast Break




Fast Breaks are a TEAM EFFORT with an extra-man for the offense. Offense must
shoot or find open man. Defense must cover the closest threat to score and force the
offense to make one more pass. The break starts when a middie or defensive player
brings the ball up the field in advance of other defenders.

The defense has three players in the field and sets up in a triangle with the Point closest
to the ball. The offense has four players and sets up a box. The three attack players
form an L, with the Point just inside the restraining line favoring the strong hand of the
player carrying the ball. The player carrying the ball completes the box. The two back
attack players are on the Goal-Line-Extended with enough room to cut to the cage and
shoot.

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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play
They also must be ALERT and prepared to back-up the shot. On a shot the player
closest to the ball when it goes out of bounds gets the ball. We ALWAYS want to retain
possession of the ball on a shot. ALWAYS!!!!!

Attack players that forget to back up shots will be reminded by their coach of this
most IMPORTANT responsibility!!!!!

Whenever you have more attacking players than the defense, the offensive objective is
to spread out the defense. This prevents the defense from covering two attacking
players with one defensive one. The attack will beat the defense by passing the ball to
the open man. The attack must stay spread out with room to cut to the cage, yet close
enough to receive and make a pass. The job of the player catching the pass is to shoot,
or pass if a defender picks him up.

The defensive objective is to pick up the closest threat to score and force the offense to
make "one more pass" that may be missed. Slides rotate towards the ball with all
defenders sliding at the same time. It is like one link of a chain pulling the next link in
the chain. The whole chain must move or be broken. The last defensive player in the
slide splits the furthest two attacking players. He slightly favors the attacking player
closest to the ball.

The first pass is from the player carrying the ball to the Point unless the defense is
cheating in their slides. If the defense cheats pass to the open man. The first look for
the Point is to shoot when the defense slide is late. The second look is to the opposite
corner of the box, then to the direction of where the slide is coming. Each player
catching the ball looks to shoot, or pass in the direction of the slide. If three passes do
not produce a goal, the Fast Break is over. Move into settled offense.

The defensive Point must pick up the man carrying the ball. The key to Fast Break
defense is anticipation of next offensive pass. This is one of the few times in life it is OK
to cheat. Cover your man and take several steps to where you expect the next pass to
go. The closest defender slides to the ball. Delay your slide as much as possible, but
when you slide, go hard and completely. Call "slide" so the next link in the chain will
start their slide. Never slide halfway and wind up in no man's land covering no one.

In any unsettled situation where a defensive player has lost his man, or the opposing
team has a man up advantage, the defensive player goes to the "hole area" and finds
the open man and picks him up. These new assignments are maintained until a whistle
stops play.




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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play

3. Field Position




The key to success on offense is TEAM PLAY!!! Know where you need to be on
offense when we are in a settled situation. Stay balanced on offense. This means that
you should be able to make a pass of about fifteen yards to a teammate on both your
right and left. The exception to this is when a set offense play is being run and players
are cutting towards the cage. It is then your responsibility to clear your area of the field,
back up a shot, or pick/cut. Offensive players must stay out of the goalie's crease area
at all times.

Our offensive set is called a 1-3-2. This means we have 1 player on Attack behind the
goal, 3 players even with the goal, and 2 players near the top of the restraining box.
The Attack player at the X is in the area directly behind the cage. It is the starting point
for our offensive play. The Attack at the X has responsibility to back up shots taken by
middies from out front. He must not forget this most IMPORTANT responsibility!
He is also the Point on our fast break.

We will have two wing attack players on either side of the cage. They are on the Goal-
Line-Extended and in a position to pass to the X, midfield, or make a wing cut. They
also have the responsibility for backing up the shot if the Attack player at the X starts a
play away from their side of the field. They must not forget this most IMPORTANT
responsibility!

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Attack players that forget to back up shots will be reminded by their coach of this
most IMPORTANT responsibility!!!!!

Middies start three across near the top of the restraining box. The Center Middie will
move to the crease when the ball goes to the X. The off-side middie is always the
defender against the fast break if we lose the ball.

Move the ball from one side of the field to the other by redirecting the ball from the X, or
from Center Midfield. No East/West passes. They usually wind up on the ground, out
of bounds, or in the stick of a defensive player that is now smiling because he has a fast
break.


