Types of Certificates and Requirements by FoxxyBrwn

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									                 Types of Certificates and Requirements

1.Define a Type 1 appliance.
  Manufactured, charged, and hermetically sealed at the factory containing
  less than 5 lbs. of refrigerant.
  *freezers, room air-conditioners, vending machines.
                 Types of Certificates and Requirements
2.Define a Type 2 appliance.
   High pressure appliance. Refrigerant with a boiling point between -58°F and 50°F
   at atmospheric pressure. Uses R12, 22,134a. Over 5 Lbs of charge. Very high
   pressure appliance.      Refrigerant with a boiling point below -58°F.
3. Define a Type 3 appliance.
   Low pressure appliance.
   Uses refrigerant with a boiling point above 50°F at atmospheric pressure. R-11,
   113, 123.     Evaporators work in a vacuum.
.
                 Types of Certificates and Requirements

4.What is a Universal certification?
  Type I, Type II, and Type III.
5. What are MVAC appliances? What are MVAC-like appliances?
  2 to 3 pounds R-12, 134a. Open center compressor.

                     Theory of Ozone Loss (Depletion)

1. Sketch and label a view of the earth and the troposphere and
   stratosphere.
                     Theory of Ozone Loss (Depletion)
2. Where is the greatest concentration of atmospheric ozone?
   In the stratosphere
3. What is the source of increased chlorine in the stratosphere?
   CFCs
4. How do CFCs become trapped in the stratosphere?
   Horizontal winds. Do not allow the gasses to rise and fall.
                     Theory of Ozone Loss (Depletion)
5. Sketch and describe an oxygen molecule and an ozone molecule.
                     Theory of Ozone Loss (Depletion)
6. What are CFCs? What problem does the stability of CFCs create?
   Chlorine Fluorine and Carbon.
   The long life of the chlorine atom means it can destroy more ozone. 100
    years

7. What other chemicals can destroy ozone?
   Bromine, halon.
                     Theory of Ozone Loss (Depletion)
8. How does chlorine destroy ozone?
   Free Chlorine atom attaches itself to an ozone molecule, UV-rays strikes it and
   causes it to split taking one O2 atom with the chlorine atom, creates chlorine
   monoxide. The UV rays split the chlorine atom off again and it is free to attach
   itself to another ozone molecule.
9. How many ozone atoms can one chlorine atom destroy?
   100,000
Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's

1. LIST THE MAIN CFC REFRIGERANTS. WHAT IS THE
   CHEMICAL MAKE-UP OF CFCS?
   R- 11, 12, 113, 114, 115, 500 and 502
   chlorofluorocarbons
2. WHAT IS THE CHEMICAL MAKEUP OF HCFCS?
   Hydrogen chlorine florine and carbon

                  Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
3. WHAT ARE BLENDED REFRIGERANTS AND HOW SHOULD THEY BE
   CHARGED INTO A SYSTEM?
    Blended refrigerants are made up of several refrigerants, they should be liquid
   charged through the high side. You can liquid charge into the low side using a
   special valve on the low side.
4. HOW WILL BLENDED REFRIGERANTS LEAK FROM A SYSTEM?
   Near azeotropes will leak at a different rate for each type of refrigerant.
Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
•  WHY DO HCFCs POSE LESS OF A THREAT TO THE OZONE THAN CFCS?
   They do not last as long as CFCs and break down more easily.
• What is the atmospheric lifetime of CFC-11 64 years , CFC-12 108 years ,
   HCFC-22 22 Years , and HFC-134a 8 years.
7. What is the color of the containers for CFC-11 orange, CFC-12 white , HCFC-22
   green, and HFC-134a light blue
8. What is the ODP?
   Ozone depletion potential
Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
9. Each 1% of depletion of ozone results in a 10 % increased exposure to
   ultra-violet radiation.
11. WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF ULTRAVIOLET
  RADIATION?
  UV-A, UV-B, UV-C
12. WHAT HUMAN HEALTH CONCERNS ARE CAUSED BY
  EXPOSURE TO ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION?
  Cataracts, Skin Cancer, Immune system disorders.

Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
13. WHAT OTHER PROBLEMS DOES INCREASED EXPOSURE TO
  ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION CAUSE?
  Decreased crop yields, aquatic plants relocate to deeper water.
14. WHAT DOES THE OZONE LAYER ABSORB?
  UV-B
13. Refrigeration accounts for 43.9% of total CFC use.

Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
14. HOW DOES REFRIGERANT GET OUT OF REFRIGERATION
  SYSTEMS?
  Leaks, servicing, and maintenance.
15. WHAT ARE TWO OTHER USES OF CFCS?
  Foam blowing and aerosol sprays.
16. WHAT ARE AZEOTROPIC BLENDS?
  Blended refrigerants that form a single compound, they will evaporate
  and condense at a set temperature per given pressure.


                Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
17. WHAT IS A NEAR-AZEOTROPE REFRIGERANT?
  Blended refrigerants that do not form a single compound, the individual
  refrigerants will evaporate and condense at there separate temperatures
  per given pressure.
18. WHAT IS TEMPERATURE GLIDE?
  The range that a near azeotrope will evap. and condense at.


Environmental Impact of CFC's & HCFC's
19. WHAT IS BLEND FRACTIONATION?
  When one refrigerant from the blend evaporates and escapes at a
  different rate changing the refrigerant.
20. HOW SHOULD NEAR-AZEOTROPICS BE CHARGED INTO A
  SYSTEM?
  Should be charged as a liquid.
21. IS HFC 134A A STRAIGHT "DROP-IN" REFRIGERANT. IF
  NOT, WHY? WHAT MUST BE DONE IF HFC 134A IS TO BE USED
  IN AN EXISTING R 12 SYSTEM?
  No, you must change the oil.


                The Importance of Stratospheric Ozone

        1. The ozone layer acts as a giant sun screen. It prevents
      UV-A, B, C                        from reaching the earth's surface.
What harm does too much ozone cause to humans and plants?
 Causes aquatic plants to move to deeper water.


2. Is ozone depletion a global problem?
   Yes
3. Sketch and describe oxygen and ozone.



4. What are the major health concerns to humans.
   Cataracts, skin cancer and immune system disorders.
         Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.

1. WHAT RULE CAME INTO EFFECT ON NOVEMBER 14, 1994?
   Persons who maintain, service, or repair must be certified type 1, 2, 3, or
   universal.
2. WHAT WERE THE GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE
   MONTREAL PROTOCOL?
   To control the production and use of CFCs.
   Halon outlawed.
Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
3. LIST THE RULES REGARDING SERVICE PRACTICES UNDER SECTION
   608 OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT.
   Recover rather than vent refrigerants.
4. LIST THE RULES REGARDING TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION UNDER
   SECTION 608 OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT.
    All technicians are to be certified by November 14, 1994. Will require an ID.
    card to purchase refrigerant.

        Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
•    LIST THE RULES REGARDING EQUIPMENT AND RECLAIMER
     CERTIFICATION UNDER SECTION 608 OF THE CLEAN AIR
     ACT.

   Must recover refrigerant to specific levels.
   Technicians certify that they own certified equipment. Register
   equipment with EPA.Only "pure" refrigerant can change hands.
Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
6. LIST THE RULES REGARDING LEAK REPAIR OF SYSTEMS CONTAINING
   MORE THAN 50 LBS UNDER SECTION 608 OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT.
   Systems over 50 LBs - you MUST repair leaks of 35% or more, or replace
   equipment.
   For chillers and other equipment 15% leak rate.
   Technicians must keep records of how much refrigerant is added to a system.

          Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
•    LIST THE RULES REGARDING DISPOSAL OF EQUIPMENT AND APPLIANCES
     UNDER SECTION 608 OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT.

Recover refrigerant at final stop or verify it has been recovered.
    All new systems must have service apertures.
    Small appliances require a process stub for access.
Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
8. DESCRIBE THE CFC EXCISE TAX UNDER SECTION 608 OF THE
   CLEAN AIR ACT.
   Recycled and reclaimed refrigerants are exempt from the tax.
9. WHAT ARE THE GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE CLEAN
   AIR ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1990?
   To phase out CFCs by the year 2000.
   No CFCs made or imported after 1995.
   No CFCs used in non essential products.

       Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
10. WHAT ARE THE ODP AND GWP OF CFC 11 OR 12, HCFC-22,
  AND HFC-134A?
  CFC 11 & 12 - ODP 1.00      GWP 3.10
  HCFC 22 -     ODP .05       GWP .34
  HFC 134a -     ODP .0          GWP .27
  134a has no ozone depleting chemicals.
Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
11.WHAT MUST BE DONE TO USE HFC 134A IN EXISTING R-12
  SYSTEMS?
  Oil change of at least 99%. Three oil flushes recommended.
  Must change gaskets.
12. CAN HFC 134A BE USED IN HERMETIC SYSTEMS USING R-
  12?
  No.

        Legal Requirements Regarding Use and Disposal of CFCs.
13. WHY ARE REFRIGERANT SENSORS INSTALLED IN
  MECHANICAL ROOM CONTAINING HFC 134A EQUIPMENT?
  To avoid excessive exposure. Not to exceed Three times the assigned
  exposure limit for more than 30 minutes during a work day, never more
  than 5 times the TWA.
LEAK DETECTION.

1. WHAT SIZE OF SYSTEM MUST HAVE ITS LEAKS REPAIRED?
   All systems should have leaks repaired. Unless you can document that you will
   replace system within 1 year.
2. WHAT IS THE LEAKAGE RATE THAT WILL TRIGGER A LEAK REPAIR OF AN INDUSTRIAL PROCESS
  AND COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION SYSTEM?
  35% annual leak rate of systems over 50 lbs.

                    LEAK DETECTION.
3. WHAT IS THE LEAKAGE RATE THAT WILL TRIGGER A LEAK
   REPAIR OF AN COMFORT COOLING CHILLERS AND ALL
   OTHER EQUIPMENT WITH A CHARGE OVER 50 LBS OTHER
   THAN INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND COMMERCIAL
   REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS?

 15% annual leak rate.
LEAK DETECTION.
4. WHAT IS A VISUAL CLUE THAT A SYSTEM IS LEAKING?
   Oil around the joints.
5. HOW IS IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE AN INTERMITTENT OR TEMPORARY
   LEAK IN A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM?
   Contaminants temporarily plug the leak. Temperature changes.
6. THE COMPOUND GAGE ON THE LOW SIDE OF A SYSTEM MEASURES
  PRESSURE IN?
  PSIG and IN. Hg. Vac.                              .
LEAK DETECTION.
7. DESCRIBE THE OPEN FLAME METHOD OF LEAK DETECTION.
   Special Propane torch with a sniffer hose. Flame turns blue/green.
8. DESCRIBE THE SOAP BUBBLE METHOD OF LEAK DETECTION.
   Pressurize system up to 150 psi with dry nitrogen or with a charged system. Apply
   soapy solution, bubbles appear at leak. Best for finding exact location.

                              LEAK DETECTION.
9. DESCRIBE ELECTRONIC HALIDE DETECTOR METHOD OF LEAK
   DETECTION.
   Place detector near leak and it beeps or lights.
10.DESCRIBE THE ULTRASONIC METHOD OF LEAK DETECTION.
   Measures the sound of escaping refrigerant, need low background noise, will pin
   point exact leak location maybe.


11. DESCRIBE THE STANDING PRESSURE METHOD OF LEAK DETECTION.
  Evacuate system. Charge with R-22 to 10 psi, then add dry nitrogen gas to 150 psi.
  Let stand for 24 hours and see if system holds pressure.
12.DESCRIBE THE STANDING VACUUM METHOD OF LEAK DETECTION.
  Evacuate system to 200 microns, let stand for 24 hours and see if system holds
  vacuum. NOT EFFECTIVE only tests to 14.7 psi. Leaks can seal in a vacuum.
LEAK DETECTION.
13.DESCRIBE THE FLORESCENT DYE METHOD OF LEAK
  CHECKING?
  Dye is added to refrigerant and charged or dye is added to oil. Run
  system. Hold black light on system and the leak will glow
14.WHAT ARE THE PENALTIES FOR NOT REPAIRING LEAKS?
  $25,000 per violation per day. $10,000 reward for reporting a violation.

                              LEAK DETECTION.
                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
1. DESCRIBE THE BASIC OPERATION OF A
   RECOVERY/RECYCLING MACHINE.
   Draws refrigerant from the system. Removes contaminants.
   2. DESCRIBE THE CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR
   RECYCLING EQUIPMENT.
   Recycling equipment manufactured on or after Nov.15,1993 tested by an
    EPA approved testing agency under ARI 740-1993 standards.

