Reform needs and proposals in Finland

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					Reform needs and proposals in Finland
- concerning the entire university system, including the University of Helsinki and the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry

Jukka Kola; Dean HU-AF NOVA seminar, May 30th 2007, Uppsala

Reforms realised in the 2000s
 Viikki campus has developed strongly  4 faculties: Agriculture and Forestry, Veterinary
Medicine, Biosciences and Pharmacy  6400 students, 2000 staff  2 individual institutions: Biotech & Neurosciences  sectoral institutions and business companies  EVIRA started in 2006 with 700 staff  Business and Science Park Viikki  Viikki campus continues to develop strongly...

Viikki campus

Reforms realised in the 2000s
 Viikki campus has developed and will develop strongly  U of Helsinki created two new faculties in 2004  Biosciences and Pharmacy  Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry reduced the number
of majors from 40 to 18 in 2005  Bologna process is established and functioning in BSc and MSc studies  the next step the doctoral studies (3rd phase of Bp)

New reform needs and proposals: WHY?
 more competitiveness, productivity and efficiency
needed in increasing international competition  the Finnish national strategy and the economy build on the high quality of education, competence and expertise  university education and R & D  innovations
(including social innovations  high-tech society and welfare state?)

 Ministry of Education asked universities to prepare socalled structural development programme proposals last summer 2006  Several external review and reform reports have been ordered by the Ministry of Education, but also by e.g. the Ministry for Agriculture and Forestry for sectoral research institutions

New reform needs and proposals: HOW?
1. structural reform proposals  mergers of universities
 Innovation university: Tech + Business + Art & Design  University "unions": e.g. Kuopio and Joensuu  changes in governance  more external members  changes in staff (the national productivity programme)  only ½ of retired people's positions will be fulfilled  the share of administrative staff will be reduced  no privatisation proposals! 2. a strong emphasis on increased internationalisation  research, teaching, students  funding: research OK, teaching not (no tuition fees!) 3. stronger economic autonomy, new ways of funding? 4. "orderer-supplier model" for sectoral research  implications for universities?

Strategy 2007–2009 of University of Helsinki Core duties
Creating new knowledge

Mutual partnership

Learning new knowledge

University of Helsinki
- Interaction with Society at large, nationally and internationally, is both a precondition for and a sign of good success - But first and foremost, the high quality of research and teaching has to be guaranteed  Continuous international evaluations essential - Research in 2000 and 2005 - Teaching and degrees in 2002 and 2008 - Administration and support services 2005

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