4. Offensive Play




The key to success on offense is TEAM PLAY!!! Know where you need to be on
offense when we are going to run our set play. We are going to use a Triple-Threat-
Offense much like the wishbone offense used in college football. Everyone on the field
and the stands will know what is coming. Success in moving the football depended on
clean execution and reacting with good decisions. Defensive weakness was exploited
on that particular play. Your coach will help you spot opportunities.


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Our play will start when the player with the ball at X calls "X". The player at the X is the
equivalent of the quarterback in the wishbone offense. He will then begin to drive
around the cage. He will determine which one of three options he will choose.

Option One-He can draw the wing attack's defender. In this case he makes the pass to
the wing attack player. The wing attack player has moved to an open area with enough
room to catch, shoot and score.
Option Two-He can feed to the cutter. When X is called the on-side middie will set a
pick for the off-side middie. The off-side middie cuts and the middie setting the pick will
cut backside. He can also feed the crease depending on how the defense reacts.
Option Three-He can beat his man using an Inside Roll, Rocker, or Fishhook dodge.

The player on the crease keeps his defender occupied and away from the ball. The
crease player will be open if his defender leaves him. Find the open area with enough
room to catch, shoot and score. The off-side wing attack is responsible for backing up
the shot. Attack players that forget to back up shots will be reminded by their
coach of this most IMPORTANT responsibility!!!!!

Our defense should be at the midfield line and be prepared to help with the ride. If the
ball is loose near the midfield line the defense should use the extra length of their stick
to keep the ball on our offensive side. Attack should stay one yard behind the midfield
so you cannot be bumped over the line.


5. Defensive Play




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The key to success on defense is TEAM PLAY!!! Know where you need to be on
defense. We will play man to man defense. Each player has a responsibility to cover a
man. Each player also has a responsibility to talk on defense so that everyone knows
the defensive coverage. Check up by calling out who you are going to cover. “I’ve got
14”. This ensures that every offensive player is covered.

Talk is the key to solid team defense, and an important responsibility of individual
defensive play. Know your responsibility for keeping your teammates informed.
Goalies call ball position "front right", "back left", "ball's at X", defense on the
ball "hold there", "push him out", and when to "check sticks" on a feed. Crease
defense calls picks "pick right", and cuts "cutter coming, slide through or
switch". Other defenders call coverage of attacking players "I've got ball", and
the next slide "I'm help right". Listen to your teammates. They will tell you what
they are doing. After every whistle check up, "I've got number 24" so everyone
knows who you are covering.

The goalie is in charge of the defensive unit. If your goalie gives you an instruction
follow it. An attacking player from behind that reaches the Goal-Line-Extended should
be checked with the defensive V or bottom hand with enough pressure to drive them
back. The goalie may also call a slide if an attack player has beaten his defender.

A slide occurs when you leave your man to pick up a closer threat to the goal. We want
the slide to come from the closest middie. The sliding middie calls "slide", and picks up
the attack player. Remember your ABC's when sliding to control the attacking player.
Middies maintain a position to slide by keeping their head on a swivel and "sluffing" in
towards the cage. Remember be close enough to check your man if he were to receive
a pass. We will not slide from the crease.

Like the slides used for fast breaks, one link of a chain pulls the next link in the chain.
The whole chain must move or be broken. The last defensive player in the slide splits
the furthest two attacking players. He slightly favors the attacking player closest to the
ball. The defensive player goes to the "hole area" and finds the open man and picks
him up. These new assignments are maintained until a whistle stops play.

In any unsettled situation where a defensive player has lost his man, or the opposing
team has a man up advantage, the defensive player goes to the "hole area" and finds
the open man and picks him up. These new assignments are maintained until a whistle
stops play.

Our attack should be at the midfield line and be prepared to help with a clear. If the ball
is loose near the midfield line the attack should check up on the defender’s stick to let

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the ball pass to our offensive side of the field. Stay one yard behind the restraining box
line so you cannot be bumped over the line.

Shooters may not leave their feet and come down in the crease. A defensive player
may check an offensive player into the crease. A defensive player may move through
the crease without the ball. Use this to your advantage against attack players that must
stay out of the crease.