                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
•    WHAT PERCENTAGE MUST RECOVERY EQUIPMENT
     REMOVE FROM A SMALL APPLIANCE WHEN THE
     COMPRESSOR IS WORKING - WHEN THE COMPRESSOR IS
     NOT WORKING?
     Small appliances - recovery of 90% when compressor is running,
    80% when the compressor is not running.
                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
4. WHAT MUST REFRIGERANT WORKERS DO AFTER JULY 13, 1993?
   After July 13, 1993 they are required to evacuate to established vacuum levels
   EPA.
5. WHAT MUST THE REFRIGERANT WORKER DO IF THE CORRECT
   VACUUM LEVELS CANNOT BE REACHED BECAUSE OF LEAKS?
   Isolate leaking from non leaking components when possible. Evacuate leaking
   sections to lowest possible level without contaminating the system. Cannot exceed
   0 psig.
                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
6. IF EVACUATION OF THE SYSTEM TO THE ENVIRONMENT IS
   NOT TO BE PERFORMED WHEN THE REPAIRS ARE COMPLETE,
   AND IF THE REPAIR IS NOT MAJOR, THE APPLIANCE MUST:
   High or very high pressure systems evacuated to at least 0 psi.
   Low pressure systems pressurized to 0 psi.

                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
7. WHAT CONTAMINANTS ARE REMOVED DURING RECYCLING?
   Moisture, acids, non-condensable gasses, particulates, and high boiling residues.
8. HOW ARE MULTIPLE REFRIGERANTS HANDLED?
   according to EPA standards.
9. WHAT IS A "MAJOR" REPAIR?
   Replacement of - compressor, condenser, evaporator.
                  REFRIGERANT HANDLING
    10. CAN REFRIGERANT BE RETURNED TO ITS ORIGINAL SYSTEM OR OTHER
    SYSTEMS OWNED BY THE SAME PERSON WITHOUT RESTRICTION?
    Yes
    11. WHAT ARE THE RULES REGARDING HOME BUILT
    RECOVERY UNITS?
  Eligible for grandfathering if built prior to Nov.14, 1993. After must
  meet EPA evacuation levels.
                   RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
1. DESCRIBE THE USE OF SYSTEM STORAGE CYLINDERS AND
   RECOVERY CYLINDERS?
   DOT approved cylinders (49) may be refilled.
   2. WHAT ARE LOW-LOSS FITTINGS?
   Self seating valves, schrader valves.
   3. WHAT MUST THE TECHNICIAN DO IF REFRIGERANTS
   BECOME MIXED IN A SYSTEM OR RECOVERY CYLINDER?
   Recover from the system. Must label the cylinder as mixed refrigerant.
                   RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
4. WHAT ARE THE RECOVERY LEVELS FOR recovery machines used on
   SMALL APPLIANCES?
   Manufactured before Nov.15, 1993 80% if recovery machine capable of 4 inch
   vacuum.
   Manufactured after Nov.15, 1993 90% if compressor is running, and 80% if
   compressor is not running but capable of 4 inch vacuum.
   5. IS HOME-BUILT EQUIPMENT ELIGIBLE FOR GRANDFATHERING?
   Yes if manufactured after Nov.15, 1993 and meets evacuations standards.
                   RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
6. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE PROVISIONS OF ARI STANDARD 700-88?
   Reclaim means to reprocess to new product specs. as outlined under ARI 700-88.
   Refrigerant sold must be reclaimed.
   7. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS OF ASHRAE 3-1990?
   Logs must be kept. If operator finds a problem, report to supervisor. Logs to be
   reviewed weekly.

                   RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
8. DESCRIBE THE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE METHODS OF
   RECOVERING REFRIGERANT?

  Active= uses a recovery system to remove refrigerant from the system.
  Passive= uses the system compressor and or system pressure to remove
  the refrigerant.

                                   SAFETY
1. WHAT SAFETY EQUIPMENT SHOULD YOU WEAR WHEN HANDLING
   REFRIGERANTS?
   Safety glasses, gloves, pants and long sleeved shirt, safety shoes.
   2. HOW IS ACID FORMED INSIDE A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM FROM A
   COMPRESSOR BURN-OUT?.
   Hydrofluoric and hydrochloric acid formed because of contact water, oil, or
   refrigerant decomposition.