6. Clears




The key to successfully clearing the ball from our defensive end to our offensive end is
TEAM PLAY!!! The clear can begin in several ways. We get a ground ball or take away
in our defensive end, or the goalie makes a save.

When the goalie makes a save, he has four seconds with possession to get out of the
crease. He may not be checked in the crease whether or not he has possession of the
ball. Any defensive player may not carry the ball into the crease. When the goalie
leaves the crease he can be checked like any other player. Contact with an attack
player while the goalie is making a pass from the crease is interference. If the ball is not
in the goalie's stick, it may be checked.

When a shot is taken the goalie will look for an outlet pass to the defender that makes a
break through cut on the shooter. The defender runs through where the shooter has
taken his shot. This may lead to a fast break. If this is not open, the goalie calls
"Break". Wing defenders break up the field and towards the sideline for an over-the-
shoulder catch. Defenders should carry the ball with their stick towards the sidelines.
The crease defender stays home to defend against a broken clear.

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If the outlet pass to a wing defender is not open, the Center Middie will come behind the
goal and get the ball from the goalie. The other middies set up in the wing areas
between the midfield line and the restraining box. They will break towards the ball to
help if their man releases them. If their man stays with them move up the field to take
your defender with you and away from the ball. Use a V cut to get open if the man with
ball is getting pressure.

The goalie moves up the field to the end of the restraining box. He must be ready to
redirect the ball or take pressure off the clear. The off-side defender moves up the field
to the end of the restraining box ready for a redirected pass. The on-side defender sets
up inside the restraining box toward the sidelines. The crease defender covers the
“hole area” in front of the crease.

The Center Middie will dodge his man and start driving the ball up the field. He will
carry the ball looking to draw a defender from the defensive player or midfielder. He will
run with the ball until a defender picks him up. If he has an open man up the field he
will make the pass. Open players must break to the ball to make a pass of no longer
than fifteen to twenty yards.

Attack players form a triangle. The wing attack players are between the midfield line
and the restraining box towards the sidelines. The X Attack player sets up midway on
the restraining box. The wing attack players must use a V cut to get open to get the ball
from a defensive player unless it is a fast break. We do not want long poles carrying the
ball deep into the offensive area. It is an attack responsibility to get the ball!!

Towards the end of a period with a few seconds remaining, we may by-pass our regular
clear. A "Gilman" clear is when the goalie throws the ball all the way up the field. It is
then the attack player's responsibility to out hustle the defense to the ball. This is only
used when we do not have time to run our normal clear.

ALWAYS make your passes up the field or towards out of bounds, NEVER, EVER,
EVER ACROSS THE MIDDLE OR TOWARDS THE GOAL!!!!!!! Defensive players
that forget and attempt to clear up the middle of the field will be reminded by their
coach of this most IMPORTANT responsibility!!!!!

The off-side middie must stay on side so that the defensive player can cross the
midfield line. We must have four players on our defensive side of the field at all
times.




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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play

7. Rides




The key to successfully riding the ball in our offensive end is TEAM PLAY!!! When we
take a shot, the closest attack player will go to the front of the crease to prevent the
goalie from making a quick clearing pass to a defensive player breaking.

Middies will stay man for man on the clearing middies. Keep your man in front of you
and close enough to check him if he were to receive a pass. If they break our ride and
create a fast break go the hole and pick up the nearest threat to the goal. Off-side
middie must stay on-side to allow our attack player to pursue their clearing
defensive player. We must have three players on our offensive side of the field at
all times.

Once the opposing goalie has gone behind the cage our attack should drop back three
across on the restraining line. We are going to run an "off" or soft ride. We would like
to bring the defensive players up the field and force them to handle the stick beyond
their restraining line.

As the defensive player with the ball approaches the restraining box, our X attack player
will call "Break". The attack players will aggressively cover the player with the ball and
the two closest players. We will leave their furthest player from the ball open. We want
to force the long pass. Once the pass is made the attack will rotate aggressively
towards the ball.

Attack players must keep all defensive players in front of them. If a defensive player
cuts beyond the restraining line the closest attack player must pick him up. We will then
play two on three and again force the longest pass. Our defensive players must be
close enough to their attack players so that we do not give them an easy clear.
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If we call a "Freeze" all attack and middies will keep man for man and we will leave the
goalie uncovered. We will use this to get the goalie out near mid-field and then jump
him to create an unsettled situation.