                 RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
1. DESCRIBE THE USE OF SYSTEM STORAGE CYLINDERS AND
   RECOVERY CYLINDERS?
   DOT approved cylinders (49) may be refilled.
   2. WHAT ARE LOW-LOSS FITTINGS?
   Self seating valves, schrader valves.
   3. WHAT MUST THE TECHNICIAN DO IF REFRIGERANTS
   BECOME MIXED IN A SYSTEM OR RECOVERY CYLINDER?
   Recover from the system. Must label the cylinder as mixed refrigerant.
                 RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
4. WHAT ARE THE RECOVERY LEVELS FOR SMALL
   APPLIANCES?
   Manufactured before Nov.15, 1993 80% if recovery machine capable of
   4 inch vacuum.
   Manufactured after Nov.15, 1993 90% if compressor is running, and
   80% if compressor is not running but capable of 4 inch vacuum.
   5. IS HOME-BUILT EQUIPMENT ELIGIBLE FOR
   GRANDFATHERING?
   Yes if manufactured after Nov.15, 1993 and meets evacuations
   standards.
                 RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
6. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE PROVISIONS OF ARI STANDARD
   700-88?
   Reclaim means to reprocess to new product specs. as outlined under ARI
   700-88. Refrigerant sold must be reclaimed.
   7. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS OF ASHRAE 3-1990?
   Logs must be kept. If operator finds a problem, report to supervisor.
   Logs to be reviewed weekly.
                   RECOVERY TECHNIQUES
8. DESCRIBE THE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE METHODS OF
   RECOVERING REFRIGERANT?

    Active= uses another compressor to remove refrigerant from the system.
    Passive= uses the system compressor.
                                   SAFETY

3. WHAT OTHER SAFETY EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE USED WHEN
   HANDLING REFRIGERANTS?
   A respirator, and/or hard hat, must have a refrigerant detection monitor.
4. WHAT ARE THE SAFETY CONCERNS REGARDING
   REFRIGERANT AND OIL FROM A COMPRESSOR BURNOUT?
   Oil from a burnout contain acids that may damage eyes, skin and lungs.

                                   SAFETY

•  HOW ARE REFRIGERANT VAPORS HARMFUL?
   Refrigerant displaces oxygen, causes suffocation. Feel dizzy, numb or nauseous
   GET OUTSIDE.
   Some refrigerants aggravate heart problems or could cause cancer.
6. HOW DO YOU HANDLE PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS?
   Allow them to reach ambient temperatures before recording pressure. Caution
   and care. Never exceed the cylinders safe liquid weight level. Refill only DOT 49,
   when moving large cylinders make sure the cap is on and use a hand truck.
                                   SAFETY

7. WHY MUST THE PROTECTIVE CAP BE PLACED ON A
   CYLINDER WHEN MOVING THE CYLINDER?
   Cylinder is under pressure and if the valve is knocked off it becomes a
   projectile.
   8. HOW WILL YOU HANDLE A REFRIGERANT SPILL IN A
   CONFINED SPACE?
   Ventilate and evacuate the area.
                              SAFETY

9. WHAT ARE THE REGULATIONS REGARDING REFRIGERANT
   MONITORS IN Chiller equipment ROOMS?
   In chiller equipment rooms must have a refrigerant concentration
   monitor, alarm system, and self contained breathing apparatus. Rupture
   disk and purge piping to exit the equipment room.
                              SAFETY

10.DESCRIBE THE REFRIGERATION SAFETY GROUP
  CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
Non flammable low toxicity = a1, higher toxicity = b1
low flammable low toxicity = a2, higher toxicity = b2
highly flammable low toxicity=a3, higher toxicity= b3
  A uniform system for giving numbers and safety classifications.
  ASHRE 34-1989
                              SAFETY

11.HOW DO YOU HEAT A REFRIGERANT DRUM?
  Best to use warm water no higher than 90°f, or a drum heater.
  12.WHAT IS THE DOT SPECIFICATION FOR DISPOSABLE
  REFRIGERANT AND FOR REUSABLE CYLINDERS?
  Disposable DOT 39, reusable DOT 49, must be inspected every 5 years.