8. Man-Up Offense and Man-Down Defense




Success on Man-Up and Man-Down Defense depends on TEAM PLAY!!! This section
only applies to the JV team. Elementary fouls result in a fast break opportunity.
Elementary does not play Man-up, Man-down.

Man-up and Man-down are played in the same way as a fast break. Like executing the
fast break the offense must shoot or find open man. Defense must cover the closest
offensive player that has a threat to score, and force the offense to make one more
pass.

Whenever you have more attacking players than the defense, the offensive objective is
to spread out the defense. This prevents the defense from covering two attacking
players with one defensive one. The attack will beat the defense by passing the ball to
the open man. The attack must stay spread out with room to cut to the cage, yet close

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Allen Youth Lacrosse - Fundamentals of Team Play
enough to receive and make a pass. The job of the player catching the pass is to shoot,
or pass if a defender picks him up.

Defensively, when we are Man-down we will play a Box and One. The One is our
crease defense. If your man cuts to the crease you must stay with him. He is the
closest threat. The defensive objective is to pick up the closest threat to score and
force the offense to make "one more pass". Every additional pass is a pass that may be
missed. Slides rotate towards the ball with all defenders sliding at the same time. It is
like one link of a chain pulling the next link in the chain. The whole chain must move or
be broken. The last defensive player in the slide splits the furthest two attacking
players. He slightly favors the attacking player closest to the ball.

Personal fouls: slashing, tripping, unsportsmanlike conduct, and uncontrolled checks
create a Man-up situation for the team that was fouled. The time of the penalty is for
one minute.
Technical fouls: push from the rear, warding off a stick check with your free hand, off-
side, crease violations, holds, touching the ball with your hand (except goalies), with-
holding the ball from play, and a moving pick are all technical fouls. If your team has
possession of the ball you lose possession, if the other team has the ball when a
technical foul is committed it creates a Man-up situation for the team that was fouled.
The time of the penalty is for thirty seconds.

Penalties may be served by anyone. The offending player must leave the field. There
still must be four players on your defensive half and three on your offensive half. If the
penalty is on our team we will put a designated attack player in the penalty box. We will
put a middie on attack that will be released at the end of the penalty. This middie
breaks to the “hole area” and picks up the open man. This middie also calls “All even”
when he picks up a man. Until then, we are still Man-down.

We will run our Man-Up from the same 1-3-2 offensive formation as when we are “All
even”. This means we have 1 player on Attack behind the goal, 3 players even with the
goal, and 2 players near the top of the restraining box. The Center Middie will start on
the crease for our Man-up. He must keep one defensive player occupied. He must also
play high enough to give himself room to shoot and score. His opportunity to score will
come at the end of the play.

The Attack player at the X is in the area directly behind the cage. It is the starting point
for our Man-up play. The Attack at the X has responsibility to back up shots taken by
middies from out front. He must not forget this most IMPORTANT responsibility!

X will start the play. We will first attempt to draw a defender and beat the defense’s
perimeter slide. If you have a shot, shoot it, if not keep the ball moving around the
perimeter. If the defense slides to cover the passes, our second attempt to score will be
to isolate the crease defender. We will do this by setting the crease attack high, and
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having the X sneak around the back door. This feed will come from the wing attack.
The feed will go to the crease or X depending on where the crease defense goes.

If the shot comes from a middie out front, our crease attack will screen the goalie. Face
the shooter. It is most important to remember to get out of the way when a middie out
front shoots. If you do not move you will get hit and it will hurt. This happened to a
friend of mine once and he told me so.

If we lose the ball while we are Man-up, everyone picks up a man and ride hard.
Offside middie must stay alert to backing up a shot if the X attack sneaks around the
back door. Attack players that forget to back up shots will be reminded by their
coach of this most IMPORTANT responsibility!!!!!

Remember: Take every opportunity you can to help your teammates on and off
the field. If they have the ball, do what you need to do to help them move it up the
field to shoot and score. They will do the same for you. If the other team has the
ball, do what you need to do to prevent them from shooting and scoring. This will
require you to work together with your teammates to make sure the closest threat
to the cage is ALWAYS covered. Winning or losing is done as team. Help your
team succeed.




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