                              SAFETY

13.WHAT IS THE PROPER COLORING FOR THE TOP OF
  REFRIGERANT CYLINDERS?
  Gray with yellow top.

14. WHAT IS SAFE LIQUID WEIGHT LEVEL FOR A REFRIGERANT
  CONTAINER? WHY SHOULD THIS LEVEL NOT BE EXCEEDED?
  80% maximum net weight. 60% if warmer than 130°F. Explosion.

                              SAFETY
15.WHAT ARE THE SAFE HANDLING REQUIREMENTS WHEN USING
  NITROGEN CYLINDERS?
  Nitrogen cylinders must have a pressure regulator, and a pressure regulating valve
  and a safety relief valve, and an emergency shutoff.
  16.WHAT ARE SOME IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF THE ASHRAE
  STANDARD 15R?
  Covers alarms, monitors, respirators, purging and venting of refrigerant in machine
  rooms.
                  CONTAMINANT DISPOSAL
1. AFTER JULY 1, 1992 WHAT WAS PROHIBITED UNDER SECTION 608 OF
   THE CLEAN AIR ACT?
   Illegal to knowingly vent ozone depleting compounds.

  2. WHAT SHOULD HAPPEN TO THE REFRIGERANT IN SYSTEMS
  BEFORE THE SYSTEMS ARE DISMANTLED?
  Refrigerant must be recovered and cleaned as needed.

                  CONTAMINANT DISPOSAL
3. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR DISPOSING OF THE CHARGE IN
   INTACT SYSTEMS?
   The last person in the handling the equipment before disposal.

4. ARE RECYCLED OR RECLAIMED REFRIGERANTS
   CONSIDERED HAZARDOUS WASTES?
   NO.


5. UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS ARE OILS CONTAMINATED WITH
   CFCS NOT CONSIDERED HAZARDOUS WASTE?
   When the oils have the CFCs recycled or reclaimed.

6. WHAT IS TO BE DONE WITH WASTE OIL?
   Used oils should be disposed of according to state and local regulations.
               CONTAMINANT RECLAIMING
1. WHAT LABORATORY TESTS ARE DONE ON REFRIGERANT TO
   DETERMINE ITS PURITY?
   Tested for particulates and solids, water, non-condensable gasses, chloride ions,
  other refrigerants, acidity, and high boiling residues.
  2. WHY SHOULD WE RECLAIM REFRIGERANT?
  To meet future refrigerant needs, the phase out of production and importing means
  that recycling will be the major source.

               CONTAMINANT RECLAIMING
3. WHEN FILLING CYLINDERS THEY MUST BE:
   Dot approved, evacuated, labeled with refrigerant type, weighed, not more than
   80% full or 60% if expected temperature is over 130°F.
   4. WHAT LABELS OR FORMS MUST BE FILLED OUT TO TRANSPORT
   REFRIGERANTS?
   Warnings, is refrigerant mixed, from a burnout ect.
   Ownership statement, who and where the refrigerant is coming from and
   refrigerant type. Gross weight.
               CONTAMINANT RECLAIMING
5. WHAT ARE THE PROCEDURES FOR CERTIFYING RECOVERY
   EQUIPMENT?
   Must be certified by August 12, 1993 or within 20 days of starting a business.
   Must supply a statement including, equipment manufacturer, date of purchase and
   manufacturer, model and serial numbers, number of service vehicles, if working on
   other than small appliance must have at least one self contained unit
            Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary

1. WHAT ARE THE SIX GENERAL RULES UNDER THE
   "OVERVIEW" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Service practices that maximize refrigerant recovery and reclamation.
   Standards for technicians and equipment.
   Restrict sale of refrigerant to certified technicians.
   Servicers or disposers of refrigerant must have EPA certified equipment.
   Repair large leaks in systems over 50 Lbs.
   Establish safe disposal requirements for refrigerant.
             Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
2. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "PROHIBITION ON
   VENTING" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Cannot knowingly vent refrigerant.
   "De minimus" release = small amount during recovery, refrigerant
   vented during normal operation (purging), nitrogen and R-22 as leak
   test, and purging of hoses.
                  Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule
3. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "SERVICE PRACTICE REQUIREMENTS"
  SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
  If vacuum levels cannot be achieved- isolate leaking from non leaking, evacuate
  non leaking section to set levels, evacuate leaking sections to 0 psig. High
  pressure- if not evacuated to environment evacuated to 0 psig. Low pressure-
  pressurized to 0 psig.

              Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
4. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "EQUIPMENT
   CERTIFICATION" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   If built after 1993 must be EPA approved to ARI 740-1993 standards.
   Small appliances- 80%if compressor is not running, 90% if compressor
   is running.
              Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
5. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "EQUIPMENT
   GRANDFATHERING" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE
   SUMMARY.
   Eligible for grandfathering if built prior to Nov.15, 1993. After must
   meet EPA evacuation levels

             Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
6. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "REFRIGERANT
   LEAKS" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Industrial and commercial systems- +50 Lbs must repair leaks of 35% or
   plan to replace.      Chillers and other equipment over 50 Lbs 15%.
   Owners of equipment over 50 Lbs must keep records of how much
   refrigerant added.
             Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
7. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "MANDATORY TECHNICIAN
   CERTIFICATION" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Technicians must be certified as Type I, II, III, or universal by Nov. 14, 1994
   8. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "REFRIGERANT SALES
   RESTRICTIONS" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Must be certified to buy refrigerant.
            Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
9. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "CERTIFICATION
   BY OWNERS OF RECYCLING AND RECOVERY EQUIPMENT"
   SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
   Owners required to send written verification that they have recovery or
   recycling equipment by August 12, 1993.

            Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
10.WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "RECLAIMER
  CERTIFICATION" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
  Must meet ARI standard 700-1993, must not loose more than 1.5% of
  refrigerant charge during reclaiming.
           Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
           Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
11. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "MVAC-LIKE
  APPLIANCES" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
  MVAC like = 2-3 Lbs CFC 12 or HFC 134a, open drive compressors.
  12. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "SAFE DISPOSAL
  REQUIREMENTS" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
  Must remove refrigerant on sight, last person in the disposal chain removes or
  makes sure it is removed. MVACs to 102 mm mercury vacuum.
            Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
13. WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "MAJOR
  RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS" SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE
  SUMMARY.
  Technicians working on systems + 50 Lbs must provide an invoice of
  amount added. Owners must keep service records of dates and amount
  added. Wholesalers must keep records of dates and persons
  purchasing. Reclaimers- names, and addresses of persons sending
  refrigerant.
           Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
14.   WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL"
   SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.
  Recycled or reclaimed refrigerant is not hazardous . Oils okay if not
  mixed with other oils or waste and are recycled or reclaimed.      Oils
  that contain CFCs after reclamation are subject to oil burning standards

        Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
15.WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS UNDER THE "ENFORCEMENT"
  SECTION OF THE FINAL RULE SUMMARY.

A fine of $25,000 per day per infraction.

          Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
17. DEFINE APPLIANCE.
  Uses CFCs, HCFCs.       All air conditioning and refrigeration
  equipment.
18. DEFINE MAJOR MAINTENANCE SERVICE, OR REPAIR.
  Removal of the compressor, condenser, evaporator, oil, or a heat
  exchanger.
19. DEFINE MVAC-LIKE APPLIANCE.
  Open drive compressor for auto cooling,
           Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
20. DEFINE RECLAIM.
  To reprocess refrigerant to at least purity of ARI standard 700-1988
21. DEFINE RECOVER.
  Remove refrigerant into an approved container, no testing or processing.
22. DEFINE RECYCLE.
  Clean the refrigerant without reclaiming. Run through filters to remove
  moisture, acids, and particulate mater, and an oil separator.

         Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
23. DEFINE SELF-CONTAINED RECOVERY EQUIPMENT.
  Remove refrigerant without assistance of the system compressor.

24. DEFINE SMALL APPLIANCE.
  Hermetic- made, charged, and sealed in a factory. Less than 5 Lbs of
  refrigerant.

           Stratospheric Ozone Protection Final Rule Summary
25. DEFINE SYSTEM-DEPENDENT RECOVERY EQUIPMENT.
  PASSIVE        Uses the system compressor to pump refrigerant into an
  approved container,(recovery cylinder, receiver). ACTIVE
  Uses an outside compressor to remove refrigerant.
26. DEFINE TECHNICIAN.
  Person involved in maintenance, service, or repair that MIGHT release
  CFCs or HCFCs. Includes installers, in-house personnel, and outside
  contractors.

								
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